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-n  ^ 

Columbia  (Bniter^itp 



Bequest  of 
Frederic  Bancroft 



A  Genealogical  History  of 
the  French  and  Allied  Families 

Re\.  Atchis(ix  Queal 

Father  ot  tlie  Author 

Ll'cv  1-ri;ncii  (Jueal 
Mother  of  tlie  Author 

A  Genealogical  History  of 
the  French  and  Allied  Families 







Of  this  de  luxe  edition  of  the  Genealogical  History 
of  the  French  and  Allied  Families  there  were 
two  hundred  copies  printed,  this  copy  being 


9^  -r^  'h 

C-  '"? 

COPYRIGHT,  191  2,  BY 

'  "K  'fL  '^' 





Those  who  do  not  treasure  up  the  memory 
of  their  ancestors,  do  not  deserve  to  be 
remembered  by  posterity 

Edmund  Burke 


The  study  of  genealogy  has  been  for  some  years  on  the  increase. 
Many  causes  have  contributed  to  this.  Among  them  are  the  patriotic 
societies  whose  membership  in  part  at  least  depends  on  descent  from 
revolutionary  stock.  The  increasing  tendency  to  reach  for  baubles  in 
American  society  causes  many  a  quest  for  proof  of  kinship  with  those 
in  England  who  have  the  right  to  use  insignia  by  heraldic  authority. 
Not  a  few  engage  in  the  search  of  family  history  believing  that  some- 
where in  the  East  or  in  Europe  is  a  fortune  lying  unclaimed  awaiting 
its  rightful  heir.  And  then  there  are  those  whose  traits  of  mind  and 
special  tastes  lead  to  this  kind  of  writing  for  the  mere  love  of  the  semi- 
mysterious,  ever  elusive  information,  lying  just  beyond  reach,  the 
attainment  of  which  is  the  goal  of  an  aspiration  smaller,  though  no  less 
sincere,  than  is  that  of  him  who  explores  uncharted  seas  and  sciences. 

This  beautiful  book  is  due  neither  to  a  need  for  proof  of  patriot  or 
Pilgrim  lineage,  to  a  desire  of  display,  nor  to  the  hope  of  fame  or 

Mary  Queal  Beyer  has  deeply  loved  her  immediate  ancestry.  She 
has  even  deeper  love  for  her  living  kin  by  blood  and  marriage.  She 
has  put  her  thought  in  printed  fact  rather  than  adulation.  In  the  form 
of  a  book  she  has  recited  a  family  record,  and  challenged  her  descend- 
ants to  measure  up  to  a  standard  high  and  firm  and  fi.xed  in  the  afifairs 
of  home  and  country. 

It  is  my  pleasure  as  the  chief  administrative  ofBcer  of  the  State  His- 
torical Department  of  Iowa  at  Des  Moines,  to  have  witnessed  the 
faithful  labors  of  Mrs.  Beyer  amongst  the  books  and  references  in  our 
collections.    I  have  observed  the  really  wonderful  collection  of  fam- 


ily  data  she  has  gathered  into  her  hands,  and  I  may  say  into  her  mind, 
and  the  fidelity,  patience,  and  industry  she  has  given  to  the  prepara- 
tion of  these  for  publication. 

The  family  and  friends  of  Mrs.  Beyer  may  assure  themselves  she 
has  prepared  for  them  a  work  no  one  else  could  have  done.  They  are 
the  beneficiaries  of  a  lavish  hand  and  loving  heart.  7"hey  have  had 
made  for  them  a  lasting  memorial  such  as  is  not  within  the  power  of 
painter  or  of  sculptor  to  conceive,  and  thus  she  has  classed  herself  with 

This  beautiful  book  will  be  held  and  prized  generations  after  its 
author  has  laid  it  down  forever.  Its  spirit  speaks  of  her  in  eloquence 
she  has  devoted  in  words  to  others  alone.  This  word  of  her  I  feel  is 

Edgar  R.  Harlan, 

Curator  State  Historical  Department  of  Iowa,  Des  Moines,  Iowa 


When  I  began  this  work,  my  only  thought  was  to  leave  to  my  chil- 
dren the  results  of  my  research.  Family  records  preserved  in  letters 
or  in  the  pages  of  diaries  kept  by  those  who  have  long  since  been 
crowned,  have  yielded  much  of  interest  to  the  people  of  the  present 
day,  and  have  created  a  desire  to  put  these  records  in  some  tangible 
form  for  the  use  of  future  generations. 

Much  time  has  been  spent  in  research  with  the  hope  of  adding  to 
the  stock  of  information  already  possessed,  and  while  the  energy 
thus  expended  has  been  rewarded  beyond  all  expectation,  yet  the 
work  is  far  from  complete,  and  many  errors  have  doubtless  crept  into 
these  pages. 

It  is  to  be  hoped  that  the  future  generations  of  these  families  will 
make  as  enviable  a  record  as  have  those  who  silently  follow  each 
other  through  these  pages.  While  none  have  climbed  to  dizzy 
heights  of  fame,  yet  none  have  brought  shame  or  disgrace  for  a  heri- 
tage to  the  generations  unborn,  so  this  history  will  stand  as  the  life 
record  of  plain,  honest  common  people. 

I  wish  at  this  time  to  make  acknowledgement  to  Mrs.  Lucy  French 
Stoner  of  Cambridge,  Massachusetts,  Dr.  S.  H.  French  of  Amster- 
dam, New  York,  and  Seward  H.  French  of  Binghamton,  New 
York,  for  the  very  efficient  help  rendered  in  verifying  statements  and 
copying  court  records;  to  Mrs.  Nellie  Pendell  of  Binghamton,  New 
York,  for  the  loan  of  the  account  book  kept  by  Samson  French;  and 
to  Mrs.  Jennie  McElyea  Beyer  of  Ames,  Iowa,  who  has  been  my  in- 
valuable assistant  in  the  compilation  of  this  history. 

I  wish  to  make  special  mention  of  the  Iowa  Historical  and  Geneal- 


ogical  Library  which  I  consider  one  of  the  best  that  any  seeker  of 
information  along  these  lines  of  research  can  visit;  and  lastly  of  my 
husband,  Jackson  Beyer,  who  has  rendered  the  publication  of  this 
volume  possible. 

Mary  Queal  Beyer 


The  French  Family 

The  Ingalls  Family 

Seaward  Genealogy 

The  Queal  Family 

The  Beyer  Family 

The  Cooper  and  Engelbeck  Families 

The  Armitage  and  Beard  Families 

Index  .  •  •  • 






Rev.  Atchison  Queal  and  Lucy  French  Queal  .  frontispiece 

Site  of  Meeting  House  in  Cambridge            .            .            .            .  31 

Site  of  Home  of  Lt.  William  French,  Cambridge,  Massachusetts  31 

Faneuil  Hall       ........  36 

Tablet  on  Billerica  Common,  where  First  Meeting  House  stood  42 

House  now  standing  on  Farm  owned  by  Lt.  William  French          .  49 

Old  South  Burying  Ground,  Billerica,  Massachusetts        .            .  49 
Division  of  Estate  of  Lt.  William  French  (fac-simile  of  Original 

Document)       ........  57 

John  and  Sarah  Estabrook  French  and  Son,  Benjamin        .            .  63 

House  built  by  John  French,  1720      .....  70 

Bullet  Molds  used  in  Revolution        .....  70 

Gun,  Bullet  Molds,  and  Camp  Kettle  used  by  Ebenezer  French  70 

State  Historical  Building  of  Iowa      .....  90 

Burying  Ground  at  Southwick,  Massachusetts          .            .            .  loi 

Dr.  S.  H.  French            .......  107 

Home  of  Dr.  S.  H.  French          ......  107 

Dr.  Lucius  French  and  His  Home        .            .            .            .            .  m 

Catalogue  of  Descendants  of  Samson  and  Lusannah  French         .  118 

Photograph  made  from  Account  Book  kept  by  Samson  French      .  121 

Portion  given  to  Thomas  by  His  Father,  Samson  French     .            .  128 
Family  Record  kept  by  Samson  French             ....     137-141 

Polly  Temple,  Wife  of  Thomas  French,  Jr.            .            .            .  145 

Thomas  French  and  Three  of  His  Children            .            .            .  146 

Rear  View  of  Old  Mill  House  (built  in  1810)           .            .            .  149 

Home  of  Thomas  French          ......  149 

Old  Grist  Mill  on  Castle  Creek        .....  149 

Mary  French  Smith       .            .            .            .            .            .            .  160 

Samson  French's  House  at  Decatur      .            .            .            .            .  160 

Samson  French  House,  built  in  1857,  Morrow  County,  Ohio         .  165 

Demit  from  Masonic  Lodge  given  Samson  French  in  1833     .            .  166 

Lottery  Ticket  held  by  Samson  French         .            .            .            .  169 

Thomas,  John,  Oscar,  Martin,  Alva,  and  Calvin  French            .  170 

Sampler  MADE  BY  Elizabeth  Seaward     .            .            .            .            .  173 



Needle  Book  made  by  Elizabeth  Seaward 
Lucy  French  Stoner         .... 

Certificate  of  Service  given  O.  L.  R.  French 

Pass  given  to  Alva  French 

Discharge  given  Alva  French  from  Squirrel  Hunters 

Certificate  of  Service  given  Squirrel  Hunters 

Seward  H.  French  .... 

Calvin  D.  French  at  Time  of  Enlistment 
After  Escape  from  Andersonville 
Thomas,  John,  and  Oscar  French 
Martin  M.,  Alva  C,  and  Calvin  D.  French 
Section  of  Lucy  Ingalls's  Wedding  Veil 
Eliza  Ballou  Garfield   .... 

Children  of  Stephen  and  Lucy  Ingalls  Seaward 
Direct  Descendants  of  Henry  and  Sybil  Ingalls 
Asa  Palmerlee  and  Lucy  Seaward  Palmerlee 
Smith  B.  Queal  ..... 

Cottage  of  Geo.  W.  Queal,  Long  Beach,  California 

William  N.  Queal 

Anna  Queal  Starkweather 

Trunk  brought  by  Robert  Queal  from  Ireland  in  1797 

Worcester,  New  York,  showing  South  Hill 

William  C.  Queal  .... 

House  built  by  William  C.  Queal  in  1847  at  Worcester,  New  York 
House  where  Atchison  Queal  died  in  1859    . 
Fac-simile  of  Letters  Patent  issued  to  Atchison  Queal 
Discharge  from  Service  given  to  Hedding  H.  Queal 
Hedding  Queal     ...... 

John  H.  Queal    ...... 

Five  Children  of  William  C.  and  Mary  Graves  Queal 
Old  French  School  House  at  Decatur,  New  York,  wh 

erends  Atchinon  Queal,  William  G.  Queal,  and  LukeC 

each  preached  His  First  Sermon 
Lot  in  Maple  Grove  Cemetery  where 

ILY  are  buried  . 
Captain  Paul  A.  Queal 
Adam  Beyer 

Jacob   Beyer   Homestead 
Jackson  Beyer 
Mary  Queal  Beyer 
Home  of  Author  at  Des  Moines,  Iowa 

ERE  Rev- 

Sixteen  of  the  Queal  Fam 































Parsonage  at  Fly  Creek,  New  York 
Church  at  Fly  Creek,  New  York 
Mrs.  Jennie  McElyea  Beyer 
John  Hedding  Beyer 
Harmon  Engelbeck 
Caroline  Engelbeck 



THE  name  French  is  supposed  to  have  originated  in  France,  ap- 
pearing first  in  England  soon  after  the  Norman  Conquest,  being 
noted  in  the  list  of  those  who  fought  with  William  the  Conqueror  at 
the  battle  of  Hastings.  Records  in  Yorkshire,  England,  show  the 
name  as  early  as  i  lOO,  and  later  on  it  appears  in  the  west  and  north, 
being  found  in  North  England  and  Scotland.  During  this  time  the 
name  was  variously  spelled  Franceis,  de  Frenssh,  le  fifrensh,  Frenssh, 
Frensche,  Frensce,  Franche,  Freynch,  the  earliest  notice  of  the  sur- 
name French,  as  it  is  used  today,  appearing  in  1252.' 

The  first  generation  of  this  branch  of  the  French  family  of  which 
there  is  any  authentic  record,  dates  from  the  death  of  Thomas  French, 
which  occurred  at  Weathersfield,  County  Essex,  England,  in  1599. 

First  Generation 

Thomas  '  French  the  elder,  of  Weathersfield,  County  Essex,  Eng- 
land, died  1599.    In  his  will  he  mentions  wife  Bridget,  three  children 
and  grandson  John,  son  of  Thomas,  and  gives  to  the  poor  of  Halstead, 
Essex;  of  West  Wratting,  Cambridge,  Snetisham,  Norfolk;  Little 
Birdfield  and  Arkesden,  Essex. 
I.     Thomas,  married  Anne. 
II.     Mary,  married  John  Collin. 
III.     Elizabeth,  married  John  Meade. 

Second  Generation 

Thomas'  French  (Thomas'),  of  Halstead,  County  Essex,  Eng- 
land, died  January  27,  1613,  leaving  wife  Anne,  six  sons,  and  several 

I.     Thomas,  married  a  Miss  Wood. 
II.     John. 

1  County  Records  of  the  surnames  of  French  in  England  by  A.  D.  Weld  French. 


III.     Edward. 
IV.     Robert. 
V.    William. 
VI.     Francis. 

Also  several  daughters. 

Third  Generation 

Thomas'  French   (Thomas,'  Thomas'),  of    Halstead,  County 

Essex,  England,  married  a  daughter  of Wood. 

I.     William,  born  March  15,  1603;  married  Elizabeth . 

II.     Francis,  baptized  June  29,  1606. 
III.     Jerrymya,  baptized  November  21,  1607. 

Fourth  Generation 

Lieutenant  William  *  French  (Thomas,'  Thomas,'  Thomas ') , 
born  March  15,  1603;  married  Elizabeth,  surname  not  known,  about 
1623.     To  them  were  born: 

I.  Francis,  born  in  England,  1624;  came  with  parents  in  ship 
"Defence";  removed  to  Milford,  Connecticut,  about  1650, 
and  four  years  later  was  one  of  the  settlers  in  Derby,  Con- 
necticut. He  married  April  10,  1661,  Lydia  Bonnnell  of 
Milford.  To  them  were  born  nine  children.  Francis 
French  died  February  14,  1681.  Lydia  Bonnell  French 
died  April  i,  1708. 
II.  Elizabeth,  born  in  England,  1629;  married  Robert  Eliot  of 

III.  Mary,  born  in  England,  1633;  baptized  when  between  two 
and  three  years  of  age  at  her  father's  "joyning";  married 
Jonathan  Hyde,  and  died  May  27,  1672,  at  the  birth  of  her 
son  Joseph,  who  was  her  twelfth  or  fourteenth  child. 

IV.  John,  born  in  England,  1635  ;  married  June  21,  1659,  Abigail 

Coggan,  daughter  of  Henry  of  Barnstable.  She  died  April 

5,   1662.     John  married   (second)   July  3,  1663,   Hannah, 

daughter  of  John  Burrage  of  Charlestown.  To  them  were 
born  two  children: 


1.  Hannah,  bom  in  Billerica  January  20,  1664;  married 
August  3,  1685,  Dr.  John  Kittredge.  To  them  were 
born  five  children,  they  being  the  progenitors  of  a  long 
line  of  medical  men,  through  their  sons  John  and  Jacob. 
Simeon,  the  grandson  of  John,  was  the  father  of  eight 
sons,  all  of  whom  were  physicians. 

2.  Abigail,  born  in  Billerica  December  6,  1665;  married 
Benjamin  Parker.  To  them  were  born  one  son  and  three 

Abigail  died  March  13,  1728. 
Hannah,  second  wife  of  John  French,  died  July  7,  1667. 
John  French  married     (third)     January  14,   1668,    Mary, 
daughter  of  John  Rogers.     To  them  was  born  one  child: 

3.  Mary,  born  in  Billerica  March  4,  1670;  married  Nathan, 
son  of  Daniel  Shed.  To  them  were  born  nine  children. 
Nathan  Shed  died  June  18,  1736.  Mary  Shed  died  Au- 
gust 21,  1740. 

Mary,  third  wife  of  John  French,  died  June  16,  1677. 
John  French  married  (fourth)  January  16,  1677  (or  1678), 
Mary,    daughter   of    Francis    Littlefield   of   Woburn,    and 
widow  of  John  Kittredge  of  Billerica.    To  them  were  born 
six  children: 

4.  John,  born  in  Billerica  May  15,  1679. 

5.  Elizabeth,  born  in  Billerica  July  24,  1681 ;  married 
Thomas  Abbott. 

6.  William,  born  in  Billerica  November  26,  1683;  died 
April  21,  1685. 

7.  Sarah,  born  in  Billerica  September  15,  1685;  married 
Flint,  of  Charlcstown.  After  his  death  Sarah  mar- 
ried April  5,  1710,  Joseph  Frost.  To  them  were  born 
three  sons  and  one  daughter. 

8.  William,  born  in  Billerica  August  8,  1687;  married  Me- 
hitable  Patten.    To  them  were  born  eight  children: 

a.     William,  born  January  25,  1713;  married  Tabitha 
.    To  them  were  born  eleven  children,  by  name : 


Jonathan,  William,  Joseph,  Tabitha,  Benjamin,  Ne- 
hemiah,  Mehitable,  Ephraim,  Mehitable  (second), 
Stephen,  Betsey. 

b.  Elizabeth,  born  in  Billerica  April  3,  1716;  married 
Ephraim  Kidder.  To  them  were  born  nine  children. 
Elizabeth  died  November  30,  1755. 

c.  Mehitable,  born  in  Billerica  August  29,  1718;  mar 
ried  John  White. 

d.  Nathaniel,  born  in  Billerica  February  2,  1721 ;  mar- 
ried Elizabeth  Frost.  To  them  were  born  eleven 
children,  the  names  of  three  being  known  to  the  au- 
thor —  Nathaniel,  Joel,  and  William,  the  last  named 
being  born  March  27,  17 (53,  and  claimed  by  his  de- 
scendants as  the  first  martyr  to  the  cause  of  Ameri- 
can independence. 

e.  Jonathan,  born  in  Billerica  May  28,  1724;  died  June 
20,  1725. 

f.  David,  born  in  Billerica  May  28,  1724. 

h.     John,   born   in   Billerica   May    27,    1730;   married 
Mary,  daughter  of  Jacob  French;  he  married  (sec- 
ond) Priscilla  Mace.    John  was  the  father  of  eleven 
9.     Hannah,  born  in  Billerica  February  18,  1693;  married 
Jonathan  Richardson.    To  them  were  born  one  daughter 
and  three  sons.    Jonathan  died  August  13,  1720.    Han- 
nah married    (second)    February    15,    1726,   Benjamin 
Frost.    To  them  was  born  one  daughter.    Hannah  died 
September  12,  1769. 
Mary,  fourth  wife  of  John  French,  died  in  1719. 
John  French  w^as  a  colonel  in  the  militia,  and  was  often  in 
the  town's  service.    He  was  wounded  by  the  Indians  in  an  as- 
sault on  Quaboag  in  1675.    He  died  in  October,  1712. 
V.     Sarah,  born  in  Cambridge  in  March,  1638 ;  married  Jonathan 
VI.     Jacob,  born  in  Cambridge  March  16,  1640;  lived  in  Billerica 


on  the  "east  road"  near  the  home  of  his  brother  John.  His 
house  was  one  of  the  garrisons  of  1675,  and  was  probably  the 
same  building  which  according  to  Hazen's  History  of  Bil- 
lerica,  was  occupied  by  James  Fletcher  in  that  year.  He  was 
a  sergeant  in  the  militia.  He  married  September  20,  1665, 
Mary,  daughter  of  Richard  Champney,  ruling  elder  of  Cam- 
bridge church.    To  them  were  born  ten  children  : ' 

1.  Jacob,  born  in  Billerica  February  20,  1667;  died  1700. 

2.  William,  born  in  Billerica  July  18,  1668;  married  Sarah 
Danforth  May  22,  1695.  To  them  were  born  twelve 

a.  Jacob,  born  in  Billerica  May  16,  1696;  married  May 
29,  1722,  Elizabeth  Davis.  To  them  were  born 
eight  children.  Elizabeth  died  February  3,  1738. 
Jacob  married  (second)  May  19,  1741,  Sarah  Brown. 
To  them  were  born  four  children.  Sarah  died  Au- 
gust 16,  1765.  Jacob  married  (third)  November  19, 
1766,  Mrs.  Mary  Curtis,  who  died  September  19, 

Jacob  French  died  March  7,  1775. 

b.  Joseph,  born  in  Billerica  January  26,  1698;  died 
February  13,  1698. 

c.  Sarah,  born  in  Billerica  December  29,  1698;  mar- 
ried Nathaniel  Whittemore.    Sarah  died  August  15, 


d.  William,  born  in  Billerica  January  25,  1701;  mar- 
ried January  22,  1727,  Joanna  Hill,  who  died  Janu- 
ary 17,  1769.  William  married  (second)  November 
27,  1770,  Mrs.  Mehitable  Mooar.  William  was  the 
father  of  eleven  children.    He  died  April  9,  1776. 

e.  Jonathan,  born  in  Billerica  January  25,  1703;  died 
March  9,  1728. 

f.  Elizabeth,  born  in  Billerica  April  3,  1705;  married 
February  3,   1730,  Josiah  Crosby.     Elizabeth  died 

1  From  chart  prepared  by  Rev.  H.  Martin  Kellogg  — a  descendant  of  Jacob  French. 


November  27,  1739.    The  husband's  death  occurred 
a  few  years  later. 

g.  Ebenezer,  born  in  Billerica  August  5,  1707;  married 
August  27,  1729,  Elizabeth  Hill.  To  them  were 
born  nine  children.  Elizabeth  died  March  26,  1786. 
Ebenezer  died  December  31,  1791. 

h.  Mary,  born  in  Billerica  October  7,  1709;  married 
January  16,  1730,  Benjamin  Manning.  To  them 
were  born  eleven  children. 

i.  Nicholas,  born  in  Billerica  September  5,  171 1  ;  mar- 
ried June  5,  1744,  Priscilla  Mooar  (born  June  12, 
1724).  To  them  were  born  nine  children,  by  name: 
Timothy,  Priscilla,  Nicholas,  Isaac,  Lucy,  Sarah, 
Jonathan,  Sarah  (second),  David. 
Priscilla  Mooar  French  died  February  18,  1784. 
Nicholas  French  died  August  20,  1796. 

j.      Lydia,  born  in  Billerica  April  29,  1714;  died  August 

2,  1731- 
k.     Esther,  born  in  Billerica  May  16,  1716;  died  July 

7,  1736. 
1.      Samuel,  born  in  Billerica  May  21,   1718;  married 
Elizabeth  Barron.    To  them  were  born  ten  children, 
by  name:     Mary,  Isaac,  Elizabeth,  Esther,  Sarah, 
Samuel,  Lucy,  Oliver,  Samuel  (second),  Silas. 

3.  Mary,  born  in  Billerica,  October  6,  1669;  died  Novem- 
ber 12,  1669. 

4.  John,  born  in  Billerica  October  6,  1670;  died  December 
3,  1670. 

5.  Joseph,  born  in  Billerica  May  5,  1673;  died  September 
25,  1676. 

6.  Jabez,  born  in  Billerica  September  16,  1674;  died  at 

7.  Mary  (second),  born  in  Billerica  March  5,  1676;  mar- 
ried December  13,  1695,  Jonathan  Baldwin.  To  them 
were  born  three  sons  and  two  daughters. 


8.  Hannah,  born  in   Billerica  October  23,   1677;  died  at 

9.  Elizabeth,  born  in  Billerica  June  8,  1679;  married  Wil- 
liam Manning.    To  them  were  born  nine  children. 

10.  Sarah,  born  in  Billerica  March  7,  168 1 ;  married  Thomas 
Baldwin.  To  them  were  born  seven  sons  and  one  daugh- 
ter.   Sarah  died  June  16,  1761. 

Mary  Champney,  wife  of  Jacob  French,  died  April  11,  1681. 
Jacob  French  married  (second)  Mary  Convers  of  Woburn. 
To  them  was  born: 

11.  Abigail,  born  in  Billerica  April  20,  1686;  died  March 
29,  1687. 

Mary  Convers  French  died  June  18,  1686. 

Jacob  French  married  (third)  Mary ,  who  was  drowned 

June  9,  1709. 

Jacob  French  married  (fourth)  Ruth ,  who  died  No- 
vember 6,  1730. 

Jacob  French  was  the  father  of  eleven  children.     He  died 
May  20,  1713. 
VII.     Hannah,  born  April  12,  1641 ;  died  June  20,  1642. 
VIII.     Hannah   (second),  born  February  16,  1644;  married  John 
Brackett  September  6,  1661.    To  them  were  born  nine  chil- 

Hannah  French  died  May  9,  1674. 
IX.     Samuel,  born  December  3,  1645;  died  July  15,  1646. 
X.     Samuel   (second),  born  about  1647  or  1648;  married  Sarah 
Cummings   (born  January  27,  1661),  the  marriage  taking 
place  December  28,  1682. 

Samuel  French  died  November  4,  1727.  A  complete  genea- 
logical record  of  Samuel  (second)  French,  from  whom  the 
author  is  descended,  will  be  found  in  this  volume,  following 
the  history  of  his  father.  Lieutenant  William  French. 
Elizabeth,  wife  of  Lieutenant  William  French,  and  mother 
of  the  before  mentioned  ten  children,  died  March  31,  1668. 
On  May  6,  1669,  Lieutenant  William  French  married  (sec- 


ond)  Mary,  daughter  of  Thomas  Lathrop  and  widow  of  John 
Stearns  of  Billerica.    To  them  were  born  four  children. 
XI.     Mary    (second),  born  April   3,   1670;  married   Nathaniel 
Dunklin.    To  them  were  born  twelve  children. 
XII.     Sarah    (second),   born  October   29,   1671;  married  Joseph 
Crosby  of  Billerica  May  6,  1691. 

XIII.  Abigail,  born  April  14,  1673;  died  April  13,  1674. 

XIV.  Hannah    (third),   born  January   25,    1676;   married   John 
Childs  of  Watertown  October  5,  1693. 

From  one  of  these  fourteen  children  of  Lieutenant  William  French, 
Alice  French  (Octave  Thanet),  the  author,  of  Davenport,  Iowa,  is 

Lieutenant  William  French  died  November  20,  1681,  aged  sev- 
enty-eight years. 

In  the  winter  of  1634,  the  Defence  sailed  from  Hartwick,'  for  the 
New  World,  but  the  ship  being  driven  back  on  account  of  bad 
weather,  the  journey  for  the  time  being  was  abandoned,  and  it  was  not 
until  August  10,  1635,  that  this  vessel  finally  embarked  upon  the  voy- 
age that  was  to  land  her  passengers  on  the  shores  of  the  then  almost 
unknown  continent.  The  Defence,  being  old  and  unseaworthy, 
sprung  a  leak  in  the  first  storm  encountered,  which  exposed  those  on 
board  to  such  great  danger  that  they  were  about  to  return  to  port. 
However,  they  finally  succeeded  in  repairing  the  damage  and  contin- 
ued their  journey,  encountering  many  storms  during  their  thirty-four 
days  upon  the  sea,  came  in  sight  of  land  October  2d,  and  the  following 
day,  October  3,  1635,  landed  at  Boston.  Thomas  Bostacke  of  London 
was  master  of  the  ship.  Among  the  passengers  is  found  the  name  of 
William  French,  his  wife  Elizabeth,  and  four  children,  they  being 
the  first  of  this  family  to  set  foot  on  American  soil. 

William  French  was  born  in  Halstead,  County  Essex,  England, 
March  15,  1603,  and  married  Elizabeth,  surname  not  known,  about 
1623,  her  age  being  given  as  thirty  or  thirty-two  in  the  record  in  the 
customs  house,  London,  England. 

On  reaching  Boston,  William  French  purchased  property  and  set- 

1  This  seaport  was  at  the  mouth  of  the  Stover  in  Essex,  having  a  spacious  and  safe  harbor. 


tied  in  the  Newe  Towne,  called  New  Town  or  Newtown  until  May  2, 
1638,  when  the  General  Court  "Ordered  That  Newtowne  shall  hence- 
forward be  called  Cambridge,"  '  and  no  other  act  of  incorporation  is 
found  on  record.  His  home  was  on  the  westerly  side  of  Dunster 
street,  about  midway  between  Harvard  Square  and  Mount  Auburn 
street,  the  site  now  being  occupied  by  a  bank.  He  bought  this  prop- 
erty in  1639  and  sold  it  to  William  Barrett  June  10,  1656,  after  his 
removal  to  Billerica. 

The  following  deed  was  given  at  that  time,  the  original  being  on 
file  in  the  East  Cambridge  court  house: 


To  all  people  to  whome  this  present  writeing  shall  come  to  be  seen  or 
Read,  Know  ye  that  I  Wm  ffrench  of  Cambridge  in  the  county  of  Middle- 
sex in  New  England  Taylor,  ffor  and  in  consideration  of  fifty  pounds 
sterling  to  me  the  said  William  ffrench  before  the  ensealing  &  delivery  of 
these  presents,  well  and  truly  payd  by  William  Barret  of  the  same  place 
Taylor,  the  receite  whereof  I  the  said  William  ffrench  do  by  these  presents 
acknowledge,  and  therewith  to  be  fully  sattisfied  and  payd,  and  thereof  of 
every  part  and  parcell  thereof  do  clearly  and  absolutely  acquitte,  exonerate, 
and  discharge  the  said  William  Barrett,  his  Heyres,  Executours,  Admin- 
istratours,  and  every  of  them  for  ever  by  these  presents  have  granted,  bar- 
gained, aliened,  enfeoffed  and  confirmed,  and  by  these  presents  do  fully, 
cleerely,  and  absolutely  grant,  bargaine,  and  sell,  Alien,  enfeoffe,  and  con- 
firme,  unto  the  said  William  Barrett,  his  Heyres  and  Assignes  for  ever, 
my  now  Mansion  house  scittuated  in  Cambridge  before  named  with  about 
halfe  a  rood  of  land  adjoyneing  to  the  same  and  planted  with  fruite  trees, 
and  bounded  with  Water  Street  east,  Daniel  Kempster  South,  Abraham 
Morrill  West,  Steeven  Day  North,  Also  a  Barne  and  out  house  standing 
on  the  east  side  the  Highway  with  about  Halfe  a  rood  of  land  adjoyneing 
thereto,  and  bounded  with  the  aforesaid  street  West,  William  Bordman 
north,  and  the  Swamp  east  and  South,  with  all  the  Towne  rights  and  priv- 
iledges,  for  wood,  timber,  commonage  or  otherwise  to  the  said  house  apper- 
teyning  or  in  any  wise  belonging.  To  Have  &  to  Hould  the  said  Messuage 
and  Tenement,  and  other  the  premises,  and  every  part  and  parcell  thereof, 
with  all  &  singular  their  appurtenances,  unto  the  said  William  Barrett  his 
Heyres  and  Assignes  forever,  to  his  and  their  only  propper  use  and  behooffe. 
And  I  the  said  William  ffrench  do  covenant,  promise,  and  grant  for  me, 

1  Paige's  History   of   Cambridge. 


my  Heires,  Executors,  Administrators,  Assignes  by  these  presents,  that  I 
the  said  William  ffrench  have  good  right,  full  power,  and  lawful  Author- 
ity to  grant  bargaine,  &  sell  the  said  Dwelling  house,  and  barne  and  yards, 
and  orchard  thereto  apperteyneing,  with  all  other  the  appurtenances  and 
priviledges  thereof,  And  that  the  said  William  Barrett  his  Heyres  &  As- 
signes shall  and  may  at  all  times,  and  from  time  to  time  for  ever  hereafter, 
peaceably  and  quietly,  Have  Hold,  occupy,  posscsse  &  enjoy  the  said  Bar- 
gained premises,  and  every  part,  and  parcell  thereof,  with  their  and  every 
of  their  appurtenances,  without  any  lawfull  lett,  trouble,  Eviction,  Expul- 
sion, suite,  molestation,  Disturbance,  contradiction,  or  Deniall  of  me  the 
said  William  ffrench,  or  of  Elizabeth  my  Loveing  wife,  or  either  of  us  or 
by  any  other  manner  of  wayes  or  meanes  whatsoever  haveing  any  lawful 
right  or  interest  therein.  In  witness  whereof  I  the  said  William  ffrench, 
as  also  Elizabeth  my  wife,  have  here  unto  put  our  hands  and  scales,  this 
tenth  day  of  June.  In  the  year  of  our  Lord  God  One  thousand  six  hun- 
dred fifty  and  six. 

Signed,  sealed,  and  Delivered  William  ffrench 

in  the  presence  off  and  a  scale 

John  Steedman  Elizabeth  ffrench 

Thomas  Danforth  her  X  marke 

&  a  scale  annexed 
This  deed  of  sale  was  acknowledged  by  William  ffrench  and  Elizabeth 
his  wife,  this  Xth  of  4th  mo  1656. 
^  Entered  and  Recorded,  January  3th,  1656. 

By  Thomas  Danforth  Recorder 

On  the  west  side  of  Dunster  street  at  the  north  corner  of  Mount  Au- 
burn street  the  first  meeting  house  was  built,  and  the  following  in- 
scription may  be  seen  today  on  the  granite  corner  stone  of  the  building 
now  standing  on  the  lot: 

Site  of  the  First  Meeting  House  in  Cambridge     Erected  A.  D.  1632. 

This  meeting  house  was  a  plain  simple  structure  built  probably  of 
logs  and  had  a  thatched  roof,  the  congregation  presumably  being 
called  to  worship  by  the  beating  of  a  drum. 

Acknowledgment  is  hereby  made  to  Mr.  Perrin,  treasurer  of  First 
Church,  Cambridge,  for  the  privilege  of  looking  through  the  church 
records  and  copying  such  portions  as  were  desired.  Here  was  found 
the  following  entry: 

'  The  first  month  of  the  calendar  year  at  that  time  was  March. 

Site  of  Home  of  Lt.  William  Frf.xch,  Cambridge,  Massachusetts 


William  French  and  Elizabeth  his  wife,  both  members  in  full  com- 
munion. Their  children  —  Elizabeth  now  Eliot  and  now  joyned  at  Ded- 
ham.  Mary  baptized  in  England  between  two  and  three  years  old  at  her 
father's  joyning.  John  baptized  by  Mr.  Hooker  in  Cambridge.  Sarah, 
Jacob,  Hannah,  born  and  baptized  in  this  church. 

This  church,  originally  Congregational  in  doctrine,  but  since  1829 
Unitarian,  subscribed  to  the  following  covenant: 

We  whose  names  are  underwritten  do  solemnly  acknowledge  Jesus 
Christ  to  be  the  Son  of  God  and  the  Savior  of  the  world,  as  he  is  repre- 
sented in  the  New  Testament;  and  as  his  disciples  we  do  now  express  our 
earnest  desire  and  intention  to  live  a  holy,  religious  and  useful  life,  after 
the  example  and  in  the  spirit  of  our  Lord.  We  do  also  purpose  to  walk 
with  the  church  while  we  have  opportunity  in  a  regular  attendance  on 
Christian  ordinances  in  the  promotion  of  Christian  truth  and  charity,  and 
in  the  exercise  of  those  acts  of  Christian  fellowship  and  affection,  which  the 
relation  in  which  we  stand  seems  to  us  to  demand.  It  is  usual  for  those 
who  become  members  of  the  church  to  sign  their  names  to  this  covenant 
or  to  signify  their  assent  to  it  to  the  pastor,  or  in  case  of  his  absence,  to  the 
deacons.  If  any  individual  should  decline  from  conscientious  scruples  to 
sign  or  assent  to  the  covenant,  the  pastor  has  in  such  a  case  a  discretionary 
power  to  dispense  with  the  observance  of  this  form. 

Some  of  the  authority  vested  in  the  church  at  that  time  may  be 
gleaned  from  the  following  extracts  taken  also  from  the  records  of 
First  Church: 

In  1639,  "John  Stone  and  his  wife  were  admonished  to  make  biger 
bread  and  to  take  heede  of  ofifending  by  making  too  little  bread  here- 
after." It  seems  that  they  were  brought  before  the  church  to  answer 
to  the  charge  of  cheating. 

Alexander  McKenzie  of  this  church  wrote  "an  epitaph  upon  the 
deplored  death  of  that  supereminent  minister  of  the  gospel,"  Mr. 
Jonathan  Mitchell: 

Here  lyes  the  darling  of  his  time 
Mitchell  expired  in  his  prime 
Who  four  years  shorte  of  forty  seven 
Was  found  full  ripe  and  plucked  for  heaven 
Was  full  of  prudent  zeal  and  love. 
Faith,  Patience,  Wisdom  from  above; 
New  England's  stay,  next  age's  Glory. 


Angels  may  speak  him ;     Ah !  not  I 
(Whose  worth's  above  hyperbole) 
But  for  our  loss,  wert  in  my  power 
I'd  weep  an  everlasting  shower. 

Governor  Belcher  says  of  Thomas  Dudley,  who  was  deputy  gov- 
ernor and  later  governor  of  Massachusetts  in  Winthrop's  time: 

Here  lies  Thomas  Dudley  that  trusty  old  stud. 
A  bargain's  a  bargain  and  must  be  made  good. 

'  Under  date  of  April  4,  1636,  a  record  is  made  of  the  men  who 
were  "purchasers  and  have  proprieties  in  the  fresh  pond  meadow 
and  their  quantitie  of  acers;  with  an  agreemente  made  by  jointe  con- 
sente  att  those  Lotts  Drawinge."  Among  the  names  appears  that  of 
William  French,  who  drew  five  acres. 

Again,  under  date  of  September  21,  1639,  "John  Sill:  Bought  of 
William  ffrench  one  house  with  garden  and  back  side  in  the  towne  to 
ye  creeke  west  Captaine  Cooke,  South  Robart  sst  east  Mrs.  Glouer 
north."  Under  the  same  date,  "Edmond  Ffrost  Bought  of  Thomas 
Bloggett  one  house  garden  Backside  in  Water  Street  William  ffrench 
North  east,  Edmond  Auger  South,  Nathaniel  Sparrowhawk  North- 
west Water  street  southeast." 

"William  French  Impr.  in  the  towne  one  dwelling  house  with 
about  half  a  rood  of  ground.  Nathaniel  Sparrowhawk  west,  Katha- 
rine Hadden  South  waterstreet  east.  William  French  six  acr.  &  halfe 
more  or  lesse,  William  Man  east  Christopher  Cane  west  Charles- 
towne  lyne  north,  comon  south." 

August  15,  1646,  "Andrew  Stevenson  bought  of  William  Ffrench 
four  acr.  of  land  more  or  lesse  in  the  new  west  field  Gregory  Stone 
Southeast,  Roger  Bancroft  northeast,  highway  southwest  and  north- 

December  10,  1646,  "Itm.  Bought  of  William  ffrench  in  the  lotts 
beyond  Menotomy  six  acres  &  halfe." 

In  the  year  1537  King  Henry  VIII  granted  a  charter  to  the  Honor- 
able Artillery  Company  of  London.    A  century  later  some  members 

1  From  Proprietor's  Records  of  the  Toiun  of  Cambridge.  Printed  by  order  of  the  city  council, 
under  the  direction  of  the  city  clerk,  Cambridge,   1896. 


of  that  company  who  had  settled  in  Boston,  wishing  to  organize  a 
military  company  similar  to  the  one  in  England,  presented  a  petition 
to  Governor  Winthrop  asking  for  a  charter.  The  request  was  at  first 
denied,  the  council  considering  it  "dangerous  to  erect  a  standing  au- 
thority of  military  men,"  but  finally  a  charter  was  granted  March  13, 
1638.  This  company  was  to  be  called  "The  military  company  of  the 
Massachusetts."  The  company  was  organized  on  the  first  Monday  m 
June,  1638,  and  elected  Robert  Keayne,  who  came  in  the  Defence 
with  William  French  in  1635,  to  be  captain.  Fifty-seven  new  mem- 
bers were  recruited  during  that  year,  each  one  of  whom  was  vouched 
for  by  two  members,  and  we  find  William  French  as  one  of  the  fifty- 
seven,  he  being  vouched  for  by  Colonel  George  Cooke  and  Joseph 
Cooke.  The  name  of  the  company  was  later  changed,  not  by  any 
action  of  its  own,  but  by  reason  of  its  age  and  honor.  Captain  Keayne 
called  it  the  "Artillery  Company"  and  the  "Great  Artillery  Com- 
pany." Since  organization  it  has  been  the  custom  to  have  sermons 
preached  annually  to  its  members,  and  from  1708  to  1738  the  sermons 
were  delivered  before  the  "Honorable  Artillery  Company."  The 
sermon  of  1738  was  preached  before  the  "Ancient  &  Honorable  Ar- 
tillery Company"  and  from  that  year  until  the  present  time  all  ser- 
mons have  been  preached  to  them  under  this  title. 

The  first  headquarters  of  the  company  was  in  a  building  that  stood 
on  the  site  of  the  old  state  house,  at  the  head  of  State  street,  Boston. 
This  building  was  destroyed  by  fire  in  171 1,  but  a  new  building  was 
at  once  erected  which  stood  until  1747,  when  it  was  also  destroyed  by 
fire.  However,  the  company  had  moved  to  Faneuil  Hall  in  1746, 
where  they  still  have  their  headquarters. 

The  Boston  Herald  of  October  15,  1910,  contained  the  following: 



A  number  of  members  of  the  Ancient  and  Honorable  Artillery  company 
assembled  at  the  South  station  at  i  P.  M.  yesterday,  to  witness  the  depart- 
ure for  London  of  Capt.  John  D.  Nichols,  Lieut.  Francis  H.  Appleton, 


officers  of   the  company,   and   Col.    Sidney   M.    Hedges,   its   former   com- 

The  committee  goes  to  present  to  King  George  a  certificate  of  honorary 
membership  in  the  organization.  They  sail  from  New  York  today  on  the 

William  French  was  made  junior  sergeant  of  the  Ancient  and 
Honorable  Artillery  Company  in  1643,  first  sergeant  in  1646,  and 
ensign  in  1650.  The  ranks  of  this  historic  organization  are  recruited 
from  all  parts  of  the  United  States  in  much  the  same  manner  today 
as  at  these  earlier  dates,  their  membership  being  limited  to  one  thou- 
sand, the  present  list  numbering  five  hundred  fifty.  At  the  time  of  his 
death  ( 1681 )  William  French  was  holding  the  office  of  captain  in  an 
artillery  company  in  Billerica. 

According  to  Records  of  the  Colony  of  Massachusetts  Bay,  Vol- 
ume II,  page  186,  General  Courte  of  Election  held  March  26,  1647, 
John  Winthrop  was  chosen  governor.  Under  date  of  May  26th,  in 
the  records  of  the  court  is  the  following  entry: 

In  answer  to  the  request  of  ye  towne  of  Cambridge  the  corte  doth  allow 
and  confirm  Willi.  French  Heft  of  that  company  and  Edmond  Winship 

Volume  III,  page  109,  May  26,  1647: 

In  answer  to  ye  petition  of  ye  towne  of  Cambridge  for  ye  courts  accepta- 
tion and  confirmation  of  Wm  French  as  ye  Heft  of  ye  military  company 
there.  Ye  petition  was  granted  and  ye  pson  approved  of  and  confirmed 
in  ye  place  of  both. 

It  appears  from  the  records  that  William  French  was  recommend- 
ed by  petition  to  the  General  Court  for  lieutenant  October,  1645,  but 
another  man  received  the  appointment. 

It  is  interesting  to  note  that  November  15,  1637,  was  the  date  of  the 
order  establishing  the  college  at  Nevi'etowne,  just  a  few  months  before 
the  order  came  changing  the  name  from  Newetowne  to  Cambridge, 
March  13,  1638  (or  1639)  •  The  college  was  to  be  called  "Harvard," 
in  honor  of  the  Rev.  John  Harvard,  who  endowed  the  institution  with 
half  of  his  estate,  variously  estimated  from  eight  hundred  to  sixteen 
hundred  pounds,  together  with  his  entire  library.  Towns  also  con- 
tributed various  sums  to  this  college,  record  being  made  of  Ports- 


mouth,  New  Hampshire,  contributing  sixty  pounds  annually  for 
seven  years;  Dover,  thirty-two  pounds  yearly;  Exeter,  ten  pounds 
yearly.  It  is  an  historical  fact  that  the  first  commencement  exercises 
of  Harvard  College  were  held  in  the  First  Meeting  House  on  Dunster 
street,  Cambridge. 

About  this  time  a  printing  house  was  established  in  Cambridge, 
and  the  first  blank,  printed  was  the  freeman's  oath.  William  French 
was  made  a  freeman  March  3,  1636;  that  is,  he  became  possessed  of 
civil  rights;  in  fact,  became  a  citizen. 

That  property  owners  were  amenable  to  certain  laws  with  respect 
to  their  live  stock  is  shown  by  the  following  excerpt: 


(In  list  of  fines) 
Brother  fiFrench  for  2  hogs  at  one  time  &  one  at  another,  and  2  at  an- 
other without  a  keeper  is  fined    i£. 

Cambridge  is  also  distinguished  as  the  place  "where  the  first  Pro- 
testant mission  to  the  heathen  began;  the  first  sermon  in  a  heathen 
tongue  was  preached  there,  and  the  first  translation  of  the  Bible  by 
an  Englishman  into  a  heathen  tongue  was  made  at  this  place;  and 
lastly,  the  first  Protestant  tract  in  a  heathen  language  was  printed 
there."  The  heathen  referred  to  in  this  extract  were  the  Indians, 
who  were  numerous  in  this  locality  at  that  time,  and  were  receiv- 
ing religious  instruction  from  John  Eliot. 

As  the  colony  of  Massachusetts  grew,  one  town  after  another  was 
taken  away  from  the  Cambridge  territory,  and  Billerica  is  noted  in 
1655  as  a  colony  by  itself,  the  first  appearance  of  the  name  being  in 
1653.  This  settlement  was  first  known  as  Shawshine,  which  in  the 
Indian  vocabulary  is  said  to  mean  smooth  —  glassy.  The  pioneers 
however  preferred  the  more  familiar  name  of  Billerica,  in  memory  of 
the  old  town  in  Essex,  England,  from  whence  many  of  them  are  sup- 
posed to  have  come;  for  in  1650  reference  was  made  by  residents  of 
Woburn  to  lands  "on  the  east  side  of  Billerica,"  and  a  petition  from 
the  inhabitants  to  the  General  Court  in  1654,  asking  for  a  further 
grant  of  land,  especially  requested  that  the  settlement  might  have  the 
name  "Billericay."    In  1655  the  inhabitants  again  petitioned  the  Gen- 


eral  Court,  requesting  "immunities  and  freedom  from  all  publick 
rates  and  charges  of  Cambridge,"  and  that  the  land  might  belong  en- 
tirely to  them  for  "ye  better  encouragement  and  carrying  on  publick 
charges  that  will  necessarily  fall  out."  An  agreement  was  accord- 
ingly made  between  the  town  of  Cambridge  and  the  progressive  in- 
habitants of  this  young  settlement,  and  on  the  29th  of  May,  1655,  the 
court  confirmed  the  arrangement  and  granted  the  petitioners'  request. 
The  names  of  those  who  signed  the  proposition  on  the  part  of  the  new 
town  were:  "Ralph  Hill  Sen'r,  John  Sterns,  Willm  pattin,  George 
f^arley,  Ralph  Hill  Jun',  John  Croe,  James  Parker,  John  Parker, 
Jonathan  Danforth,  Henry  Jeifts,  Willm  Chamberlin,  and  Robert 
Parker,"  who  were  the  "present  Inhabitants."  These  men  and  wom- 
en who  laid  the  foundations  of  Billerica  were  a  community  that 
sought  and  held  to  such  elements  as  could  be  well  molded  together  — 
a  sturdy,  loyal,  honest,  God  fearing  people. 

Imagine  if  you  will,  one  of  those  beautiful  Indian  summer  days 
when  the  foliage  on  the  trees  has  not  lost  its  brilliant  autumnal  color- 
ing; a  gently  rolling  country  traversed  by  streams,  the  landscape  di- 
vided into  small  fields,  each  surrounded  by  stone  fences  or  rather  walls 
as  they  are  called,  their  somber  gray  color  a  fitting  background  for 
the  green  of  the  pines  and  the  brilliant  hues  of  the  foliage;  well  con- 
structed roads  winding  along  under  the  shade  of  apple  trees  bearing 
their  burden  of  luscious  fruit;  comfortable,  spacious,  and  beautiful 
homes  on  either  side  of  the  one  main  street  with  the  town  hall  and 
church  standing  near  the  center,  and  you  have  a  glimpse  of  the  Bil- 
lerica of  October,  19 10,  the  place  to  which  William  French  removed 
after  leaving  Cambridge  in  1653,  to  make  a  home  for  his  dear  ones. 
At  that  time  roads  were  only  paths  in  the  woods,  no  fences  were 
built,  and  only  about  twenty-five  families  were  living  in  the  town. 
The  families  had  increased  to  forty  by  the  year  1660,  a  number  of 
these  having  come  from  Cambridge. 

In  matters  pertaining  to  education,  little  is  noted  after  the  first  set- 
tlement of  the  country  as  receiving  the  immediate  attention  of  the 
French  family.  In  1642  the  selectmen  were  enjoined  to  "have  a  vigi- 
lant eye  over  their  brethren  and  neighbors  to  see  first  that  none  of  them 

Tablet  ox  Hii.i  itrica  Commcx 

Where  first  Meeting  House  stood,  erected  1663 


shall  suffer  so  much  barbarism  in  any  of  their  families  as  not  to  en- 
deavor to  teach  by  themselves  or  others,  their  children  and  apprentices 
so  much  learning  as  may  enable  them  perfectly  to  read  the  English 
tongue."  The  penalty  was  twenty  shillings  for  each  neglect.  The 
same  act  required  parents  to  "give  religious  instruction  to  their  chil- 
dren and  apprentices  and  bring  them  up  in  some  honest  lawful  call- 
ing, labor  or  employment,  either  in  husbandry  or  some  other  trade 
profitable  for  themselves  and  the  commonwealth,  if  they  will  not  or 
cannot  train  them  up  in  learning  to  fit  them  for  higher  employment." 
Billerica  could  not  at  once  meet  this  requirement,  but  "i  March  5,  61, 
The  Townsmen  doe  agree  yt  Lief  tenant  Will  French  and  Ralph  Hill 
senior  doe  take  care  and  examine  the  several  families  in  or  Towne 
whether  there  children  and  servants  are  Taught  in  the  precepts  of 
Religione  in  reding  and  Lerninge  there  Catechism." 

In  1658  the  Rev.  Samuel  Whiting  was  chosen  minister  and  he  re- 
mained with  his  people  for  fifty-six  years.  During  the  first  few 
months  of  his  ministry  it  is  supposed  that  the  preaching  services  were 
held  in  private  homes,  but  in  1659  the  inhabitants  agreed  "that  there 
shall  be  a  meeting  house  built:  this  winter  foUinge:  thirty  foote 
longe:  and  twenty  and  four  foot  wide:  and  twelve  foot  high:  and  the 
studs  to  be  twelve  foot  asunder:  the  sids  and  eands  shall  be  covered 
with  bords:  and  the  Roof  with  thatch." 

The  meeting  house  was  erected  according  to  these  plans  in  the  win- 
ter of  1660,  and  a  suitable  allotment  of  land  for  the  benefit  of  the 
church  was  reserved.  It  was  built  under  the  direction  of  John  Par- 
ker, one  of  the  most  honored  of  citizens,  and  among  the  items  of 
expense  we  find  where  fifteen  shillings  were  paid  "to  henry  Jefts  for 
briks  300  for  ye  ministers  chimley."  The  building  of  a  house  for  the 
minister  and  the  raising  of  his  salary,  brought  a  heavy  common  ex- 
pense on  the  community,  and  under  date  of  July  15,  1659,  is  found 
where  "Lieut.  Wm.  French  was  chosen  comitioner  for  making  the 
cuntry  rate  and  caring  in  a  duplicate  to  ye  shire  meeting  and  George 
Farley  and  Jonathan  Danforth  is  joyned  with  him  for  this  work." 

The  church  was  regularly  organized  April  27,    1663,  "when  ye 


counsel  of  elders  and  messengers  from  other  churches"  were  present, 
but  not  until  November  nth  of  the  same  year  was  the  ceremony  of 
ordination  performed,  and  the  young  Harvard  graduate  solemnly 
installed  after  the  simple  but  impressive  manner  of  the  Puritan  faith. 
The  Reverend  Mr.  Whiting  had  a  large  parish,  for  it  extended 
from  Concord  and  Acton  to  the  Merrimack  and  Andover.  His  peo- 
ple heard  two  sermons  each  Sabbath,  and  they  were  not  short  ones 
either.  The  modern  sermon  would  have  been  as  much  of  a  surprise 
to  these  people  as  the  railroad,  telegraph,  or  daily  newspaper.  It 
was  at  church  that  the  people  received  not  only  spiritual  food,  but 
much  of  the  intellectual  and  social  stimulus  needed  was  here  given. 
The  young  pastor  satisfied  this  demand  with  honor  and  credit  to  him- 
self. He  baptized  the  children  and  buried  the  dead;  but  probably 
did  not  often  perform  the  marriage  ceremony,  for  the  early  fathers 
thought  it  smacked  too  much  of  popery  for  the  minister  to  marry 
them,  so  they  went  to  the  magistrate  instead,  for  the  performance  of 
the  marriage  vow.  People  came  for  miles  to  hear  the  gospel 
preached,  and  in  consequence  some  suitable  arrangement  was  neces- 
sary for  the  care  of  their  horses.  The  following  extract  from  Hazen's 
History  of  Billerica  will  show  how  shelter  was  provided: 

The  towne  doe  give  leave  that  Ralph  Hill  Sen'r,  George  Farley,  Will 
Ffrench,  Ralph  Hill  Jun'r  and  John  Parker,  and  such  other  persons  as 
make  use  of  their  horses  to  Ride  to  ye  meeting:  shall  have  liberty  to  make 
sum  housing  or  housings  to  sett  up  for  horses  from  time  to  time  without 
molestatione ;  and  to  sette  up  ye  saide  houseing  below  the  Hill  between  the 
meeting  house  and  Goldinge  More's  barn,  or  in  some  other  place  convenient 
for  them. 

In  1661  the  problem  of  seating  the  people  in  the  church  was  settled, 
and  it  was  agreed  that  "ye  towne  doe  apoynte  Lieut.  Wm  French, 
John  Parker,  Ralph  Hill  Sen'r  and  Will  Tay  to  sett  in  the  Deacon's 
seat;  and  also  the  towne  do  appoint  &  impower  these  four  men  joyned 
with  Mr.  Whitinge  to  appoint  the  rest  of  the  inhabitants  and  proprie- 
tors belonging  to  the  town  there  several  places  where  they  shall  sitt 
in  the  meeting  house  according  to  their  best  discretion."  The  method 
far  into  the  next  century  was  to  seat  according  to  age  and  the  amount 


of  rates  paid,  giving  to  age  the  preference.  Deacons  were  seated  in 
front  of  the  pulpit  and  their  wives  with  the  widows.  The  list  of  those 
who  were  to  have  "pues"  was  governed  by  the  amount  of  real  and 
personal  tax  they  were  to  pay.  Among  the  twenty-two  tax  payers 
thus  entitled  to  a  sitting,  we  find  the  name  of  William  French.  Rank, 
wealth,  and  social  standing  too  were  factors  determining  where  people 
should  sit,  and  there  was  ample  room  for  jealousy  on  this  subject. 

The  question  of  providing  financially  for  the  pastor  was  arranged 
in  the  following  manner: 

At  a  town  meeting  i6  da  6  mo  1658:  We  do  agree  to  give  to  Mr. 
Samuel  Whiting  Jun'r  (our  minister)  that  house  which  is  now  upon  ye 
township  comfortably  finished  for  him  and  his  heirs  if  he  continues  amongst 
us  durng  his  h'fe.  But  if  he  shall  remove  from  amongst  us,  then  the  said 
house  with  all  the  accommodations  of  the  same  shall  return  again  to  the 
towne  to  be  at  their  dispose ;  or  if  Mr  Whiting  shall  dye  with  us,  then  the 
towne  shall  have  the  refuseing  of  the  said  house  and  all  other  accommoda- 
tions aforesaid  belonging  to  the  same  if  Mrs.  Whitinge  do  sell  ye  same. 

2  We  promise  to  give  to  him  ye  sume  of  fourty  pounds  per  year  for  his 
maintenance  for  the  first  two  years  of  his  settling  with  us,  and  for  the 
third  year  fifty  pounds,  and  for  the  fourth  year  sixty  pounds,  and  for  after- 
wards we  do  promise  to  ingage  to  better  his  maintenance  as  the  Lord  shall 
better  our  estates. 

3  We  do  Joyntly  p'mlse  to  cary  at  or  owne  charge  from  year  to  year  so 
much  of  the  pay  (as  doth  amounte  to  twenty  pounds)  as  shall  be  brought 
in  to  him  in  wheat  or  other  graine  or  porke ;  to  deliver  the  same  either  at 
Mistick  Mill  or  at  Charlestowne,  which  Mr  Whiting  shall  apointe  and  to 
deliver  the  same  at  such  prizes  as  such  pay  shall  or  doth  at  such  times  pass 
fro  man  to  man  unless  Mr  Whiting  and  the  Towne  shall  make  any  other 
agreement  concerning  the  same. 

4  We  do  promise  to  p'vide  his  firewood  &  to  bring  it  home  to  his  house 
from  year  to  year  at  our  own  charges. 

5  We  do  promise  to  fence  him  in  a  paster  for  to  kcape  his  horse  in  as 
convenient  as  we  may. 

Ult.  for  his  acomodations,  we  do  promise  to  laey  to  ye  said  house  a  ten 
acre  lot,  for  his  house  lot  and  t^velve  acres  of  meadow,  with  other  accom- 
odations convenient  to  the  same,  i.  e.  to  grant  to  him  all  other  divitions  of 
lands  and  meadows  with  other  lots  of  ye  like  quantity. 

The  persons  subscribing  to  the  premises,  who  were  then  the  in- 
habitants, were: 



Ralph    Hill   Sen'r  John   Parker 

Willm   French  James  Parker 

John   Rogers   Sen'r  Willm  Tay 

George  Farley  Willm  Chamberlin 

Wm   Pattin  John  Trull 

Sam'l  Chamm  James  Patterson 

John    Sternes  John  Marshall 

Jonath.   Danforth  John  Shildon 

Ralph   Hill  Jun'r  Henery  Jeiffs 

John  Baldwin 

It  speaks  well  for  the  courage  and  faith  of  nineteen  men  that  they 
were  ready  to  assume  the  responsibility  of  such  action,  by  signing  this 
document,  and  also  for  the  minister  that  he  was  willing  to  make  his 
home  in  this  little  wilderness. 

In  1679-80  the  roof  of  the  meeting  house  was  shingled  and  a  gal- 
lery put  in,  and  this  building  continued  to  be  used  for  church  services 
until  1692  when  it  was  replaced  by  a  new  structure.  The  old  church 
was  sold  to  the  contractor  for  forty  pounds  to  be  used  as  a  town  hall 
and  school  house  after  it  had  served  the  community  as  a  place  of  wor- 
ship for  fifty  years. 

The  first  record  of  tithing  men  appears  October  8,  1677,  when  the 
town  was  divided  into  five  parts,  the  groups  being  in  neighborhoods. 
George  flfarley,  tithing  man,  had  seven  families  in  his  care,  one  of 
whom  was  Lt.  Wm  fifrench. 

From  the  original  book  containing  the  first  records  of  the  church, 
which  book  is  still  preserved  in  the  vault  of  the  Town  Hall  at  Bil- 
lerica,'  was  gleaned  the  following: 

A  Church  book  belonging  to  chh  of  Christ  in  Billerica  given  to  said  chh 
by  ye  persons  hereafter  named  who  gave  the  sums  affixed  to  each  of  their 
names  to  pay  for  it. 

Deac'n  Joshua  Abbott  £  o  "  5  "  o 

Deac'n  Wm  Stickney  o  "  5  "  O 

Deac'n  Sam'l   Whiting  o  "  5  "  o 

Capt'n  Thos  Kidder  o  '^  5  ^^  o 

Lieut  Jacob  Danforth  O  "  5  "  O 

Lieut  Daniel  Stickney  040 

iProm  records  kept  in  Town  Hall,  Billerica,  copied  by  the  author  October  14,  1910. 


Wm   French  o  "  4  "  o 

Christ'er  Osgood  o  "  5  "  o 

Benj  Lewis  030 

John  TarboU  o  "   i   "  O 

2  "10  "  o 

Lawful  money 

175  o  "  6  "  o 

The  following  record  of  births,  marriages,  and  deaths  is  given  in 
the  book  referred  to  as  having  taken  place  in  William  French's  fam- 
ily while  residents  of  Billerica.  The  record  is  incomplete  as  it  gives 
to  the  daughter  Sarah  the  dates  belonging  to  Abigail  whose  name  is 
not  mentioned. 

Elizabeth  wife  of  william  ffrench  dyed  31  -01   -  68 
lieut  Wm  ffrench   and   Mary  sterns  widdow 

joyned  in  marriage  befor  Captain  Gookin  06  -  03  -  69 

Mary  Daughter  of  Lt  Wm  &  Mary  ffrench  borne  03  -  02  -  70 

Sarah  Daughter  of  Lt  Wm  &  Mary  ffrench  borne  14-02-73 

and  departed  this  life  13-02-74 
Hannah  Daught'r  of  Lt  Wm  &  Mary  ffrench  was  borne       25-11-76 

lieut  Wm  ffrench  dyed   (being  in  his  year  78)  20  -  09  -  81 

In  1667  an  act  was  passed  to  prevent  "the  profaneness"  of  turn- 
ing the  back  upon  the  public  worship  before  it  is  finished  and  the 
blessing  pronounced.  Towns  were  directed  to  erect  a  "cage"  near  the 
meeting  house  and  in  this,  all  offenders  against  the  sanctity  of  the  Sab- 
bath were  confined. 

That  William  French  must  have  been  one  whose  judgment  was 
respected,  and  whose  authority  was  recognized  in  church  affairs,  is 
evidenced  by  the  fact  of  his  appointment  to  discipline  people.  He 
was  also  given  authority  under  date  of  October  18,  1659,  to  marry 
persons  in  the  "towns  of  Billiriky  and  Chelmsford";  was  appointed 
to  sit  in  the  deacon's  seat  in  1661,  and  in  1662-63,  record  is  made  of 
his  having  contributed  to  the  support  of  the  minister  to  the  amount  of 
one  pound  ten  shillings,  the  salary  for  the  year  amounting  to  seventy- 
one  pounds  one  shilling  eight  pence. 

Dec  23,  1662,  The  Towne  did  agree  ye  Lieut  Wm  French  and  George 


ffarley  as  a  committee  in  the  Towns  behalf,  shall  treat  with  Ralph  Hill 
sen'r  about  a  piece  of  land  half  an  acre  for  a  buring  place. 

The  result  was  that  about  a  year  later  Ralph  Hill  Sr.  gave  to  the 
town  about  half  an  acre  of  land  for  the  burying  place,  on  condition 
that  "the  town  shall  fence  all  against  it  next  unto  his  own  land  from 
which  this  half  acre  shall  be  taken." 

This  was  the  origin  of  the  Old  South  burying  ground,  and  it  is  a 
matter  of  record  that  Ralph  Hill  died  within  a  week  after  giving  this 
land  for  a  "burying  place,"  his  own  body  doubtless  the  first  to  be  laid 
in  this  cemetery,  since  which  it  has  been  enlarged  at  two  different 
times.  The  oldest  stone  (1686)  to  be  found  bears  the  name  of  John 
Rogers,  but  more  than  thirty  who  bore  the  name  of  French  rest  here, 
and  this  is  undoubtedly  the  last  resting  place  of  Lieutenant  William 
French  and  his  wife  Elizabeth,  although  there  are  no  stones  to  mark 
their  graves,  nor  the  grave  of  Ralph  Hill. 

The  women  of  that  day  must  have  been  after  Paul's  own  heart,  for 
no  record  is  made  of  any  part  taken  by  them  in  church  affairs,  which 
is  probably  accounted  for,  by  the  fact  that  Shepherd  in  his  Autobi- 
ography says:  "A  man  may  speak  and  prophecy  but  not  women;  a 
company  of  men  may  make  a  church,  and  so  receive  in  and  cast  out 
of  the  church,  but  not  women,  though  professing  saints." 

Not  alone  in  respect  to  affairs  of  church  did  William  French  devote 
his  time  and  energy,  but  in  matters  pertaining  to  the  welfare  of  the 
general  public  did  he  show  his  interest,  for  record  is  made  of  his  being 
chosen  deputy  "for  this  town  for  the  next  general  court  and  no 
longer,"  December  17,  1660,  and  two  days  later  he  was  in  his  seat  at 
Boston,  the  first  deputy  from  Billerica  to  the  General  Court.  He  was 
also  the  first  representative  from  Billerica  in  1663-64. 

The  first  record  made  of  the  appointment  of  selectmen  or  "Towns- 
men" as  they  were  frequently  called,  was  in  1660  when  John  Parker, 
Lieutenant  Wm.  French,  Ralph  Hill  Sr.,  Thomas  Foster,  and  Jona- 
than Danforth  were  chosen  selectmen  for  "ye  yere  inseiunge,"  and  on 
January  28,  1661,  Lieutenant  Wm.  French  was  chosen  by  the  freemen 
of  the  town  to  carry  the  votes  for  nomination  of  magistrates  and  county 

House  now  standing  on  Farm  owned  bv  Lieutenant  William   French 


Old  SoL'iH  HuR'iiNG  Ground 

Billerica,   Massachusetts 


A  careful  survey  of  the  ancient  records  of  land  grants  in  Billerica, 
shows  that  the  present  villages  of  Bedford,  Carlisle,  Tewksbury  and 
North  Tewksbury,  Dunstable,  Merrimac,  and  Litchfield  are  all  lo- 
cated on  land  which  belonged  originally  to  this  town.  Large  grants 
of  land  were  made  to  the  governors  of  the  colony  and  to  the  church, 
so  that  only  about  two-fifths  of  the  whole  town  was  free  and  common 
land  open  to  the  occupancy  of  settlers.  The  land  for  settlement  was 
divided  into  what  they  called  "ten  acre  lots"  as  shares.  Each  "ten 
acre  lot"  consisted  of  one  hundred  thirteen  acres  of  upland  and  twelve 
acres  of  meadow,  and  carried  with  it  the  right  to  all  "town  privileges" 
after  additions  and  divisions  of  town  and  meadow.  It  is  interesting  to 
note  that  Lieutenant  William  French  held  two  of  these  shares, 
amounting  to  two  hundred  fifty  acres.  Another  instance  is  recorded 
where  he  drew  at  the  first  division  seventeen  shares;  at  the  second,  six- 
teen, and  at  the  third,  twenty-two  shares. 

Under  date  of  August,  1661,  Lieutenant  William  French  signed  an 
agreement  that  Jonathan  Danforth  should  have  one  thousand  acres  of 
land;  and  again  record  is  made  of  ten  acre  rights  to  the  heirs  of  Lieut. 
Wm.  French,  when  they  received  ninety-three  acres  as  the  result  of 
such  division.  Still  another  record  is  found  where  they  received 
forty-five  acres  from  the  fourth  range  west  of  the  first  and  second 

The  farm  where  William  French  had  his  home  was  what  was 
known  in  that  locality  as  part  of  the  Dudley  farm  east  of  the  farm  of 
Ralph  Hill  Sr.,  toward  Indian  Hill,  as  the  hill  north  of  Nutting's 
pond  was  called. 

In  December,  1660,  "At  a  meeting  at  Liifteut  French's  the  major 
part  of  ye  Townsmen  did  agrei  yt  Will  Browne  should  wait  sum  time 
for  the  disposing  of  his  acomidations  yt  was  granted  him  by  the 
Towne  in  reference  to  the  getting  of  his  charges  yt  he  had  himself,  or 
by  such  other  person  as  the  Towne  shall  approve  on,  by  his  procuring 
or  otherwise  procured  by  the  Towne;  it  was  also  yielded  to  the  saidc 
Will  Browne  that  it  sholde  be  propounded  to  the  towne  and  move  to 
another  vote  whither  Simon  Crosby  shall  injoy  the  Bargaine  solde  to 
him  by  the  saide  Will  Browne,  whether  the  saide  Simon  shall  injoy 


the  same  notwithstanding  the  vote  yt  is  paste  by  the  towne  already,  or 
whether  he  shall  not  injoy  it."  The  result  was  in  favor  of  Simon 
Crosby  for  in  the  future  he  appears  as  a  citizen. 

A  glimpse  of  the  pioneer  side  of  life  is  shown  under  date  of  July  9, 
1661,  when  "It  is  ordered  that  what  person  soever  shall  kill  a  wolfe 
or  wolves  shall  have  for  every  wolfe  killed  and  brought  to  the  con- 
stable accordinge  to  law,  he  shall  have  for  every  wolfe  Twenty  Shil- 
lings, which  shall  be  payd  by  the  constable  then  being  in  the  towns 
behalf  —  provided  that  either  English  or  Indian  shall  make  proof 
to  the  constable  or  selectmen  that  it  was  killed  within  the  boundes  of 
our  Towne." 

At  a  county  court  held  at  Charlestown  December  21,  1680: 

This  court  being  informed  that  Lt  Wm  French  of  Billerica  is  by  Gods 
hand  thorow  impotency  &  weakness  unfitt  to  governe  his  Domestick  con- 
crnes.  At  the  request  of  his  friends  Deacon  Thompson  &  his  sonne  Jacob 
ffrench,  are  impowred  to  assist  his  wife,  in  the  ordering  Si  disposeing  of  his 
estate,  so  as  may  best  conduce  for  the  supply  of  his  family. 

ffreeman  Sworne. 

Mr  Thomas  Sheppard  The.  Prentice  sen'r 

Thomas  Prentice  Jr  Jno  ffuUer  sen'r 

Jonathan  iiuller  Joshua  ffuUer 

Jacob   Hurd  Ebenezer  Wiswall 

Samuel   BaUard  Jno  Prentice 

Jno.  Chadwick  Hen  Greene 

Mr  Thos.  Cheavers  Pelatiah  Smith 

That  the  close  of  a  life  so  full  of  activities  and  good  deeds  for  his 
country  and  fellow  men  should  be  saddened  by  the  clouding  of  his 
mental  faculties  during  these  later  years,  seems  full  of  pathos.  Only 
eleven  months  elapsed  between  the  decree  of  the  court  providing 
proper  guardianship,  and  the  death  of  Lieutenant  William  French, 
which  occurred  November  20,  1681.  The  following  is  an  exact  copy 
of  his  will  still  on  file  in  the  probate  court  at  East  Cambridge,  Massa- 

The  last  Will  and  Testam'  of 

Wm   ffrench  of   Billerica 
aged  about  seaventy  &  six  years 


I  William  ffrench  being  weak  in  body  yet  of  a  disposing  mind  do  make 
my  last  Will  and  Testament  as  followeth. 

And  in  the  first  place  1  do  comniitt  my  soul  into  the  hands  of  God  my 
Creator  and  gracious  redeemer ;  and  ray  body  to  ye  Earth  to  a  decent  buriall 
in  the  hope  of  a  glorious  resurrection  to  eiernall  life. 

And  in  reference  to  ye  good  things  of  this  life  yt  the  Lord  hath  gracious- 
ly lent  me,  I  do  thus  dispose  of  them;  and  in  the  first  place  I  do  will  that 
all  my  just  debts  be  discharged  with  the  charge  of  the  funerall  as  speedily 
as  conveniently  may  be,  and  whereas  I  have  already  given  to  all  my  chil- 
dren that  have  been  already  married  their  portions  I  only  add  to  them  as 
followeth.  To  the  Eldest  son  of  John  French ;  to  Wm  the  son  of  Jacob 
French;  to  Elizabeth  ye  daughter  of  Richard  Ellis;  to  Jonathan  ye  son  of 
Jonathan  Hides;  to  ye  eldest  daughter  of  Jonathan  Peake;  to  Marah  ye 
daughter  of  Jno  Brackett,  which  are  all  my  grandchildren,  to  each  p''son 
afors"'  twenty  shillings,  to  be  pd  to  each  of  them  as  followith,  to  those  two 
yt  are  already  married,  within  one  year  after  my  decease  and  to  ye  othr 
within  one  month  after  yr  marriage.  And  for  ye  remainder  of  my  whole 
estate  that  I  shall  dy  seized  with  I  do  give  unto  my  beloved  wife  and  to 
those  children  born  to  me  by  her;  to  be  divided  to  each  at  the  discretion 
of  or  bond  Counti,'  Court  after  my  deceas.  {finally  I  do  nominate  and 
and  empowr  my  beloveed  wife  &  my  son  Jacob  ffrench  to  be  my  executors 
of  this  my  Will,  as  witnesseth  my  hand  and  seale  hereunto  this  fift  day  of 
June  in  the  year  of  o''  Lord  God  one  thousand  six  hundred  seaventy  and 
nine,  &  in  ye  thirty  first  year  of  o''  Souveraign  Lord  King  Charles  ye  second. 

Wm  Ffrench  and  seale 
Signed  &  Sealed 

in  p  r  sence  of 

Sam  11  Whiting  Jun'' 
Jonath.  Danforth,  Sen. 
20-iO-8i.      Jonathan  Danforth  sen""  m''  oath  in  Court  to  the  abovs''  will. 

J.  R.  C. 

20.  10.  81 

To  ye  dratching  of  ye  children  006-13-04 

To  ye  widdow  ^  ye  remaind'' 

To  ye  widdow  ye  remaind''  §  equally 
To  be  set  out  by  Lt.  Jonath.  Danforth,  Joseph  Thompson  &  Josiah  Con- 
verse to  each  his  p'  &  y*  widdow  to  have  y"  benefitt  of  y*  childrens  portions 
for  y"  bringing  up  &  education  until  they  come  of  age  to  choose  y*  Guardians. 

T.  D.  R. 



An  Inventory  of  the  Estate  of  Lt.  Wm.  ffrench  of  Billerica  who  deced 
20.  Nov'',  1681,  being  his  78  year  of  his  age. 
Imp  r.     In  the  parlor,  one  feath  r 

w'"  its  furniture  005-OO-OO 

Warming  pans  3s.      Smoothing  Iron: 
1 2d.        old  chairs  &  cushions  5s. 

old  Chest,  box  trench''''  7s.  4d.  000-16-04 

Trammels,  Tongs,  ffireshovel,  slice 
fire  fork  i  is.  gd.      Looking  glass 
2S.      In  pewter  il.  6s.  001-17-09 

In  the  Parlour  Chamb 
Two  flock  beds  with  their  fur- 
nitures.    His  wearing  apparel 
oil.  1 6s..      Table  cloth  napkins 
IIS.      pillow  beers  6s.      chest  box  7s.  OO3-OO-OO 

In  yarne  il.  4s.      wool  9s.      2  hat 
brushes  i8d.      Scales  &  weights 
i2d.  sconces  lad.  001-16-06 

In  the  Sellers 
in  Syder  &  wooden  wares  3I. 
14s.      many  old  tubs  4s.  003-18-0 

In  the  Leantoe  Chambs 
old  Cobirons,  3s.      frying  pan,  3s. 
old  Iron  5s.      hay  spades  i8d. 

Gridirons  3s.  000-15-6 

In  brass  2I.      lOs.     Iron  potts  I2s. 
2  spits  3s.      old  Muskett  &  Gun 

barrell  I2s.      brass  mortar  3s.  004-00-00 

Ax  &  wedges  7s.  6d.     2  chains  lOs. 
horse  harnes  I  OS.      Hoops  &  boxes 

los.  001-17-6 

In  come  9I.  8s.      Cartshod 
wheels  span  shackle  pan,  rope 

plow,  old  shares  yoke  01 4- 1 8-0 

fflax  seed,  5s.      grindstone  5s. 
Scythes  6s.      how  2s.      harrow-tines 

2s.  6d.      Sickles  i8d.  001-2  -o 

old  adds.  I2d.      Skillet  frame  I2d. 
Hows  2s.      Hooks  1 6s.      hay  hooks 
&  hay  spades  2s.      old  augres  I2d. 



short  saw  3s. 

Saddle,  bridle  lOS.      hamer  1 2d. 

measures  I2d.      gooses,  Pinsers 

marrow  hoU.  2S.  bd. 

6  swines  61.      one  mare  2I.      neat 

cattle  w'*"  provision  lay"*  in 

for  them  25I. 

In  John  Sterns  Homstead 
remaining  due 
House  &  barne  homstead 
Meadows  &  outlands 

More  the  Estate  is  credito"' 
By  Nathaniel  Taye 
By  Deacon  Josiah  Convarse 
By  Samuel  Sternes 
By  Isaack  Sternes 

The  Estate  is  Debto'' 
To  ye  Revd  Sam  1  Whiting  4I.  19s. 
To  Zach.  Shed  13s. 
To  Nath.  Tay  mony  5s.  6d. 
To  Joseph  Walker  9s.  gd.  mony 
To  Tho  ffoster  sen  12s.  8d.      To  Simon 
Crosby  mony  3s.  6d. 

To  John  Rogers  sen.  4s.  6d.      To  Pris- 
cilla  Rogers  mony  3s. 
To  Mr  Davise  of  Charlestown  8s.  6d. 
to  Widd  Cutlar  13s. 
To  Nath  Hancock  To 

Golden  More 

To  the  constable  for  ye  last 
years  Rates 

To  Nath.  Hill  money  22s.      To  Tho. 
Pattin  5s. 

To  Jacob  firench  upon  book  il. 
5s.  gyid.      to  him  on  bond  15s.  8d. 
To  Sam  11  Sterns  for  wages  61. 
more  he  demands  3I. 














To  It.  Randall  Nicolls  30  sh.      To 

Capt.  Hamonds  lady  los.  002-00-00 

To  old  Mr  Parker  his  estate 

of  Boston  8s. 

to  ffr  More  of  Camb.  6s.  00(^14^x3 

To  John  Lewistone  5s.      1  o  Tho.  Dut- 

ton  jun  r  4s.  3d.  000^9-03 

To  Sain  11  Sterns  3I.  10.      To  Tho. 
Sterns  14s.  6d.  both  on  ye  acct 

of  their  father  John  Sterns  deced  004-04-06 

Billerica  6.  10.  81.      apprised  by  vs. 

Jonathan  Dan  forth  sen  r 
Patrick  Hill 

8.  10.  81.      Mary  fifrench  executrix 
to  ye  estate  of  Lt  French  her 
deced  Husband  appeared  in 
Court  &  m"  oath  to  ye  abovs* 

J.  R.  C. 

A  division  of  the  estate  was  made  "according  to  the  order  of  ye 
Hon'd  County  Court  at  Cambridge  Dec  20,  1681  by  Jonathan  Dan- 
forth  Sen'r,  Joseph  Thompson,  Josiah  Converse,"  which  record  was 
filed  January  6,  1687.  "The  inventory  of  sd  estate  given  in  said  court 
did  amount  to  with  debts  023i£,  12s.,  lod." 

"The  debts  due  from  said  estate  entered  in  ye  inventor)'  with  ye  legacy 
given  by  said  will  and  the  charge  of  ye  division  and  of  courts  for  confirma- 
tion did  arise  to  53l.-08s.-00d. 
The  estate  to  be  divided  was  182l.-04s.-0 id. 
the  order  of  ye  court  being  that  ye  estate  shall  be  divided  to  ye  widdow  one 
third  part  of  ye  whole  estate,  and  to  ye  three  children  ye  remainder  two 
thirds  equally. 

The  division  of  ye  estate  according  to  ye  first  inventory  given  into  court 
was  as  followeth. 

To  the  widdow  one  third  part  which  was  60l.-14s.-6d. 

To  Mary  ffrench  now  Mary  Sharp  40l.-10s.-00d. 

To  Sarah  fJrench  40l.-10s.-00d. 

To  Hannah  ffrench  40l.-i0s.-00d. 


„<  ,.C-f/  '>--^  *^7'  **"•  '  ^  ,  !  /-/t^j. 

-^  ,    .         .     .   v^v, .>■.     -i,.   •    '    •.../    ■    ' '■■,-■ 

., ,  ,  ....,;•.«.<.-■-'-!''•••—;'(•••::*'•■"?  '  "i.  ■"',','■ 
7  .■///.... .»/i».. -^  .'"•"*'"•■  ^ ?'*-•''-> <^ ^:/.,        .         •    , 

\     ■  ;  ■  :^  .;    --    ^-^»  . -w.. .  ^  ^.5     -V     ,^  ,   , 

-v*^, ,,.../:, -4^  C'/'  ■,<;„.■,   ,<  ^..-^   t.,        ,    .  ,    .  ■...'.■ 

jli.-*..    .-/.>•■•  »,.■•/!,  (.j'  /.•^„,^.,.  A.     '. 

^«^  (^^  /-,»  ..-^    ,^  j.^.   ^<[,    ^,  j;_^^,_^     ^   ^,^,.  ^_  ,  , 

./W#  ,1^"'  «'«-i  5/- (»''.'-.i...«   {!',■/■  „>      '       _^    " 

■IP.     ,       .  .^t— '""■'>  ^'^'■^-       '■•■•'■•_  jUU<' 

/,'  <*« 

A  Division-  of  the  Estate  of  Lt.  Wm.  Frixch 

Fac-simile  of  Original  Dcjcument 


The  division  of  ye  estate  is  as  foUoweth 
To  Mary  ye  eldest  daughter,  of  the  homestead  twenty  acres  of  upland,  low- 
land and  swampland,  with  four  acres  of  meadow  land  partly  lying  within  it 
and  joyning  to  it  with  half  ye  dwelling  house  and  half  ye  barne,  (the  east 
end  of  both)  it  is  bounded  Northward  by  Wm  Chamberlin  Sen'r  fence  & 
by  ye  division  of  Sarah  ffrench  eastward  by  Henery  Tuffs  southward  by  ye 
highway  and  Hannah  ffrench  westward  ye  north  line  &  about  one  hundred 
&  five  pole  long,  and  forty  seven  pole  wide  at  east  end.  (There  is  contained 
within  it  3  or  4  (4)  acres  of  meadow  land,  that  pertains  to  Wm  Chamber- 
laine  Sen'r  according  to  ye  bounds  of  it  formerly  set  out  to  him)  this  con- 
taines  about  one  half  of  ye  orchard,  and  half  liberty  of  passage  upon  all 
needful  occations  this  part  of  ye  other  division  to  his  meadow  and  of  use  of 
ye  highway  that  lyeth  betu'een  this  and  ye  west  division,  and  is  to  allow  like 
liberty  upon  this  land  on  ye  north  side  of  it  for  Sarah  ffrench  her  heires  or 
assignes  to  go  (cart  ox  or  horses)  to  the  east  division  of  this  lot,  all  of  which 
upland  and  meadow,  orchard  and  housing,  was  accounted  at  30  and  4  pounds 

34I. -00-00 

She  has  received  more  of  the  estate  in 

moveables  61.-ios.^o 

To  Sarah  ffrench  ye  2d  daughter  40  acres  in 

ye  old  common  field  at  06I.-00-OO 

To  4  acres  in  mill  swamp  according  to  ye 

records  of  it  at  i2l.-oo-<x3 

To  3  acres  division  in  mill  swamp  granted 

to  ye  estate  in  1685  04I.-OO-00 

To  one  acre  in  prospect  meadow  according 

to  ye  record  of  it  at  oil.-oo-oo 

To  14  acres  of  ye  homestead  at  ye  east  end 

with  liberty  to  pass  upon  Mary's  land  to  it, 

^(.  1 4I -00-00 

To  so  much  due  from  Daniel  Champney  Cambridge  03I.-10-00 


To  Hannah  ffrench  ye  west  end  of  ye  homestead,  bounded  by  pond  meadow 
west,  by  Henery  Jeifts  on  ye  south,  by  Wm  Chamberlaine  north,  with  halfe 
ye  orchard,  ye  orchard  is  bounded  on  ye  east  end  by  meadow  according  to  an 
old  maple  tree  marked  in  ye  line  of  division  of  ye  farm  lots  and  so  runs  north- 
ward in  a  direct  line  to  ye  S.  W.  corner  post  of  Wm  Chamberlaine's 
meadow.  The  N  of  orchard  runs  according  to  a  heap  of  stones  laid  in  ye 
highway  (being  about  28  pole  wide  at  sd  Highway)  and  so  run  eastward  to 


ye  meadow  thro  ye  orchard  by  a  dwelling  house  and  half  ye  barn,  ye  west  end 
of  both;  and  as  for  land  about  ye  house  it  runs  southward  from  ye  midle  of 
ye  house  to  ye  dividing  line  of  ye  orchard  and  1 6  foot  northward  of  the 
centre  of  sd  house  to  ye  highway  &  for  ye  barne  half  ye  yard  before  it  as  now 
it  stands  to  divide  against  ye  midle  of  ye  barn  and  1 6  foot  northward  of  ye 
centre  of  ye  barn  and  so  to  ye  highway  on  each  side  of  ye  barn,  apprised  at 

22I.  oos.-ood. 
also  five  acres  of  pond  meadow  by  it  at  15I.  oos.-ood. 

and  in  part  of  Daniel  Champneys  debt  03I.   lOs.— ood. 

40I.   los.-ood. 
Billerica  6      lO  m      1687 

Apprised  and  divided  by  us 

The  widdows  part  was  set  out  in  goods  &  chattels  &  debts  &  twenty  pounds 
that  was  due  and  set  out  to  her  from  ye  estate  of  her  first  husband  John 
Stearns  deceased  of  witness  that  we  consent  to  this  division.  We  have  set 
to  our  hands  and  seals. 

Mary  X  Dunklin 

her  her 

Hannah  X  child  Sarah  X  Crosby 

mark  mark 

The  only  literary  production  extant  from  the  pen  of  William 
French  is  the  following  tract,  written  by  him  to  a  friend  in  England, 
and  may  be  found  in  Volumes  III,  IV,  Third  Series  of  the  Collec- 
tions of  the  Massachusetts  Historical  Society. 


The  best  news  I  can  write  you  from  New  England  is,  the  Lord  is  indeed 
converting  the  Indians,  and  for  the  refreshing  of  your  heart,  and  the  hearts 
of  all  the  godly  with  you;  I  have  sent  you  the  Relation  of  one  Indian  of 
two  yeares  profession,  that  I  took  from  his  owne  mouth  by  an  Interpreter, 
because  he  cannot  speak  or  understand  one  word  of  English. 

The  first  Question  was: 
Q      How  did  you  come  first  to  any  sight  of  sinne 

A  His  answer  was,  Before  the  Lord  did  ever  bring  any  English  to  us,  my 
Conscience  was  exceedingly  troubled  for  sin,  but  after  Mr  Mayhew 
came  to  preach,  and  had  been  here  some  time,  one  chiefe  Sagamon  did 
embrace  the  gospel,  and  I  hearing  of  him,  I  went  to  him,  and  prayed  to 


him  to  speak  something  to  me  concerning  God,  and  the  more  I  did  see 
of  God,  the  more  I  did  see  my  sinne,  and  I  went  away  rejoj'cing,  that  I 
knew  anything  of  God,  and  also  that  I  saw  my  sinne. 

Q      I  pray  what  hurt  doe  you  see  in  sinne? 

A      Sin,  sayeth  he,  is  a  continuall  sicknesse  in  my  heart. 

Q      What  further  evill  doe  you  see  in  sinne? 

A      I  see  it  to  be  a  breach  of  all  Gods  commandments. 

Q      Doe  you  see  any  punishment  due  to  man  for  sinne? 

A  Yea  sayth  he,  I  see  a  righteous  punishment  from  God  due  to  man  for 
sinne  which  shall  be  by  the  Devills  in  a  place  like  unto  fire,  not  that 
I  speak  of  materiall  fire  (saith  he)  where  man  shall  be  for  ever  dying 
and  never  dye. 

Q      Have  you  any  hope  to  escape  this  punishment? 

A  While  I  went  on  in  the  way  of  Indianisme  I  had  no  hope,  but  did 
verily  believe  I  should  goe  to  that  place,  but  now  I  have  a  little  hope, 
and  hope  I  shall  have  more. 

Q      By  what  means  doe  you  look  for  any  hope? 

A  Sayth  he  by  the  satisfaction  of  Christ.  I  prayed  the  Interpreter  to  tell 
him  from  mee  that  I  would  have  him  thinke  much  of  the  satisfaction  of 
Christ,  (and  so  he  told  him)  I  prayed  him  to  returne  mee  his  Answer. 

A  I  thanke  him  kindly  for  his  good  counsell,  it  doth  my  heart  good, 
sayd  he,  to  heare  any  man  speake  of  Christ. 

Q      What  would  you  think  if  the  Lord  should  save  you  from  misery? 

A  If  the  Lord,  said  he,  would  save  me  from  all  the  sinne  that  is  in  my 
heart,  and  from  that  misery,  I  should  exceedingly  love  God,  and  saith 
he,  I  should  love  a  man  that  should  doe  me  any  good,  much  more  the 
Lord,  if  he  should  doe  this  for  me. 

Q  Doe  you  think  that  God  will  doe  you  any  good  for  any  good  that  is 
in  you? 

A  Though  I  believe  that  God  loves  man  that  leaves  his  sinne,  yet  I  believe 
it  Is  for  Christ's  sake. 

Q      Doe  you  see  that  at  any  time  God  doth  answer  your  praj-ers? 

A     Yea  sayeth  he,  I  take  everything  as  an  Answer  of  prayer. 

Q      But  what  special  answer  have  you  notice  of? 

A  Once  my  wife  being  three  days  and  three  nights  In  labour,  I  was  re- 
solved never  to  leave  praying  till  she  had  deliverance,  and  at  last  God 
did  It,  and  gave  her  a  sonne,  and  I  called  his  name  Returning,  because 
all  the  while  I  went  on  in  Indianisme,  I  was  going  from  God  but  now 
the  Lord  hath  brought  mee  to  him  back  agalne. 

By  this  time  the  Captalne  Gooklnge  came  to  us,  and  he  asked  him  this 
question  — 



Q      What  he  would  think  if  he  should  finde  more  affliction  and  trouble  in 
Gods  wayes  than  he  did  in  the  ways  of  Indianisme. 

A  His  answer  was,  w  hen  the  Lord  did  first  turne  me  to  himselfe  and  his 
wayes,  he  stripped  me  as  bare  as  my  skinne,  and  if  the  Ix)rd  should 
strip  mee  as  bare  as  my  skin  again,  and  so  big  Saggamore  should  come 
to  mee,  and  say,  I  will  give  you  so  big  Wampom,  so  big  Beaver,  and 
leave  this  way,  and  turne  to  us  againe:  I  would  say,  take  your  riches  to 
yourself,  I  would  never  forsake  God  and  his  wayes  again. 
This  is  a  relation  taken  by  myself. 

William  French. 

Fifth  Generation 

Samuel"  French  (William,"  Thomas/  Thomas/  Thomas/)  the 
tenth  child  of  William  and  Elizabeth  French,  was  born  in  Cam- 
bridge, Massachusetts,  about  the  year  1648;  removed  with  his  parents 
to  Billerica  in  1653,  ^nd  later  went  to  Dunstable.    He  married  Sarah, 
daughter  of  John  Cummings  Sr.,  December  24,  1682.    She  was  born 
January  27,  1661.    To  them  were  born  eight  children: 
I.     Sarah,  born  in  Dunstable  February  7,  1684. 
II.     Samuel,  born  in  Dunstable  September  10,   1685;  died  No- 
vember, 1757. 
III.     Joseph,  born  in  Dunstable  March  10,  1687;  died  September, 

IV.     John,  fourth  child  of  Samuel  and  Sarah  Cummings  French, 
was  born  in  Dunstable  May  6,  1691.     The  name  of  his  wife 
and  date  of  his  marriage  is  not  known.     To  them  were  born  : 

1.  John,  born  March  i,  1719. 

2.  William,  born  October  18,  1721. 

3.  Hannah,  born  April  29,  1724. 

4.  Eleazer,  born  October  12,  1726. 

5.  Elizabeth,  born  April  29,  1729. 

6.  Ebenezer,  born  May  31,  1 73 1  ;  married  Sarah  Proctor  of 
Acton;  married  (second)  Susannah  Hamblet  of  Not- 
tingham, N.  H.     To  them  were  born: 

a.     Charlotte,   born    August    13,    1774;   married   Isaac 


b.  John,  born  March  17,   1778;  married  Sarah  Esta- 
brook.     To  them  were  born  : 

aa.     Susan,    born  ;   married    Moses   Crockett. 

She  died  November  12,  1846. 

bb.     Jefferson,  born ;  married  Elizabeth  Spaul- 

ding.     To  them  were  born: 

Sarah    Elizabeth,    born ;     married   John 


Charles  Jeft'erson,  born ;  married  Rosella 

Pike.     To  them  were  born  two  children. 

John  William,  born ;  married  Mary  Jane 

Venner.     To  them  was  born  one  son. 

Edward  Beecher,  born  ;  married  Emily 

Underwood;  married   (second)   Mrs.  Luthera 

Henry  S.,  born ;  married  Annie  Thomp- 
son.    To  them  was  born  one  son. 

George  M.,  born ;  married  Eliza  Pierce. 

To  them  was  born  one  daughter. 

Francis  Lyman,  born ;  died  in  infancy. 

Lewis  Morton,  born ;  married  Mrs.  Susan 


c.  Sarah,   born   -;   married   David   Barnard.     To 

them  were  born: 

aa.     Sarah   F.,   born  ;   married   A.   Hamilton 

Leppere.     To  them  were  born  three  children, 
bb.     Louisa  M. 
Sarah  Barnard  died  January  21,  1866. 

d.  Rhoda,  born ;  married  Jefferson  Caldwell.    To 

them  were  born : 

aa.     Harriett  N. 

bb.     Myra  A. 

Rhoda  Caldwell  died  December  2,  1837. 

e.  Ebenezer,  born ;  married  Sarah  R.  French.  To 

them  were  born: 


aa.     Sarah  R.,  born ;  married  Samuel  Hall. 

bb.  Susan  C,  born ;  married  Wallace  Pea- 

cc.     Mary  E.,  born .     Mary  sailed  in  1874  for 

India  as  a  missionary.  Her  health  failed  and 
she  returned  after  two  years. 

Ebenezer  died  March  3,  1857. 

f.  John  H.,  born ;  died  April  3,  1831. 

g.  Mary  D.,  born ;  died  February  13,  1817. 

h.     Mary   D.    (second),   born   -;   married   Joseph 

Barnard.     To  them  were  born: 
aa.     Joseph  Morton,  married  Nettie  Bisemore.     Jo- 
seph died  in  1879. 
bb.     Charles  Frank,  lost  at  sea. 
cc.     Chandler,  died  in  infancy, 
dd.     Henry. 

ee.     Eudora,  died  in  1856. 
ff.     Howell. 

gg.     Adelgitha,  died  in  1858. 
hh.     Naamah. 

i.     Benjamin,  born ;  married  Sarah  E.  Holmes.  To 

them  was  born: 

aa.     William  L.,  married  Addie  Cummings.     To 

them  were  born  three  sons  and  one  daughter. 

j.     William,  born ;  married Eliza  Wright.  To 

them  were  born: 

aa.     Anna  E.,  married  Anderson.     To  them 

was  born  one  son,  Kenneth  French, 
bb.     Ellen  W.,  married  Andrew  Bates.     To  them 

were  born  two  sons.     Author  of  poem,  "Eleaz- 

er  French's  Arm,"  which  appears  at  close  of 

this  generation, 
cc.     Mary  G.,  married  W.  Luzerne  Lovejoy.     To 

them  was  born  one  son. 


k.     James  M.,  born  ;  married  Jane  A.  Fowler.  To 

them  were  born : 
aa.     Walter  H.  M. 
bb.     Estella  J. 
cc.     Cordelia  J. 

1.     Samuel  A.,  born ;  married  Mary  E.  Parks.  To 

them  was  born: 

aa.     Sadie,  born  . 

7.     Sarah,  born  October  6,  1733. 

John,  fourth  child  of  Samuel  and  Sarah  Cummings  French, 
bought  land  of  his  father  in   1714;  of  Henry  Farwell  in 
1721,  and  a  part  of  the  Brattle  farm  in  1732.     Date  of  his 
death  is  not  of  record. 
V.     Ebenezer,  born  in  Dunstable  April  7,   1693;  ^^^e  of  mar- 
riage not  known;  was  the  father  of  one  son,  Ebenezer,  born 
October  27,  1723.     Ebenezer  (senior)  was  killed  by  the  In- 
dians September  5,  1724,  at  Naticook  Brook,  New  Hamp- 
VI.     Richard,  born  in  Dunstable  April  8,  1695. 
VII.     Alice,  born  in  Dunstable  November  20,  1699;  married  sub- 
sequent to  1719  Nathaniel  Woods  (born  in  Groton  October 
19,  1694),  son  of  Nathaniel  Woods.     He  was  a  sergeant  in 
Lovewell's  third  expedition  and  on  the  day  of  battle  was  in 
command  of  the  fort.     Their  home  was  in  Groton. 
VIII.     Jonathan,  born  in  Dunstable  February  i,  1703  or  1704;  mar- 
ried Jane,  surname  not  known,  and  died  November  17,  1757. 
In  his  will  there  is  no  mention  of  children.     He  left  his 
property  to  Oliver  Woods,  a  son  of  his  sister  Alice. 
Dunstable  was  granted  by  Massachusetts  and  was  a  part  of  that 
province  until  1741,  when  a  revision  of  the  province  line  transferred 
the  greater  part  of  the  original  grant  to  the  jurisdiction  of  New 
Hampshire.     Just  what  time  Dunstable  was  settled  is  not  known. 
Grants  of  land  were  made  in  1659  and  farms  are  of  record  there 
before  the  year  1673,  the  township  originally  embracing  more  than 
two  hundred  square  miles.     In  1673  a  grant  of  one  thousand  acres 


was  made  to  the  Ancient  and  Honorable  Artillery  Company  of  Bos- 
ton, and  upon  this  land  today  stands  the  most  densely  populated  part 
of  Nashua,  New  Hampshire.     This  was  known  as  Artillery  Farm. 

Dunstable  received  its  name  as  a  compliment  to  Mrs.  Mary  Tyng, 
who  came  from  Dunstable,  England,  the  name  coming  from  "Dun" 
a  hilly  place  and  "staple"  a  mart  or  place  of  public  traffic. 

It  is  not  known  in  what  year  Samuel  French  came  to  this  commun- 
ity, but  among  the  first  settlers  are  found  the  names  of  Rev.  Thomas 
Weld,  Joseph  Wheeler,  John  Blanchard,  Jonathan  Tyng,  Cornelius 
Waldo,  Samuel  Warner,  Obadiah  Perry,  Samuel  French,  Robert 
Parris,  Thomas  Cummings,  Isaac  Cummings,  Joseph  Hassell,  Chris- 
topher Temple,  John  Goold,  Samuel  Gould,  John  Lollendine,  Chris- 
topher Reed,  Thomas  Lund,  Daniel  Waldo,  William  Beale,  Samuel 
Beale,  John  Cummings,  Robert  Usher,  Henry  Farwell,  Robert  Proc- 
tor, Joseph  Lovewell,  and  John  Lovewell,  Jr. 

The  search  for  the  history  of  Samuel  French  has  been  somewhat 
puzzling.  Even  the  date  of  his  birth  is  uncertain,  but  it  was  prob- 
ably in  1648  as  has  been  stated,  when  his  mother  was  about  forty-five 
years  of  age.  He  married  Sarah  Cummings  December  24,  1682, 
being  at  that  time  about  thirty-four  years  old.  Men  as  a  rule  in 
those  days  married  young,  and  it  is  supposed  that  an  earlier  marriage 
must  have  taken  place,  for  the  will  of  his  father  made  in  1679  states: 
"And  whereas  I  have  already  given  to  all  my  children  that  have  been 
already  married  their  portion,  I  only  add  as  follows:"  and  the  docu- 
ment makes  no  mention  of  son  Samuel.  The  theory  is  that  Samuel 
married  in  his  younger  days  and  may  never  have  had  children,  or 
they  may  have  died. 

Dr.  S.  H.  French  of  Amsterdam,  New  York,  who  has  rendered 
invaluable  service  in  the  compilation  of  this  history,  writes  in  regard 
to  this  matter: 

For  many  years  I  have  thought  that  Sarah  Cummings  was  a  second  wife, 
and  that  Samuel  French  had  been  married  before.  I  once  wrote  to  Dr.  John 
M.  French  of  Milford  suggesting  this,  and  in  his  reply  he  said  it  was  a  new 
idea  to  him,  but  he  rejected  it  for  the  reason  that  there  was  no  record  of  the 
marriage  and  death  of  such  a  person.     Now  I  am  willing  to  admit  without 


question  all  the  records,  but  am  not  willing  to  believe  that  no  births, 
deaths,  or  marriages  failed  of  being  recorded  through  neglect  or  accident. 
Take  the  case  of  the  second  Sampson.  His  father  told  him  he  was  born  in 
Dunstable  and  gave  him  the  date.  I  believe  the  first  Sampson  knew  when 
and  where  his  son  was  born,  and  that  he  told  the  truth,  and  yet  there  is  no 
record  of  such  a  birth  in  Dunstable. 

Fox  gives  Samuel  French  as  one  of  the  early  settlers  of  Dunstable,  but 
his  name  is  not  on  the  petition  to  have  the  town  incorporated  in  1674,  and 
probably  not  one-half  of  the  petitioners  lived  in  Dunstable  at  that  time. 

The  same  year  that  he  married  there  were  thirty-f^ve  proprietors  or 
persons  who  owned  land  in  Dunstable.  Of  these  only  fourteen  lived  there, 
the  others  residing  in  Boston,  Salem,  Cambridge,  and  other  places.  Two 
years  later  he  helped  to  found  a  church  in  Dunstable  of  seven  male  mem- 
bers, each  land  owner  pledging  himself  to  pay  the  minister  fifteen  shillings 
a  year  for  every  thirty  acre  "house  lot"  he  owned.  When  Samuel  French 
married  Miss  Cummings  he  was  evidently  living  in  Dunstable  and  his  father- 
in-law,  John  Cummings,  was  registered  as  a  land  owner. 

About  four  years  before  Samuel  married  Miss  Cummings  his  father, 
William  French,  made  his  will.  Some  time  before  this  date  Samuel  had 
received  his  portion. 

That  he  was  a  land  owner  is  known,  for  he  gave  to  his  son  John  a 
deed  to  a  part  of  his  farm  in  17 14,  under  the  reign  of  Queen  Anne. 
The  house  that  John  French  built  on  this  land  is  still  standing,  being 
used  (in  the  fall  of  1910)  as  a  storehouse  for  apples.  This  house 
contained  about  five  rooms,  but  only  the  frame  of  the  original  struc- 
ture remains,  it  having  been  re-roofed  and  patched  up  with  old 
boards.  A  visit  to  this  farm  in  October,  1910,  reveals  the  fact  that  it 
is  still  kept  in  the  French  family,  William  L.  French  being  owner 
and  proprietor. 

He  has  in  his  possession  the  old  camp  kettle,  bullet  molds  and 
musket  which  his  ancestor,  Ebenezer  French,  son  of  John  French, 
used  in  the  Revolutionary  War.  He  relates  the  story  of  how  his 
great-grandfather,  Ebenezer  French  of  Dunstable,  being  on  guard 
one  evening  with  this  musket  in  his  hand,  thought  he  saw  a  pine  tree 
moving.  Determined  to  take  no  chances  in  the  matter,  he  fired  and 
an  Indian  fell.  The  iron  dish  in  the  picture  is  one  in  which  the 
grandfather  of  William  L.  French  baked  his  bread,  fried  his  meat, 
and  cooked  his  potatoes. 


When  the  great-grandfather  of  William  L.  French  was  discharged 
from  the  Revolutionary  army  at  Sacketts  Harbor,  he  was  paid  in 
Continental  money  and  while  walking  home  stopped  to  get  his  break- 
fast, which  consisted  of  one  potato,  a  small  piece  of  ham,  and  some 
corn  bread,  for  which  he  paid  forty  dollars  ($40.00)  in  Continental 
currency.  The  chair  in  the  picture  was  used  in  the  home  by  the 

From  the  History  of  Dunstable  (Fox)  we  learn  that  Deacon 
Samuel  French,  who  came  from  Billerica  to  Dunstable  and  built  the 
house  still  standing  close  to  the  state  line  (the  one  just  described),  was 
probably  the  first  innkeeper  of  the  town,  for  at  the  town  meeting  held 
^lay  23,  1732,  amongother  bills  the  following  appears,  and  by  vote  of 
the  meeting  was  allowed  and  ordered  paid  to  the  heirs  : 

The  town  of  Dunstable  Dr  to  Samuel  French  (Dec'd) 
1725  to  dining  the  Selectmen  &  Meals  oL-  8s.-od. 

Ditto  in  ye  year  1726      6  meals  0-6-0 

for  Rhum  &  Cyder  had  at  Mr  Wm  Lunds  (for  the  Selectmen)  0-12    -6 
Going  abt  to  take  the  Invoice  4  days  O  -ifa    -o 

Total  226 

On  August  15,  1726,  Samuel  French  deeded  to  his  son,  Samuel 
French  Jr.,  a  tract  of  land  consisting  of  thirty  acres  more  or  less,  for 
sixty  pounds. 


To  All  Christian  People  to  whom  this  present  Deed  of  Sale  Shall  Come 
Samuel  French  of  Dunstable  in  the  county  of  Middlesex  in  New  England 
Husbandmen  Sends  Greeting  Know  ye  that  I  the  Said  Samuel  French  for 
and  in  Consideration  of  the  sum  of  Sixty  Pounds  money  to  me  in  hand  before 
the  executing  &  delivery  of  these  Present  well  and  truly  paid  by  Samuel 
French  Jr  of  said  Town  and  County  Yeoman  The  Receipt  whereof  I  do 
hereby  acknowledge  and  thereof  and  of  every  part  thereof  for  myself  my 
heirs  Exeucs  and  Admins  do  acquit  and  discharge  him  the  Said  Samuel 
French  Jr.  his  heirs  and  assigns  forever  by  these  Presents  Have  given 
granted  bargained  Sold  aliened  conveyed  and  confirmed  and  by  these  Pres- 
ents do  freely  fully  and  absolutely  give  grant  bargain  sell  alien  Convey  and 
confirm  unto  him  the  sd  Samuel  French  Jur  his  heirs  and  assigns  forever  a 


Distinct  parcel  of  upland  situate  lying  and  being  in  the  township  of  Dun- 
stable on  the  west  side  of  Merrimack  River  bounded  as  follows  viz :  be- 
ginning at  the  north  East  Corner  it  being  a  pine  Tree  on  merrimack.  River 
Bank  from  thence  bounded  by  william  Lund  up  to  the  highway  or  common 
road  of  passing  to  a  great  Rock  from  thence  Southerly  by  the  Common  Road 
of  passing  to  the  Said  Samuel  French  Junrs  own  land  and  on  all  other  points 
bounded  by  the  Said  Samuel  French  Jurs  own  Land  it  being  by  Estimation 
Thirty  acres  be  the  same  so  much  more  or  less  as  also  all  the  Divisions  in  the 
Common  or  undivided  Land  in  Dunstable  aforesaid  belonging  to  this  Thirty 
acre  Right  which  is  to  be  laid  out  after  the  Date  of  these  Presents  together 
with  all  the  Rights  Libertys  Profits  Priviledges  &  appurtenances  thereunto 
belonging  and  all  the  Estate  Right  Tittle  Inheritance  Possession  Claim  & 
demand  of  me  the  said  Samuel  French  of  in  and  to  the  same  and  every  part 
thereof.  To  Have  And  To  Hold  all  and  singular  the  above  granted  Prem- 
ises with  all  the  appurtenances  thereof  unto  the  Said  Samuel  French  Junr 
his  heirs  and  assigns  to  Heir  and  their  own  Sole  proper  use  Benefit  and 
Behoofe  forever  and  I  the  Said  Samuel  French  for  my  self  my  heirs  execus 
and  admins  do  covenant  Promise  and  Grant  to  and  with  the  Said  Samuel 
French  Junr  his  heirs  and  assigns  that  at  the  time  of  the  Execution  and  De- 
livery of  these  Presents  I  the  said  Samuel  French  am  the  true  Sole  and  only 
lawfull  owner  of  all  the  aforegranted  and  bargained  premises  having  in 
myself  full  power  good  right  and  lawfull  authority  to  Sell  and  dispose  of  the 
same  in  manner  as  aforesaid  and  that  the  said  Samuel  French  Junr  his  heirs 
and  assigns  shall  and  may  from  Time  to  Time  and  at  all  Time  forever 
hereafter  have  hold  use  occupy  possess  and  Enjoy  all  the  above  granted 
premisses  to  the  said  Samuel  French  Junr  his  heirs  and  assigns  against  the 
lawful  claim  and  Demand  of  all  and  every  person  and  persons  whomsoever 
In  Witness  whereof  the  said  Samuel  French  hath  hereunto  sett  his  hand  & 
seal  this  Second  day  of  July  in  the  year  of  our  Lord  one  thousand  seven 
hundred  &  twenty  six  and  in  the  Twelfth  year  of  King  George's  reign. 

Samuel  French  &  Seal 
Signed  sealed  and  delivered  in  presence  of  us  Abraham  Taylor  John  Med 
at  Dunstable  August  15th  1726  The  above  named  Samuel  French  personally 
appearing  acknowledged  the  above  written  Instrument  to  be  his  voluntary 
act  and  Deed  forever.  Eleazr  Tyng  Jur  pd. 

Midsx  Gt  Camb  January  8th  1729 

Read  &  Entered  by  Ira  Foxcroft. 


The  ecclesiastical  affairs  of  the  town  are  somewhat  shrouded  in 
mystery.     The  people  seem  to  have  had  no  settled  minister  during 


their  many  wars,  but  a  meeting  house  was  completed  in  1678,  built 
probably  of  logs.  Mr.  Thomas  Weld  was  employed  at  as  early  a 
date  as  May  i,  1679,  as  minister,  and  a  "thirty  acre  right,"  consisting 
of  about  six  hundred  acres  was  granted  for  a  "ministerial  lot"  to  en- 
courage the  ministry.  In  December,  1682,  the  town  "let  out  to 
Goodman  Akers  to  cut  ten  cords  of  wood  for  two  shillings  a  cord, 
country  paye,  and  Sargt  Cummings  is  to  cart  the  same  for  two  shill- 
ings a  cord  same  paye."  This  was  probably  for  Mr.  Weld,  who  had 
been  married  a  short  time  previous.  In  1683  a  second  meeting  house 
of  larger  size  and  better  finish  was  built  at  a  cost  of  approximately 
three  hundred  or  four  hundred  dollars.  This  church  was  organized 
the  year  following,  and  consisted  of  six  male  members  —  John 
Blanchard,  John  Cummings  Sr.,  Samuel  French,  Obadiah  Perry, 
Jonathan  Tyng,  and  Cornelius  Waldo.  Mr.  Thomas  Weld  was  or- 
dained minister  on  December  16,  1685. 

The  following  is  the  covenant  of  this  church: 

We  covenant  with  our  Lord  and  with  one  another,  and  we  do  bind  our- 
selves in  the  presence  of  God,  to  walk  together  in  all  his  ways  according  as 
he  is  pleased  to  reveal  himself  unto  us,  in  his  blessed  word  of  truth,  and  do 
explicitly  profess  to  walk  as  folioweth  through  the  power  and  grace  of  our 
Lord  Jesus  Christ. 

We  avouch  the  Lord  to  be  our  God  and  ourselves  to  be  his  people  in  the 
truth  and  simplicity  of  our  spirits. 

We  give  ourselves  to  the  Lord  Jesus  and  the  word  of  his  grace,  for 
teaching,  ruling  and  sanctifying  of  us  in  matters  of  worship  and  conversa- 
tion, resolving  to  cleave  unto  him  alone  for  life  and  glory,  and  to  reject  all 
contrary  ways,  canons,  and  constitutions  of  men  in  his  worship. 

We  promise  to  walk  with  our  brethren  with  all  watchfulness  and  tender- 
ness, avoiding  jealousies,  suspicions,  backhitings,  censurings,  provocations, 
secret  risings  of  spirit  against  them ;  but  in  all  cases  to  follow  the  rule  of  our 
Lord  Jesus  Christ,  to  bear  and  forbear,  to  give  and  forgive  as  he  has  taught 

In  public  or  in  private,  we  will  willingly  do  nothing  to  the  offence  of 
the  church ;  but  will  be  willing  to  take  advice  for  ourselves  and  ours  as 
occasion  may  be  presented. 

We  will  not  in  the  congregation  be  forward  either  to  show  our  own  gifts 
or  parts  in  speaking,  or  scrupling  or  there  discover  the  weakness  and  fail- 
ings of  our  brethren,  but  attend  an  orderly  call  thereto,  knowing  how  much 


the  Lord  may  be  dishonored  and  his  Gospel  and  the  profession  of  it  sh'ghted 
by  our  distempers  and  weakness  in  public. 

We  bind  ourselves  to  study  the  advancement  of  the  Gospel,  in  all  truth 
and  peace  both  in  regard  to  those  that  are  within  and  without;  no  ways 
slighting  our  sister  churches,  but  using  their  counsels  as  need  shall  be ;  not 
laying  a  stumbling  block  any,  no,  not  the  Indians  whose  good  we  desire  to 
promote ;  and  so  to  converse  that  we  may  avoid  the  very  appearance  of  evil. 

We  do  hereby  promise  to  carry  ourselves  in  all  lawful  obedience  to  those 
that  are  over  us  in  church  or  commonwealth  knowing  how  well  pleasing  it 
will  be  to  the  Lord  that  they  should  have  encouragement  in  their  places,  by 
our  not  grieving  their  spirits  through  our  irregularities. 

We  resolve  to  approve  ourselves  to  the  Lord  in  our  particular  callings, 
shunning  idleness  as  the  bane  of  any  state,  nor  will  we  deal  hardly  or  op- 
pressively with  any,  wherein  we  are  the  Lord's  stewards.  Promising  also 
unto  our  best  ability  to  teach  our  children  the  knowledge  of  God,  and  of  his 
holy  will,  that  they  may  serve  him  also;  and  all  this  not  by  any  strength  of 
our  own,  but  by  the  Lord  Jesus  Christ  whose  blood  we  desire  may  sprinkle 
this  our  covenant  made  in  his  name. 

On  October  4,  1797,  every  inhabitant  was  ordered  to  "bring  half  a 
cord  of  wood  to  Mr.  Weld  by  the  first  of  November  or  forfeit  five 
shillings  for  each  neglect."  This  contribution  was  in  addition  to  his 
salary  as  minister,  the  price  of  the  wood  then  being  about  one  dollar 
per  cord,  making  an  extra  tax  on  the  membership  of  fifty  cents  each. 
In  1699  this  wood  rate  was  increased  and  assessment  made  according 
to  the  financial  ability  of  the  inhabitants,  who  were  required  to  furn- 
ish the  minister  nineteen  cords.  The  "minister  rate"  assessed  upon  all 
the  inhabitants  was  about  fifty  dollars,  this  probably  being  the  amount 
of  his  salary.  The  population  at  this  time  possibly  did  not  exceed 
one  hundred  twenty-five,  twenty  heads  of  families  contributing  to 
the  "wood  rate"  —  one  of  whom  was  Samuel  French. 

In  1700  it  was  voted  to  "glaze"  the  meeting  house,  which  was  done 
at  a  cost  of  one  pound,  one  shilling,  and  six  pence,  these  being  the 
first  window  lights  in  their  church. 

The  manners  and  customs  of  that  time  were  very  dififerent  from 
those  of  the  present  day,  as  may  be  gathered  from  the  following  ex- 
pense account  of  the  funeral  of  James  Blanchard,  who  died  in  1704, 
he  being  a  farmer  in  fair  circumstances: 

76               GENEALOGICAL  HISTORY  OF  THE 

£  s.  d. 

Paid  for  winding  sheet  0-18-0 

Paid  for  coffin  o-io-o 

Paid  for  digging  grave  O-  7-6 

Paid  for  the  use  of  the  pall  o-  5-o 

Paid  for  gloves  (to  distribute  at  the  funeral)  i-  i-o 

Paid  for  wine,  segars  and  spice  (at  the  funeral)  i-  5-9 

Paid  to  the  Doctor  O-14-9 

Paid  for  attendance,  expenses  etc.  1-17-5 


The  minister  received  the  title  of  "Mr."  not  "Rev."  for  this  was 
considered  an  "innovation  of  vanity"  upon  Puritan  simplicity.  In 
1699  the  term  "Mr."  was  not  yet  applied  to  common  people,  the  ap- 
pellation betAveen  neighbors  being  Goodman  and  Goodwife  or 
Goody.  Adams's  Annals  of  Portsmouth  gives  some  of  the  curious 
customs  and  Puritan  laws  of  the  age. 

For  example:  It  was  voted  under  date  of  September  25,  1662, 
that  a  cage  be  made  or  some  other  means  invented  by  the  selectmen 
to  punish  such  as  sleep  or  take  tobacco  on  the  Lord's  day  out  of  the 
meeting  in  the  time  of  the  public  exercise.  Ten  years  later  it  was 
voted  that  if  any  shall  smoke  tobacco  in  the  meeting  house  at  any  pub- 
lic meeting  he  shall  pay  a  fine  of  five  shillings  for  the  use  of  the 

1642.  By  a  law  of  Massachusetts  no  freeman  was  allowed  to  vote 
in  town  meeting  nor  sit  as  a  deputy  in  the  General  Court  unless  he 
were  a  church  member.  On  September  8,  1642,  this  law  was  dis- 
pensed with  as  to  the  towns  in  New  Hampshire. 

1648.  Delusion  respecting  withchcraft  appeared;  Margaret 
Jones  of  Charlestown  being  the  first  to  be  convicted  and  executed. 

1649.  Wearing  of  long  hair  was  condemned  as  sinful.  Dancing 
at  weddings  was  forbidden. 

In  1666  William  Walker  was  imprisoned  a  month  "for  courting  a 
maid  without  the  leave  of  her  parents." 

In  1675  "there  is  manifest  pride  appearing  in  our  streets"  and  also 
"superstitious  ribbands  used  to  tie  up  and  decorate  the  hair."    These 


things  were  forbidden  under  severe  penalties,  the  men  being  forbid- 
den to  "keep  Christmas"  because  it  was  a  "Popish  custom." 

May  21,  1688,  Samuel  Goold  is  chosen  dog  whipper  for  the  meet- 
ing house.  Fox  says:  "What  were  the  duties  of  this  functionary  we 
are  not  informed  so  far  as  is  implied  in  the  name.  It  stands  alone, 
without  precedent  or  imitation.  The  choice  is  recorded  with  all 
gravity  among  other  dignitaries  of  the  town,  and  the  office  was  doubt- 
less in  those  days  a  serious  and  real  one  and  no  sinecure,  unless  we 
suspect  our  grave  forefathers  of  a  practical  joke."  The  office  might 
have  been  created  for  the  purpose  of  giving  a  shiftless  man  something 
to  do,  and  it  might  not  have  made  him  a  living,  as,  leaving  Dunstable, 
he  moved  to  Chelmsford,  where  we  find  in  the  history  of  that  village 
that  Samuel  Goold  and  his  wife  were  the  only  paupers,  that  town  con- 
tributing eight  shillings  a  week  to  their  support.    This  was  in  1720. 

So  strict  were  these  people  in  the  observance  of  the  Sabbath  that 
"John  Atherton  was  fined  40  shillings  for  wetting  a  piece  of  an  old 
hat  to  put  into  shoes  where  they  had  chafed  his  feet  when  marching." 

Those  who  neglected  to  attend  church  for  three  months  were  pub- 
licly whipped.  In  Harvard  College  students  were  whipped  for 
grave  offenses  in  presence  of  students  and  professors  in  chapel,  and 
prayer  was  offered  before  and  after  the  infliction  of  the  punish- 

Prayer  at  funerals  in  New  England  formed  no  part  of  the  service 
previous  to  1685,  and  no  sermon  was  preached  —  the  burial  being 

Before  1689  no  person  could  vote  or  be  elected  to  office  until  he  had 
been  made  a  freeman  of  the  commonwealth.  This  might  be  done  by 
the  General  Assembly  or  the  county  court,  but  only  upon  evidence  of 
his  being  a  member  in  good  standing  of  some  congregational  church 
—  not  congregational  as  understood  today;  rather  some  public  wor- 
shiping body  of  Christian  people. 

Samuel  French  must  have  been  a  poten.t  factor  in  the  Indian  hos- 
tilities which  almost  constantly  engaged  the  attention  of  the  settlers, 
for  record  is  found  of  his  having  been  credited  with  military  service 
at  the  garrison  at  Marlborough,  October  19,  1675,  three  pounds;  and 


again  another  record  is  made  of  service  at  Chelmsford,  July  24,  1675, 
three  pounds,  eight  shillings,  and  six  pence. 

During  King  William's  War,  which  began  in  1689,  an  attack,  on 
Dunstable  was  planned  but  averted,  owing  to  information  given  by 
two  friendly  Indians,  and  companies  were  sent  in  defense  of  the 
town.  On  the  evening  of  September  2,  1691,  the  Indians  suddenly 
appeared  and  murdered  five  of  the  inhabitants,  and  on  the  28th  two 
more  became  the  victims  of  their  atrocities. 

This  locality  was  also  associated  with  another  tragic  event  in  his- 
tory: In  April,  1697,  Mrs.  Hannah  Dustin,  on  her  way  to  Boston  in 
company  with  Mary  Nefif  and  a  boy,  passed  through  Dunstable  in  a 
canoe,  they  having  been  taken  captive  by  Indians  at  Haverhill, 
Massachusetts,  and  carried  to  the  mouth  of  the  Contocook  River  in 
New  Hampshire,  where  they  succeeded  in  escaping  by  killing  their 
captors,  who  were  in  a  drunken  stupor.  This  is  regarded  as  one  of 
the  most  remarkable  and  heroic  deeds  on  record,  with  Hannah  Dus- 
tin as  the  celebrated  heroine  of  colonial  days. 

In  point  of  population,  Dunstable  was  at  this  time  the  smallest 
township  in  the  province,  and  but  for  the  indomitable  perseverance 
and  courage  of  five  men  —  Major  Jonathan  Tyng,  Lieutenant  Sam- 
uel French,  John  Lovewell,  Samuel  Whiting,  and  the  Rev.  Mr. 
Weld  —  must  have  been  abandoned.  The  Indians  still  continuing 
their  hostilities,  another  garrison  was  established  for  the  defence  of 
the  little  settlement,  which  was  manned  December  25,  1702,  by  a  com- 
pany of  soldiers,  one  of  whom  was  Samuel  French. 

On  the  night  of  July  3,  1706,  a  party  of  two  hundred  seventy  Mo- 
hawk Indians  suddenly  assaulted  a  garrison  house  in  which  Captain 
Pearson  of  Rowley  and  twenty  of  his  troopers,  who  had  been  ranging 
the  woods,  were  posted.  The  door  having  been  left  open  and  no 
watch  appointed,  the  soldiers  were  surprised.  John  and  Elizabeth 
Cummings,  who  had  gone  out  to  milk  the  cows,  were  fired  upon,  the 
latter  being  killed,  while  the  former,  with  a  gunshot  wound  in  his 
arm,  escaped  to  the  woods,  where  he  remained  in  concealment  during 
the  night.  After  a  bloody  fight  the  Indians  were  routed.  It  was  here 
that  Samuel  French  and  his  family  were  garrisoned  at  this  time. 


These  garrison  houses  were  surrounded  with  palisades  —  a  wall  of 
stone  or  timber —  rising  to  the  roof.  In  the  wall  there  was  a  gate  of 
heavy  plank,  secured  with  iron  bolts ;  port-holes  were  made  in  various 
places  and  the  underbrush  was  cleared  away  from  the  vicinity  in 
order  that  the  approach  of  the  enemy  might  be  seen.  To  these  garri- 
son houses  the  inhabitants  would  remove  when  the  alarm  was  sound- 
ed throughout  the  settlement  that  the  Indians  were  lurking  near. 
Such  occasions  as  these  were  undoubtedly  the  inspiration  for  the 
poem,  "Grandmother's  Aprons,"  written  by  Eleanor  French  Bates, 
and  published  in  the  Patriotic  Review. 

great-grandmother's  aprons 

Safe  in  the  heart  of  a  meadow,  away  from  a  woodland  nook 
Which  else  might  shelter  a  warrior,  and  near  to  a  favoring  brook 
They  built  the  stout  old  blockhouse,  to  guard  from  a  painted  foe, 
And  there  dwelt  great-grandmother,  two  hundred  years  ago. 

The  Indian  tribes  were  rising,  and  fast  through  the  woodpaths  came 
Many  a  maid  and  matron  of  slender  but  dauntless  frame; 
And  grandmother  ran  to  welcome,  and  offered  them  of  her  best, 
But  first  she  tied  on  an  apron  she  took  from  an  oaken  chest. 

With  faltering  feet  came  a  mother,  her  baby  but  ten  days  old, 

And  grandmother  went  to  meet  them  and  brought  them  into  her  fold. 

She  comforted  little  children  —  she  tied  on  an  apron  first  — 

And  gave  them  porridge  for  hunger  and  a  piggin  of  milk  for  thirst. 

She  cooked  the  pork  and  potatoes  which  made  up  the  homely  fare. 
And  hospitality  entreated  the  gathering  neighbors  to  share ; 
She  spread  sweet  straw  and  cornhusks  for  the  refugees  to  rest, 
Nor  did  she  forget  an  apron,  all  fresh  from  her  oaken  chest. 

She  went  with  the  boys  to  the  meadow  to  help  drive  up  the  kine ; 
She  took  her  turn  at  watching  for  an  Indian  scout  or  sign  ; 
And,  absently  donning  an  apron  (for  thus  doth  the  legend  go), 
She  cleaned  and  loaded  the  muskets  —  dames  of  her  day  did  so. 

But  when  came  the  sunny  morning,  each  heart  was  warm  with  cheer, 
For  safe  were  the  hardy  settlers  —  no  red  men  had  come  anear  — 
And  when  she  untied  four  aprons,  one  from  above  another. 
No  one  was  more  astonished  than  dear,  brave,  great-grandmother! 


Conditions  of  peace  did  not  prevail  until  the  treaty  of  Utrecht, 
April  1 1,  1713,  which  continued  for  a  period  of  eleven  years,  or  until 
1724,  when  hostilities  were  again  renewed,  during  which  time  Lieu- 
tenant Ebenezer  French,  son  of  Samuel  French,  was  killed  by  the 
Indians  on  September  5,  1724.  Of  the  men  who  lost  their  lives  at 
this  time,  eight  were  buried  in  one  grave  in  the  old  burying  ground 
at  Little's  Station.  Their  gravestone,  which  still  stands,  is  marked: 
"Memento  Mori.  Here  lies  the  body  of  Mr.  Thomas  Lund  who  de- 
parted this  life  Sep.  5,  1724,  in  the  42d  year  of  his  age.  This  man 
with  seven  more  that  lies  in  this  grave  was  slue  all  in  a  day  by  the  In- 

From  Soldiers  in  King  Philip's  War  we  find  that  the  towns  as- 
sumed the  payment  of  the  wages  of  their  own  soldiers  to  their  fam- 
ilies at  home  —  they  thus  receiving  sure  and  immediate  aid,  and  the 
towns  being  credited  to  that  amount  upon  their  colonial  rates  or 
taxes.    In  this  manner  the  families  were  supported. 

During  these  terrible  years  when  one  war  followed  so  closely  on 
another,  and  the  rumors  of  threatened  invasions  by  the  Indians  proved 
only  too  true,  is  it  any  wonder  that,  owing  to  the  exposed  situation  of 
the  settlers,  by  the  year  1696  fully  two-thirds  of  them  had  abandoned 
their  homes  and  the  state  had  been  obliged  to  remit  fifty  pounds  in 
taxes  to  the  town  for  those  who  had  deserted  it?  That  this  period  of 
depression  continued  for  some  years  is  shown  from  the  fact  that  in 
1 701  the  General  Court  gave  twelve  pounds  toward  the  maintenance 
of  the  minister  in  Dunstable,  after  it  had  been  shown  to  them  how 
the  settlers  had  been  obliged  to  leave  their  homes  as  the  result  of  the 
devastation  due  to  the  Indian  wars.  It  certainly  is  hard  for  us  in 
these  days  of  peace  and  prosperity,  to  realize  the  terrible  scenes 
through  which  our  ancestors  were  compelled  to  pass.  It  is  a  matter 
of  history  that  no  colony  suffered  as  did  this  one  from  Indian  wars. 
Belknap  says:  "Every  man  who  was  forty  years  of  age  had  seen 
twenty  years  of  war.  Such  continued  dangers  and  hardships,  al- 
though afifording  no  good  school  for  cultivation  and  refinement,  fur- 
nished a  race  of  hardy  soldiers  and  sterling  patriots  for  the  times  that 
tried  men's  souls."     They  lived  constantly  in  dread  of  the  lurking 


foe  —  much  of  the  time  shut  up  in  garrisons,  living  on  the  most  fru- 
gal fare,  loaded  muskets  in  their  hands  whether  they  ventured  forth 
in  the  field  to  work  or  to  attend  divine  worship.  Surely  these  pio- 
neers were  of  the  stuff  of  which  heroes  are  made,  and  they  laid  a  good 
foundation  for  this  wonderful  republic. 

That  Samuel  French  was  wounded  in  some  of  the  numerous  en- 
gagements occurring  in  his  lifetime  is  known,  owing  to  a  statement 
found  in  Vol.  IV,  of  the  Provincial  Papers  of  New  Hampshire. 
From  Journal  of  the  House,  under  date  of  April  28,  1726: 

Voted  :  That  Samuell  French  be  allowed  and  paid  out  of  the  publick  Trea- 
sury eight  pounds,  Sixteen  Shillings,  in  full  of  all  Demands  on  his  Accompt 
for  Doctor  Halls  curing  him  of  a  Shot  wound  &  Diet  &  Lodging  the  said 
Sum  being  in  full  for  all  Demands. 

James  Jeffrey 
Clr  Assembly. 

Under  same  date: 

Allowed  Sam'l  French  out  of  the  Treasury  eight  pounds  sixteen  shillings 
to  discharge  his  acct.  for  cure  of  a  gunshott. 

Jam  Jeffrey  assem. 

'  The  date  of  the  death  of  his  wife  is  not  known,  but  that  of  Samuel 
French  is  given  as  having  occurred  in  November,  1727. 

There  were  many  traditions  among  the  early  settlers  of  Massa- 
chusetts, among  others,  that  there  had  been  gold  coin  buried  in  differ- 
ent places  throughout  the  land.  Every  family  owned  a  "divining 
rod"  and  there  was  much  seeking  and  digging,  with  little  or  no  suc- 
cess. There  was  said  to  be  a  "spell"  upon  the  gold,  so  that  if  a  person 
should  speak  when  searching,  the  pot  of  gold  would  disappear  for- 
ever. It  is  related  that  one  midnight  the  "divining  rod"  of  John, 
son  of  Samuel  French,  and  some  others  who  had  assembled  with  him, 
leaned  toward  a  certain  spot;  so  they  dug  in  silence  and  the  spade  at 
last  hit  against  an  iron  pot.  Ebenezer,  son  of  John,  then  but  a  lad 
eight  years  of  age,  had  followed  them  unseen,  and  when  he  heard  the 
ring  of  the  metal  gave  a  shout  of  victory.  Alas!  the  pot  of  gold  dis- 
appeared forever  from  the  land  of  the  French  families. 

'  Steam's  Thirty  Dunstable  Families. 


Ei.EAZER  French's  arm 

(Eleazer  French  lost  an  arm  at  the  battle  of  Bunker  Hill,  and  picking 
it  up,  bore  it  as  a  trophy  from  the  bloody  field.) 

When  dwelling  on  the  heroes  of  field,  redoubt  and  trench. 
Shall  we  not  tell  the  story  of  young  Eleazer  French? 

With  fowling  piece  and  powder  horn 

Under  the  clear  June  starlight  borne. 

They  labored  till  the  early  morn 
On  Bunker's  honored  height; 

Long  hours  the  pick  and  shovel  plied. 
And  each  who,  weary,  stepped  aside. 
Found  eagerly  his  place  supplied 

Throughout  the  summer  night. 
No  stouter  hearts  of  stronger  frame 
Were  there,  with  patriot  fire  aflame, 
Than  those  from  Dunstable  that  came 

To  battle  for  the  right. 

And  when  th'  invading  force  was  met. 
With  powder  grime  and  bloody  sweat, 
The  farmers'  flintlocks  paid  the  debt 

They  owed  to  Howe's  great  guns. 
Muskets  of  old-time  minute  men! 
Ye  told  the  story  once  again, 
How  tyrants  doubt  and  falter  when 

Assemble  Freedom's  sons. 

Full  soon  they  heard  the  bugle  call 
And  saw  the  young  Eleazer  fall, 
Where  sped  the  British  cannon  ball 

Upon  its  path  of  harm. 
"Fall  back !  keep  safe  from  further  ill !" 
They  shouted  ;  he,  unconquered  still. 
Quoth  stoutly,  and  with  steadfast  will, 

"No !  not  without  my  arm  !" 

The  severed  limb  all  bleeding  lay. 
But  he  who  fought  that  glorious  day. 
Took  it  upon  his  anguished  way 


And  left  no  trophy  there; 
Racked  with  fierce  pains  and  bitter  qualms, 
Fainting,  and  stunned  with  war's  alarms, 
Bravely  he  bore  off  both  his  arms 

To  show  what  soldiers  dare. 

O  ye  who  sing  our  heroes  of  parapet  and  trench, 
Fail  not  to  tell  the  story  of  brave  Eleazer  French ! 

Eleanor  W.  F.  Bates 

Mary's  sampler 

The  silks  are  dim  and  faded  that  once  were  bright  and  gay. 
The  blue  has  turned  to  creamy  white,  the  pink  has  changed  to  gray; 
Long  time  the  web  has  hid  within  the  attic's  farthest  nook. 
Wrought  more  than  ninety  years  ago  by  Mary  Estabrook. 

Upon  the  old  stone  door-step,  when  summer  days  \\cre  long. 
She  sat  and  marked  her  letters,  peradventure  sometimes  wrong. 
And  if  she  took  some  stitches  out  to  put  them  in  again,  — 
Dear  little  Mary,  did  you  long  to  drop  your  needle  then? 

Or  if  the  days  were  sultry,  she  look  her  pretty  work. 
And  sat  beneath  the  butternuts  where  cooling  shadows  lurk; 
Twin  trees  were  they,  of  ample  girth,  and  Mary  loved  them  well ; 
Perchance  a  tribute  leaf  or  nut  upon  her  sampler  fell. 

In  Mary's  quaint  old  garden,  sweet-williams,  pinks  and  phlox 
Grew  side  by  side  with  balsams,  prince's  feather,  four-o-clocks ; 
Tall  tiger  lilies  stood  alone,  stiff  poised  on  stately  stem. 
Near  where  the  poppies  spread  their  bloom,  each  one  a  glowing  gem. 

The  beauty  of  the  blossoms  slipped  into  Mary's  soul, 
And  in  the  centre  of  her  web  she  stitched  a  curious  scroll, 
A  twisting  vine  of  varied  green,  with  here  and  there  a  rose, 
Or  else  it  is  a  strawberry  —  perhaps  —  but  no  one  knows. 

Cross  stitch  and  over  and  over,  the  sampler  grew  apace ; 
Three  times  she  marked  the  alphabet  upon  its  homespun  face. 
And  when  the  letters  were  too  few  to  finish  out  the  line. 
She  made  a  row  of  tiny  trees,  with  foliage  thick  and  fine. 


If  any  little  maidens  now  live  in  that  fair  town, 
One  wonders  if  they  ever  take  a  square  of  linen  brown, 
And  patiently  work  day  by  day,  design  upon  design, 
As  once  did  "Mary  Estabrook,  of  Sudbury,  aged  nine!" 

Eleanor  W.  F.  Bates  ^ 

Sixth  Generation 

Joseph  "^  French  (Samuel,'  William,*  Thomas,'  Thomas,' 
Thomas'),  third  child  of  Samuel  and  Sarah  (Cummings)  French, 
was  born  in  Dunstable  March  lo,  1687.  He  married  Elizabeth, 
daughter  of  John  Cummings  Jr.,  and  Elizabeth  Kinsley  Cummings, 
about  171 1,  she   dying  April  30,  1751.    To  them  were  born : 

I.     Joseph,  son  of  Joseph  and  Elizabeth  Cummings  French,  was 

born  July  28,  1713;  married  Bridget .    To  them  were 


1.  Isaac,  born  May  26,  1734;  died  August  4,  1753. 
Bridget  French  died  October  29,  1735. 

Joseph  married   (second)   Elizabeth  .     To  them  were 


2.  Joseph,  born  November  i,  1739;  married  March  3,  1768, 
Sybil  Richardson.  To  them  were  born  four  children. 
Josiah,  born  June  27,  1741 ;  died  in  infancy. 
Josiah  (second),  born  June  17,  1743. 
Thomas,  born  May  4,  1745. 
Elizabeth,  born  March  6,  1746  or  1747. 

J  Bridget,  born  August  30,  1749. 
iMollie,  bor 





8.  IMollie,  born  August  30,  1749. 
Elizabeth  French  died  January  20,  1753. 

Joseph  French  married   (third)    Rebecca  .     To  them 

were  born: 

9.  Susannah,  born  October  16,  1757. 

10.     Theodore,  born  June  6,  1759;  married  Rhoda  Danforth 
(born  April  22,  1769)  October  4,  1781.    To  them  were 
born  five  children. 
Theodore  married    (second)    Caty    (Honey)    Lovewell 

'  Published  some  years  ago  in  T/ie  Youth's  Companion. 


(born  in  Dunstable  March  2,  1759)   February  3,  1791. 
To  them  were  born  three  children. 
Rebecca  French  died  March  21,  1776. 
(Captain)  Joseph  French  died  April  21,  1776. 
II.     Elizabeth,  second  child  of  Joseph  and   Elizabeth    (Cum- 

mings)  French  was  born ,  1715;  married  Captain  John 

Cummings    (born  January   14,    1698)    in    1736.     To  them 
were  born: 

1.  Olive,  born  May  15,  1738;  married  Captain  Leonard 
Butterfield  (born  in  Dunstable  November  17,  1740). 
To  them  were  born  five  children: 

a.  Leonard,  born  February  28,  1772. 

b.  Olive,  born  April  19,  1773. 

c.  John,  born  December  i,  1776. 

d.  Sarah,  born  May  5,  1779. 

e.  Catherine,  born  January  18,  1781. 

2.  Rebecca,  born  August  4,  1740;  married  Asahel  Wyman 
May  28,  1761. 

3.  Elizabeth  (Betty),  born  May  28,  1744,  in  Dunstable; 
married  November  27,  1766,  Jacob  Jewett  (born  in 
1745)  of  Hollis,  New  Hampshire.  To  them  were  born 
eight  children: 

a.  James,  born  August  22,  1767. 

b.  John,  born  July  2,  1769. 

c.  Jacob,  born  June  14,  1770. 

d.  David,  born  August  16,  1773. 

e.  Elizabeth  (Betty),  born  October  15,  1775. 

f.  Lucy,  born  August  9,  1777. 

g.  Ralph  Winslow,  born  December  8,  1779. 
h.     Leonard,  born  October  2,  1787. 

4.  Easter,  born  August  21,  1745;  married  January  11, 
1767,  Jonas  Butterfield  (born  September  12,  1742).  To 
them  were  born: 

a.  Rebecca,  born  in  Dunstable  October  i,  1768. 

b.  Jonas,  born  in  Dunstable  May  24,  1773. 


c.  Esther,  born  in  Dunstable  April  12,  1778. 

d.  John,  born  in  Dunstable  April  16,  1780. 

5.  Molly,  born  August  i,  1747;  married  Joseph  Fletcher 
(born  June  18,  1752).    To  them  were  born: 

a.  Molly  Cummings,  born  September  15,  1773. 

b.  Isaac,  born  November  23,  1784. 

c.  Elizabeth  Underwood,  born  February  24,  1790. 

d.  Catherine,  born  May  6,  1792. 

e.  Lucinda,  born  November  26,  1795. 

6.  Lucy,  born  June  6,  1748;  married  April  30,  1772,  Abijah 

7.  John  Jr.,  born  January  13,  1753. 

8.  Katy,  born  October  21,  1755. 

Captain  John  Cummings,  husband  of  Elizabeth,  died  Au- 
gust 15,  1770. 
Elizabeth  died  July  2,  1793. 

III.     Sampson,  born  July  28,  1717;  died  July  19,  1785. 

IV.     Josiah,  born  February  24,  1723;  died  January  28,  1742. 
V.     Thomas,  born  June  29,  1724. 

VI.  Benjamin,  sixth  child  of  Joseph  and  Elizabeth  (Cum- 
mings) French,  was  born  July  6,  1726;  married  January  8, 
1 75 1,  Molly  Lovewell  (born  May  26,  1732).  To  them  were 

1.  Benjamin,  born  December  11,  1752;  died  October  29, 

2.  Esther,  born  January  7,  1754;  married  Dr.  Allin  Tooth- 
aker;  married  (second)  Timothy  Taylor. 

3.  Mollie,  born  October  18,  1756. 

4.  Katherine,  born  August  19,  1758. 

5.  Augustus,  born  June  16,  1760. 

6.  Betsey,  born  January  16,  1762. 

7.  Charlotte,  born  September  21,  1763;  married  July  12, 
1779)  James  Cummings  (born  in  Dunstable  July  12, 
I7i;7).  To  them  were  born  four  children.  James  died 
September  6,  1840.    Charlotte  died  September  27,  1787. 


8.  Frederick,  born  September  26,  1766;  married  December 
30,  1790,  Grace  Blanchard.  To  them  were  born  five 
children.  Grace  died  February  6,  1845.  Frederick 
died  March  28,  1824. 

9.  Thomas,  born  August  7,  1768;  married  Elizabeth  Blan- 
chard January  7,  1796.  She  died  May  4,  1843.  Thomas 
died  May  3,  1846. 

10.  Lucy,  born  November  7,  1769. 

11.  Bridget,  born  January  14,  1772. 

Molly  Lovewell  French  died  December  17,  1774. 
Benjamin  French  married  (second)  Mary  Cummings  Feb- 
ruary I,  1776. 

He  died  December  15,  1779. 
VII.     Samuel,  born  July  14,  1728;  died  January  11,  1730. 
VIII.     Samuel  (second),  born  August  10,  1730. 

Tradition  speaks  of  two  other  sons  of  Joseph  and  Elizabeth  French, 
David  and  Ebenezer  by  name,  the  latter  of  whom  kept  a  tavern  in 
the  valley  of  the  Merrimac.  The  incident  relates  that  while  trading 
with  the  Indians  for  furs,  on  refusing  to  give  them  more  rum  when 
they  had  already  drank  freely,  he  was  murdered  by  them  in  a  spirit 
of  revenge. 

It  is  a  matter  of  history  that  in  1706,  when  Joseph  French  was 
about  nineteen  years  of  age,  he  with  his  father,  mother,  brothers,  and 
sisters,  took  refuge  in  the  garrison  house  of  his  uncle,  John  Cum- 
mings. John  and  Elizabeth  Cummings  were  the  parents  of  four  sons 
and  four  daughters.  Joseph's  cousin  Elizabeth  (born  January  5, 
1687)  being  about  the  same  age  as  himself,  their  close  association 
and  companionship  ripened  into  something  deeper  and  more  tender, 
and  about  171 1  they  were  married  and  established  a  home  of  their 
own.  It  was  Elizabeth's  mother,  known  as  Goody  Cummings,  who 
was  killed  by  the  Indians,  and  her  father  wounded  by  them,  when 
the  garrison  was  surprised  on  the  night  of  July  3,  1706.  These  were 
certainly  cruel  days,  and  it  is  hard  for  us  to  realize  what  must  have 
been  the  suffering  of  these  people,  surrounded  as  they  were  by  danger 
and  death.     Not  until  1713  were  the  doors  of  the  garrison  thrown 


open  and  peace  assured,  and  it  was  during  this  year  that  the  first  child 
of  Joseph  and  Elizabeth  was  born. 

That  the  colony  of  Dunstable  was  in  almost  continual  warfare  dur- 
ing the  life  of  Joseph  French,  is  shown  by  the  following  petition  ad- 
dressed to  the  Governor  and  Council  of  Massachusetts,  under  date  of 
May  20,  1725: ' 

The  petition  of  the  Selectmen  of  Dunstable  Humbly  Sheweth:  That 
whereas  your  Honors  hath  found  it  necessary  to  order  Col.  Tyng  and  his 
men  into  the  woods  on  the  sad  occasion  of  Capt.  Lovewell's  defeat,  we  are 
extremely  exjwsed  and  weak  by  reason  of  so  many  of  our  fighting  men  being 
cut  off  last  summer,  and  so  many  killed  now  in  the  Province's  service.  We 
would  beg  leave  to  represent  to  your  honors  our  case  as  very  sad  and  dis- 
tressing having  so  many  soldiers  drawn  out,  and  our  inhabitants  reduced  to  so 
small  a  number  by  the  war.  Several  families  have  removed,  and  more  are 
under  such  discouragement,  not  daring  to  carry  on  their  planting  or  any  other 
business  that  they  fully  design  it.  We  hope  your  Honors  will  take  our  de- 
plorable circumstances  into  your  compassionate  consideration,  and  order 
such  measures  to  be  taken  for  our  defence  &  support  until  our  men  return 
as  you  in  your  wisdom  shall  think  fit.  And  your  Petitioners,  as  in  duty 
bound  will  ever  pray.  (Signed) 

Samuel  French     1 
Joseph  Sncw  ISelectmen 

Joseph  French       j 
John  Lovewell 
John  French 
John  Cummings 
John  Cummings  Jr. 
Nath'l  Cummings 
Jonathan  Cummings 
Jonathan  Combs 

John  Lovewell  also  sent  in  a  petition  at  the  same  time  for  help  to 
defend  his  garrison,  stating  that  unless  assistance  came  he  must  leave 
it  to  the  enemy.  These  petitions  were  granted  and  a  guard  of  twenty- 
five  soldiers  was  posted  in  the  town. 

Joseph  French  was  chosen  on  March  31,  1719,  to  make  coffins 
"where  there  be  need  for  the  year  ensueing."  Friendly  Indians  lived 
in  this  community  and  it  is  probable  that  this  vote  referred  to  them, 

1  Fox. 










as  there  was  a  charge  made  by  him  not  long  after  "for  Jacob  Indians 
coffin  7s." 

The  selectmen  and  other  persons  in  the  employ  of  the  town  at  this 
period  charged  five  shillings  per  day  for  their  services. 

January  16,  1717,  it  was  voted  in  Dunstable  that  "Henry  Farwell 
and  Seargt.  Cummings  are  to  endeavor  to  get  a  minister  as  soon  as 
they  can,  and  see  after  Mr.  Weld's  place  (the  old  parsonage)  to  buy 
it  if  it  be  to  be  had.  Also  Joseph  French  was  to  entertain  the  min- 

The  amount  of  taxes  raised  from  1726  to  1733  for  the  general  ex- 
penses of  the  town,  including  the  support  of  the  minister,  varied  from 
two  hundred  fifty  to  four  hundred  dollars  per  year.  So  scattered 
were  the  inhabitants  that  no  school  was  kept  in  the  town  until  1730. 
In  1749,'  the  town  voted  to  have  a  school  for  eight  months  of  each 
year.  One  teacher  was  employed  and  the  school  was  kept  in  four 
places  in  the  town,  alternately.  Soon  after,  the  French  war  began 
and  no  other  record  of  school  is  found  until  1761.  When  a  settlement 
contained  fifty  families,  they  established  a  school;  when  one  hundred 
families,  they  established  a  grammar  school. 

Joseph  French  was  a  man  of  influence  in  the  community,  a  select- 
man, and  an  extensive  land  owner.  The  house  where  he  lived  was 
eight  rods  north  of  the  state  line  after  the  change  in  boundary,  he 
owning  about  five  hundred  acres  of  land  in  this  locality.  He  died 
intestate  in  1735,  leaving  a  large  estate  to  his  wife  and  children. 

JOSEPH  French's  inventory 

An  inventory  of  all  Singular  the  Estate  Real  &  Personal  of  Mr 

Joseph  French  Late  of  Dunstable  Dec'd 

His  Apparel 


Impr :  to  a  coat  and  Laccoat  6-  o-o 

To  another  coat  and  Laccoat  i-  o-o 

To  a  Great  coat  3-  o-o 

To  a  Laccoat  coat  i6  /  one  pr  Breeches  i6  /  1-12-0 

2  pr  Stockins  (q>  12  /  one  pr  hose  @  10  /  I-  2-0 

I  hat  @  15  /  one  shirt  @    i£  /  I-15-0 



Household  stuff 

7  pr  sheats  ((i  £7       6  Table  cloths  @  i"  2" 
6  Towels  @  9  /  one  bed  and  furniture  i.  7"  10" 
To  one  bed  more  &  Furniture  @  5"  10" 
One  Brass  Kettle  &  Skillet  @  5"  10"      12  plates  @  17 
Six  platters  @  £2-0     one  bason  &  2  porringers  10  / 

wing  glass 
To  one  Quart  pot  7  /  one  niugg  2  / 

peper  box  1/6 
To  two  glass  Bottles  2/  andirons  &  frying  pan  £1-12 
Tongs  and  fire  pail  12/  Box  iron  &  heaters  5/  pothook  2/ 
a  Gridiron  2/  to  a  Tramel  6/  fifteen  chairs  £2  / 
A  Chest  7/2  Tables  @  £1  — chest  of  drawers  £1 
Lining  wheel  @  1 1  /  woUen  wheel  @  4 
Iron  pott  @  17  /  Brass  Spurrs  @  3/ 

Tools  &c. 
to  Saddles  @  £1"  16/      one  Gunn  @  £1"  10  / 

one  axe  @  12/ 
two  Scyethes  (a)  £1-4  /  Broad  ax  £1-  Grindstone  / 
a  Broad  hoe  (S'  6  /  cart  &  rigging  @  £2-12-0 
Two  Draught  chains  @  £1-16  horse  traic  @  10/ 
One  Yoake  Staple  and  ring  @  6/      one  Slead  @  10  / 
To  Carpenters  Tooles  @  1 2  /  coopers  tooles  @  1 8 
Joyners  Tools  @  10  /      Iron  crow  @  £1-10 
to  Old  Casks  £1-      Looking  Glass  5  / 
one  plow  @  £1-      Breaking  up  plow  @  £  2 

Stock  &c 
To  One  pr  Oxon  @  £18    pr  Stears  coming  3  year  old  £6-5 
To  one  red  cow  @  £6-10  /  Brown  cow  @  £5-10 
To  two  Brindle  cows  @  £12      one  horse®  £12 

one  mare  @  £10-  two  calves  @  £3 

26  Sheep  @  £15-10-  to  8  Swine  @  £13 

2  Steares  four  years  Old  @  £10  —  one  red  heifer  @  5-10 

to  a  Brown  heifer  Coming  four  years  Old  @ 

To  three  heifers  @ 

To  one  Red  and  White  cow  @ 

8-  2-0 


0-  9-6 

2-  8-0 
2-  7-0 

1-  0-0 


2-  6-0 



24-  5-0 




Brought  over 


FRENCH  AND  ALLIED  FAMILIES                 93 

In  Dunstable 
Real  Estate 

To  the  Homestead  Buildings  &c.  @  920-00-0 

To  a  piece  of  Swamp  Called  Half  moon  @  50-00-0 

To  a  farm  at  Nisitisseth  of  400  acres  190-00-0 

In  Nottingham  200  acres  @  240-00-0 

The  sixth  part  of  a  farm  called  Davenport  60-00-0 

In  Groton  to  about  one  hundred  acres  meadow  upland  70-00-0 

Total  £1738-  6-0 

The  above  inventory  was  made  and  apprized  for  the  subscribers  ye  29th 

of  Sepr  1735.  Zaccheus   Lovewell 

John  French 
Henry  Farwell  Jr 

The  administratrix  makes  mention  of  common  rights  and  undi- 
vided lands,  also  a  piece  of  meadow  lying  in  Nottingham,  about  six 
acres,  and  another  piece  in  said  town,  about  three  acres. 

Elizabeth  French,  administratrix,  exhibited  an  inventory  on  oath 
before  Jon  Remington,  J.  P.  Records  in  court  house  in  East  Cam- 
bridge, October  17,  1910. 

February  16,  1736.  Widow  gave  bond  as  guardian  to  Sampson, 
Benjamin,  and  Samuel,  who  only  are  under  age.  Widow  content 
with  her  third  and  with  the  whole  distribution.    So  is  the  eldest  son. 


Know  all  men  by  these  Presents. 

That  we  Elizabeth  French  widow  of  Joseph  French  Husbandman  —  both 
of  Dunstable  in  the  County  of  Middlesex  in  the  Province  of  the  Massachu- 
setts Bay  in  New  England,  are  holden  and  stand  firmly  Bound  and  Obliged 
unto  Jonathan  Remington  Esq  his  Successor  or  Assigns  in  the  full  Sum  of 
one  thousand  Pounds:  To  be  paid  unto  the  said  Jona  Remington  his  Suc- 
cessors or  Assigns  in  the  Ofifice  of  Judge  of  the  Probate  of  Wills  and  for 
Granting  Letters  of  Administration  on  the  Estate  of  Persons  Deceased  in  the 
said  county  of  Middlesex.  To  the  true  Payment  whereof,  We  jointly  and 
severally  bind  our  Selves  and  our  several  respective  Heirs  Executors  and 
Administrators,  firmly  by  these  Presents.  Sealed  with  our  Seals ;  Dated  the 
Sixteenth  Day  of  February  Anno  Domini  1736. 

The  accounts  of  debts  and  credits  of  the  estate  of  the  late  Joseph  French 
of  Dunstable  Deceased  which  the  administrator  viz  Joseph  French  son  of  the 


deceased,  and  Elizabeth  French  widow  of  the  Deceased  have  cliarged  them- 
selves withall  viz  Debts  Due  to  the  Deceased  at  his  death  which  they  find 


£     s  d 

From  Timothy  Adams  two  Pounds  2-  o-o 

From  John  Richardson  two  Pounds  2-  o-o 

From  Samuel  Searls  one  Pound  i-  o-o 

John  Tayler  one  Pound  ten  shillings  i-io-O 

More  Fifteen  pounds  eighteen  shillings  1 5-18-0 

From  Peter  Powers  five  Pounds  5-00-0 

More  five  shillings  o-  5-0 

236-  3-6 

and  desireth  allowance  for  debts  paid  which  was  due  from  the  deceased  at 

his  death  which  the  sd  administrator  have  since  Paid  and  discharged  to  the 

several  creditors. 

£    s  d 

to  Colonel  Eleazer  Tyng  o-  5-0 

to  Mr  Nathaniel  Prentice  (nine  pounds  &  three  shillings)  g-  3-0 

to  Mr  Prentice  Six  Pounds  sixteen  shillings  &  three  6-16-3 

to  James  Parham  Sixteen  pounds  five  shillings  16-  5-0 

to  Thomas  Harwood  Two  pounds  eight  and  nine  Pence  2-  8-9 

to  Capt  Blanchard  three  Pounds  3-  0-0 

to  Capt  Blanchard  '9-  0-0 

to  Sam"  Huston  Three  Pounds  five  Shillings  3-  5-o 

to  Jonth  Barron  one  pound  one  shill  &  sixpence  i-   1-6 

to  hugh  Nawhan  ten  shillings  o-io-o 

to  John  Blanchard  fourteen  shillings  0-14-0 

to  Tyler  &  Hancock  three  pounds,  three  shillings  3-  3-0 

to  Benj.  Gould  one  pound  four  &  sixpence  I-  4-6 

to  Jon'a  Cummlngs  ten  shillings  o-io-o 
to  Thomas  Chamberlain  six  pounds  seven  shillings  and  three  pence  6-  7-3 

to  Saml  Robe  sixteen  shillings  0-16-0 

to  Capt  Parker  Twelve  pounds  ten  Shillings  1 2-1 0-0 

to  Jona  Snow  ten  shillings  o-io-o 

to  Thomas  Pollard  one  pound  four  shillings  i-  4-o 

to  the  widow  Curtis  Twenty  five  Pounds  25-  0-0 

to  Mr  Walton  O-  5-0 

to     "     Jabez  Davis  00-  6-0 

to     "     James  Dutton  00-  3-0 


to     "     Jacob  Pierse  oo-  2-10 

to  Capt  Blanchard  OO-  2-6 

to  the  three  men  prizing  the  Estate  2-  5-0 

to  Entertaining  the  Prizors  three  days  i-  4-0 

entertaining  the  first  apprizors  i-  O-O 

to  Thomas  Chamberlain  i-  6-0 

X  Thos.  Barrett  6-10-0 

X  Mary  Waters    (for  funerals)  35-  7-7 

X  Benjn  Alford  for  6  Gallons  of  Rum  2-14-O 

X  Mr  Lemmion  for  Funerals  27-  6-5 

X  Thomas  Barrett  6-  0-0 
For  the  apparel  used  in  the  Family  (all  save  one  suit  apprized 

at  611)  8-  9-0 
P'd  for  adminr  7/6  Inventory 

To  the  adminr  for  their  troubles  &  journeys  8-  0-0 

Framing  this  acct  in  part  3/  examining  &  allowing  5  0/  8-0 

Recording  to  copy  O-12-O 

Capt  Jno  Hall  of  Medford  by  grandson  11-12-0 

&  fees  supposed  to  be  28/  i-  8-0 

The  acct  of  Eliz.  French  &  Josf  French  late  of  Dunstable  in  the  county 
of  Middlesex  Dec'd  Intestate 

The   said   accountants   charge   themselves   with   the   estate  of   the  said 

Dec'd  specified  in  an  Inventory  thereof  by  them  exhibited  into  the  Probate 
office  for  sd  county  on  the          Day  of 

amounting  to 

viz:  Real  Estate                            Personal  £208-16-6 
and  they  now  add —  (ex  on  the  other  side) 

and  the  said  amounts  to  over  allowance  in  their  discharge  as  follows  —  viz. 

38  Gravestone  about  6— 15-oJ^ 

pd  Daniel  Dickey  10 

copy  of  Inventory  4 


247-  3-1 
To  the  widow  for  her  Privilege  30II  279-  3-1 

not  to  be  recorded  till  it  be  known 
whether  the  Fees  for  sending  the  execution 
be  2£  more  or  less. 

Middlesex  October  18,  1739. 
Eliz.  &  Jos  French  presented  the  foregoing  &  made  oath  that  the  same  con- 
taining a  full  and  true  acct  of  their  adminr  on  the  said  Dec'd  Estate  to  pay 


as  they  have  proceeded  therein  —  the  same  having  been  examined  &  vouchers 
produced  for  the  most  of  the  articles  therein  contained. 

I  allow  thereof 

JoNN  Remington  Jpro 

Seventh  Generation 

Sampson  '  French  (Joseph/  Samuel,'  William,*  Thomas,' 
Thomas,"  Thomas')  was  born  in  Dunstable,  New  Hampshire,  July 
28,  1717.  But  little  is  known  regarding  his  early  history,  not  even  the 
name  of  the  first  wife  having  been  found,  due  no  doubt  to  the  fact 
that  the  records  of  Dunstable  from  1733  to  1746  were  lost;  but  he 
must  have  married  during  this  time,  as  his  son  Sampson  was  born  Sep- 
tember 15,  1742,  the  following  record  being  found  in  an  old  account 
book  kept  by  his  son  Samson  Jr.,  and  now  owned  by  one  of  his  de- 
scendants—  Mrs.  Nellie  Pendell  of  Binghamton,  New  York.  The 
same  account  book  speaks  of  other  children  —  David,  Aaron,  and 
Jonathan.  For  his  second  wife  he  married  Sarah  Clement,  March  7, 
1748  (or  1749),  the  record  of  this  marriage  being  found  in  Vital 
Records  of  Haverhill.  His  father  died  in  1735  when  he  was  but 
nineteen  years  of  age,  and  in  the  probate  court  of  East  Cambridge, 
Massachusetts,  is  found  the  following  bond  filed  under  date  of  Febru- 
ary 16,  1736,  by  his  mother,  Elizabeth  Cummings  French: 


The  condition  of  this  obligation  is  such  That  if  the  above  bounden  Eliza- 
beth French,  nominated  and  allowed  to  be  guardian  unto  her  child  Samp- 
son French  a  Minor  in  the  19th  year  of  his  age,  son  of  Joseph  French  —  late 
of  Dunstable  in  the  county  of  Middlesex,  Dec'd,  and  do  well  and  truly 
Perform  &  Discharge  the  Trust  and  office  of  Guardian  unto  the  said  Minor 
and  that  in  and  by  all  things  according  to  Law;  And  shall  render  a  plain 
and  true  Acompt  of  her  Said  Guardianship  upon  oath  and  all  and  Singular 
Such  Estate  as  Shall  come  to  her  hands  and  possession  by  virtue  thereof,  and 
of  the  Profits  and  Improvements  of  the  Same  so  far  as  the  law  shall  charge 
her  therewith  (when  she  shall  be  thereunto  Lawfully  required)  and  shall 
pay  and  Deliver  what  and  so  much  of  the  said  estate  as  shall  be  found  re- 
maining upon  her  Acompt  (the  same  being  first  examined  and  Allowed  of 
by  the  Judge  or  Judges  for  the  time  being,  of  the  Probate  of  Wills  &c. 
within  the  county  of  Middlesex  foresaid)   unto  the  Said  Minor  when  he 


shall  arrive  at  full  Age  or  otherwise  as  the  Said  judge  by  his  or  their  de- 
cree or  Sentence  pursuant  to  Law  Shall  Limit  and  Appoint;  Then  this 
obligation  to  be  void,  otherwise  to  remain  in  full  force. 
Signed  Sealed  &  Delivered  in  Presence  of  us 
Sam'l  Danforth  her 

Joseph  Bean  Elizabeth  X  French 

Joseph  French 

This  record  was  made  on  the  back  of  the  bond: 

Sampson  French 
Guard  n  Bond 

Fees  pd  for  3  Bonds 


to  Judge  pd 
February  16  1736 
The  miners  election  of  his  Guardian  wanting 

Judge  pd 
Sampson  to  signifye  under  his  Hand  this 
choice  of  his  Mother  — 

From  records  in  East  Cambridge  probate  court  house,  in  the  di- 
vision of  the  property  of  Joseph  French  is  found  the  following  real 
estate,  set  ofT  to  Sampson: 

We  have  also  divided  and  set  off  to  Sampson  French  the  second  son  of  ye 
said  dec'd  a  tract  of  land  containing  about  one  hundred  and  thirty  acres  in 
ye  township  of  Nottingham,  bounded  the  westerly  by  Merrimack  river 
southerly  by  land  of  Joseph  Snow  Easterly  by  part  of  ye  sd  Dec'd  land,  the 
dividing  line  beginning  at  an  heap  of  stones  lying  in  the  northerly  line  of 
Joseph  Snows  land  —  from  thence  running  northerly  to  a  white  oak  marked, 
so  on  the  same  course  to  an  heap  of  stones  lying  in  ye  southerly  line  of 
Oliver  Colburn  land,  also  one  twelfth  part  of  a  farm  called  Davenports 
farm  lying  in  sd  Nottingham  @  £223-10-0  ye  whole. 

That  Sampson  French  had  inherited  some  of  the  business  sagacity 
of  his  father  in  accumulating  property  to  add  to  that  which  had  been 
given  him,  is  shown  by  a  careful  perusal  of  the  Town  Papers  of  New 

In  the  list  of  the  proprietors  of  the  township  called  South  Monadnock 
No.  One,  and  of  the  lotts  by  them  Respectively  drawn  (as  sett  against 
each  persons  names)  in  said  Township  —  Wm  Downe 

Prop'"  clerk. 


Sampson  French  drew  No.  9,  range  i ;  No.  10,  range  i ;  No.  9, 
range  5.  Under  the  charter  of  Peterborough  Slip,  1750,  at  a  meeting 
held  at  Portsmouth,  June  16,  1749;  and  also  under  date  of  1752  Samp- 
son French  drew  land,  the  acreage  not  being  given.  In  1751  he 
owned  two  shares  in  land  sold  to  John  Hutchinson  in  meeting  held  at 

The  township  of  Richmond  was  granted  on  February  28,  1752,  to 
Joseph  Blanchard  and  others  in  71  shares.  The  plan  describes  a 
tract  of  land  of  the  contents  of  six  miles  square,  and  Sampson  French 
was  one  of  the  proprietors.  Under  date  of  January  i,  1753,  we  find 
him  one  of  the  grantees  of  the  Duplex  charter,  and  on  December  27, 
1753,  one  of  the  grantees  of  Brattleborough.  In  1772  a  petition  of 
the  proprietors  of  Walpole  for  equivalent  grant  —  a  township  of  six 
miles  square  on  the  east  side  and  adjoining  the  Connecticut  River, 
with  the  names  of  seventy-five  grantees  attached,  the  list  including 
the  name  of  Sampson  French,  his  name  also  appearing  among  the 
ninety  who  signed  the  petition  to  have  the  Province  divided  into  two 

It  is  noted  in  these  records  where,  on  account  of  trouble  with  the 
Indians,  the  grantees  of  Richmond  had  been  unable  to  comply  with 
the  conditions  of  the  grant  and  asked  an  extension,  that  said  request 
was  granted  by  the  governor  and  council  June  11,  1760,  and  among 
the  proprietors  of  the  above  named  grant  is  given  the  name  of  Samp- 
son French.  Further  record  is  made  of  his  having  been  connected 
with  land  grants  in  Dupplin  and  Boyle,  New  Hampshire,  and  also, 
under  date  of  June  16,  1749,  that  he  purchased  land  from  John 
Mason  soon  after  his  marriage  to  Sarah  Clement . 

August  31,  1747,  the  Reverend  Samuel  Bird  received  a  call  to 
settle  in  Dunstable,  and  soon  after  was  ordained  as  pastor.  He  was 
to  be  paid  "100  ounces  of  silver  coin  Troy  weight,  sterling  alloy,  or 
the  full  value  thereof  in  bills  of  public  credit,"  which  amounted  to 
about  one  hundred  dollars  yearly,  provided  "that  he  preach  a  lecture 
once  in  three  months  at  least  in  this  town"  and  "visit  and  catechise 
the  people"  —  and  it  was  finally  so  decided  in  1748. 

At  a  meeting  held  in  Dunstable  March  2,  1746,  the  name  of  Samp- 


son  French  appears  as  one  of  the  qualified  voters  in  the  papers  relat- 
ing to  the  settlement  of  this  man  as  minister  in  their  church.  For 
some  reason  not  given,  his  ministry  was  not  acceptable  to  all  the  peo- 
ple of  the  town,  for  on  August  31,  1747,  at  a  meeting  held  for  that 
purpose,  the  following  vote  was  proposed  : 

Whereas  the  Church  of  Christ  in  this  town  of  Dunstable  in  the  Province 
of  New  Hampshire  on  the  6th  day  of  July  last,  made  choice  of  the  Rev. 
Samuel  Bird  for  their  Pastor  and  Teacher,  and  having  presented  their  vote 
to  this  town  with  a  desire  that  this  Town  would  concur  with  them  in  their 
choice,  and  make  choice  of  said  Mr.  Samuel  Bird  for  the  settled  minister 
of  this  Town.  Now  therefore  be  it  voted  and  agreed  that  the  said  church's 
choice  be  concurred  with,  and  that  the  said  Mr  Samuel  Bird  be  chosen  for 
the  settled  minister  of  this  town. 

Voted  in  the  affirmative  by  thirty-two  men  —  one  of  whom  was 
Sampson  French.    The  negative  motion  was: 

We  the  subscribers  Inhabitants  and  Free  holders  of  the  town  of  Dun- 
stable hereby  Desire  and  Impovver  Joseph  Blanchard  Capt.  Joseph  French 
(an  older  brother  of  Sampson)  and  Mr  Jn  Butterfield  or  either  of  them  in 
our  names  and  behalf  to  Represent  to  the  Gen'l  Assembly  of  this  Province 
the  unreasonableness  and  illegal  proceeding  of  Sundry  of  the  inhabitants  of 
Dunstable  in  their  town  meetings  the  Summer  past,  and  particularly  the 
town  meeting  July  sixth  1747,  and  the  votes  at  the  adjournment  of  that 
meeting,  and  all  votes  Relating  to  the  choice  or  Settlement  of  Samuel  Bird 
as  the  minister  of  this  town,  and  pray  that  they  be  made  void  or  Otherwise 
Relieve  us  in  the  premises. 

There  were  nineteen  men  who  voted  this  negative  petition. 

Finally,  a  petition  was  presented  to  Governor  Benning  Wentworth, 
and  to  the  representatives  in  General  Assembly,  signed  by  twenty-nine 
men,  stating  that  the  choice  of  Samuel  Bird  as  pastor  and  the  settle- 
ment of  his  salary  was  not  legal,  and  asking  that  the  vote  taken  at  that 
meeting  be  declared  null  and  void,  or  to  grant  the  petitioners  "Such 
other  Relief  as  you  shall  see  meet  and  reasonable."  In  the  House  of 
Representatives  May  13,  1748,  the  following  record  was  made: 

Voted  that  the  prayer  of  ye  annexed  petition  be  granted  &  that  ye  meet- 
ings mentioned  in  s'd  Petition  be  &  hereby  are  declared  illegal  null  and  void. 

D.  Pierce  chr. 


In  Council  May  14,  1748. 

The  above  vote  of  the  House  read  &  concurred 

Theodore  Atkinson  Secy. 

In  Council  May  17,  1748  Consented  to 

B.  Wentworth. 

This  church  fight  took,  on  party  shape,  laying  the  foundation  for 
political  differences.  It  is  interesting  to  note  that  in  estimating  the 
strength  of  the  two  factions  and  their  consequent  right  to  vote  either 
for  or  against  the  settlement  of  the  pastor,  they  took  an  inventory  of 
their  yearly  income  as  freeholders.  The  invoice  of  the  property  of 
the  people  opposed  to  Mr.  Bird  amounted  to  five  hundred  eighty- 
three  pounds,  while  that  of  his  friends  only  reached  the  sum  of  one 
hundred  ninety-three  pounds.  The  revenue  accruing  from  the  real 
estate  owned  by  Sampson  French  at  this  time  was  ten  pounds,  and  the 
record  shows  him  to  have  been  on  the  losing  side.  Mr.  Bird  was  a 
"New  Light,"  '  afterward  called  Methodist,  and  it  is  probable  that 
the  differences  of  opinion  among  the  people  can  be  ascribed  to  this 

While  things  seemed  quiet  on  the  surface,  yet  for  many  years  they 
had  two  meeting  houses  and  no  minister  in  Dunstable;  but  finally  one 
meeting  house  was  purchased  and  converted  into  a  dwelling  house. 
In  1 76 1  a  town  meeting  was  called  to  see  what  doctrine  they  would 
support  and  it  was  decided  to  take  the  doctrines  contained  in  the  New 
England  confession  of  faith,  and  accordingly  a  minister  was  invited 
to  settle  with  them,  providing  he  would  fulfil  the  duties  of  a  pastor 
according  to  the  doctrines  set  out,  which  again  caused  the  old 
party  differences  to  arise,  and  the  invited  pastor  refused  to  accept  the 
call.  For  nearly  twenty  years  these  differences  continued  to  exist, 
until  finally  the  town  ceased  to  have  anything  to  say  in  church  affairs. 

A  meeting  was  held  at  the  home  of  Jonathan  Lovewell  in  Dun- 
stable in  the  "province  of  New  Hampshire,"  March  30,  1748,  of  the 
inhabitants  qualified  to  vote  in  the  choice  of  town  officers.  The  town 
officers  consisted  of  five  selectmen,  who  were  to  be  assessors,  one  con- 
stable, two  tithing  men,  two  surveyors  of  highway,  two  field  drivers, 

1  Fox. 

Burying  Grouxd  at  Southwick,  Massachusetts,  where 
Sampson  French  is  buried 


two  fence  "vewers"  (one  of  whom  was  Sampson  French),  and  three 
hog  constables.  Twenty  men  were  present  at  this  meeting,  seventeen 
of  whom  elected  themselves  to  office. 

This  settlement  was  so  harassed  by  the  Indians  that  the  majority 
of  the  settlers  deserted  their  homes,  and  those  who  were  left  were 
too  poor  to  maintain  public  officials,  so  that  from  1692  to  1768  they 
had  no  representatives  at  the  General  Court. 

The  old  French  War  broke  out  in  1755  and  from  the  muster  rolls 
of  1758  is  gleaned: 

Return  of  the  Men  enlisted  for  his  Majesty's  Service  within  the  Pro- 
vince of  the  Massachusetts  Bay  in  the  regiment  whereof  John  Osgood  Jun. 
Esq.  is  Colonel  to  be  put  under  the  immediate  command  of  His  Excellency 
Jeffry  Amherst,  Esqr:  General  and  Commander  in  Chief  of  His  Majesty's 
Forces  in  North  America  for  the  Invation  of  Canada. 

Following  this,  twenty-eight  names  were  listed,  including  that  of 
Sampson  French,  under  date  of  March  28,  1757  (former  expedition 
1757) )  resident  of  Haverhill  and  age  forty.  In  the  same  list  is  found 
the  name  of  Sampson  French  Jr.,  enlisted  under  date  of  April  6th 
from  Haverhill,  age  seventeen,  and  like  his  father,  had  been  in  a 
former  expedition  to  Lake  George  in  1757.  Rather  an  unusual  thing 
for  a  father  and  son  to  be  in  the  same  company  in  the  same  war. 
That  the  father  continued  in  service  is  evidenced  from  finding  his 
name  on  the  muster  roll  of  Captain  Joseph  Smith  of  Rowley  from 
April  8  to  December  12,  1760;  also  on  the  muster  roll  of  Captain 
Edmund  Mooers  Company,  "entered  Nov.  2,  1759,  to  Jan.  5,  1761." 

The  date  of  the  second  marriage  of  Sampson  French  has  been  re- 
corded in  these  pages,  and  some  time  after  1761  he  removed  to  Hamp- 
den county,  Massachusetts,  where  he  died  at  Southwick,  Tuesday, 
July  19,  1785,  aged  sixty-eight  years. 

Fox  says :  A  picture  of  Dunstable  as  it  was  before  the  Revolution, 
and  of  the  manners  and  customs,  opinions  and  feelings,  doings  and 
sayings  of  the  inhabitants,  would  be  highly  interesting.  To  sketch 
such  a  picture  would  require  the  hand  of  a  master,  as  well  as  materials 
which  can  now  hardly  be  obtained.  A  few  facts  and  anecdotes  must 
serve  instead. 


Slavery  was  then  considered  neither  illegal  nor  immoral.  Several 
slaves  were  owned  in  this  town;  one  by  Paul  Clogston.  She  was  mar- 
ried to  a  free  black  named  Castor  Dickinson,  and  had  several  chil- 
dren born  here,  but  before  the  Revolution  he  purchased  the  freedom 
of  his  wife  and  children.  Slavery  in  New  Hampshire  was  abolished 
by  the  Revolution. 

In  those  days  it  was  customary  to  drink  at  all  meetings,  whether  of 
joy  or  of  sorrow.  The  idea  which  was  long  after  in  vogue  —  "to 
keep  the  spirits  up  by  pouring  spirits  down"  —  seems  then  to  have 
been  universally  prevalent.  Even  at  funerals  it  was  observed  and  in 
the  eyes  of  many  it  was  quite  as  important  as  the  prayer.  The  mourn- 
ers and  friends  formed  themselves  in  a  line,  and  an  attendant  with  a 
jug  and  glass  passed  around  and  dealt  out  to  each  his  or  her  portion  of 
the  spirit,  and  the  due  observance  of  this  ceremony  was  very  rarely 
omitted.  It  has  been  said  that  sometimes  "one  more  thirsty  than  the 
rest,"  after  having  received  one  "portion,"  would  slily  fall  back 
from  the  line  under  some  pretext  or  other  and  reappear  at  a  lower 
place  in  season  to  receive  a  second  portion."  ' 

Expense  of  raising  a  meeting  house  —  about  1740: 

Also  allowed  to  Sundry  Persons  for  Provisions  &  Drink  at  the  raising 
the  meeting  house  the  sums  following. 

<£     s  d 

To  Joseph  Blanchard  for  Rum  &  Provisions  2-15-3 

To  The  Rev  Mr  Thomas  Parker  2-  0-0 

To  Sam'l  Colburn  I-  1-6 

To  Jonathan  Chamberlain  for  a  salmon  O-  4-6 

To  Archebald  Stark  for  a  Salmon  o-  9-0 

To  William  Tarble  o-  6-0 

To  Peter  Russell  O-13-6 

To  Henry  Farwell  &  Joshua  Converse  O-15-6 

To  Benjamin  Thompson  Esq.  I-   i-o 

To  Captain  Thomas  Tarble  i-  6- 11 

To  Capt.  William  Lawrence  1-16-3 

To  Captain  Jona  Bowers  0-18-6 

To  Capt.  Josiah  Richardson  I-17-0 

To  the  Rev.  Willard  Hall  1-  0-0 

'  This  is  stated  on  the  authority  of  Mrs.  Kidder,  wife  of  the  Rev.  Mr.  Kidder,  an  eye  witness. 


Stephen  Peirce  O-  6-0 

Had  of  William  McClinto  for  Raiseing 

6  glls  of  Rhum  at  i8s  p  GU  5-  8-0 

In  1702  selectmen  agreed  with  Widow  Noble  "to  beate  ye  Drom 
and  sweepe  ye  Meetting  house  for  one  year  for  which  they  will  re- 
ceive two  pounds  and  five  shillings." 

In  1703  it  was  voted  "to  build  pewes  in  ye  meeting  house  where  ye 
plank  seats  now  stand." 

It  was  voted  that  persons  should  be  seated  in  the  meeting  house 
according  to  their  age  and  estate,  and  that  "so  much  as  any  man's 
estate  is  increased  by  his  negroes  that  shall  be  left  out." 

If  a  man  lived  on  a  hired  farm,  or  had  obtained  his  property  by 
marriage  with  a  widow,  such  property  was  reckoned  at  only  one-third 
the  value  it  would  have  possessed  had  the  man  obtained  it  by  his  own 

Eighth  Generation 

'Samson**  French  Jr.  (Sampson,'  Joseph,"  Samuel,"  William,' 
Thomas,^  Thomas,"  Thomas')  was  born  in  Dunstable,  New  Hamp- 
shire (now  Massachusetts),  September  15,  1742.  He  married  Lusan- 
nah  Root  (born  September  20,  1752)  at  Southwick,  Massachusetts. 
To  them  were  born : 

I.  Josiah,  born  December  22,  1768;  married  Lucinda  Parker. 
II.  Sarah,  born  November  15,  1770;  married  Nathaniel  Lee. 
To  them  were  born  a  numerous  family  of  sons  and  daughters. 
They  lived  for  many  years  at  Chenango  (now  Glen  Castle), 
Broome  county.  New  York.  Sarah  Lee  died  in  Illinois, 
aged  over  eighty  years. 
III.     Thomas,  born  February   13,   1773;  married  Polly  Hiscock 

about  1793. 
IV.     Rebecca,  born  December  23,  1774;  died  May  19,  1776. 
V.     Ira,  born  February  24,  1777;  died  December  11,  1778. 
VI.     Submit,  born  December  14,  1778;  married  Festus  Morgan 
February  20,  1800,  who  died  September  23,  1800;  eight  days 
after  his  death  a  son  was  born  to  them  at  the  home  of  Submit's 

1  The  spelling  of  the  name  Sampson  was  changed  in  this  generation  by  Samson  Jr. 


father.  She  married  (second)  Phineas  Merchant,  by  whom 
she  had  sons  and  daughters.  The  family  lived  many  years 
in  Otsego  county,  New  York;  afterwards  at  Glen  Castle, 
where  Submit  (French)  Merchant  died. 
VII.  A  daughter,  born  June  3,  1780;  died  June  12,  1780. 
VIII.  Lucy,  born  June  2,  1781  ;  married  Michael  Tattle.  To  them 
were  born: 

1.  Lois,  born ;  died  when  fourteen  years  of  age. 

2.  A  son. 

Michael  Tuttle  was  drowned  August  21,  1816,  while  bath- 
ing in  the  Connecticut  River. 
IX.     Clement,    born    September    i,     1783;    married    Elizabeth 
Hawks  (born  in  1786)  in  1803.    To  them  were  born: 

1.  Franklin,  born  January  29,  1804,  at  Deerfield,  Massa- 
chusetts; married  Sally  Johnson,  in  1827;  married  (sec- 
ond) Olive  Pope  February  25,  1830.  To  them  were 
born  two  children  —  a.  son  and  daughter.  He  married 
(third)  Phebe  LaMoree,  March  20,  1834.  To  them 
were  born  five  sons,  one  of  whom  died  in  infancy. 

2.  Ira,  born  September  19,  1805,  at  Rodman,  New  York, 
married  May  28,  1829,  Hepsibah  Lyon.  To  them  were 
born  three  children: 

a.     Aaron,  born  March  29,  1831. 


J,    pTwins,  who  lived  but  a  few  hours. 

Ira  French  married   (second)    Sally  Harrington  May 
21,  1834.    To  them  were  born  two  children: 

d.  Dwight,  born  May  13,  1835.     He  has  a  son,  W.  K. 
French,  a  pharmacist  in  Worcester,  New  York. 

e.  Salphronius  H.,  born  July  16,  1837. 
Salphronius  H.  French,  physician,  surgeon,  and  banker,  was  born 

at  Castle  Creek,  New  York,  July  16,  1837,  a  son  of  Ira  and  Sally 
(Harrington)  French;  was  educated  at  the  Binghamton  (New 
York)  Academy,  and  commenced  the  study  of  medicine  with  his 
uncle,  Dr.  S.  H.  French,  at  Lisle,  New  York,  in  1857.     He  attended 

Dr.  S.  H.  French 



HoAiE  OF  Dr.  S.  H.  FrI'XCH  at  Amsterdam, 
New  York,  built  nearly  forty  years  ago 


the  College  of  Physicians  and  Surgeons  in  New  York  City  for  one 
year,  and  was  graduated  from  the  Albany  Medical  College  in  1859. 
He  began  the  practice  of  medicine  at  Slaterville,  New  York,  in  Feb- 
ruary, i860,  but  in  December,  1861,  entered  into  partnership  with  his 
uncle  in  Lisle,  continuing  until  July,  1862,  when  he  joined  the  One 
Hundred  and  Ninth  New  York  Volunteers  as  assistant  surgeon,  with 
the  rank  of  first  lieutenant.  Discharged  from  the  service  in  1864  be- 
cause of  ill  health,  he  returned  to  Lisle,  remaining  until  1871,  when 
he  removed  to  Amsterdam,  New  York,  where  he  has  since  resided. 
Dr.  S.  H.  French  was  one  of  the  founders  of  the  Amsterdam  Savings 
Bank  and  has  been  its  president  since  it  was  opened  for  business  in 
1887.  He  has  for  many  years  been  president  of  the  Amsterdam  Free 
Library,  and  a  trustee  of  the  First  Methodist  Church.  He  was  for 
several  years  health  officer  of  Amsterdam,  and  is  a  consulting  physi- 
cian of  the  Amsterdam  Hospital.  On  October  28,  1868,  he  married 
Mary  A.  Hurd  of  Colesville,  Broome  county,  New  York.  Their 
only  child,  Charles  E.  French,  was  graduated  from  Princeton  Uni- 
versity in  1894,  and  is  treasurer  of  the  Amsterdam  Savings  Bank. 
Doctor  French's  address  is  40  Church  street,  Amsterdam,  New  York. 

Sally  Harrington  French  died  in  July,  1837. 

Ira  French  married  (third)  Delia  Brooks  July  12,  1838. 

To  them  were  born  six  children: 

f.  Francis,  born  June  12,  1839. 

g.  Mary,  born  December  9,  1840. 
h.     Ellen,  born  December  2,  1842. 

i.     Lucy,  born  April  24,  1845. 
j.     Jane,  born  June  2,  1847. 
k.     Emma,  born  March  23,  1851. 
3.     Root,  born  February  27,  1807;  married  Amanda  Spen- 
cer May  16,  1830.    To  them  were  born  three  children  — 
two  sons  and  one  daughter  —  the  eldest  son  dying  at 
seventeen  years  of  age. 
Root  French  was  a  man  of  uncommon  energy  and  industry,  but  few 
men  being  his  equal  in  physical  endurance.    In  all  his  business  trans- 
actions he  was  strictly  honest;  was  generous  to  the  needy,  and  ready 


to  extend  the  hand  of  kindness  to  those  in  affliction.  He  united  with 
the  Baptist  church  in  early  life,  remaining  a  consistent  member  until 
his  death,  which  occurred  September  5,  1866. 

4.     Ebenezer    Smead,    born    at  Zoar    (now    Charlemont), 

Massachusetts,  April  8,   1810;  married  Anna  Seward. 

To  them  were  born: 

a.  Lucius,  born  February  2,  1832.  Graduated  in  medi- 
cine at  Pittsfield,  Massachusetts,  in  December,  1853; 
located  in  Hyde  Park,  Pennsylvania,  February  15, 
1854;  moved  to  Lisle,  Broome  county.  New  York, 
in  1858;  went  west  in  1861,  locating  in  Anamosa, 
Iowa.  In  September,  1862,  was  appointed  first  as- 
sistant surgeon  of  the  Thirty-first  regiment,  Iowa 
Volunteers,  which  position  he  resigned  June  9,  1863, 
on  account  of  illness.  Married  Ellen  Cook  Decem- 
ber 29,  1864,  and  removed  to  Davenport  in  March, 
1865.  To  them  was  born  one  daughter  —  Nellie, 
born  December  10,  1865;  married  John  H.  Whit- 
aker  September  4,  1901,  at  Davenport,  Iowa.  Ellen 
Cook  French  died  December  11,  1865.  April  25, 
1867,  Dr.  Lucius  French  married  (second)  Agnes 

Dr.  French  was  prominent  in  his  profession,  being 
a  member  of  a  number  of  medical  associations.  He 
died  September  10,  1910,  at  his  home  in  Davenport, 

b.  Hepzibeth,  born  September  16,  1833;  died  April 
19,  1885. 

c.  Olive,  born  November  20,  1835;  married  Chas. 
Wood  September  23,  1859;  died  in  Binghamton 
April  22,  1900.  One  daughter,  Rose,  born  July  2, 
1864,  married  Allen  Spencer. 

d.  Betsey,  born  February  9,  1838;  married  Henry 
Martin  Stanford  March  22,   1857.     One  daughter. 

Dr.  Lucius  P'rexch  and  His  Hume  ix  D.wexport,  low. 


Rosa  Olivia,  born  October  25,  1859,  died  March  25, 

e.  Mary,  born  August  4,  1841  ;  married  Isaac  How- 
land  June  20,  1866.    To  them  were  born: 

aa.     William,  born  March  6,  1871;  died  April  10, 

bb.     Frank,  born  April  17,  1874. 

cc.     Nellie,   born   May   29,    1877;   married   Frank. 

Pendell.     She  is  the  fortunate  owner  of  the 

account  book  kept  by  Samson  French  to  which 

reference  has  been  frequently  made  in   these 


f.  Orin,  born  September  23,  1844;  died  October  23, 

g.  Carson,  born  August  21,  1853;  married  Mina 
Keeler  January  i,  1876;  graduated  in  medicine  at 
Bellevue,  New  York  City,  March  14,  1887.  Prac- 
ticed medicine  at  Lisle,  Broome  county,  New  York. 
Is  now  living  at  Chenango  Bridge,  New  York. 

At  an  early  age  Ebenezer  French  manifested  a  strong  mechanical 
taste,  occupying  much  of  his  time  in  constructing  pop  guns,  bows, 
arrows,  and  handsleds.  As  he  grew  older  his  mechanical  genius 
was  directed  to  experimenting  with  the  construction  of  shot  guns  and 
rifles,  and  although  never  given  any  educational  advantages  along 
mechanical  lines,  yet  it  was  said  of  him  that  he  could  shoe  a  horse, 
make  a  butcher  knife,  or  construct  a  wagon. 

After  his  marriage,  he  entered  into  an  agreement  with  his  father 
to  remain  at  home  and  manage  the  afifairs  of  the  farm,  which  arrange- 
ment proved  so  satisfactory  that  no  change  was  made  during  the  life 
time  of  his  parents.  Ebenezer  French  and  his  wife  were  both  mem- 
bers of  the  Methodist  Episcopal  church,  he  being  for  many  years 
superintendent  of  the  Sunday  school  at  Glen  Castle,  New  York. 

5.  Salphronius  Henry,  born  at  Zoar  August  26,  181 1 ;  mar- 
ried October  6,  1834,  Cynthia  Harrington.  They  adopt- 
ed a  daughter,  Augusta  E.,  who  married  James  Squire. 


Dr.  S.  H.  French,  of  Amsterdam,  New  York,  writes  the  following 
sketch  of  his  uncle,  Dr.  S.  H.  French,  of  Lisle,  New  York: 

Salphronius  Henry,  fifth  and  youngest  son  of  Clement  and  Eliza- 
beth French,  was  born  at  Zoar,  now  Charlemont,  Massachusetts, 
August  26,  181 1,  and  in  1814  went  with  his  parents  to  Chenango, 
Broome  county,  New  York.  During  his  early  life  he  was  much 
afflicted  with  rheumatism,  which  condition  of  health  led  his  father  to 
give  him  an  opportunity  to  attend  school,  where  sufficient  taste  for 
books  and  thirst  for  knowledge  was  developed  to  lay  the  foundation  for 
his  future  professional  career.  When  fifteen  years  of  age  he  entered  a 
select  school  in  Binghamton,  New  York,  where  he  pursued  his  studies 
with  great  industry  for  four  summers,  paying  his  expenses  by  working 
in  gardens,  etc.,  and  teaching  school  in  the  winter  season.  In  October, 
1830,  when  nineteen  years  of  age,  he  began  the  study  of  medicine,  and 
the  following  spring  an  opportunity  was  afforded  to  further  pursue 
his  work  in  the  office  of  his  uncle,  Doctor  Hawks  of  North  Adams, 
Massachusetts,  which  offer  was  gladly  accepted,  as  his  resources  were 
limited  to  his  own  exertions.  In  1832,  he  attended  a  course  of  lec- 
tures in  the  Berkshire  medical  institution  of  Massachusetts,  from 
which  school  he  graduated  in  December,  1833.  After  receiving  his 
diploma  he  found  he  had  not  sufficient  funds  to  carry  him  home,  so 
sold  a  book  and  trunk  to  raise  the  necessary  amount  for  the  journey. 
The  severe  struggle  with  poverty  and  adverse  circumstances,  the  les- 
sons of  economy,  and  the  self-reliance  gained  during  that  struggle, 
were  of  priceless  value  in  after  life. 

Shortly  after  reaching  home  he  formed  a  partnership  with  Dr. 
P.  B.  Brooks  of  Lisle,  Broome  county.  New  York,  which  continued 
for  two  years.  Doctor  Brooks  removed  to  Binghamton  and  Doctor 
French  (who  had  been  away  for  a  few  months)  received  so  urgent  a 
request  from  the  citizens  of  Lisle,  that  he  returned  and  resumed  his 
practice,  continuing  in  this  place  until  incapacitated  by  disease. 

Doctor  French  joined  the  County  Medical  Society  in  1834,  of 
which  organization  he  was  president  during  the  years  of  1842,  1850, 
and  1852.  He  was  elected  a  delegate  to  the  State  Medical  Society 
in  1846,  and  in  1850  was  made  a  permanent  member  of  the  organiza- 


tion;  was  also  a  member  of  the  American  Medical  Association.  He 
enjoyed  a  large  practice,  and  while  keeping  fully  abreast  with  his  pro- 
fession in  the  reading  of  medical  books  and  journals,  yet  found  time 
to  become  a  proficient  student  in  botany  and  geology,  which  studies 
he  pursued  as  a  form  of  recreation.  About  twenty  young  men  re- 
ceived their  elementary  medical  education  in  his  office,  some  of  whom 
have  risen  to  distinction  in  the  profession. 

In  political  belief  Doctor  French  was  a  Whig,  and  was  elected  to 
the  legislature  by  that  party  in  1846.  He  was  possessed  of  strong  con- 
victions along  temperance  lines,  and  never  sacrificed  his  opinions  in 
behalf  of  any  candidate  for  office. 

In  early  life,  Salphronius  French  became  convinced  of  the  truths 
of  the  Christian  religion,  and  was  for  years  a  faithful,  consistent 
member  of  the  Methodist  church. 

Captain  Frank  Landers,  to  whom  the  following  certificate  was 
given,  is  now  a  resident  of  Webster  City,  Iowa,  and  Dwight  French, 
justice  of  the  peace  who  acknowledged  the  document,  was  the  older 
brother  of  Dr.  S.  H.  French  of  Amsterdam,  New  York. 

I  do  hereby  certify  that  I  am  still  treating  Frank  E.  Landers  of  the 
Sixteenth  New  York  Battery  for  various  ailments;  and  that  he  is  unable 
to  travel  or  perform  any  military  duty. 

Lisle  January  I2th  1864  S.  H.  French  M.  D. 

Sworn  and  Subscribed  before  me  this  12th  day  of  January,  1864. 

Dwight  French 
Justice  of  the  Peace. 

About  two  years  after  his  marriage,  Clement  French  '  started  with 
his  family  for  the  wilderness  country  of  Sandy  Creek,  New  York. 
After  a  tedious  journey  they  arrived  in  the  month  of  March  at  Har- 
rison (now  Rodman),  New  York,  where  he  purchased  fifty  acres  of 
land  and  erected  a  log  cabin,  which  was  the  birthplace  of  his  sons, 
Ira  and  Root.  In  the  meantime  his  father,  who  had  removed  to 
Zoar  (now  Charlemont),  Massachusetts,  wrote  to  Clement  urging 
his  return,  which  request  he  complied  with,  and  here  his  sons  Eben- 

1  From  Outlines  of  the  Genea!of;y  of  tlie  Frrnch  Family,  written  in  1875,  by  Dr.  S.  H. 
French   (fifth  son  of  Clement  and  Elizabeth  French)   of  Lisle,  N.  Y. 


ezer  and  Salphronius  were  born.  About  this  time  a  company  —  com- 
posed largely  of  Boston  people  —  had  purchased  a  large  tract  of  land 
lying  west  of  the  Chenango  River  and  north  of  the  Susquehanna. 
This  tract  —  still  known  as  the  "Boston  Purchase  of  Ten  Town- 
ships"—  was  being  rapidly  settled,  and  the  glowing  descriptions  to 
which  Clement  listened,  together  with  an  enterprising  spirit,  caused 
him  to  again  seek,  a  home  in  the  forests  of  New  York.  He  soon  had 
an  opportunity  to  purchase  fifty  acres  of  land  on  Castle  Creek,  six 
miles  north  of  Chenango  Point  (now  Binghamton),  where  he  and 
his  family,  after  a  journey  of  two  hundred  miles,  arrived  on  June  i, 
1814.  The  location  was  a  lonely  one,  but  one  wagon  passing  his 
dwelling  during  the  first  year  of  his  residence  in  that  place.  The 
years  of  1815  and  1816  are  memorable  in  history  as  cold  seasons,  se- 
vere and  repeated  frosts  occurring  every  month  in  the  year,  and  as  a 
result  no  corn  was  raised  during  this  time  and  but  few  potatoes,  so 
that  the  food  was  necessarily  scanty  and  plain.  The  nearest  school 
was  two  and  a  half  miles  distant;  thus  the  smaller  children  were  en- 
tirely debarred  from  its  benefits.  The  third  summer  of  their  resi- 
dence in  this  place  a  school  district  was  organized,  and  Clement 
French's  wife  was  employed  to  teach  the  school,  their  stable  having 
been  prepared  for  that  use. 

In  18 1 8  Clement  sold  his  farm  to  his  father,  Samson  French,  and 
purchased  for  six  dollars  per  acre  a  tract  lying  one  and  one-half 
miles  distant,  on  which  land  he  built  a  cabin  in  the  spring  of  1819. 
With  the  help  of  his  sons  he  succeeded  in  paying  for  this  farm  and 
purchased  more  land  adjoining.  Although  by  occupation  a  farmer, 
he  devoted  rainy  weather  and  evenings  to  cooper  work  and  the  mak- 
ing of  shoes,  the  story  being  related  of  his  having  made  a  pair  of  shoes 
on  his  eightieth  birthday. 

In  religious  faith  Clement  French  was  a  Methodist;  he  was  a  firm 
supporter  of  the  temperance  cause  and  of  the  various  benevolent  and 
charitable  institutions  of  his  day. 

Clement  French  died  in  October,  1865;  his  wife  Elizabeth  died 
November  i,  1864. 

X.     Clara,  born  September  7,  1785;  died  March  6,  1786. 

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Catalogue  of  the  Descendants  of  Samson  and  Lusannah  French 

\^'rirtell  liv  Ezra  Williams 


XI.  Clara  (second),  born  February  22,  1788;  married  Harry 
Tuttle,  brother  of  Michael  Tuttle.  Clara  died  February 
28,  1839. 
XII.  Julia,  born  August  25,  1792;  died  May  29,  1793. 
XIII.  Charlotte,  born  January  10,  1795;  married  Ezra  Williams 
September  12,  18 14,  at  Northampton,  Massachusetts.  To 
them  were  born  six  children,  the  names  of  three  being 

1.  Daniel,  born  November  14,  1 81 5  ;  died  May  26,  1816. 

2.  David. 

3.  Arthur. 

Charlotte  French  Williams  died  in  Washington,  D.  C,  in 
1853,  and  some  of  her  descendants  now  live  in  Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania.  Ezra  Williams  (husband  of  Charlotte)  was 
born  May  31,1 790.  He  moved  with  his  family  to  Westf ord, 
Otsego  county,  New  York,  where  they  resided  for  seven 
years,  going  from  thence  to  Detroit,  Michigan,  from  which 
place  they  removed  to  Washington,  D.  C,  in  1845.  He  was 
a  man  of  good  business  ability  and  was  engaged  in  many 
pursuits  in  his  earlier  life.  Was  made  a  judge  and  sat  on  the 
bench  while  in  Detroit.  He  was  an  extraordinary  penman, 
being  employed  for  many  years  as  a  clerk  in  the  office  of  the 
secretary  of  war  at  Washington,  D.  C,  which  position  he 
held  at  the  time  of  his  death,  which  occurred  during  Lin- 
coln's administration.  He  wrote  "A  Catalogue  of  the  De- 
scendants of  Sampson  and  Lusannah  French,"  a  photograph 
of  which  appears  in  this  volume. 

The  "Account  Book"  of  Samson  French  Jr.  contains  the 
following  reference  to  this  family:  "My  daughter  today  — 
Williams  —  with  her  two  sons,  David  and  Arthur,  and  they 
arrived  here  on  Saturday  Sep.  29,  1832,  about  10  of  the 
clock,  and  left  here  on  Monday  at  8  of  the  clock  and  I  parted 
with  them  for  last  time  &  I  never  expect  to  see  them  any- 
more so  farewell." 
Samson    French  Jr.   was   born   in    Dunstable,   New   Hampshire, 


September  15,  1742.  He  married  at  Southwick,  Massachusetts,  in 
1768  Lusannah  Root  who  was  born  September  20,  1752.  The  date 
of  his  mother's  death  is  not  known,  but  his  father  remarried  when  he 
was  six  or  seven  years  of  age.  Samson  French  Jr.  enlisted  when  six- 
teen as  a  soldier  in  the  army  during  the  "Old  French  War."  He 
served  during  two  campaigns,  a  portion  of  the  time  being  under  Gen- 
eral Amherst,  helping  to  reduce  the  walls  of  Louisburg.  The  rest  of 
the  time  he  was  engaged  in  batteauxing  (boating)  on  the  Mohawk 
River,  carrying  supplies  to  the  soldiers  at  Fort  Stanwix  (now  Rome). 

Dr.  S.  H.  French  says:  "There  is  a  tradition  that  the  second 
Samson  went  to  war  on  account  of  friction  between  him  and  his 
step-mother.  Whether  this  be  true  or  not,  it  is  certain  that  his  father 
went  to  war  at  the  same  time,  and  she  must  have  been  a  mighty  un- 
comfortable woman  if  they  preferred  the  war  up  near  Newfoundland 
to  the  war  at  home." 

When  about  twenty  years  of  age  Samson  Jr.  returned  to  Dunstable 
and  soon  after  with  his  father  removed  to  Hampshire  county,  Massa- 
chusetts, where  he  married  Lusannah  Root  in  1768. 

From  a  letter  written  to  Dr.  S.  H.  French,  at  Amsterdam,  New 
York,  by  J.  M.  French,  of  Milford,  Massachusetts,  is  made  the  fol- 
lowing extract: 

Regarding  the  age  of  Sampson  [Samson]  Jr.,  I  find  upon  looking  up  the 
matter  a  second  time  that  this  list  was  taken  from  the  muster  rolls  of  1758 
and  that  the  date  of  enlistment  was  April  6th  of  that  year,  while  tiie  "1757" 
referred  to  the  date  of  a  former  expedition  in  whicii  he  was  also  engaged; 
at  least  so  I  understand  it.  That  would  make  him  sixteen,  as  you  said  you 
had  before  supposed.  As  to  his  lying,  while  I  agree  with  you  that  it  is  "a 
thing  no  French  ought  to  do,"  yet  when  we  consider  that  as  I  now  think  he 
only  lied  one  year ;  and  further  the  he  lied  in  a  good  cause  —  namely  that 
he  might  be  accepted  as  a  soldier  to  fight  the  enemies  of  his  country  (there 
was  no  cowardly  sneaking  out  of  the  fight  —  I  couldn't  have  borne  that) 
I  am  inclined  not  indeed  to  justify  but  surely  to  excuse  him. 

An  extract  is  here  given  from  a  letter  received  by  the  author  from 
Dr.  S.  H.  French  of  Amsterdam,  New  York,  to  whom  an  appeal  had 
been  made  for  information  concerning  the  early  history  of  Samson 
French  Jr.: 


You  ask  about  the  military  history  of  our  early  ancestor,  born  1742.  In 
1776  he  was  about  thirtj'-four  years  old,  his  son  Thomas  about  three  years 
old,  and  his  son  Clement  not  yet  born.  Sampson  was  the  only  one  who 
could  have  taken  part  in  the  Revolution,  and  he  did  not,  for  the  reason  that 
he  was  at  heart  a  Tory.  He  did  not  take  up  either  side  actively,  but  said 
he  thought  the  war  was  a  mistake  and  King  George's  government  good 
enough.  My  father  told  me  he  was  drafted  twice  and  each  time  furnished  a 
substitute,  which  he  could  have  done  as  he  had  considerable  property.  Some 
one  ought  to  have  punched  this  particular  Sampson  in  those  days,  but  he 
was  si.x  feet  tall  and  had  a  red  hot  temper,  so  he  escaped.  But  there  is 
something  to  be  said  for  our  Sampson.  As  we  look  at  it  now,  a  man  to  be 
patriotic  in  1776  must  be  willing  to  help  destroy  the  regular  government. 
In  1 86 1  it  was  considered  patriotic  to  support  and  defend  the  regular  gov- 
ernment. My  own  experience  leads  me  to  think  that  serving  in  the  army 
as  a  soldier  intensifies  and  renders  more  permanent  attachment  to  and  respect 
for  a  regular  government.  Now  our  Sampson  enlisted  in  the  British  army 
under  General  Amherst  and  served  in  the  war  between  England  and  France 
before  the  Revolution.  Perhaps  this  experience  helped  color  his  later 

The  census  of  1790  gave  Southwick  a  population  of  eight  hundred 
forty-one,  and  the  name  of  Samson  French  appears  first  in  a  list  of 
five  chosen  for  selectmen  in  1792,  he  also  being  numbered  among  the 
earliest  settlers  of  that  town.  The  village  contained  one  hundred 
twenty-three  houses,  which  sheltered  one  hundred  forty-eight  fam- 
ilies. Philadelphia  was  the  capital,  and  George  Washington  presi- 
dent of  the  United  States.  Eight  days  were  consumed  in  making  the 
journey  from  New  York  to  Washington,  so  a  little  idea  can  be  gained 
of  the  condition  of  the  country  at  this  time.  This  census  gives  Sam- 
son French  as  having  two  males  over  sixteen  years  in  his  family. 
These  must  have  been  Josiah  and  Thomas,  one  under  sixteen,  which 
was  Clement,  and  five  females  —  his  wife  and  four  daughters  then 
living  making  this  number.  It  is  quite  gratifying  to  note  that  the 
number  given  in  the  census  corresponds  exactly  with  the  family  rec- 
ord, for  the  people  of  that  day  objected  to  the  taking  of  the  census, 
for  they  imagined  that  it  was  a  scheme  for  increasing  their  taxes,  so 
were  cautious  in  giving  data  to  census  enumerators.  They  also  ob- 
jected on  religious  grounds  —  a  count  of  the  inhabitants  being  con- 
sidered a  mark  of  divine  displeasure.     However,   the   census  was 


probably  taken  to  find  out  the  military  strength  of  the  country,  and 
was  given  with  considerable  accuracy,  due  no  doubt  to  the  lact  that  if 
any  inhabitant  failed  to  give  a  true  account  he  would  forfeit  twenty 
dollars  —  one-half  of  which  went  to  the  assessor,  the  other  half  to  the 
LTnited  States  government. 

The  census  of  1790  forms  a  unique  inheritance  for  the  nation,  for 
each  of  the  states  concerned  thus  has  a  complete  list  of  the  heads  of 
families  in  the  United  States  at  the  time  of  the  adoption  of  the  Con- 
stitution. The  first  census  act  was  passed  at  the  second  session  of  first 
Congress,  and  was  signed  by  President  Washington  March  i,  1790. 
Nine  months  were  allowed  to  complete  the  enumeration;  seventeen 
marshals  had  charge  of  this  census;  number  of  assistants  estimated  at 
six  hundred  fifty;  total  population  at  that  time  as  turned  in  by  the 
enumerators,  3,929,214;  entire  cost  of  the  census,  $44,377.  The 
Union  at  this  time  consisted  of  twelve  states.  There  were  no  roads; 
bridges  were  unknown.' 

The  records  in  the  court  house  at  Springfield,  Massachusetts,  con- 
tain a  number  of  transfers  of  property  between  the  years  1771  and 
1798,  bearing  the  signature  of  Samson  French  Jr.  and  Lusannah 
French.  Perhaps  the  one  contained  in  Vol.  37  is  the  most  unusual, 
owing  to  the  signatures  of  the  daughters  being  aflixed  as  witnesses  to 
the  document: 

Samson  French  of  Northampton  in  county  of  Hampshire  for  £480, 
deeded  tract  to  Warham  Edwards  of  Southwick,  containing  about  eighty 
(80)  acres  with  house  and  barn. 

Dated  Oct-30-1798.  Signed  sealed  and  delivered  in  presence  of  us  War- 
ham  Parks  —  Julia  Parks  —  Lucy  French.  Signed  sealed  and  delivered  in 
presence  of  Submit  French  Polly  French 

Samson  French 
Lusannah  Frfnch 

During  all  the  years  of  his  married  life  Samson  French  Jr.  kept  an 
account  book,  mentioned  in  the  history  of  his  father,  Sampson  French, 
as  being  the  property  of  Mrs.  Nellie  Pendell  of  Binghamton,  New 
York.  This  account  book  is  of  much  value  historically,  as  it  contains 
the  "Portion"  given  to  each  of  his  children  at  the  time  of  their  mar- 

1  From  census  report  of  1790. 



riage,  the  records  of  births  and  deaths,  as  well  as  many  items  of  in- 
terest to  the  succeeding  generations. 

From  the  "Account  Book"  kept  by  Samson  French  Jr.  is  copied 
the  "Portion"  given  to  Josiah,  at  the  time  of  his  marriage  to  Lucinda 




By  one  cow 



By  one  horse 



By  one  yoke  of  Steers 



To  seed  wheat  &  Genl  Parkis  Order 
By  one  horse  that  he  let  his  Uncle 


Aaron  French  have 


By  a  2  yr  old  heifer  at  Mr  Waitdells 

Strongs  with  calf 

2-  8-00 


12-   8-00 


February  26 


March  6 





By  paying  Mr  Smith  and  others  to  the 

amount  of  five  pounds  thirteen 

By  paying  his  note  at  Mr  Hastings 

dated  January  24-1801 

Then  sold  the  mill  pond  &  Josiah  re- 
ceived ten  pounds  at  Mr  Hastings 
By  a  watch  one  pound  ten  shillings 
By  paying  Doctor  Ashley 

By  71  pounds  of  Beef  at  2  pence 

half  penny  pr  pound 
By  cash  Lent  two  Dolers 

By  one  bushel  &  half  ry 
By  cash  paid  for  fish  9/0  shillings  & 
Salt  2  shillings  paid  for  us  both 













o-  9-00 



Josiah  swapped  his  steers  the  first 
week  in  March  with  Allen 

1796  by  one  peck  salt  I -00 
By  cash  3  shillings  to  get  Shad                                 o-  3-00 
By  five  days  work  to  get  his  hay  at  the 
mill  pond  the  beginning  of  august                                 15-00 
By  time  to  get  a  load  of  hay  in  my 

stable  from  for  2-00 

By  two  days  to  get  coopers  shop  with 

By  paying  Sam  Fowler 
By  two  days  with  the  team  to  sow  his 
rye  at  the  mill  pond 
By  one  pair  of  shoes  of  Capt  Ives 

1797  and  one  day  to  go  with  Tom 
May      By  other  two  Dollars  to  get  fish 

1798  By  cash  to  pay  on  Execution  in  favor 
Thomas  Eten  15  dollars 

October      By  cash  lent  —  3  shillings 
November      Turnips  3/2  and  Staves  one 
1803  hundred  and  20 

April  2      Then  took  his  mare  to  keep  12-  6-04 

By  the  first  date  given  in  this  record  it  would  seem  that  the  mar- 
riage of  Josiah  occurred  about  1791  and  that  his  father  continued  to 
contribute  to  his  support,  is  shown  by  the  items  under  later  dates. 

The  exact  date  of  Sarah's  marriage  to  Nathaniel  Lee  is  not  of  rec- 
ord, but  from  this  same  "Account  Book"  is  gleaned  the  following,  as 
the  portion  given  to  her  at  the  time  of  her  marriage: 


Sept.    19  SARAH 

Sundry  goods  £1-13-00 

Some  Tin  &  earthen  ware  o-  4-00 

Slise  &  tongs  &  tramel  0-18-00 

Sundrj'  small  things  o-  3-08 

One  set  tea  cups  &  pepper  castor  o-  3-00 
Iron  hollow  ware  I  pot  &  dish 

Kittle  &  I  tea  kittle  &  I  spider  0-18-  2 
I   brass  kittle  which  Nathaniel 















/ '  '■ 

f  /   'f"^ 



m-  ''■  '  •. 

/:      / 




r  ,1  .: 

'■•'•     *'irf/t> 


?  '' 


'^     /6' 

!       ■  .    : 

.h^^3  r 


'  't^-tJK.f/j7h^!yrL0.'^~<^ 

Portion  given  to  Thomas,  hv  His  Father  —  Samson  French 



paid  2  dollars  toward  it  &  I  paid  the 

remainder  that  was 


By  bailing  the  said  kittle 


0-  7-00 

6  chairs  at  3  shillings  per 



I  old  chest  of  drawers 


I  Table 

I-  0-00 

24  yds  linen  for  sheets  & 



2-  8-00 

I  Bed  bolsters  and  tickens 


I  Bed  stead  &  rope 

0-  6-00 

9  yards  Table  linen 


2  Rugs 


I  —  I  cow 

4-  0-00 

I  Pair  and  irons 

i>-  6-00 

I   Great  wheel 

0-  7-00 


July  20 

I  colt  2  years  old 

5-  0-00 

25-  3-10 

The  first  record  of  any  gift  to  "my  son  Thomas"  is  under  date  of 
November,  1794: 

By  cash  to  go  to  the  Neversink 


In  May  1795 


Feb.   1 3  — 


By  cash  for  expenses  to  move  to 


By  cash  paid  Capt  Gillet  for  going  to 

Cambridge  with  his  sleigh  eight  dollars 

By  a  j'oke  of  oxen  twenty  pounds 

contrary  credit  at  the  same  time  five 

pounds      £5-0-0 

6      By  part  of  one  summers  work 

after  he  was  married  £5 

By  a  part  of  a  crop  of  grain  when  he 

came   from  Cambridge 

By  cash  one  dollar 

By  one  barrel  of  cider  to  pay  Turner 

&  one  bushel  &  half  of  oats 

for  moving  him  from  Cambridge 

By  cash  lent  to  pay  Jared  Hiscock 
eleven  dollars 

£  0-18-00 


2-  8-  o 
20-  0-0 


0-18-  o 



1799           By  one  cow  &  calf  4-15-  O 

By  one  two  year  old  Steer  past  4-0-0 

By  my  roan  mare  at  twelve  pounds  12-0-0 

Credit  by  a  chest  of  drawers  at  

five  dollars  toward  the  mare  £4?-  3-  o 


Oct  1799 

3  green  dining  chairs 
1  looking  glass 
I  new  Rug 
Table  linen 

September      By  a  horse  at  45  Dollars  13-10-  O 




1  pot  6/1   Kettle  4/6  I  tea  kettle  6/  1-0-3 

3-  9 

I  spider 

1/2  gross  furniture 
I   whcle  0-1-5 

I  shalloon  quilt  ^  3-4-1 

39  yds  old  linen  at  1  shilling  per  yard  1-19-  o 

1  bed  3-  8-  o 

I  poor  bed  1-15-  o 

I  pair  dog  irons  O-  3-  o 

I-  I-  o 
1-18-  o 
o-ii-  6 

Slise  &  tongs  0-9-0 

I  pillion   ("pilon")  0-15-  o 

I  pr  flats  0-3-0 

21-19-  3 


Jany  29      I  chest  of  Drawers  £1-10-  O 

1  fall  leaf  table  1-4-0 
3  Green  chairs  '-  '-  ° 
1/2  gross  furniture  2-  o-  3 

2  half  Tubs  4-  o 
I  Stand  table  0-6-0 
I  Looking  glass— 12  earthen  plates                     0-12-  o 

1  A  shalloon  quilt  was  one  pieced  from  woolen  cloth. 


I  Bed  and  bedding 
Another  bed  not  so  good 
Some  things  taken  out  of  the  house 
Hollow  ware  &  sundries 
Table  linen 
Apr-1804-      One  iron  kettle  1 1/4 

Trimming  to  chest  of  drawers 
Set  of  knives  &  forks  &  2  glasses 
I   Slise  cSc  tongs  — The  slise 
good  and  the  tongs  poor 
3  chairs  at  5  shillings  per  chair 
I  small  brass  kettle 


6-  9-  o 

4-14-  o 
o-  5-  5 
3-8-  5 
0-12-  o 
o-ii-  4 
0-13-  o 

0-15-  o 

1804  By  cash  to  go  to  Sandy  Creek  £1-4-0 
By  cash  paid  for  a  gun  at  Hastings  (.rS     ^ 

1805  By  cash  ^^_  ° 

By  pork 

Tj  J  11  0-14-  o 

ay  ten  dollars  worth  of  goods  at 

Smith's  store 
Febry  26      The  day  he  set  out  for  Sandy  Creek  —  3-  o-  o 

then  let  him  have  in  cash  fifty  dol- 
lars and  one  shilling 
rsy  a  pair  of  steers 
Febry  1808      By  cash  delivered  to  his  Father  Hawks  "^  " 

seventeen  dollars 

Paid  Mr  Butler  for  pasturing  his  steers 
3  dollars  &  quarter 
By  paying  his  note  to  Nathan  Smith 
Dated  Feb  21-1805  of 

April      By  a  horse 

by  ten  dollars  in  cash 

0-19-  6 

I-  o 

13-10-  o 

37-13-  o 

CL     1,  1  1805 

I  bhalloon  bed  quilt  p, 

<^3—  I—  I 




17  pounds  "gees"  feathers  &  bed  tick 

bolsters  &  pillars 

Slise  &  tongs  new  &  good 

48  yards  of  linen  for  sheets 

India  cotton  for  Table  cloth 

6/g  pint  glasses 

2  bed  quilts  —  not  so  good 

2  yards  table  linen 
Goods  at  Ely  &  Stevens 
One  poor  bed 

I  Dish  Kittle  &  pot  &  tea  kettle 
Dog  irons  6/  —  spider  5/6 
Chest  of  drawers 

3  chairs 
I  Table 

I   Little  wheel 
I  great  wheel 

In  addition  to  the  amounts  given  his  children  at  the  time  of  their 
marriage,  there  were  various  items  of  interest  in  this  "Account  Book," 
some  of  which  follow  and  will  serve  as  illustrations: 

5-  0- 




3-  6 



2-  5- 






I-  0- 














0-  5- 



November  9th  day 


25  October 
Feb.  9,   1805 

Jan.   14.      181 3. 

June   15- 

21  pounds  of  gees  fethers  at  his  hous  but  by  my 
Stilards  they  waid  but  only  20  pounds. 

3  bushels  winter  apples  at  one  peck  of  ryer  per  bushel. 

David  Graves  Dr 

by  dying  blue  yarn  2  pounds  &  10  ounces  0-6-2 

Then  reconed  and  found  due  to  me  six  days  work  in 
dressing  flax  to  be  done  in  30  days. 

Joseph  Wise  Jr. 
Account  balanced  Apr.  24,  1805. 
Let  Joshua  Hawks  have  one  hog  drest  to  carry  to 
Boston  weighed  336  pounds. 

Winchel  &  Chapen  by  one  bushel  ry  bye  a  mistake  we 
got  wiske  and  they  charged  the  wisk  &  we  did  not 
charge  the   rye  o-i-oo 



Feb- 15th-  Set   out   from   Northampton   for   Decatur  —  arrived 

there  the  19th 
Sept  -  by  one  horse  to  Sheffield  in  the  Bay  State  charged  to 

Jonathan  French 

15  pounds  venison  36 

5  quarts   whiskey  47 

I   pint  whiskey  y^  pt.  rum  14 

Set  out  from  Thomas  at  Decatur  Mar.  9th  and  ar- 
rived at  chenango  12th  of  March  18 19. 
Feb  -  Dr  Brainerd  Dr 

To  a  part  of  a  bottle  of  Harlem  oil  and  my  mare  to 
ride  8  or  10  miles 
June   12  —  To  mare  to  ride  one  day  I  know  not  where 

Aug  2ist-  Paid   him   six   pounds  of  sheeps  wool  3   dollars  and 

made  a  lumpen  reckoning.      I  took  his  receipt  in  full. 
1823  -  Mr.  Bishop  dr  by  my  wagon  to  the  pint  mill  &  back  to 

his  hous  at  3  sence  pr  mild  25  sence  by  my  wagon  to  the 
twice  to  the  pint      42  sence 
Feb  3rd  To  3  pounds  of  cheese  at  8  cents  per  pound 

September  20  paid  to  Mr  Abraham  Bever  for  carding  of  wool  by  the 

hand  of  phines  Marchant  one  shiling  in  ful  for  the 
cardine  of  about  two  pounds  of  wool 
1825  by  my  black  mare  &  wagon  Somwhere  beyond  the  pint 

twice  &  cared  his  wife  &  staid  over  Saberdy  gon  2  or 
3  days  1.25  sence 

Dec  25  -  To  a  brass  kitel  two  dollars 

Began  to  board  with  Thomas  Nov.  17-  1832- 
Left  Thomas  June  1st   1833   and  went  to  live  with 
Submit  &  Phineas  and  that  day  left  him  &  paid  him 
$10  &  3  crockery  milk  bowles. 

The  year  before  his  death,  the  following  was  recorded: 

January  22  -  that  day  I  went  to  Parley  Lee  &  found  him  at  his 

fathers  lees  hous  &  I  held  a  smal  noat  against  him  & 


I  told  him  I  was  in  great  Want  of  it  &  if  he  wod  not 
settel  it  soon  I  would  cal  for  it  in  a  nothe  way  &  he 
flue  in  a  grat  pashen  &  said  he  would  pay  the  i  dollar 
&  37  senc  if  I  would  produs  it  &  that  should  be  the 
last  money  he  should  pay  for  he  could  or  he  wold  put 
the  morged  horses  where  I  col  not  find  them.      I  mit 
git  my  money  if  I  could  for  he  dtclar  never  woul  pay 
The  Story  is  told  of  Samson  French  being  asked  for  the  loan  of 
some  money,  security  for  the  same  to  be  given  on  a  span  of  horses. 
The  old  gentleman  insisted  on  being  shown  the  animals,  and  after  a 
somewhat  lengthy  tramp  through  the  woods  to  the  place  where  they 
were  supposed  to  be  found,  nothing  but  a  pair  of  wooden  saw  horses 
was  to  be  seen.     It  is  needless  to  add  that  the  money  was  not  forth- 

From  the  old  "Account  Book"  the  following  record  is  taken: 

Samson  French  removed  his  family  from  Massachusetts  to  Decatur, 
Otsego  count)-,  New  York,  reaching  the  last  mentioned  place  February  19, 

The  deed  to  the  property  he  sold  on  leaving  the  Bay  state  follows: 


To  all  people  to  ivhom  these  presents  shall  come:  Greeting.  Knoiv  ye,  that 
I  Sampson  French  of  a  place  called  Zoar,  in  the  county  of  Berkshire  and 
Commonwealth  of  Massachusetts,  Yeomen, —  For  and  in  consideration  of  the 
sum  of  one  Hundred  dollars  in  part  payment  to  me  in  hand  paid  before  the 
ensealing  hereof  by  my  son  Clemon  French  of  Zoar  afore  said.  Yeomen,  and 
in  consideration  of  the  love  and  good  will  I  bear  to  my  son  Clemns  as  afore- 
said do  give  him  one  Hundred  Dollars  of  my  free  will  as  full  payment  for  the 
Residue  of  the  premises  hereafter  mentioned  in  this  deed  the  receipt  whereof 
I  do  hereby  acknowledge  and  am  fully  satisfied,  contented,  and  paid,  have 
given,  granted,  bargained,  sold,  aliend,  released  conveyed  and  confirmed,  and 
by  these  presents  do  freely,  clearly  and  absolutely  give,  grant,  bargain,  sell, 
alien,  release,  convey  and  confirm  unto  him  the  said  Clemon  French,  his 
heirs  and  assigns  forever  a  certain  piece  of  land  on  the  northerly  part  of  the 
farm  conveyed  to  me  by  Elder  Francis  Wheeler,  and  is  bounded  as  follows: 
beginning  at  the  northwesterly  corner  of  said  farm  at  the  foot  of  Hoosack 
mountain  thence  north,  sixty  seven  Degrees  East  thirty  six  Rods  to  the  bank 
of  Deerfield  river;  thece  south  thirty  one  degrees  east  forty  two  rods;  thence 


south  twenty  one  degrees  East  Eighteen  Rods  to  a  birch  tree;  thence  south 
Eighty  two  degrees  west  Eighty  Eight  rods;  thence  northerly  on  the  west 
line  of  my  Land  to  the  first  mentioned  bounds,  containing  Twenty  acres. 
To  have  and  to  hold,  the  before  granted  premises,  with  the  appur-tenances 
and  privileges  thereto  belonging  to  him  the  said  Clemon  his  heirs  and  as- 
signs ;  to  his  and  their  own  proper  use  and  benefit  and  behoof  forever,  and  I 
the  said  Samson  French  and  my  heirs  and  administrators,  do  covenant  prom- 
ise and  grant  unto  and  with  the  said  Clemon  his  heirs  and  assignes  forever. 
That  before  and  until  the  ensealing  hereof  I  am  the  true,  sole,  proper 
and  lawful  owner  and  possessor  of  the  before  granted  premises,  with  the 
appurtenances.  And  have  in  myself  good  right,  full  power  and  lawful  au- 
thority to  give,  grant,  bargain,  sell,  alien,  release,  convey  and  confirm  the 
aforesaid ;  and  that  free  and  clear,  and  freely  and  clearly  executed,  acquitted 
and  discharged  of  and  from  all  former  and  other  gifts,  grants,  bargains,  sales, 
mortgages,  wills,  intails,  jointures,  dowries,  thirds,  executions,  and  incum- 
brances whatsoever.  And  furthermore,  I  the  said  Samson  for  myself,  my 
heirs,  executors,  administrators,  do  hereby  covenant  promise  and  engage  the 
before  granted  premises,  with  the  appurtenances,  unto  him  the  said  Clemon 
his  heirs  and  assigns  forever,  to  warrant,  secure  and  defend,  against  the  law- 
ful claims  and  demands  of  any  person  or  persons  whatsoever. 
In  witness  whereof  I  have  hereunto  set  my  hand  and  seal  this  twenty  fourth 
day  of  April  in  the  year  of  our  Lord  one  thousand  eight  hundred  and 

Signed,  sealed  and  delivered 
in  presence  of 

Samuel  Pettibone.  Samson  French. 

David  Tuttle. 

From  Decatur  the  family  removed  to  Broome  county  in  18 19  and 
settled  on  a  farm  in  Chenango,  now  known  as  Glen  Castle,  situated 
about  six  miles  north  of  Binghamton,  which  farm  was  a  part  of  the 
tract  known  as  the  "Boston  Purchase  of  Ten  Townships."  Bingham- 
ton was  incorporated  as  a  village  April  2,  1813,  and  it  was  here  that 
Samson  French  and  his  family  got  their  mail  and  went  to  "meeting." 

The  first  saw-mill  in  Broome  county  was  built  in  1788  on  Castle 
Creek  by  one  Henry  French,  and  the  first  grist-mill  was  built  on 
Fitch's  Creek,  in  Kirkwood,  in  1790. 

In  the  office  of  the  clerk  of  Broome  county  may  be  found  the  fol- 
lowing, under  date  of  April  14,  1819: 

Deed  from  Clement  French  and  Clara,  his  wife.      Roland  Lee  and  Polly 


his  wife  to  Samson  French  —  consideration  $250.  Lot  No.  43  Town  of 
Chenango  —  Boston  Purchase  containing  50  acres. 

Samson  French  purchased  the  farm  owned  by  his  son  Clement,  on 
which  he  erected  a  comfortable  dwelling  house  and  out-buildings, 
but  beginning  to  feel  the  weight  of  years,  he  gave  to  his  daughters  — 
Mrs.  Lee  and  Mrs.  Merchant  —  all  of  his  land  lying  west  of  the 
highway  and  retired  from  business.  The  health  of  his  wife  was 
gradually  failing,  and  she  died  September  11,  1829,  being  seventy- 
seven  years  of  age.  After  her  death,  he  spent  most  of  his  time  visiting 
among  his  children,  having  two  sons  and  two  daughters  living  within 
a  radius  of  two  miles. 

On  page  36,  Vol.  13,  Broome  county.  New  York,  Records,  an  in- 
denture made  December  18,  1824,  between  Samson  French  of  Che- 
nango, Broome  county.  New  York,  and  Sarah  Lee,  wife  of  Nathaniel 
Lee  of  the  same  town,  for  the  sum  of  $70,  a  piece  of  land  properly  de- 
scribed, containing  eight  acres  more  or  less  —  signed  by  Samson 
French.    Witness  —  Clement  French. 

In  the  same  volume,  on  page  416,  an  indenture  made  May  24,  1813, 
between  Samson  French  of  the  town  of  Chenango,  Broome  county, 
and  Parley  Lee  of  the  same  place  —  consideration  $400. 

A  parcel  of  land  lying  in  this  count}',  containing  30  acres  more  or  less, 
which  was  subject  to  a  mortgage  executed  by  him  to  Martin  Hawley  & 
Julius  Page.  Signed  Samson  French. 

Some  idea  of  the  conditions  surrounding  these  people  may  be 
gained,  when  it  is  recalled  that  at  this  time  there  were  no  steam 
engines,  locomotives,  gas,  or  electric  lights;  no  talking  machines, 
steamships,  power  cranes,  blast  furnaces,  rolling  mills,  or  dynamos. 
Neither  were  they  harassed  by  the  fear  of  any  Indian  foe  who  might 
be  lurking  near,  as  were  the  people  of  the  former  generation.  Their 
lives  in  most  respects  were  quiet  and  uneventful  —  just  the  plain 
simple  record  of  honest  everyday  people. 

Soon  after  his  ninety-second  birthday,  Samson  French  suffered  a 
severe  stroke  of  paralysis  which  destroyed  his  ability  to  walk  or  carry 
on  conversation.  In  January,  1834,  five  years  after  the  death  of  his 
wife,  he  died  at  the  home  of  his  son  Clement.    Although  in  comfort- 

/."....  ■ 


Family  Rhcoru  Kiipx  nv  Samson  Friinch 








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Family  RncfiRO  —  continued 



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Family  Record  —  continued 





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Family  Record  —  coxi 

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Family  Recuru  —  cuncll  i>lu 


able  circumstances  through  life,  he  gave  of  his  property  to  those  of 
his  children  who  were  most  in  need,  so  that  when  all  the  funeral  ex- 
penses were  paid,  only  fourteen  dollars  of  his  estate  remained. 

Samson  and  Lusannah  French  were  buried  on  the  farm  where  they 
had  lived,  but  when  it  was  sold  their  bodies  were  removed  to  the  Wil- 
cox burying  ground  near  Castle  Creek,  Broome  county.  New  York, 
where  they  now  rest. 

Ninth  Generation 

Thomas  "  French  (Samson  Jr.,"  Sampson,'  Joseph,*  Samuel,'  Wil- 
liam,* Thomas,^  Thomas,"  Thomas')  second  son  of  Samson  Jr.  and 
Lusannah  French,  was  born  in  Southwick,  Massachusetts,  February 
3,  1773.  He  married  Polly  Hiscock  (born  in  Southwick  1774)  in 
1793.     To  them  were  born  eight  children  : 

I.  Marietta,  born  in  Southwick  1794;  married  David  Stever  at 
Chenango,  Broome  county.  New  York,  in  1830.  To  them 
were  born  seven  children: 

1.  Marietta,  born  in  Chenango  1832;  married  Van 

Alstine,  and  resided  at  Pike  Creek,  Broome  county. 

2.  William,  born  in  1834  or  1835.     In  1861  he  was  living 
at  Norwich,  New  York. 

3.  Jane,  born  in  1834;  married  Samuel  Bishop. 

4.  Dolly,  born  in  1840;  married Johnson. 

Three  more  children  were  born  of  this  union,  but  their  names 
are  not  of  record. 
II.  Samson,  born  January  19,  1796,  in  Cambridge,  Massachu- 
setts; married  at  Decatur,  Otsego  county.  New  York,  March 
3,  1818,  Elizabeth  Seaward  (born  February  7,  1798).  To 
them  were  born  thirteen  children. 
III.  Nancy,  born  in  Southwick  1798;  married  Philo  Ferris.  To 
them  were  born  nine  children: 

1.  Wesley. 

2.  Lucy  Jane. 

3.  Hannah  Eliza. 

4.  George. 


5.  Polly  Lodema. 

6.  Mariah. 

7.  Watson. 

8.  Philo. 

9.  Phoebe. 

The  four  last  named  children  were  minors  at  the  time  of  the 
death  of  their  grandfather,  Thomas  French. 
IV.     Polly,  born  in  Southwick.  about  1801  ;  married  Marcena  Mc- 
Intyre.     Have  record  of  only  four  children  born  to  them: 

1.  Ebenezer. 

2.  Franklin. 

3.  Chauncey. 

4.  Thomas. 

V.  Hiram,  born  in  Southwick,  Massachusetts,  about  1804;  mar- 
ried Amanda  Waterman,  at  Chenango,  Broome  county.  New 
York,  about  1826.     To  them  were  born  five  children: 

1.  Thelismar,  born  1828;  married  Anna  Wright. 

2.  Jared  A.,  born  1831;  never  married;  died  about  thirty- 
one  years  of  age. 

3.  Julia,  born  1833;  married  Levi  Phillips. 

4.  Aha,  born  1 835 ;  died  when  about  nine  years  of  age. 

5.  Amanda,  born  1837;  married  J.  G.  Sanders. 

The  children  of  Hiram  and  Amanda  French  were  all  born 
in  Chenango,  with  the  exception  of  Amanda,  who  was  born 
in  Michigan,  where  the  family  had  removed  about  1836  or 


Amanda    (Waterman)    French    died   when   her    daughter 

Amanda  was  a  babe;  later,  Hiram  French  married  Rhoda 

.     They  had  no  children  and  were  not  living  together  at 

the  time  of  his  death. 

VI.     Thomas,  born  in  Southwick,  Massachusetts,  about  1806  or 

1807;  married  in  1830,  Polly  Temple  of  Chenango,  Broome 

county,  New  York,  daughter  of  James  and  Alenda  Temple, 

who  moved  from  Buckland,  Massachusetts,  to  Chenango. 

To  them  were  born  eight  children: 

'fiLi.'i-  'I'lMPLE,  WiFi'  (IF  Thomas 
Frfnch  Jr. 

Samsnn   French 

Tliomas  French 

Cbauncey   French 

Harriet   French  Lee 

1'homas  Frhnch  AM)  Turkic  of  His  Children 


1.  Nancy  M.,  born  January  20,  1833;  died  December  29, 

2.  Mary  A.,  born  November  7,  1833;  died  May  18,  1853, 
Burlington,  Michigan. 

3.  Rebecca  J.,  born  in  Chenango  December  2,  1835;  mar- 
ried J.  S.  Hudson ;  died  at  Ganges,  Allgum  county,  June, 

4.  James  Marshall,  born  in  Chenango  December  29,  1837; 
married  Catherine  C.  Osborne. 

5.  Sydney  J.,  born  in  Chenango  July  30,  1840;  died  in  Bur- 
lington, Calhoun  county,  Michigan,  June  5,  1849. 

6.  Martin  V.,  born  in  Chenango,  July  17,  1842;  married 
Bell  Cole. 

7.  Dallas  A.,  born  in  Burlington,  Michigan,  January  5, 
1845;  married  Ida  Loomis. 

8.  Nancy  Alenda,  born  in  Burlington,  Michigan,  October 
20,  1847;  married  William  Cowles. 

The  five  oldest  children  were  born  in  the  old  mill  house, 

at  Glen  Castle,  New  York. 

VII.     Chauncey,  born  at  Tyringham,  Massachusetts,  September  20, 

1812;  married  September  11,  1833,  Catherine  Bishop  (born 

April  6,  181 1 )  of  Castle  Creek,  Broome  county.  New  York. 

To  them  were  born  four  children,  two  dying  in  infancy: 

1.  Marcena,  born  October  29,  1834,  Decatur,  New  York; 
now  living  in  Denver,  Colorado. 

2.  Helen  Melissa,  born  Glen  Castle,  April  5,  1837;  married 
Judson  Alderman  (born  August  2,  1836,  Castle  Creek) 
at  Castle  Creek,  Broome  county.  New  York;  both  now 
living  in  Anamosa,  Iowa.  They  have  two  children, 
Newell  and  Etta. 

VIII.  Harriett,  born  in  Decatur,  Ostego  county,  New  York,  in  1816; 
married  Edwin  Lee,  at  Glen  Castle,  New  York,  about  1839; 
she  died  June  22,  1861.  To  them  were  born  three  children: 
I.     Alamanson,  born  Glen  Castle,  New  York,  about  1842. 


2.  Polly  Jane,   born   Glen   Castle,  New  York,  June   11, 
1844;  died  at  Glen  Castle,  September  20,  1864. 

3.  Morris,  born  about  1847. 

After  the  marriage  of  Thomas  French  and  Polly  Hiscock,  they 
moved  to  Cambridge,  Massachusetts,  as  an  item  taken  from  his  "Por- 
tion" in  the  "Account  Book"  of  Samson  French  shows: 

Mar.  1795      By  cash  for  expenses  to  move  to  Cambridge  4-12-2 

That  his  residence  in  this  place  was  but  a  brief  one,  is  shown  from 
another  entry  made  in  the  same  account  book,  under  date  of  January, 
1798,  where  he  enters  a  charge  for  moving  Thomas  from  Cambridge 
back  to  Southwick.  From  this  place  he  removed  to  Tyringham,  as 
there  is  record  of  his  buying  on  the  13th  day  of  March,  181 2,  from 
Stephen  Seaward  of  Decatur,  Otsego  county.  New  York,  a  piece  of 
land  for  which  he  paid  fifty  dollars,  his  residence  in  the  transaction 
being  given  as  Tyringham.  About  that  time  (181 2)  he  removed 
with  his  family  from  Tyringham  to  Decatur,  the  deed  for  the  land 
not  being  recorded  until  1827.  Although  Thomas  French  was  by 
occupation  a  farmer  he  had  learned  the  business  of  cloth  dressing, 
which  he  pursued  many  years  in  this  place,  removing  in  1826  to  Glen 
Castle,  Broome  county,  where  he  purchased  a  farm  of  nearly  two 
hundred  acres  quite  well  covered  with  timber.  Here  he  reconstructed 
a  grist  and  saw-mill,  situated  on  Castle  Creek,  which  ran  through  the 
farm,  and  added  cloth  dressing  and  dyeing  to  the  establishment. 

When  Thomas  first  moved  to  Glen  Castle  he  lived  in  what  is  known 
as  the  "old  mill  house,"  which  was  built  in  1810  and  is  still  standing, 
being  now  occupied  by  Mr.  George  Johnson.  In  1830  he  built  south 
of  the  mill  house,  and  when  completed  moved  to  this  new  home  which 
faced  the  west.  This  structure  has  suffered  some  changes  during  the 
passing  years,  but  the  general  outline  still  remains  the  same. 

Thomas  French  was  successful  in  business  and  acquired  quite  a 
fortune  for  those  days.  He  possessed  one  tract  of  land  which  was 
covered  with  a  fine  growth  of  timber,  and  the  story  is  told  of  some 
parties  who  wished  to  gain  his  consent  to  hold  a  camp  meeting  in  this 
grove,  but  feared  his  refusal,  for  it  was  well  known  that  he  did  not 
believe  in  these  meetings.     Upon  gaining  courage  to  ask,  they  were 

Rear  View  of  Old  Mill  House  (built  ix  i8io) 
Home  of  Thomas  Frexch  The  Old  Grist  Mill  ox  Castle  Crf.ek: 


surprised  to  receive  from  him  a  ready  assent,  providing  the  living 
trees  should  not  be  harmed.  He  afterwards  gave  the  site  on  which 
was  built  the  Methodist  church  in  Glen  Castle,  and  attended  its 

Polly,  wife  of  Thomas  French,  died  in  1839  after  an  illness  of  six 
years,  and  in  1843  he  married  (second)  Elizabeth,  widow  of  Reed 
Brockway  of  Lisle,  New  York,  with  whom  he  lived  until  his  death, 
which  occurred  August  21,  1861.  He  was  buried  by  the  side  of  Folly, 
his  first  wife,  in  Glen  Castle  cemetery,  where  many  of  the  French 
family  have  been  laid  to  rest. 


In  the  name  of  God  —  Amen,  I  Thomas  French  of  the  town  of  Chenan- 
go, CO  of  Broome  and  state  of  N.  Y.  aged  87  j'ears,  and  being  of  sound  mind 
and  memory  do  make,  publish  and  declare,  this  my  last  will  and  testament 
in  manner  following  —  that  is  to  say  — 

First  — •  I  give  and  bequeath  unto  my  wife  to  whom  I  have  been  married 
about  seventeen  years,  a  good  and  comfortable  maintenance  and  support  dur- 
ing her  natural  life,  or  until  she  shall  again  marry,  which  I  hereby  make 
chargable  upon  my  real  estate.  And  I  give  and  bequeath  to  her,  one  cow 
which  she  is  at  liberty  to  select  from  my  cows  —  and  my  one  horse  wagon.  I 
also  give  and  bequeath  all  the  household  furniture,  bed,  bedding  and  clothing 
which  belonged  to  her  when  I  married  her  and  which  she  brought  with  her 
to  me,  and  also  one  half  of  the  bedding  and  linen  made  and  belonging  to  me 
since  said  marriage,  also  all  comfortables  that  have  been  made  by  my  said 
wife  and  her  daughter.  All  of  which  provision  for  her  I  intend  to  be  in 
lieu  of  dower. 

Second.  I  give  and  bequeath  unto  my  son  Samson  French  now  residing  in 
the  state  of  Ohio,  the  sum  of  Three  hundred  dollars  to  be  paid  out  of  my 
real  and  personal  estate. 

Third.      I  give  and  bequeath  unto  the  heirs  of  my  deceased  son   Hiram 
French  the  sum  of  Four  Hundred  dollars  to  be  paid  as  aforesaid. 
Fourth.      I  give  and  bequeath  unto  the  heirs  of  my  deceased  son  Thomas 
French  the  sum  of  Four  hundred  dollars  to  be  paid  as  aforesaid. 
Fifth.      I  give  and  bequeath  to  my  son  Chauncey  French  the  sum  of  Three 
hundred  dollars  to  be  paid  as  aforesaid. 

Sixth.  I  give  and  bequeath  unto  the  heirs  of  my  deceased  daughter  Nancy 
Ferris  the  sum  of  One  hundred  and  twenty  five  dollars  to  be  pnid  as  afore- 


Seventh.  I  give  and  bequeath  unto  my  daughter  Harriet  Lee  the  sum  of 
thirty  dollars. 

Eighth.  I  give  and  bequeath  unto  my  children  living  and  to  the  heirs  of 
those  deceased  all  the  remaining  and  residue  of  my  estate  not  herein  other- 
wise disposed  of,  to  be  divided  equally  among  the  living  and  an  equal  share 
to  the  heirs  of  each  deceased  child. 

Ninth.  I  give  and  bequeath  unto  my  daughter  Harriet  Lee  and  to  the 
daughter  of  my  deceased  daughter  Marietta  Stever,  all  the  remaining  and 
residue  of  my  household  furniture  beds  and  bedding  and  clothing  and  linen 
not  hereinbefore  disposed  of  to  be  divided  the  one  half  to  Harriet  Lee  and 
the  other  half  to  my  said  granddaughter. 

Tenth.  I  give  to  my  sons  living  at  my  decease  my  wearing  apparel,  and  it 
is  my  will  and  I  direct  that  the  aforesaid  legacies  be  paid  within  three  years 
after  my  decease,  and  that  the  distribution  of  my  estate  as  above  specified 
be  made  within  the  same  time. 

Lastly.  I  hereby  appoint  my  son  Chauncey  French  and  B.  N.  Loomis  of 
Binghamton  N.  Y.  executors  of  this  my  last  Will  and  Testatment  with  full 
power  and  authority  to  sell  and  convey  my  real  estate,  to  carry  out  the  pro- 
visions of  this  will,  hereby  revoking  all  former  wills  by  me  made.  In  wit- 
ness whereof  I  have  hereunto  set  my  hand  and  seal  this  24th  day  of  April 
i860.  Signed  Thomas  French.  (L.  S.) 

The  above  instrument,  consisting  of  one  sheet,  was  at  the  date  thereof 
signed,  sealed,  published,  and  declared  by  the  said  Thomas  French  as  and 
for  his  last  Will  and  Testament  in  presence  of  us  who  at  his  request  and  in 
his  presence  and  in  the  presence  of  each  other  have  subscribed  our  names  as 
witnesses  thereunto. 

Signed  Frank  Loomis  of  Binghamton,  Broome  Co.,  New  York. 

E.  G.  Crafts    "  "  "       "       " 


Property  set  off  to  the  widow  under  the  Revised  Statutes: 
I   cooking  stove  and  furniture. 

1  Parlor  stove. 

2  Spinning  wheels — I   swifts. 

I   family  bible  • —  family  library  consisting  of  20  Vols. 
I   cow  —  2  swine. 

Wearing  apparel  of  widow. 

1  bedstead —  i  bed. 

2  cotton  sheets —  i  coverlid  —  i  pillow  &  case. 

1   table  —  six  Windsor  chairs  —  6  knives  and  forks. 


6  tea  cups  &  saucers. 

6  plates,  one  sugar  bowl. 

1   tea  pot —  I  milk  cup. 

Property  set  off  to  widow  under  the  law  of  1842: 
I    Bay  mare  $85  . 

I   church  ^"^  I  clock  ^'-^'^  1  top  buggy  *■'"  i  chain  ^oo  60.50 

6  flag  bottom  chairs  *^  i  looking  glass  *^-^''  4-75 

Property  inventoried  as  assets  — 
I   note  against  Henry  Siver,  dated  July   13,    1859,  for  $80      En- 
dorsed 18  Sept.  /  60,  $50.    Mch  16/61  $5.00 
I   note  agt  Silvester  Booth  date  29  — April  /  59  5 -05 

I   note  agt  P  &  P  Brooks  date  4  april  56  for  $80  Endorsed  $70 
I   note  agt  T.  Lorm  &  H.     Shear  date  4  Feby  -  i860  15.87 

I   note  against  Ezra  Johnson  date  April  1861  55 -OO 

226. 17 

Money  in  hand  3.00 

I   yoke  of  oxen  ^^^"^  i  brindle  cow  ^^^  pied  cow  ^^  133.00 
I  old  cow  brace  on  horns  *I2 

lopped  horn  cow  *I2  24.00 

I   old  red  cow  *i^  i  young  red  cow  ^^^  31  -OO 

I   hog  *^  28  bush  corn  in  ear  ^-^^  1 1  .  60 

358^  lbs  butter  60.99 

Twin  calves  *^""  i  heifer  calf  ^^ 

1  bush,  turnips  $2.38  10.38 
40  bush,  potatoes  ^^  i  -  2  horse  wagon  *'  cart  &  rigging  *'  20.00 

A  one  horse  wagon  ^^^  1  plough  ^^-^o  ,(,   i^q 

2  ploughs  50  cts  Harrow  $2.75 —  i  harrow  ^^  4-25 
I   cutter '^^  I  log  chain  *i   i  do  50  cts — 2  chains'*^  8.13 

1  dung  fork  .75c  —  3  pitch  forks  75c. 

59  milk  pans  ^7.38  8.88 

89  bush,   oats  ^24.92  • — -48   bush  buckwheat  *i^°°  43-42 

2  crow  bars  */-^^  i  sett  whiffle  trees  ''^  .88 
I   lot  of  old  ham ''^  i  buffalo  robe  ■'''^  2.75 

Small  lot  of  lumber  2.75 

I   neckyoke  .25c  3  ox  yokes  *"-5"  2.75 

a  quantity  of  old  iron  ^''  i  horse  fetters  .13  6.13 

1  ox  sled  $1.50 — I  bob  sled  .25c — fanning  mill  ^--^^  4-25 

2  rakes  13c — -2  flasks  .13c — -i  cutting  box  .50c  .76 
barril  and  dry  casks  $1.25 


I   tar  sack  .25c  1 .  50 


1/2  bbl  vinegar  $1  — cask  &  boiled  cider  .13c  1. 13 

pork  in  barrel*"   I   rose  coverlid  ^^^  3  ■  50 

I  plad  coverlid  ■''5c  i  bed  &  bedding  *"<'°  14-75 

I  black  cow^is   j   table  ■'^Sc  18.75 

I  quilt**  2  pillows  ■^■'<^  I  cotton  sheet  ■-^"  1.62 

I  quilt  "5'^  I  candle  stand  **  1.25 

I  bed  &  bedding  in  kitchen  ^^^ 

I  server  -so^  $12.50 

5  cotton  sheets  *i   i   linen  sheet  ''5'  1.75 

4  pair  pillow  cases  ■5""'  2  table  cloths  •5°''  1. 00 

I  tureen  "5"  6  german  silver  teaspoons  ^^"  .63 

I  desk  &  drawers  3  •  50 

1  work  stand  .25 

2  looking  glasses  -50 
I  chest  of  drawers  &  3  chests  $1 

3  milk  pails  ,63c  1 .63 
I  basket  .25c —  i  wood  saw  .25c 

I  hand  saw  .25c  -75 

4^  augurs  •''^'^  1  chisel  "5''  i  square  ^^"^  i-i3 

I  plane  &  mallet     I  adze     I  axe '^'"'^  .25 

I  drawing  knife  13c —  i  cattle  leader  3c  .16 

3  bush  hooks  "5"  2  pr  stillyards  *^ 

I  wedge  -sc  1 .  50 

I  steel  trap  ■*"'■'''  I  pr  sheep  shears'"'''^  I  strainer  pail  ""^  .25 

I  market  basket  ^'^  i   iron  kettle  **   1  potash  kettle  ■^^'^  i  .  56 

Trunk -38^   I  brass  kettle -500  .88 


I    rock  chair  -"^^"^  I  bedstead  ''^  1 .  50 

16  yds  carpet  1  "5  i  table  spread  ^^  1.63 

12  milk  pans  1.50 — I  strainer  pail  50c — -i  wooden  pail  ^"^  2.06 

5  table  spoons  •^^'^  I  cullender  ^'^  quart  cup  ^"^  .25 

wash  bowl  *^  mortar  &  pestle  "^^  .38 

I   pr  brass  candle  sticks  '^'^  I  fluid  lamp  ^^c  .31 

I   iron  cricket  '"''  wire  strainer  ^^  50  pieces  crockery  ^^-^^  1.44 

I   pan  13"  I  jar  -^^  2  jugs  "^  i  oil  can  -'^  .81 

I  sugar  box  ^'  2  wash  tubs  ^""^  i  -25 


14  tons  hay  77.00 

I   bedstead  1.25  1  .25 


Dated  this  nth  day  of  November  AD  1861 

Walter  Cary     I  . 

Daniel  D.  Lee) 

This  list  of  names  is  a  copy  of  the  original  record  in  the  court  house, 
Binghamton,  New  York: 

The  heirs  of  Thomas  French  were : 

Chauncey  French,  a  son,  at  Binghamton,  N.  Y. 

Marietta  Van  Alstine,  residing  at  Pike  Creek, 

Wm  Stever,  residing  at  Norwich,  Chenango  Co.,  N.  Y. 

Jane  Bishop  and  Dolly  Johnson  residing  at  Chenango,  Broome  Co.,  N.  Y- 
heirs  of  Marietta  Stever,  a  daughter  deceased, 

Thomas  French,  residing  at  Westford,  Otsego  Co.,  N.  Y., 

Lucy  Queal,  at  Whetstone  P.  O.,  Morrow  Co.,  Ohio, 

John  French,  Polly  Smith  (whose  place  of  residence  after  diligent  search 
cannot  be  located), 

Oscar  French,  IVLirtin  French,  Alva  French,  severally  residing  at  Whet- 
stone, Morrow  Co.,  Ohio,  heirs  of  Samson  French  deceased, 

Thelismar  French,  Amanda  Sanders  and  Julia  Phillips,  severally  residing 
at  Burlington,  Calhoun  Co.  Mich,  heirs  of  Hiram  French  —  a  son  — 

Ebenezer  Mclntyre,  Franklin  Mclntyre  and  Chauncey  Mclntyre,  severally 
residing  at  Maine,  Broome  Co.,   N.  Y.  and 

Thomas  Mclntyre,  whose  place  of  residence  after  diligent  inquiry  cannot 
be  ascertained,  heirs  of  Polly  Mclntyre,  deceased. 

Rebecca  Hudson  and  Martin  French,  severally  residing  at  Burlington,  Cal- 
houn Co.,  Mich., 

Marshall  French,  whose  place  of  residence  cannot  be  ascertained, 

Aaron  D.  French  and  Nancy  Alenda  French,  severally  residing  at  Burling- 
ton, Mich.,  heirs  of  Thomas  French — -a  son  —  deceased, 

Polly  Jane  Lee,  Charles  I_yee,  and  Morris  Lee,  severally  residing  at  Bing- 
hamton, Broome  Co.,  N.  Y.,  heirs  of  Harriet  Lee,  a  daughter  of 
Thomas  French,  deceased, 

Wesley  Ferris,  whose  place  of  residence  after  diligent  inquiry  cannot  be 
ascertained,  Lucy  Jane  Ferris,  whose  place  of  residence  after  diligent 
inquiry  cannot  be  ascertained,  Hannah  Eliza  Ferris,  Enoch  George 


Ferris,  Polly  Lodema  Ferris,  Maria  Ferris,  Watson  Ferris,  whose 
places  of  residence  after  diligent  search  cannot  be  ascertained  —  heirs 
of  Nancy  Ferris,  daughter  deceased. 

The  above  named  Aaron  U.  French,  Nancy  Alenda  French,  Polly 
Jane  Lee,  Morris  Lee,  Philo  Ferris,  Phebe  Ferris,  Maria  Ferris  and 
Watson  Ferris  are  minors. 
That  the  said  deceased  left  him  a  widow  surviving  named  Elizabeth  French, 
residing  in  the  town  of  Chenango,  Broome  Co.,  N.  Y.  Petition 
therefore  prays  that  the  said  last  will  and  testament  may  be  proved  — 
Aug  29-1861 

The  following  deed  is  on  file  in  the  court  house  at  Binghamton, 
New  York: 

This  Indenture  made  the  twenty-ninth  day  of  June  in  the  year  of  our 
Lord  one  thousand  eight  hundred  &  twenty  nine  Between  Joseph  C.  Yates 
of  the  city  &  county  of  Schenectady  of  the  first  part  &  Thomas  French  of  the 
town  of  Chenango  in  the  county  of  Broome  of  the  second  part 
Witnesseth  that  the  said  party  of  the  first  part  for  &  in  consideration  of 
the  sum  of  seven  hundred  dollars  Lawful  money  of  the  United  States  to  him 
in  hand  paid  by  the  said  party  of  the  second  part  the  receipt  whereof  is 
hereby  confessed  &  acknowledged  hath  granted  bargained  sold  remised  re- 
Leased  aliened  &  confirmed  &  by  these  presents  doth  grant  bargain  sell 
remise  release  alien  and  confirm  unto  the  said  party  of  the  second  part  &  to 
his  heirs  assigns  forever  all  that  certain  piece  or  parcel  of  land  situate  lying 
&  being  in  the  town  of  Decatur  in  the  county  of  Otsego  in  the  fifth  allot- 
ment of  Skinners  Patent  being  the  northern  one  hundred  acres  of  lot  num- 
ber thirty  six  in  the  subdivision  of  said  allotment  — 

In  witness  whereof  the  said  party  of  the  first  part  hath  hereunto  set  his  hand 
and  seal  the  day  and  year  first  above  written  — 
Sealed  and  delivered  in  presence  of 

Edward  Yates  Joseph  C.  Yates  "L  S" 

The  following  transactions  in  real  estate  are  given  to  show  the 
fluctuations  in  land  values  during  a  period  of  forty  years,  in  the  region 
in  New  York  where  the  French  family  resided : 

In  1829  Joseph  C.  Yates  of  Scheneectady  deeded  to  Thomas  French 
of  Glen  Castle,  New  York,  for  seven  hundred  dollars,  a  farm  in  the 
town  of  Decatur,  Otsego  county,  New  York.  In  1836  Thomas 
French  deeded  this  farm  to  Samson  French,  his  son,  for  the  sum  of 
nine  hundred  dollars.     Samson  French  sold  this  property  in  1847  to 


John  Shelland  of  Westford,  New  York,  for  nineteen  hundred  dollars, 
and  Shelland  sold  it  to  Edwin  C.  Cheseboro  May  20,  1847,  for  the 
same  amount  as  he  paid  for  it.  On  March  i,  1851,  the  latter  deeded 
this  land  to  Charles  Devanpeck  for  twenty-five  hundred  dollars.  Ten 
years  later,  Devanpeck  sold  to  Samuel  Russ  for  thirty-six  hundred 
fifty  dollars,  who  in  turn  transferred  to  Giles  Goodenough  in  1868 
for  five  thousand  dollars.  April  i,  1873,  Giles  Goodenough  sold  the 
farm  to  Ichabod  Bulson  for  fifty-five  hundred  dollars,  who  trans- 
ferred it  to  David  Cipperly  for  forty-five  hundred  dollars,  and  he  in 
turn  to  Mrs.  Hallock  for  four  thousand  dollars;  Mrs.  Hallock  to 
Fred  Winnie  —  the  present  owner  —  for  twenty-seven  hundred  dol- 
lars, which  last  named  party  has  refused  an  oflfer  of  four  thousand 
dollars,  considering  its  value  to  be  at  least  five  thousand  dollars  in  the 
year  191 2.  Mrs.  Hallock  had  taken  the  farm  to  satisfy  a  mortgage 
of  four  thousand  dollars  which  she  held  against  it.  What  a  history 
is  interwoven  with  these  transfers! 

Tenth  Generation 

Samson  "  French  (Thomas,"  Samson  Jr.,'  Sampson,'  Joseph," 
Samuel,'  William,*  Thomas,^  Thomas,'  Thomas')  second  child  of 
Thomas  and  Polly  (Hiscock)  French,  was  born  in  Cambridge,  Mass- 
achusetts, January  19,  1796;  married  Elizabeth  Seaward  (born  Feb- 
ruary 7,  1798)  at  Decatur,  New  York,  March  3,  1818.  To  them 
were  born  thirteen  children: 

I.  James  Thomas,  born  January  29,  1819,  at  Cherry  Valley; 
married  Calphurnia  Treat,  in  Decatur,  Otsego  county,  New 
York,  in  1844;  died  April  19,  1867,  at  Warnerville,  New 
II.  Lucy  Oletha,  born  February  16,  1821,  at  Decatur,  New 
York;  married  Rev.  Atchison  Queal,  of  Worcester,  New 
York,  April  9,  1845;  died  March  15,  1885,  at  Des  Moines, 
Iowa.  A  complete  history  of  Lucy  French  will  be  found 
with  that  of  her  husband,  Atchison  Queal. 
III.  Stephen  Henry,  born  December  30,  1822,  in  Chenango,  New 
York;  died  April  18,  1823. 


IV.     A  son,  born  March  5,  1824,  in  Chenango,  New  York;  died 
April  13,  1824. 
V.     Dewitt  Clinton,  born  April  21,   1825,  in  Chenango,  New 
York;  died  October  18,  1825. 
VI.     John  Seward,  born  October  29,   1826,  in  Chenango,  New 
York;  married  Susan  Barfoot  (born  October  15,  1837)   at 
Kickapoo,    Illinois,    November    28,     1857.     John    Seward 
French  died  December  24,  1904,  at  Wayne,  Nebraska. 
VII.     Mary,  born  December  6,  1829,  at  Decatur,  New  York;  mar- 
ried Dr.  Nathan  M.  Smith.     Mary  died  June  28,  1908,  at 
Kingston,  Missouri. 
VIII.     Orestus,  born  May  7,  1832;  died  March  10,  1837. 

IX.     Oscar  L.  R.,  born  October  18,  1834,  in  Decatur,  New  York; 
married  Mary  Clevenger  of  Morrow  county,  Ohio,  Novem- 
ber 15,  1855,  who  died  February  17,  1856.     Oscar  married 
(second)  December  24,  1857,  Cidney  Ellen  Keech  of  West- 
chester, Pennnsylvania.     Oscar  French  died  in  Johnsville, 
Ohio,  March  26,  1896. 
X.)  Martin  and  Marvin,  born  January  29,  1837;  Marvin  died 
XI.  ^  August  16,   1839.     Martin  married  Belle  Chamberlain  of 
Ames,  Iowa,  in  1877.     One  child  was  born  of  this  union  — 
Clare  Vernon,  who  died  in  infancy.     Martin  French  died 
in  Ames,  Iowa,  August  i,  1900. 
XII.     Alva  C,  born  April  15,  1839,  at  Decatur,  New  York;  mar- 
ried Lydia  Elder. 
XIII.     Calvin  D.,  born  May  4,  1842,  at  Decatur,  New  York;  mar- 
ried Libbie  Jones  of  Clarksville,  New  York. 
When  fourteen  years  of  age,  Samson   French  removed  with  his 
parents  from  Tyringham,  Massachusetts,  to  Decatur,  Otsego  county. 
New  York,  where  he  worked  on  the  farm  with  his  father  and  also 
learned  the  business  of  dyeing  and  fulling  cloth.     After  his  marriage 
to  Elizabeth  Seaward,  they  began  housekeeping  in  Cherry  Valley, 
New  York  (where  the  Indian  massacre  occurred  in  April,  1780) ,  and 
lived  there  for  two  years.     They  then  moved  to  Decatur,  at  which 
place  they  remained  for  three  years,  at  the  expiration  of  which  time 

Mary  Frexch  Smith 

Taken  in  1857 

Samsox  French's  House  at  Decatur,  where  Lucy 
French  was  married  rn  Atchison  Queal 


they  took  up  their  residence  in  Glen  Castle,  Broome  county,  where 
they  lived  until  1827,  when  they  returned  to  Decatur,  purchasing  the 
farm  owned  by  Samson's  father,  Thomas  French,  who  moved  to  Glen 
Castle.  The  house  is  still  standing  where  Samson  French  lived,  and 
where  a  number  of  his  children  were  born.  No  changes  have  been 
made  in  this  building,  but  new  siding  and  a  slate  roof  have  replaced 
those  originally  used.  In  this  house  Lucy  French,  mother  of  the 
author,  was  married  April  9,  1845. 

As  the  sons  of  Samson  and  Elizabeth  (Seaward)  French  grew  to 
manhood  they  acquired  habits  of  industry  and  frugality,  working  on 
the  farm  during  the  summer  and  in  the  winter  attending  school  in  the 
"French"  school  house,  which  is  still  used  for  that  purpose  and  is  of 
much  historic  interest.  Their  son,  James  Thomas  French  went  to 
Ohio  in  the  spring  of  1842,  where  he  spent  the  summer,  returning  to 
Decatur  in  August  of  the  same  year,  and  it  was  not  long  until  the  Ohio 
"bee  was  buzzing"  in  his  father's  bonnet. 

Some  years  before,  Daniel  Flint,  who  married  Mchitable  Seaward, 
sister  of  the  wife  of  Samson  French,  had  moved  to  Marietta,  Ohio. 
In  1846  they  returned  to  Decatur,  New  York,  for  a  visit,  and  while  at 
the  home  of  Samson  French,  told  such  wonderful  stories  about  the 
"Ohio  country"  that  he  returned  home  with  them.  Daniel  Flint 
owned  forty  acres  of  land  near  Iberia,  Morrow  county,  Ohio,  and 
together  they  looked  that  part  of  the  country  over,  seeking  a  suitable 
home  for  the  French  family.  They  found  what  is  now  known  as  the 
Flint  farm,  it  then  being  owned  by  a  Mr.  Dana,  who  had  bought 
a  large  amount  of  land  in  Morrow  (then  Marion)  county.  Flint 
was  to  buy  the  land  and  make  the  first  payment  in  the  name  of  Sam- 
son French,  as  the  latter  had  not  sold  his  farm  in  the  east  at  that  time. 
Returning  to  his  home  in  New  York,  Samson  sold  his  farm  the  fol- 
lowing January,  and  in  March  they  removed  with  all  their  children 
except  Thomas  and  Lucy  (they  having  married  previous  to  this  time) 
to  Ohio,  going  to  Fort  Plain,  New  York,  where  they  took  a  canal 
boat  for  Sandusky,  Ohio,  from  which  place  they  went  in  covered 
wagons  (which  had  carried  grain  to  that  city  from  the  southern  part 
of  the  state)   to  the  farm  which  Samson  French  supposed  he  had 


bought  on  the  state  road  near  Iberia.  Imagine  his  surprise  on  arriv- 
ing, to  find  that  Flint  had  bought  the  place  for  himself,  and  was  living 
in  a  log  cabin  near  the  south  line  of  the  farm.  There  being  another 
log  cabin  about  one-half  mile  distant,  Samson  moved  his  family  into 
this  house  and  began  search  for  a  home.  He  finally  located  in  Wash- 
ington township,  about  one  mile  north  of  Smith's  Mills,  buying 
eighty  acres  of  land  from  Joseph  R.  Baldwin,  who  lived  in  Pennsyl- 
vania. Here  he  built  a  log  cabin  with  one  room  and  a  "lean-to" 
across  the  back,  which  was  used  for  a  kitchen  in  the  summer  and 
woodshed  in  the  winter.  The  cabin  also  contained  a  "loft"  with  a 
window  in  each  end,  which  was  reached  by  very  steep  stairs.  The 
following  extract  is  taken  from  a  book  kept  by  Samson  French: 
"Moved  on  to  my  farm  Oct  19-  1847  and  commenced  anew  to  clear 
my  land." 

This  land  was  heavily  timbered  with  maple,  beech,  oak,  and  hick- 
ory —  forty  acres  of  which  had  been  "deadened"  and  was  ready  to  be 
cleared  when  he  purchased  it.  In  addition  to  this,  he  hired  a  man 
to  "slash"  ten  acres,  who  felled  the  trees  in  windrows,  picked  up  and 
burned  the  brush  and  smaller  logs,  for  which  he  received  five  dollars 
per  acre.  The  logs  that  could  not  be  burned  were  "logged"  by  Sam- 
son and  his  sons.  When  done  with  the  help  of  the  neighbors,  they 
called  it  a  "logging."  The  remainder  of  the  land  was  cleared  with- 
out hiring  help.  The  ashes  from  the  burning  of  the  logs  was  scraped 
up  in  piles  and  sold  to  a  man  who  lived  in  Iberia  for  one  or  two  cents 
a  bushel,  to  be  used  in  making  potash. 

This  eighty  acres  of  land  had  a  road  running  along  its  north  and 
east  side,  and  in  addition  to  this  was  fenced  into  seven  fields.  Some 
idea  of  the  number  of  rails  that  Samson  and  his  sons  were  obliged  to 
split  in  order  to  make  the  necessary  amount  of  fencing  for  the  farm 
may  be  gained  when  it  is  known  that  the  fence  was  seven  rails  in 
height  and  required  fourteen  rails  to  each  rod. 

A  year  or  so  later  he  purchased  forty  acres  across  the  road  north 
of  his  farm  from  Mr.  Dana.  This  land  contained  what  was  known 
as  the  "little  meadow,"  which  consisted  of  about  three  acres  surround- 
ed by  timber.     In  this  little  opening,  "Johnny  Appleseed"  had  some 


time  before  planted  an  orchard,  but  the  seeds  had  been  placed  so  close 
together  that  the  orchard  was  just  a  big  clump  of  trees,  the  fruit  it 
bore  being  of  a  very  inferior  quality.  This  man  —  known  as  "Johnny 
Appleseed"  —  whose  real  name  was  Jonathan  Chapman,  was  born 
in  Boston  in  1775.  Being  somewhat  eccentric  in  his  nature,  he  con- 
ceived the  idea  of  traveling  over  the  country  planting  apple  seeds, 
which  he  gathered  from  the  cider  mills  in  Pennsylvania.  IMiese 
seeds  he  carried  in  leather  bags,  and  whenever  he  came  to  an  open 
place  on  the  loamy  lands  that  bordered  the  creeks,  or  rich  secluded 
spots  hemmed  in  by  giant  trees,  he  would  plant  some  of  these  seeds, 
so  that  at  the  time  of  his  death  his  labors  had  borne  fruit  over  a 
hundred  thousand  square  miles  of  territory.  He  also  believed  that 
the  offensively  odored  weed  known  as  dog  fennel,  possessed  valuable 
anti-malarial  virtues;  so  he  procured  some  of  these  seeds  and  sowed 
them  in  the  vicinity  of  every  house  in  the  region  of  his  travels.  In 
consequence,  the  weed  spread  over  the  whole  county  and  caused  al- 
most as  much  trouble  as  it  was  intended  to  avert,  and  to  this  day  the 
dog  fennel  introduced  by  Johnny  Appleseed  is  one  of  the  worst  griev- 
ances of  the  Ohio  farmer. 

In  1849  an  orchard  was  set  out  on  the  south  side  of  the  home  of 
Samson  French,  the  trees  for  which  were  bought  at  Cardington  from 
a  Quaker  named  Morris.  The  hens  used  to  "steal"  their  nests  in  the 
grass  in  this  orchard,  and  the  quails  would  lay  their  eggs  in  the  hens' 
nests.  The  diary  kept  by  Elizabeth,  wife  of  Samson  French,  records 
under  date  of  October  25,  i860:  "Our  folks  have  gone  for  the  first 
time  to  make  cider  from  our  trees." 

In  1854  Samson  French  planned  to  build  a  frame  house,  but  after 
getting  the  logs  to  the  mill  and  having  the  lumber  ready,  he  found 
that  forty  acres  of  land  adjoining  the  forty  he  had  bought  two  years 
previous,  could  be  purchased,  so  he  sold  his  lumber  and  secured  the 
land  for  about  six  hundred  dollars;  two  years  later  selling  the  same 
to  his  son-in-law,  Atchison  Queal,  for  one  thousand  dollars.  The 
house  which  he  planned  was  not  built  until  1857  and  the  following 
is  the  article  of  agreement  made  with  the  "carpenter  and  joiner": 

An  Article  of   Agreement   between   Samson   French   of   Morrow   Co., 


State  of  Ohio,  and  Adam  Sell  of  Morrow  Co.,  State  of  Ohio,  for  the 
building  of  a  house  by  said  Sell  for  said  French,  made  this  27th  day  of  Feb. 
1857.  Samson  French  agrees  to  furnish  all  the  building  material,  shingles, 
a  foundation  ready  to  lay  the  timbers  upon,  to  board  the  workmen  while 
laboring  in  construction  of  said  house,  also  furnish  all  panel  doors  and  the 
window  sash.  Adam  Sell  agrees  to  do  the  carpenter  and  joiner  work  of  the 
house,  to  be  34  feet  long  and  24  feet  wide  double  sealed,  partitioned  below 
as  follows :  A  sitting  room  in  the  northeast  corner,  a  bedroom  in  the  south- 
west corner,  a  recess  for  a  bed  at  the  southwest  side  of  the  sitting  room,  a 
clothes  press  directly  south  of  bed  recess  accessible  from  the  southwest  corner 
bedroom.  A  kitchen  in  the  northwest  corner  and  south  of  the  kitchen  a 
bedroom,  buttery  and  stairway  The  cellar  accessible  from  the  buttery  also 
by  a  door  near  the  southwest  corner  of  the  house  from  the  outside,  the  cellar 
doors  to  be  batten  doors.  The  upper  part  or  chamber  to  be  partitioned  unto 
four  rooms.  The  doors  above  are  to  be  batten  doors.  There  is  to  be  one 
east,  one  west,  and  one  north  outside  door.  There  is  to  be  four  north,  four 
east,  (two  above  and  two  below)  two  or  three  south  and  three  west  (two 
above  and  one  below)  windows.  Said  Sell  is  to  hang  all  the  doors,  fit  all  the 
window  sash,  make  all  the  batten  doors  inside  stairways,  case  the  bed  recess, 
fire  place,  put  on  the  mop  boards,  chair  railings,  etc.  In  short  to  finish  the 
carpenter  and  joiner  work  of  the  house  in  a  substantial  workmanlike  manner 
by  the  tenth  day  of  Oct.,  1857.  For  which  Samson  French  agrees  to  pay 
Adam  Sell  $135.00,  one-half  to  be  paid  when  the  work  is  done,  the  other 
half  in  two  months  from  that  time.  We  hereby  bind  ourselves  to  fulfill  our 
parts  of  the  above  agreement  respectively  by  the  signature  of  our  names. 

Samson  French 
Dated  Feb.  27,  1857.  Adam  S.  Sell  ^ 

The  interior  arrangement  of  the  house  was  somewhat  changed  in 
the  construction,  but  the  general  plan  of  the  building  remained  the 

In  the  fall  of  1857  the  family  moved  from  the  log  cabin  into  their 
new  home.  One  side  of  the  sitting  room  contained  a  large  fireplace, 
which  would  hold  a  log  four  feet  in  length.  In  the  winter  a  "back- 
log" about  two  and  one-half  feet  in  circumference  was  first  put  in  the 
fireplace;  then  two  smaller  ones  of  graduated  size,  were  placed  on 
the  larger  log;  then  with  the  "andirons"  in  front  and  a  "forestick" 
upon  them,  the  wood  was  piled  on  this  foundation,  and  in  a  few  mo- 
ments a  roaring  fire  would  cause  the  circle  about  the  hearth  to  widen. 

1  Adam  S.   Sell  enlisted  in  the  Civil  War  and  died   in  Liliby  Prison. 

Samson   Frunch   Hduse,  built  in   1857 

Morrow  County,  Ohio 










There  was  always  plenty  of  apples  and  nuts  with  which  to  while 
away  the  evening  hours,  and  after  the  "chores"  were  done,  Samson 
would  pull  ofif  his  boots  with  the  old  fashioned  "boot-jack,"  put  on 
his  "slips"  and  sitting  in  his  old  arm  chair  (now  the  property  of  the 
author),  would  read  his  paper,  eat  his  scraped  apple,  and  doze  by  the 
fire.  He  never  used  tobacco  in  any  form  and  was  a  great  advocate 
of  temperance,  drinking  nothing  stronger  than  sweet  cider. 

Samson  French  was  a  lover  of  good  horses,  and  has  been  known  to 
say,  "The  grass  never  grows  under  my  horses'  feet,  for  I  drive  fast 
in  winter  to  get  out  of  the  cold,  and  in  the  summer  to  make  a  breeze." 
He  was  for  a  number  of  years  justice  of  the  peace,  being  known 
throughout  the  country  as  "Squire  French";  in  politics,  a  stanch  Re- 
publican, his  last  vote  being  cast  November  6,  i860,  for  Abraham 
Lincoln.  When  quite  a  young  man,  very  much  against  his  wife's 
wishes,  he  joined  the  Ancient  Free  and  Accepted  Masons,  and  became 
a  member  of  Charity  Lodge,  in  Worcester,  New  York,  which  later 
surrendered  its  charter,  probably  in  the  year  1833,  as  the  demit  which 
was  given  to  Samson  French  bears  date  "seventeenth  day  of  Septem- 
ber in  the  year  of  Masonry  A.  L.  5833,"  meaning  the  year  of  Light, 
and  is  fixed  by  adding  four  thousand  years  to  the  Christian  era,  which 
would  make  the  date  correspond  with  that  given. 

After  the  removal  of  Samson  French  to  Ohio  he  affiliated  with  the 
lodge  at  Mt.  Gilead,  where  he  continued  a  faitliful  member  during 
the  remainder  of  his  life.  Much  as  his  wife  disliked  Masonry,  she 
consented  to  have  him  buried  with  Masonic  honors.  His  sons  all 
belonged  to  the  Masonic  fraternity,  as  do  most  of  his  grandsons,  as 
well  as  some  of  the  next  generation. 

In  the  spring  of  1825,  Samson  French  was  induced  to  buy  a  ticket 
in  the  Union  Canal  Lottery  of  the  Commonwealth  of  Pennsylvania. 
He  may  have  had  visions  of  vast  wealth  when  he  made  this  purchase, 
but  if  so  they  faded,  as  no  record  is  made  of  their  realization.  All 
there  is  to  show  that  he  was  ever  interested  in  this  scheme  is  the  ticket 
itself,  which  was  preserved  by  his  wife  and  may  have  been  kept  to 
remind  him  of  his  folly.  The  French  family,  so  far  as  is  known,  have 
never  made  a  living  except  by  hard  work. 


In  June,  i860,  all  of  the  children  of  this  family  were  at  home  to- 
gether, with  the  exception  of  the  daughter  Mary.  Their  son  John 
had  been  out  in  the  world  for  seven  years,  and  Thomas  had  never 
visited  his  parents'  home  since  their  removal  to  Ohio,  thirteen  years 
previous.  In  view  of  these  facts  and  the  advancing  age  of  their  par- 
ents, it  was  decided  to  have  their  "likeness"  taken  together,  which  was 
accordingly  done.  On  that  visit  they  presented  their  father  with  a 
gold  headed  cane  which  at  his  death  was  to  go  to  the  eldest  son  and 
so  on  down  the  generations,  it  now  being  in  the  possession  of  Leslie 
R.  French,  of  Schenevus,  New  York. 

Samson  and  Elizabeth  French  performed  a  similar  service  for  pos- 
terity the  same  summer,  as  the  diary  of  the  latter  bears  the  following 
entry:  "Friday  Sept  -  14  -  Not  well  this  morning.  Went  to  Mt. 
Gilead  today — ^  had  our  likeness  taken  to  leave  for  the  children  — 
we  have  performed  a  good  office." 

Samson  French  was  a  member  of  the  Methodist  church,  he  having 
been  brought  into  the  faith  during  a  series  of  meetings  held  in  the 
"French"  school  house  at  Decatur,  New  York.  That  he  was  a  faith- 
ful consistent  Christian  may  be  known  from  the  following  resolution 
written  by  himself,  under  date  of  January  4,  1842: 

Samson   French      Resolve  made  with  the  assistance  of  God  to  Serve  him 

with  all  my  might  mind  and  strength      January  4th,  1842 

February  22  still  continue  of  the  same  mind  and  have  been  Blessed  to  a 

wonderfull  rate  when  faithfull. 

December  17-1852  still  striving  to  pursue  the  christian  course 

On  April  11,  1861,  occurred  the  death  of  Samson  French,  and  on 
August  24th  following,  that  of  his  wife  Elizabeth.  Of  their  immedi- 
ate family  but  two  remain  —  Alva  C.  French,  living  at  Gallon,  Ohio, 
and  Calvin  D.  French  of  Binghamton,  New  York. 

At  a  special  meeting  of  Mt.  Gilead  Lodge  No.  206  of  Free  and 
Accepted  Masons  called  by  the  worshipful  master  on  the  account  of 
the  death  of  Samson  French,  the  following  resolutions  were  adopted 

Whereas,  in  the  dispensations  of  an  all  wise   Providence,   our  worthy 
Brother,  Samson  French,  has  been  removed  from  this  Terrestrial  Lodge  to 






Thomas  Frf.n'ch  John  Fri:nch  (  )scar  Frexch 

Martin  French  Alva  French  Calvin  French 


the  Celestial  on  high,  "that  spiritual  building  not  made  with  hands,  that 
house  eternal  in  the  heavens"  where  the  Supreme  Architect  of  the  universe 
presides,  therefore 

Resolved  —  that  we  have  heard  with  deep  regret  of  the  death  of  our 
esteemed  Brother,  who  was  one  of  the  true  and  tried  Masons  during  the 
Morgan  excitement  that  withstood  firmly  the  storms  of  persecution  which 
swept  over  the  land  and  for  a  time  covered  with  obloquy  the  known  and 
recognized  Members  of  our  Fraternity  whenever  found,  and  who  clung  with 
an  enlightened  zeal  to  the  tenets  of  our  order,  "Brotherly  Love  Relief  and 


That  in  his  death  this  Lodge  has  sustained  the  loss  of  a  valuable  and 
cherished  Member,  the  craft  a  devoted  and  consistent  workman,  his  family 
a  kind  husband  and  affectionate  father ;  and  the  community  an  upright  and 
exemplary  citizen ; 

That  we  sincerely  and  heartily  sympathize  with  his  afflicted  famdy  m 
their  irreparable  berevement,  and  tender  them  the  consolations  found  in  the 
promise  of  Him  who  "tempers  the  wind  to  the  shorn  lamb"  that  He  will  be 
a  husband  to  the  widow  and  a  father  to  the  fatherless; 

That  at  the  request  of  our  deceased  Brother,  and  in  token  of  our  high 
regard  for  him  as  a  Mason,  this  Lodge  will  attend  his  funeral  and  give  him 
a  Masonic  burial,  and  wear  the  usual  badge  of  mourning  for  thirty  days; 
That  the  Secretary  present  a  copy  of  these  resolutions,  under  the  seal  of 
the  Lodge,  to  the  family  of  the  deceased. 

Wm.  S.  ClemhntsI 
Wm.  H.  Burns       ICommittee 
Jno.   C.   Baxter     J 
In  testimony  whereof  I  have  hereunto  set  my  naine  and  affixed 
SEAL  the  seal  of  said  Lodge  this  1 8th  day  of  April  A.  D.  i8bi. 

Silas  Holt,  Sec'y  of 
Mt  Gilead  Lodge  No.  206  of  F.  A.  M. 

Elizabeth,  second  daughter  of  Stephen  and  Lucy  (Ingalls)  Sea- 
ward, was  born  February  7,  1798;  she  married  Samson  French  (born 
January  29,  1776)  at  Decatur,  New  York,  March  3,  1818.  To  them 
were  born  thirteen  children.  In  those  days  the  name  Elizabeth  was 
nicknamed  Betsey,  and  by  this  latter  name  she  was  always  spoken  of 
in  her  family.  She  was  a  sensitive,  retiring  child,  thinking  no  evil 
of  any,  and  wronging  no  one  by  word,  act,  or  thought.  Elizabeth 
early  took  upon  herself  a  large  share  of  the  burdens  of  the  family, 
assisting  her  mother  in  the  duties  and  responsibilities  of  the  home. 


Before  her  marriage  she  spun  the  flax  for  her  linen,  and  the  wool 
which  made  her  blankets  and  "coverlids."  Such  accom.plishments  as 
these  all  girls  were  expected  to  acquire  before  they  were  deemed 
competent  to  marry.  At  the  early  age  of  ten  she  made  a  "sampler," 
thus  learning  the  cross-stitch,  later  making  a  "needle  book"  in  the 
same  stitch.  In  after  years,  the  family  records  of  her  grandfather 
Seaward  and  of  her  father's  family  were  kept  in  this  book;  also  a 
record  of  her  own  birth  and  marriage,  as  well  as  the  births  of  her 

Elizabeth  was  given  a  common  school  education  and  gained  much 
additional  information  by  the  reading  of  books  and  in  study  at  home. 
She  taught  school  for  two  summer  terms  in  an  adjoining  district,  liv- 
ing with  her  parents.  She  early  united  with  the  Methodist  Episcopal 
churchandwas  a  faithful  conscientiousChristianduringher  entire  life. 

Elizabeth  was  small  in  stature,  but  endowed  with  ability  and  en- 
ergy; she  met  life's  problems  bravely  on  all  occasions,  finding  time 
from  her  manifold  household  duties  to  teach  her  older  children  the 
catechism,  they  in  turn  helping  to  teach  the  younger  members  of  the 
family.  She  was  a  careful,  prudent  mother,  with  puritanical  ideas 
as  to  the  raising  of  her  family,  ever  being  loved,  respected,  and  obeyed 
by  her  children. 

The  Seaward  family  were  closely  bound  together  by  the  ties  of 
affection  and  took  great  pleasure  in  visiting  and  keeping  in  touch  with 
each  other.  In  1 860  —  the  year  before  Elizabeth's  death  —  she  kept 
a  diary.  Her  health  was  much  impaired  and  she  was  gradually 
failing,  but  each  day  found  something  for  which  to  be  thankful.  On 
Saturday  the  24th  of  March,  she  wrote  in  her  diary:  "My  dear 
cousin,  Eliza  Garfield,  has  come  to  visit  us;  how  glad  I  am  to  see  her, 
as  we  have  not  seen  each  other  in  forty-five  years.  Sister  Mary  Flint 
came  too." 

In  September  of  the  same  year,  Elizabeth,  in  company  with  her 
sister,  Mrs.  Flint,  went  to  visit  her  cousins,  Eliza  Garfield  and  Alpha 
Boynton,  living  near  Cleveland,  Ohio.  On  Sunday,  the  24th,  her 
diary  reads :     "Went  to  Solon ;  heard  cousin  James  Garfield  preach." 

On  the  3  ist  of  December  she  wrote :     "I  am  now  about  to  close  my 







%  5.:'--; 

;^>*  ■ 


^ww-"  " 

*      '^•4*^" 

)■'■    ■' 

'  *"'■ 















diary.  Little  did  I  think  at  the  commencement  of  the  year  I  should 
live  to  see  its  close.  Omnipotent  power  has  ruled.  I  am  thankful 
to  Him  for  all  mercies." 

In  the  following  February  (1861),  seventh  day,  she  wrote:  "My 
birthday  has  again  arrived.  I  wonder  and  am  astonished  that  my 
Heavenly  Father  has  seen  fit  to  still  keep  me  alive.  No  doubt  it  is 
for  the  best.  Oh  that  I  may  have  patience  and  wisdom  to  direct  me 
aright,  that  I  may  not  murmur  or  complain  against  His  chastening 
rod,  but  in  the  hours  of  grief  and  pain  may  lean  upon  my  God." 

The  last  entry  in  this  diary  follows:  "My  beloved  companion, 
Samson  French,  departed  this  life  after  four  weeks  painful  suffering 
with  fever,  the  eleventh  day  of  April,  1861.  I  was  sixty-three  years 
old  the  7th  of  February;  my  companion  was  sixty-five  the  19th  of 

Elizabeth  (Seaward)  French  died  August  24,  1861,  and  was  buried 
by  the  side  of  her  husband  in  the  Ebenezer  church-yard,  about  five 
miles  northeast  of  their  home.  The  stones  which  marked  their  graves 
having  been  broken,  were  replaced  by  their  grandchildren  with  one 
granite  stone  in  the  summer  of  1911,  a  matter  of  regret  to  the  family 
being  an  error  in  the  spelling  of  the  name,  which  was  cut  in  the  stone 
as  Seward,  the  original  and  true  spelling  being  Seaward. 

The  following  very  curious  and  ancient  prediction,  entitled,  by 
popular  tradition,  "Mother  Shipton's  Prophecy,"  was  published  about 
1576,  and  was  found  among  the  papers  belonging  to  Elizabeth 

Carriages  without  horses  shall  go 

And  accidents  fill  the  world  with  woe. 

Around  the  earth  thought  shall  fly 

In  the  twinkling  of  an  eye. 

The  world  upside  down  shall  be 

And  gold  be  found  at  the  root  of  a  tree. 

Through  hills  men  shall  ride 

And  no  horses  be  at  their  side. 

Under  water  men  shall  walk, 

Shall  ride,  shall  sleep,  shall  talk. 

In  the  air  men  shall  be  seen 


In  black,  in  white,  in  green. 

Iron  in  the  water  shall  float 

As  easy  as  a  wooden  boat. 

Gold  shall  be  found,  and  shall  be  shown 

In  a  land  that's  not  now  known, 

And  no  man  living  under  the  sun 

Shall  know  when  the  end  of  the  world  will  come. 

Eleventh  Generation 

James  Thomas  French  was  born  in  Cherry  Valley,  Ostego  coun- 
ty, New  York,  January  29,  1819;  married  Calphurna  Treat  in  De- 
catur, New  York,  January  2,  1843.     To  them  was  born  one  child: 

I.  Leslie  Russell,  born  September  18,  1847;  married  Ann  Grofif 
February  2,  1868.     To  them  were  born  two  children: 

1.  Mary  F.,  born  July  14,  1869;  married  Theodore  Knapp ; 
live  at  Elk  Creek,  Otsego  county,  New  York;  two  children. 

2.  Harry  G.,  born  November  24,  1873;  married  Grace  Witt 
in  October,  1895.  To  them  have  been  born  two  children. 
Reside  at  Schenevus,  New  York. 

Soon  after  the  birth  of  James  Thomas  French,  his  parents  moved 
to  Decatur,  where  he  grew  to  manhood.  He  obtained  a  common 
school  education  in  the  "old  French  school  house,"  attending  school 
in  winter  and  working  on  the  farm  during  the  summer  months.  In 
addition  to  the  work  on  the  farm,  he  assisted  in  the  dyeing  and  fulling 
of  cloth  in  the  mill  and  continued  in  this  work  for  his  father  for  a 
year  after  attaining  his  majority.  His  health  becoming  somewhat 
impaired  and  hoping  a  change  might  prove  beneficial,  he  went  in  the 
spring  of  1841  to  Franklinville,  Cattaraugus  county,  New  York, 
where  he  attended  school.  The  following  winter  he  taught  near 
Franklinville,  receiving  fourteen  dollars  per  month  for  his  services. 
In  the  spring  of  1842,  his  health  being  much  improved,  he  started  for 
the  west,  trusting  to  find  lucrative  employment.  He  went  to  Buffalo, 
New  York,  from  there  to  Cleveland,  Ohio,  by  boat,  and  down  the 
Ohio  Canal,  visiting  Cincinnati  and  many  other  points  on  the  Ohio 
River;  but  finding  no  employment  to  his  taste,  he  turned  his  face 
homeward,  reaching  Decatur  August  11,  1842.     The  following  Jan- 


uary  he  was  married  and  later  moved  to  Westford,  Otsego  county, 
New  York,  where  he  took  up  the  study  of  medicine  and  was  given  a 
diploma  by  the  "Thompsonian  Botanic  Medical  Society,"  of  Otsego 
county.  New  York.  After  practicing  his  profession  for  a  few  years, 
his  failing  health  required  him  to  give  up  his  country  patients  and 
confine  his  attention  to  office  practice  alone. 

In  politics  James  Thomas  French  was  a  Democrat  and  held  the 
office  of  postmaster  from  June  16,  1853,  until  the  year  1861,  when  his 
successor  was  appointed  by  President  Lincoln.  He  was  made  a 
Mason  April  11,  1865.  In  November,  1862,  he  purchased  what  was 
known  as  the  "SpafTord  farm,"  where  he  lived  until  April,  1866,  mov- 
ing to  Warnerville,  Schoharie  county,  New  York,  where  he  died 
April  19,  1867.  After  his  death,  his  wife  Calphurna  lived  with  her 
son,  who  moved  to  Elk  Creek,  where  he  owned  a  saw-mill  and  was 
engaged  in  the  lumber  business  for  a  number  of  years.  She  died  in 
1900.  Leslie  R.,  son  of  James  Thomas  and  Calphurna  French,  is 
now  living  (191 2)  at  Schenevus,  Otsego  county.  New  York. 

John  Seward  French,  born  in  Chenango,  Broome  county.  New 
York,  October  19,  1826;  married  Susan,  daughter  of  Adam  and 
Elizabeth  Barfoot  (born  at  Kickapoo,  Illinois,  October  15,  1837)  at 
Kickapoo,  Illinois,  November  28,  1857.    To  them  were  born: 

I.     Harry  Seward,  born  April  30,  1 858 ;  married  Anna  Thomas. 
They  live  at  St.  Louis,  Missouri.     No  children. 
II.     Flora,  died  in  infancy. 
III.     Nellie,  born  September  5,  1861 ;  married  William  A.  Ivory 
February  22,   1888;  died  at  Wayne,  Nebraska,  October  i, 
1891.     One  child  was  born  of  this  union;  mother  and  babe 
resting  in  cemetery  at  Peoria,  Illinois.     Nellie  was  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Methodist  church  in  Wayne  at  the  time  of  her 
death.     The  husband  remarried  and  resides  in  Philadelphia, 
IV.     Gilbert  Edward,  born  April  30,  1873;  unmarried;  lives  at 


Winside,  Nebraska,  where  he  is  engaged  in  the  banking 
V.  |.  Fred,  born  September  12,  1875;  married  Ina  M.  Orcutt, 
daughter  of  Seldon  D.  and  Mary  Orcutt,  born  October  17, 
1875,  at  Independence,  Iowa;  married  at  Atkinson,  Nebras- 
ka, August  II,  1904.     To  them  have  been  born: 

1.  Gilbert  Orcutt,  born  August  23,  1906;  died  January  28, 

2.  Seldon  Orcutt,  born  December  28,  1907;  died  Septem- 
tember  25,  1908. 

3.  Mary  Suzanne,  born  at  Olathe,  Colorado,  May  30,  1909. 

4.  Harriet  Gilberta,  born  at  Olathe,  Colorado,  August  i, 

J.  Fred  French  lives  in  Olathe,  Colorado.  He  is  engaged 
in  the  business  of  real  estate,  loans,  and  insurance. 
The  children  of  John  and  Susan  French  were  born  in  Peoria,  Illi- 
nois. John  French  went  with  his  parents  from  Otsego  county,  New 
York,  to  Morrow  county,  Ohio,  in  1847.  In  October  of  that  year  he 
attained  his  majority  and  the  following  winter  he  taught  school  in 
what  was  afterwards  known  as  the  "Flint  school  house.''  During  this 
term  of  school  five  of  his  cousins  —  Stephen  Flint  and  his  sister  Shar- 
ille,  Stephen  Tripp  and  two  sisters,  Lucy  and  Mary  — were  among 
his  pupils.  In  the  spring  of  1851  Henry  Tripp,  a  cousin  of  John 
French,  began  work  for  Henry  Miller  of  Columbus,  Ohio,  as  a  book 
solicitor,  his  territory  embracing  the  state  of  Illinois.  Two  years 
later  he  returned  to  Ohio,  where  he  formed  a  partnership  with  John 
French  for  the  sale  of  books,  they  afterward  joining  forces  with  G. 
and  S.  H.  Burnett,  of  Peoria,  Illinois,  but  he  continued  to  travel  until 
the  Burnetts  sold  out  to  Henry  Nolte.  Henry  Tripp  remained  in 
the  employ  of  Nolte  as  head  clerk,  and  John  French  engaged  in  busi- 
ness with  a  Mr.  Mawhyrter,  making  clothing  for  men,  and  keeping 
a  general  supply  of  men's  furnishings. 

That  John  French  had  loaned  money  to  his  father,  is  shown  by  the 
following  extract  taken  from  a  letter  written  by  his  mother  to  his 
sister,  in  1854:     "Received  a  letter  from  John,  dated  February  25th; 


was  doing  well;  thinks  $100  laid  out  in  land  in  that  country  would 
in  a  year  or  two,  be  worth  $500.  He  would  be  glad  to  have  us  get 
the  land  with  the  money  he  loaned  us;  says  he  will  not  push  us,  for  he 
owes  us  a  great  deal  for  his  bringing  up  and  the  little  education  he  has, 
and  a  great  deal  more  for  a  good  character." 

From  1882  to  1886,  after  having  gone  out  of  the  merchant  tailor- 
ing business,  he  was  in  the  employ  of  the  government  as  storekeeper 
in  the  revenue  service  connected  with  the  distilleries  at  Peoria,  Illi- 
nois. In  1886  he  removed  with  his  family  to  Wayne,  Nebraska, 
where  he  engaged  in  the  real  estate  and  banking  business,  being 
actively  interested  in  this  work  until  a  short  time  previous  to  his 
death.  In  politics  he  was  a  Republican,  and  was  for  years  a  member 
of  the  Ancient  Free  and  Accepted  Masons.  For  several  years  prior 
to  his  death  he  spent  the  winters  in  San  Diego,  California,  where  his 
widow,  Susan  French,  now  resides.  His  death  occurred  at  Waj^jie, 
Nebraska,  December  24,  1904,  and  his  body  rests  beside  that  of  his 
daughter  at  Peoria,  Illinois.  John  French  was  successful  in  business, 
honest  and  upright  in  all  his  dealings,  and  he  made  it  a  strong  point 
with  his  sons  to  keep  their  promises  and  to  treat  others  as  they  them- 
selves would  wish  to  be  treated.  . .  .....        ,  . 

Mary  French,  sixth  child  of  Samson  and  Elizabeth  French,  was 
born  in  Decatur,  Otsego  county,  New  York,  December  6,  1829.  The 
early  years  of  her  life  were  spent  with  her  parents  on  the  farm,  where 
as  a  child  she  developed  a  great  love  for  nature,  which  dominated 
her  whole  life.  An  incident  of  her  early  childhood  shows  that  what 
she  undertook  to  do  she  accomplished. 

When  about  eight  years  of  age,  a  heavy  rainfall  caused  the  streams 
to  overflow.  After  the  sky  cleared  and  the  spring  sunshine  had  come 
out  in  all  its  glory,  Mary,  with  a  sunbonnet  tied  under  her  chin, 
and  an  injunction  from  her  mother  not  to  take  it  ofif,  started  for  the 
woods  to  gather  wild  flowers.  Decatur  Creek  —  a  small  stream 
which  ran  through  her  father's  farm  —  was  out  of  its  banks,  and  as 


she  came  near  she  saw  a  great  number  of  fish  which  had  found  their 
way  into  the  stream  from  the  river  near  by,  which  had  backed  its 
waters  over  the  low  lands.  One  of  these  fish  —  a  large  one  —  was  so 
near  the  shore  that  Mary  thought  she  could  easily  reach  it.  Being 
barefooted  and  not  realizing  the  depth  of  the  stream,  she  waded  in 
and  caught  the  fish  but  went  under  the  water.  Still  clinging  to  her 
prize,  she  laid  the  slippery  creature  on  the  grass  long  enough  to  get 
her  breath,  then  bearing  it  home,  entered  the  kitchen  exclaiming: 
"Oh  mother,  I  caught  it  but  lost  my  bonnet!" 

When  about  sixteen  years  of  age,  she  became  dissatisfied  at  home, 
and  much  against  her  mother's  wishes,  went  to  Troy,  New  York, 
where  she  was  employed  in  a  cotton  factory,  "clearing  nineteen  shill- 
ings a  week."  Six  weeks  sufficed  to  satisfy  all  aspirations  in  this  di- 
rection and  Mary  returned  to  her  home,  happy  to  again  be  a  member 
of  the  family  circle.  Her  education  was  gained  in  the  country  school 
maintained  near  her  father's  home  and  later  on,  in  a  seminary  in 
Worcester,  New  York. 

She  went  with  her  parents  to  Morrow  county,  Ohio,  in  1847,  and 
a  short  time  after,  the  following  incident  occurred: 

Two  and  one-half  miles  from  their  home  was  a  store  and  one  or 
two  houses,  which  comprised  the  little  village  of  Westpoint.  Mary 
was  sent  to  this  place  with  a  basket  of  eggs  which  she  was  to  exchange 
for  sugar.  She  went  on  horseback,  her  father  giving  her  explicit 
directions  to  follow,  as  this  was  a  heavily  timbered  country  through 
which  she  must  pass  on  this  — her  first  visit  to  the  store.  After 
riding  a  long  distance  and  not  seeing  the  town,  she  overtook  a  man 
walking,  and  asked  him  if  he  could  tell  her  how  much  farther  she  must 
go  to  reach  Westpoint.  Imagine  her  surprise  when  she  found  she 
had  passed  through  the  village  and  had  not  recognized  it  as  the 

While  engaged  in  teaching  school  during  the  summer  of  1848,  she 
met  Dr.  Nathan  M.  Smith,  a  young  physician  located  at  Kirkersville, 
Ohio,  and  they  were  married  at  Mt.  Gilead  February  22,  1849. 
Seven  children  were  born  of  this  union,  six  of  whom  grew  to  ma- 


I.     Viola,  born  at  Mt.  Gilead  October  22,  1850;  died  at  Sibley, 
Missouri,  August  2,  1854. 
II.     Lafayette  F.,  born  October  6,  1853  ;  died  January  26,  1854. 
III.     William  Shakespeare,  born  July  5,   1855;  married  Emma 
Baker,  Quincy,  Illinois,  1883.    To  them  were  born:    Junius, 
Louis,  George,  Jessie,  Helen,  Pet. 
IV.     Ada  S.,  born  March  14,  1858;  married  T.  Jefferson  Davis 
(deceased)  in  1877.    To  them  were  born  four  sons  and  one 
V.     Stella,  born  November  22,  1861 ;  married  John  E.  Johnson. 
Stella  died  in  1895.    Her  husband  and  three  children  living. 
VI.     Louis  N.,   born  October   12,    1868;  is  married;  resides  in 
Kansas  City,  Missouri. 
VII.     Mary,  born  May  28,  1872 ;  married  J.  Mason  Price  in  1895. 
To  them  have  been  born  three  sons  and  two  daughters;  re- 
side in  Kansas  City,  Missouri. 
Dr.  Nathan  M.  Smith  (husband  of  Mary  French)  was  born  near 
Wheeling,  West  Virginia,  April  17,  1821;;  was  of  Scotch  descent,  and 
a  man  of  brilliant  mind.     He  received  the  degree  of  doctor  of  med- 
icine at  Newport,  and  first  practiced  his  profession  at  Wheeling. 

In  1852  Dr.  Smith  and  his  brother  William  started  for  the  gold 
fields  of  California,  leaving  Mary  and  her  baby  with  her  parents. 
The  difficulties  of  travel,  Indian  skirmishes,  and  the  possibility  of 
never  again  seeing  the  loved  ones  left  behind,  caused  them  to  con- 
clude their  journey  at  what  is  now  known  as  Kansas  City;  and  at 
Sibley,  a  town  forty  miles  north  of  this  place,  situated  on  a  high  bluff 
overlooking  the  Missouri  River,  Dr.  Smith  finally  decided  to  locate. 
Here  he  built  the  first  brick  house  in  that  part  of  the  country,  and  a 
flourishing  little  city  grew  up  around  him.  He  sent  for  his  wife  and 
baby  daughter,  and  as  passengers  on  the  "Isabella"  they  left  Cincin- 
nati November  2,  1852,  changed  boats  at  St.  Louis,  coming  via  the 
Missouri  River  to  Kansas  City,  finally  arriving  at  Sibley  after  a  some- 
what eventful  journey. 

The  residents  of  Sibley  and  vicinity  were  people  of  refinement  and 
culture,  and  the  kindness  and  courtesy  shown  to  Dr.  Smith  and  his 


wife  won  their  hearts  and  made  them  feel  at  home  among  their  new- 
found friends.  This  was  a  slave  owning  community,  distinctly 
southern  in  its  sympathies,  and  they  —  like  their  neighbors  —  soon 
became  owners  of  slaves. 

In  the  spring  or  early  summer  of  1861  Mary  paid  a  visit  to  her 
Ohio  home,  for  her  father  had  died  in  April,  and  her  mother,  who 
had  been  in  delicate  health  for  a  number  of  years,  was  failing  rapidly. 
Her  convictions  as  to  the  right  of  the  southern  cause  were  as  intense 
and  radical  as  were  the  northern  principles  of  her  brothers  in  Ohio. 
A  bitter  quarrel  followed  their  many  heated  discussions  and  a  family 
breach  ensued  which  was  never  healed.  She  returned  to  her  husband 
and  southern  friends,  and  her  sojourn  among  these  people  she  declared 
to  be  the  happiest  of  her  entire  life. 

The  Civil  War,  beginning  in  1861,  bearing  havoc  and  sorrow  in  its 
train,  brought  about  a  condition  of  extreme  bitterness  in  this  part  of 
the  country  and  the  people  of  the  community  became  widely  scattered. 
Dr.  Smith  was  pursued  by  the  bushwhackers  numberless  times  dur- 
ing the  days  of  their  activity,  there  being  a  price  upon  his  head.  At 
one  time  he  hid  behind  a  clump  of  bushes  and  listened  while  some  of 
these  guerrillas  laid  plans  to  take  his  life.  The  last  experience  which 
drove  him  from  Jackson  county,  was  a  thrilling  episode.  A  week  or 
so  previous  a  raid  had  been  made  upon  his  property  and  his  live  stock 
stolen,  he  being  obliged  to  borrow  a  horse  for  his  daily  calls,  as  his 
riding  horse  had  been  taken  with  the  others.  One  day  he  went  to 
Independence,  about  fifteen  miles  distant,  to  draw  some  money  from 
the  bank  with  which  to  purchase  a  horse.  It  grew  late  before  he 
started  on  the  return  journey,  and  when  a  short  distance  from  home, 
a  man  on  horseback  suddenly  emerged  from  the  side  of  the  road  and 
ordered  him  to  halt.  It  was  dark  and  instead  of  doing  as  command- 
ed, he  put  spurs  to  his  horse,  a  bullet  grazing  his  cheek  as  he  sped  on- 
ward in  the  darkness.  His  pursuer  followed  only  a  short  distance,  and 
then  returned  to  his  companions  —  members  of  Quantrill's  band. 

The  doctor  reached  home  in  safety,  and  having  five  hundred  dol- 
lars in  his  belt,  handed  it  to  his  wife.  Hearing  the  tramp  of  horses' 
feet,  Mary  blew  out  the  light,  flung  all  the  money  (with  the  exception 


of  eighty  dollars  in  greenbacks  which  she  secreted  in  her  sleeve) 
under  the  bed,  and  helped  her  husband  out  of  the  back  window,  for 
she  knew  it  was  death  if  they  found  him.  He  escaped  to  the  woods 
just  beyond  his  home.  By  this  time  the  door  was  forced  from  its 
hinges  and  six  men  entered  the  house.  She  lighted  the  lamp  and  with 
perfect  calmness,  asked  what  they  wanted,  to  which  they  replied: 
"We  want  Doc  Smith  and  we'll  fix  him;  we  know  he  has  money; 
where  is  he?"  Mary  told  them  he  was  not  at  home,  but  that  they  were 
at  perfect  liberty  to  search  the  house.  They  demanded  her  money, 
threatening  to  shoot  the  baby  sleeping  in  the  cradle  if  she  did  not  ac- 
cede to  their  demands.  She  drew  the  bills  from  her  sleeve,  giving 
them  fifty  dollars,  but  they  were  not  satisfied  until  all  of  the  eighty 
dollars  she  had  secreted  there,  was  in  their  possession.  Not  seeing 
the  doctor's  horse,  which  had  wandered  away  into  the  timber,  they 
thought  he  had  not  yet  reached  home,  so  guarded  the  house  all  night 
awaiting  his  return. 

For  three  weeks  Mary  heard  nothing  from  her  husband,  and  when 
she  finally  despaired  of  ever  seeing  him  again,  a  message  came  telling 
her  to  come  to  Kingston,  and  with  it,  directions  for  the  journey.  Her 
husband  met  her  before  she  reached  her  destination,  and  when  she 
saw  him,  she  fainted ;  his  hair  —  black  when  they  parted  —  was  now 
white  as  snow. 

After  this  terrible  experience.  Dr.  Smith  and  his  family  moved  to 
Kingston,  county  seat  of  Caldwell  county.  He  enlisted  in  the  Thirty- 
third  Missouri  regiment  as  surgeon,  and  at  the  close  of  the  war 
bought  one  hundred  acres  of  land  near  that  city,  and  there  made  a 
home  where  he  and  his  wife  spent  the  remainder  of  their  days.  Mean- 
time he  had  returned  to  the  spot  where  the  great  tragedy  of  their 
life  was  so  narrowly  averted,  and  secured  the  silver  and  other  valu- 
ables which  Mary  had  buried  in  anticipation  of  the  visit  described. 

Dr.  Smith  took  great  pleasure  in  beautifying  his  home;  planted 
fruit  trees  of  every  variety  that  would  grow  in  that  climate,  and  culti- 
vated flowers,  all  of  which  combined  in  making  what  for  many  years 
was  known  as  one  of  the  "show  places"  of  Caldwell  county.  Mary 
was  a  great  botanist,  and  had  collected  flowers  from  all  over  the 


country;  she  embroidered  in  colored  silks,  using  the  living  flowers  as 
studies.  She  was  a  woman  of  strong  character  and  indomitable  will, 
possessed  of  tact,  wit,  and  a  personal  charm  all  her  own. 

Dr.  Smith  was  an  active  member  of  the  Grand  Army  of  the  Repub- 
lic, and  when  his  death  occurred,  June  21,  1893,  this  organization  took 
charge  of  the  funeral  services.  Mary  French  Smith  died  June  28, 
1908,  and  their  bodies  now  rest  in  the  cemetery  at  Kingston,  Missouri. 

Oscar  Lumas  Russell  French,  ninth  child  of  Samson  and  Eliza- 
beth French,  was  born  in  Decatur,  Otsego  county,  New  York,  October 
18,  1834;  married  Mary  Clevenger,  of  Morrow  county,  Ohio,  No- 
vember 15,  1855.  She  died  February  17,  1856.  He  married  (second) 
Cidney  Ellen  Keech  (born  April  5,  1836,  West  Bradford  township, 
Chester  county,  Pennsylvania)  December  24,  1857,  ^^v-  Atchison 
Queal  performing  the  ceremony.    To  them  were  born  eight  children  : 

I.     Mary  Clevenger  1,  ,      .,  n       t- <•         ^.  • 

II.     Laura  Alfaretta    f  °''"  ^^''^  ^5'  '^^9,  Ed.son,  Ohio. 

Mary   Clevenger  married   George   Hellinger   in  January, 

1882.    To  them  was  born  one  child: 

I.     Bessie,  born  November  7,  1882;  died  1884. 

Laura  Alfaretta  married  Dr.  Frank  Rule  March  6,  1886,  in 

Johnsville,  Ohio.    To  them  was  born  one  child  : 

1.  Harry  Hamilton,  born   March  6,   1886,   in  Johnsville, 
Ohio;  unmarried;  linotype  operator  at  Bucyrus,  Ohio. 

Dr.  Rule  died  March  1 1,  1891,  at  Huron,  Kansas. 

Laura  married   (second)   Carmi  Kelly  in  1893.     To  them 

was  born: 

2.  Lucy  May,  May  29,  1898,  in  Caledonia,  Ohio. 

III.  Bayard  Taylor,  born  Pulaskiville,  Morrow  county,  Ohio, 
August  2,  i860;  married  Lue  Lincoln  Walters  January  30, 
1884,  at  Johnsville,  Ohio.  Bayard  Taylor  French  came  to 
Iowa  in  the  spring  of  1880  and  began  work  for  the  firm  of 
J.  H.  Queal  &  Co.,  lumber  dealers;  he  later  became  a  mem- 

Lucv  Frknch  SrcixiiR 


ber  of  the  firm,  and  is  now  vice  president  of  the  corporation; 
lives  at  Hawarden,  Iowa.  Lue  Lincoln  Walters  was  born 
November  3,  1862,  in  Morrow  county,  Ohio.  To  them  were 

1.  Leslie  Ray,  born  in  Hawarden,  Sioux  county,  Iowa,  De- 
cember 20,  1885;  married  Carrie  Waiters  April  16,  191 1. 

To  them  has  been  born  one  child: 
a.     Elizabeth. 

2.  Clarence  Walters,  born  December  7,  1887,  Hawarden, 

3.  Helen  Beatrice,  born  April  12,  1890;  died  June  i,  1891. 

4.  Sherman  Queal,  born  April  28,  1892,  Hawarden,  Iowa. 
IV.     Garfield,    born    April    28,     1866,    Westpoint,    Ohio;    was 

drowned  May  29,  1869. 
V.     Samson  Babb,  born  April  28,  1866,  Westpoint,  Ohio;  mar- 
ried Georgianna  Almy  at  Yankton,  South  Dakota,  February 
15,  1893.    To  them  have  been  born: 

1.  Howard  Almy,  born  September  10,  1894. 

2.  Cidney  Evelyn,  born  October  31,  1895. 

3.  Wendell  Phillips,  born  August  28,  1898. 

4.  Gordon  Russell,  born  November  26,  1900. 

5.  Netha,  born  September  19,  1902. 

6.  Harriett,  ) ,         x 

TT     u       V^  h  born  June  30,  1907. 

7.  Herbert  George,  )  -^         o  >    ^  / 

VI.  Malinda  Keech,  born  March  9,  1868,  Johnsville,  Ohio;  mar- 
ried Edward  Snyder  June  i,  1889,  Johnsville,  Ohio.  To 
them  have  been  born: 

1.  Edna,  born  September  19,  1890;  married  Elroy  Smith 
March  8,  191 1  ;  one  child. 

2.  Helen,  born  February  21,  1892. 
Edward  Snyder  died  April  9,  1904. 

VII.     Lucy  May,  born  May  2,   1870,  Johnsville,  Ohio;  married 
August  16,   1900,  Clarence  Birch  Stoner.     To  them  have 
been  born. 
I.     Lowell  French,  born  August  i,  1901. 


2.     Helen  Constance,  born  September  27,  1902. 
Clarence  Birch  Stoner's  work  the  past  year  ( 191 1)  has  been: 
Statistician  for  the  bureau  of  business  research  of  the  Har- 
vard Graduate  School  of  Business  Administration;  also  as- 
sistant in  the  course  in  economics,  "Principles  of  Account- 
ing."   He  received  the  degree  of  master  of  business  admin- 
istration from  Harvard  College  June,  191 1.    His  special  line 
of  work  is  accounting;  has  been  auditor  for  a  firm  in  Boston 
for  about  two  years  and  has  spent  considerable  time  in  estab- 
lishing a  system  of  accounts  in  various  hospitals.     Removed 
in   191 2  to  Pittsburg,  Pennsylvania,  where  he  is  connected 
with  the  Carnegie  Institute  of  that  city. 
VIII.     Belle,  born  March  6,  1876;  married  Albert  C.  Rummel  July 
31,  1902.    To  them  has  been  born  one  child: 
I.     Robert  French,  born  July  12,  1907. 

Albert  C.  Rummel  is  superintendent  of  schools  at  St.  Clairs- 
ville,  Ohio. 
Oscar  Lumas  Russell  French  was  but  thirteen  years  of  age  when  he 
went  with  his  parents  to  Ohio,  where  he  worked  on  the  farm  with  his 
father  and  brothers.  In  the  spring  of  1848  he  helped  his  father  plant 
an  orchard,  the  growth  of  which  was  watched  by  the  members  of  the 
family  with  great  interest  until  the  first  fruits  were  gathered  some 
years  later.  Being  of  a  studious  mind  he  improved  every  opportunity 
within  his  reach  to  gain  an  education;  was  a  student  for  one  year  at 
Delaware,  Ohio,  but  with  this  exception,  his  mental  training  was  ob- 
tained in  the  common  school  of  the  community  where  he  resided.  His 
first  term  of  school  was  taught  on  the  state  road  near  the  Flint  home; 
the  second,  at  Hell's  Half  Acre,  northeast  of  Westpoint.  The  winter 
of  1857  was  spent  teaching  in  what  was  known  as  the  "eight  square" 
school  house,  which  is  still  standing,  being  used  at  the  present  time 
for  a  tool  house  and  work  shop. 

In  1858  he  went  west  and  on  his  return  in  September  moved  to 
Edison,  where  he  taught  three  terms  of  school  and  where  the  twins 
were  born.  One  year  later  he  engaged  to  teach  in  Pulaskiville,  Mor- 
row county,  and  his  parents  persuaded  him  to  bring  his  wife  and 


babies  to  their  home,  where  they  remained  during  the  winter,  joining 
him  in  the  spring  of  i860. 

These  were  warm  political  times  and  the  shadow  of  war  hung 
heavily  over  the  country.  Oscar  French  had  early  taken  an  interest 
in  political  affairs,  being  a  staunch  Republican  for  some  time  before 
he  was  old  enough  to  vote.  The  New  York  Tribune,  to  which  his 
father  had  been  a  subscriber  before  leaving  the  state  of  New  York, 
was  carefully  read,  and  helped  in  a  great  measure  to  form  his  political 
beliefs.  His  vote,  cast  November  6,  i860,  was  one  of  the  1,866,352 
which  elected  Abraham  Lincoln  president  of  the  United  States. 
When  the  War  of  the  Rebellion  broke  out,  he  was  ready  to  answer  his 
country's  call,  so  moved  his  family  to  Westpoint  where  his  wife's  par- 
ents resided,  and  joined  the  Twenty-sixth  regiment,  Ohio  Volunteer 
Infantry,  June  6,  1861,  serving  under  Rosecrans  in  Kanawha  Valley. 
He  was  taken  ill  with  typhoid  fever  on  October  10,  1861,  at  Mt.  Cove, 
West  Virginia,  and  was  moved  about  three  weeks  later  to  the  Third 
Street  Military  Hospital,  Cincinnati,  Ohio.  This  illness  rendered 
him  unfit  for  military  duty,  and  he  was  discharged  in  the  spring  of 

1862.  In  September  of  the  same  year,  when  Governor  Tod  called 
for  minute  men  to  go  to  the  "Southern  border"  to  repel  Morgan's 
band  of  invaders,  Oscar  French  organized  a  company  for  this  service. 
These  men  are  known  in  history  as  "Squirrel  Hunters."  He  also 
assisted  in  organizing  the  National  Guards  of  Morrow  County  in 

1863,  ^^'^  this  body  enlisted  in  the  spring  of  1864,  in  response  to  a  call 
for  volunteers  for  one  hundred  days  of  service.  Smith  Irwin  being 
colonel  of  the  regiment.  Later  he  helped  to  organize  a  company  for 
one  year's  service,  being  assigned  to  Company  C,  One  Hundred 
Eightieth  Ohio  Volunteer  Infantry,  which  was  sent  to  Tennessee  to 
do  garrison  duty.  Early  in  1S65  they  were  ordered  to  join  their  corps 
at  Washington.  From  this  place  they  were  sent  to  Charlotte,  North 
Carolina,  where  they  again  did  garrison  duty,  and  were  at  Raleigh, 
North  Carolina,  when  Johnston  surrendered  his  army. 

Oscar  was  fond  of  good  living,  and  the  following  extract  from  a 
letter  written  to  his  wife  while  at  Deckard  Station,  Tennessee,  No- 
vember 13,  1864,  illustrates  the  fact  that  sauer  kraut  and  pickles  were 


favorite  articles  of  food:  "Cidney,  I  will  have  to  excuse  you  on  the 
kraut,  but  if  you  can  send  me  the  pickles,  without  too  much  trouble, 
you  may  do  so,  but  it  is  not  very  particular,  as  it  will  cost  five  or  six 
dollars  to  get  them  here,  which  will  make  them  pretty  dear  for  us." 
In  this  same  letter  he  says:  "Please  send  me  the  Tribunes  along  as 
you  read  them;  I  would  give  more  for  the  Tribune  than  any  paper  I 
ever  read." 

The  following  letter  received  by  his  wife  while  he  was  still  in  the 
service  contains  much  of  interest: 

Raleigh,  Sunday  April  i6th,  1865. 
I  thought  I  would  write  you  today,  although  it  may  be  some 
days  before  I  can  send  it  as  the  railroad  is  not  finished,  but  will  probably 
be  done  in  a  day  or  two.  As  I  sit  in  the  office  of  the  provost  marshal,  there 
are  two  officers  (Confederate)  who  have  come  through  from  Grant.  They 
are  Lee's  officers,  and  are  on  their  way  to  their  homes  with  passes  from 
General  Grant  to  pass  through  our  lines  and  on  government  railroads 
and  on  board  transports,  &c,  &c.  One  brigadier  general  came  in  this 
morning  who  lived  in  this  town.  He  reported  here  first,  and  then  said  he 
must  go  home  and  see  his  wife.  I  expect  it  was  a  joyful  meeting.  The  re- 
port was  rife  in  town  yesterday  that  Joe  Johnston  was  surrendering.  I 
suppose  they  are  making  the  terms.  General  Hardee  (rebel)  was  in  town 
yesterday.  Johnston  wanted  an  armistice  to  send  word  to  Grant,  but 
Sherman  sent  word  to  him  that  he  would  take  him  in  on  the  same  terms  that 
Grant  did  Lee  —  that  is  —  all  men  to  be  paroled,  officers  to  retain  their  side 
arms,  private  property  and  horses.  General  Sherman  came  into  the  office 
and  is  talking  to  these  two  Confederate  officers.  There  is  a  great  crowd  of 
soldiers  outside  trying  to  get  a  glimpse  of  him.  He  is  a  very  sensible  old 
man ;  is  not  quite  as  good  looking  as  John  Sherman.  I  think  he  is  older, 
perhaps.  Major  General  and  Brigadier  General  Moore  are  both  in  here ; 
they  are  brothers-in-law  of  Colonel  Warner.  .  .  .  We  have  just 
learned  that  General  Sheridan  is  in  Johnston's  rear,  so  he  is  soon  bound  to 

surrender Mondaay  afternoon     .     .     .     but  my  dear 

wife,  I  am  sad,  oh  so  sad.  We  have  received  official  news  (as  we  suppose) 
that  President  Lincoln  has  been  assassinated.  My  God,  is  it  possible  that  the 
best  man  this  nation  ever  knew  has  been  taken  away  from  us!  God  forbid] 
I  do  hope  it  may  prove  false.  It  seems  as  though  it  cannot  be  possible 
that  the  man  who  has  carried  us  so  safely  through  a  civil  war  of  four  years, 
and  now  on  the  eve  of  peace,  should  be  ruthlessly  murdered  in  cold  blood. 
The  army  #as  to  have  moved  this  morning,  but  it  did  not.     General  Sher- 




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Pass  givex  to  Ai.wa  Frexch 


man  started  out  to  see  Johnston  to  have  him  surrender  or  to  take  him  in. 
I  have  not  heard  what  the  result  has  been.  General  Stiles  asked  me  yester- 
day how  soon  I  thought  I  would  see  the  twins.  I  told  him  I  thought  by 
the  4th  of  July.  "Well,"  says  he,  "I  think  so  too."  I  begin  to  feel  more 
anxious  than  ever  now  to  get  home,  as  I  think  the  war  is  over.  The  paroled 
rebels  are  passing  through  here  today,  en  route  for  their  homes.  They  have 
been,  since  Lee  surrendered  a  week  ago,  coming  through.  General  Sherman 
told  Colonel  Warner  yesterday  to  give  them  any  papers  and  transportation 
that  they  might  want  to  carry  them  through  to  their  homes.     .     .     . 

(Signed)     O.  L.  R.  French  ' 
Lt  &  A.  P.  M.  1st  Brig,  ist  Uiv  23  A.  C. 

Oscar  French  returned  home  from  the  war  July  25,  1865,  and  short- 
ly after  moved  with  his  family  to  Johnsville,  Morrow  county, 
Ohio,  where  for  some  years  he  was  principal  of  the  school.  He  was 
elected  county  surveyor  October  18,  1869,  in  which  capacity  he 
served  one  term;  afterwards  engaging  in  the  lumber  business  at  Lex- 
ington, Ohio,  which  occupation  he  diligently  pursued  until  Novem- 
ber 17,  1890,  when  he  was  again  elected  county  surveyor,  serving  his 
third  term  at  the  time  of  his  death,  which  occurred  March  25,  1896. 

The  friends  of  Oscar  French  were  numbered  by  his  acquaintances, 
for  he  was  a  genial  man,  and  no  one  more  enjoyed  a  good  joke,  even 
though  it  were  on  himself.  He  was  upright  in  character,  honest  in 
all  his  dealings  —  a  good  citizen.  He  was  a  member  of  the  Masonic 
fraternity  in  Mt.  Gilead,  of  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows 
at  Johnsville,  of  Justus  Paxton  Post  of  the  Grand  Army  of  the  Repub- 
lic, the  Rebekahs,  and  the  Grange. 

Few  men  leave  a  more  interesting  history  or  a  better  record  than 
Oscar  French,  who,  in  war  as  well  as  in  peace,  served  his  country  and 
his  fellow-men  faithfully  and  well.  He  was  a  resident  of  Johnsville 
about  thirty  years,  where  he  was  known  as  a  kind,  affectionate  husband 
and  father,  and  a  faithful  friend.  His  widow  still  lives  in  the  old 
home  at  Johnsville,  Ohio. 

1  Oscar  French:     Lieutenant  and  assistant  paymaster.   First  brigade,   First  division.  Twenty- 
third  Army  Corps. 


Martin  and  Marvin  French,  born  in  Decatur,  Otsego  county, 
New  York,  January  29,  1837.  Martin  French  married  Belle  Cham- 
berlain of  Ames,  Iowa,  May  16,  1879.  One  son,  Clare  Vernon,  was 
born  of  this  union,  who  died  when  about  one  year  of  age. 

Marvin  died  August  16,  1839. 

Martin  French  was  reared  on  the  farm  and  obtained  a  common 
school  education.  He  moved  in  1847  with  his  parents  to  Ohio,  where 
he  helped  his  father  and  brothers  to  clear  the  land  and  put  in  the  crops, 
attending  school  during  the  winter  months.  After  reaching  his  major- 
ity he  continued  to  work  for  his  father,  receiving  wages  for  his  labor. 
In  August,  i860,  he  went  to  New  York  state,  thinking  he  might  like  to 
locate  there,  but  after  a  visit  with  the  friends  and  relatives  returned 
to  his  father's  home  in  Ohio,  having  been  gone  but  twenty-three  days. 
On  September  i8th  of  the  same  year  he  started  for  the  West,  going 
from  Mt.  Gilead  to  Columbus,  Ohio,  where  he  remained  but  a  short 
time,  journeying  on  to  Peoria,  Illinois,  and  from  that  place  to  Sibley, 
Missouri,  where  he  resided  until  the  following  May,  when  with  his 
sister,  Mary  Smith,  and  her  two  children  he  returned  to  Ohio.  In 
September,  1861,  after  the  death  of  his  parents,  at  a  public  sale  of 
their  personal  property,  Martin  and  his  sister  Lucy  bought  in  partner- 
ship a  team  of  horses,  some  cows,  and  part  of  the  farm  implements, 
rented  the  farm  for  one  hundred  fifty  dollars  per  year,  and  for  two 
years  continued  to  work  together.  In  the  spring  of  1863,  having  dis- 
posed of  his  interests  to  his  sister,  he  again  started  westward,  with  the 
hope  of  working  his  way  to  fame  and  fortune  in  the  gold  mining  dis- 
tricts of  California  and  Nevada.  For  si.x  years  his  business  ability 
brought  him  a  measure  of  success,  but  the  reverses  consequent  upon 
the  years  of  depression  that  followed  the  Civil  War  were  experienced 
by  him,  and  in  1872  he  returned  to  Missouri,  where  for  four  years  he 
engaged  in  the  drug  business  in  Ray  county,  going  from  that  state  to 
Deadwood,  South  Dakota,  in  1876.  In  1878  he  went  to  Salida,  Colo- 
rado, the  distributing  point  for  Gunnison  county,  at  which  place  he 
again  engaged  in  business  as  a  druggist,  which  occupation  proved 
quite  remunerative. 

While  visiting  his  sister  at  Ames,  Iowa,  in  1876,  he  met  Miss  Belle 









Chamberlain,  who  in  the  spring  of  1879  went  to  Salida,  where  they 
were  united  in  marriage  May  i6th.  In  1898  he  sold  his  business  in 
this  place  and  moved  to  Ames,  Iowa,  where  he  was  employed  in  a 
drug  store  when  able  to  work.  He  was  a  member  of  the  Masonic 
fraternity,  having  received  the  degree  of  Knight  Templar  in  that 
order.  His  first  presidential  vote  was  cast  for  a  Democrat  and  he 
never  changed  his  politics.  His  early  political  and  religious  views 
were  dominated  by  those  of  an  uncle,  Daniel  Flint  (in  whose  family 
he  often  visited  during  his  boyhood  years) ,  who  believed  in  universal 
salvation,  and  that  the  slave  question  was  one  with  which  people 
should  not  interfere. 

Martin  French  died  of  Bright's  disease  at  Ames,  Iowa,  August  i, 
1900,  leaving  a  widow,  who  still  resides  in  that  place. 

Alva  C.  French,  twelfth  child  of  Samson  and  Elizabeth  French, 
was  born  in  Decatur,  Otsego  county.  New  York,  April  15,  1839; 
married  Lydia  A.  Elder  (born  March  19,  1847,  Morrow  county, 
Ohio)  in  Galion,  Ohio,  August  9,  1862.  To  them  were  born  six 
children : 

I.     Kirby  C,  born  July  1 2,  1 863  ;  died  September  8,  1 864. 
II.     Abbie,  born  June  2,  1865;  married  Ferd  Nichols  May  10, 
1880.     To  them  were  born  six  children,  four  of  whom  are 
III.     Ellsworth,  born  September  9,  1869,  at  Kingston,  Caldwell 

county,  Missouri;  died  September  28,  1877. 
IV.     Charles,  born  February  12,  1873;  died  December  22,  1894. 
V.     Chauncey,  born  October  9,   1876;  married  Ada  Sipes  Sep- 
tember 25,  1901.    To  them  have  been  born  three  children. 
VI.     Carrie,  born  October   18,    1874;   married   Karah   Mountz 

October  22,  1903.    To  them  have  been  born  two  children. 
Alva  C.  French  was  but  six  years  of  age  when  his  parents  moved 
to  Ohio.  He  grew  to  manhood  on  the  farm  of  his  father,  and  industry 
was  one  of  the  lessons  learned  early  in  life.    About  1850  the  Cleve- 


land,  Columbus  &  Cincinnati  Railroad  was  built,  the  track  running 
within  two  miles  of  his  parents'  home.  He  listened  with  delight  to 
the  whistle  of  the  engines  and  determined  to  engage  in  the  railroad 
business  when  he  grew  to  manhood.  In  accord  with  this  resolution, 
after  reaching  his  majority  he  went  into  the  railroad  shops  at  Galion, 
Ohio,  to  learn  the  business,  but  two  years  later,  owing  to  impaired 
health,  was  obliged  to  give  up  this  particular  occupation,  taking  in- 
stead a  position  as  conductor  on  a  through  freight,  running  from 
Galion,  Ohio,  to  Union  City,  Indiana. 

In  September,  1864,  when  an  urgent  call  came  for  troops,  Alva 
enlisted  with  his  brother  Oscar  in  Company  C,  One  Hundred  Eigh- 
tieth Ohio  Volunteer  Infantry,  of  which  company  he  was  color  bearer, 
and  went  to  Tennessee,  where  the  troops  did  garrison  duty  until  1865. 
As  winter  approached,  they  were  busily  engaged  in  the  woods  about 
a  mile  from  camp,  cutting  and  loading  logs  for  their  new  winter 
quarters.  The  order  pictured  on  page  191  shows  that  Alva  French 
was  detailed  to  assist  in  this  work. 

In  the  early  spring  of  1865  the  regiment  was  ordered  to  Charlotte, 
North  Carolina,  where  they  again  did  garrison  duty,  and  later  on  to 
Raleigh,  at  which  place  they  were  located  when  Johnston  surrendered 
to  General  Sherman. 

After  the  close  of  the  war  he  returned  home  and  again  entered  the 
employ  of  the  railroad  company  as  conductor.  While  on  his  regular 
run  from  Galion  to  Union  City  he  met  with  a  serious  accident  at  a 
point  named  Quincy  Curve,  which  place  has  since  been  called  "Dead 
Man's  Curve,"  owing  to  the  number  of  accidents  which  have  occurred 
there.  This  injury  so  impaired  his  health  that  he  left  the  employ  of 
the  railroad  company,  and  in  1868  removed  with  his  family  to  Kings- 
ton, Caldwell  county,  Missouri,  near  which  place  thev  resided  for 
five  years,  returning  at  the  expiration  of  that  time  to  Galion,  Ohio, 
where  he  entered  the  employ  of  the  Atlantic  &  Great  Western  Rail- 
road, continuing  in  the  service  of  this  company  until  he  removed  to 
his  farm  in  Morrow  county.  Here  he  lived  for  thirty-five  years, 
leaving  in  191 2  to  again  take  up  his  residence  in  Galion,  where  with 
his  wife  he  expects  to  spend  the  remainder  of  his  days. 

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Cl:RTIFICATIi    OF    SfRVILH    ClVf-.X    SoL  IRRHi.    HuNTtU 

Seward  H.  Frexch 


Alva  C.  French  joined  the  Masonic  fraternity  when  a  young  man, 
and  is  a  member  of  the  order  in  Galion,  Ohio. 

The  original  demit  from  Charity  Lodge  of  Worcester,  New  York, 
granted  to  his  father,  Samson  French,  in  1833;  also  the  resolutions  of 
respect  from  the  Masonic  lodge  in  Mt.  Gilead,  Ohio,  passed  at  the 
time  of  his  father's  death  in  1861,  are  valued  possessions  of  Alva  C. 
French  and  will  be  found  in  another  part  of  this  volume. 

Calvin  Day  French,  born  at  Decatur,  Otsego  county,  New  York, 
May  8,  1842;  married  Elizabeth  Jane  Jones  (born  June  i,  1850,  at 
Clarksville,  Albany  county.  New  York)  November  21,  1869,  at  Del- 
mar,  Albany  county.  New  York.    To  them  were  born  four  children : 
I.     Orva  Martin,  born  at  Albany,  New  York,  November  17, 
1871;  married  in  1898  Jessie  Carmer  of  Athens,  Pennsyl- 
vania.   Now  living  at  Chandler,  Arizona.     No  children. 
II.     Chauncey,  born  Delmar,  New  York,  September  21;,  1876; 
married  June  i,  1898,  Grace  Miller  (born  North  Fenton, 
Broome  county.   New  York,    1877)    at  Binghamton,  New 
York.    Is  a  member  of  the  firm  of  Woodward,  Wight  &  Co., 
general  supply  house,  New  Orleans,  Louisiana,  in  which  city 
he  and  his  family  now  reside.    Two  children  have  been  born 
of  this  union: 

1.  Lewis  M.,  born  Binghamton,  New  York,  August  8,  1900. 

2.  Richard  Calvin,  born  New  Orleans,  Louisiana,  January 
30,  1909. 

III.  Seward  Haight,  born  Delmar,  New  York,  December  27, 
1877;  married  Lena  Pearle  Woodrufif  (born  October  13, 
1877,  Binghamton,  New  York)  December  25,  1900,  who  died 
September  10,  1901;  married  (second)  at  St.  Louis,  Mis- 
souri, November  26,  1906,  Mary  Littell  Halley  (born  April 
II,  1885,  Cincinnati,  Ohio).  Is  cashier  Binghamton,  New 
York,  postoffice,  and  local  secretary  United  States  Civil  Ser- 
vice Commission.  Two  children  have  been  born  of  the  sec- 
ond marriage: 


1.  Seward  H.  Jr.,  born  November  5,  1907,  Binghamton, 
New  York. 

2.  Alice  Gertrude,  born  June  4,  191 1. 

IV.     Katherine  May,  born  Binghamton,  New  York,  May  4,  1881 ; 

married  Frank  Kresinger  (born  Des  Moines,  Iowa,  January 

I,  1875)  August  25,  1908,  at  Binghamton,  New  York.     Live 

at  Des  Moines,  Iowa,  where  Frank  Kresinger  is  employed 

with  the  J.  H.  Queal  Lumber  Co.    No  children. 

Calvin  Day  French,  the  youngest  of  thirteen  children,  was  but  five 

years  of  age  when  his  parents  moved  to  Morrow  county,  Ohio,  from 

Otsego  county,  New  York,  journeying  by  Erie  Canal  to   Buffalo, 

thence  by  the  lake  to  Sandusky,  and  by  covered  wagon  the  balance  of 

the  journey.     He  was  at  that  time  and  for  some  years  after,   his 

mother's  constant  companion,  helping  her  with  the  work  and  learning 

many  useful  lessons  in  the  art  of  housekeeping,  which  required  some 

skill,  with  only  a  living  room  and  "loft"  in  the  log  cabin,  especially 

when  it  is  remembered  that  there  were  seven  members  of  the  family 

who  lived  there  at  that  time.     From   a  letter  written  by  Calvin's 

mother  to  his  sister  Lucy  in  March,  1854,  is  copied  the  following: 

You  would  be  pleased  to  see  how  good  a  boy  Calvin  is  to  help  me;  he  has 
done  the  three  last  washings,  only  I  suds  and  rinse  the  clothes.  He  makes 
me  think  of  his  oldest  sister,  he  is  so  willing  to  favour  me.  I  often  think 
that  promise  is  being  verified  to  me  that  I  received  the  first  night  after  his 
birth  —  "This  same  shall  comfort  you."  I  firmly  believe  it.  In  how  many 
ways  he  may  sooth  and  comfort  my  declining  days,  I  know  not,  but  I  have 
no  fears. 

Calvin  was  a  generous  boy,  always  kind  and  gentle,  but  was  in  no 
way  efliminate;  loving  out  of  door  sports  and  always  ready  to  join  in 
them,  he  grew  up  a  favorite  with  both  the  boys  and  girls  of  the  neigh- 
borhood. As  he  grew  older  he  worked  with  his  father  and  brothers 
on  the  farm,  attending  school  during  the  winter  months.  It  was  not 
always  easy  to  get  help  in  the  house  in  those  days  and  he  always  gave 
of  his  time  and  strength  cheerfully  to  aid  his  mother.  Being  re- 
ligiously inclined  he  at  an  early  age  united  with  the  church  and  is  at 
present  a  member  of  the  Chenango  Street  Methodist  Episcopal 
church  at  Binghamton,  New  York. 


After  the  death  of  his  father,  in  the  spring  of  1861,  Calvin  hired 
out  to  work  on  a  farm,  and  after  his  mother's  death,  which  occurred 
in  August  of  the  same  year,  he  enlisted  at  Mt.  Vernon,  Ohio,  in  Com- 
pany B,  Forty-third  regiment,  Ohio  Volunteers,  September  14,  1861, 
for  service  in  the  Civil  War.  From  Mt.  Vernon  the  company  went 
into  camp  at  Camp  Chase,  Columbus,  Ohio.  From  this  place  the 
troops  went  down  the  Ohio  and  up  the  Mississippi  River  to  New 
Madrid  and  under  General  Pope's  command  participated  in  the  Mis- 
souri campaign.  He  was  present  at  the  capture  of  Island  No.  10. 
This  fort  had  been  in  the  possession  of  the  rebel  forces  and  was  the 
key  to  the  upper  Mississippi  and  Missouri  Rivers.  His  brigade  was 
later  assigned  to  the  Army  of  the  Tennessee,  the  most  important  battles 
of  that  campaign  being  luka  and  Corinth.  He  was  taken  prisoner 
before  Atlanta,  Georgia,  and  sent  to  Andersonville  prison,  where  he 
was  confined  for  several  weeks.  While  being  transferred  to  a  prison 
further  south,  he  and  a  comrade  jumped  from  the  train  and  escaped, 
returning  after  much  hardship  to  the  Union  lines  in  time  to  go  with 
Sherman  to  the  sea.  A  story  of  his  capture  and  escape,  as  written  by 
him,  will  follow  this  sketch.  He  served  throughout  the  war  and  at 
its  close  returned  to  Ohio  and  lived  with  his  brothers,  Alva  and  Os- 
car, and  was  employed  as  a  trainman  on  the  Bellefontaine  &  Indian- 
apolis Railroad,  now  a  part  of  the  New  York  Central  lines.  He  soon 
after  decided  to  go  west  and  take  a  position  with  the  Union  Pacific 
Railroad,  then  building  to  the  Pacific  Coast,  and  was  about  to  leave 
when  he  received  a  letter  from  his  brother  Thomas,  asking  him  to 
come  to  Warnerville,  Schoharie  county,  New  York,  to  take  care  of 
him,  as  he  was  feeble  in  health.  So  Calvin  went  east  instead  of  west 
and  nursed  his  brother  Thomas  through  the  illness  which  proved  to  be 
his  last,  as  in  a  few  weeks  he  died.  Calvin  then  went  to  Cobleskill  to 
see  about  a  position  on  the  Delaware  &  Hudson  Railroad,  and  was  re- 
ferred to  the  superintendent  at  Albany,  who  gave  him  a  position. 
This  was  in  1867.  His  run  took  him  from  Albany  to  Sidney,  about 
one  hundred  and  three  miles,  the  latter  place  then  being  the  terminus 
of  the  road.  One  day  as  the  train  was  running  through  a  little  country 
village  called  Adamsville  (now  Delmar),  New  York,  his  attention 


was  attracted  to  a  rosy  cheeked  country  lass  who  lived  near  the  tracks. 
A  flirtation  began.  He  threw  off  a  note  from  his  train;  the  answer 
was  favorable,  and  he  called  on  the  young  lady.  Two  years  later  they 
were  married  and  spent  a  few  years  beside  the  tracks  where  the  ro- 
mance began.  Calvin  was  employed  as  trainman,  then  conductor  for 
a  term  of  seven  years.  He  was  in  charge  of  the  first  train  that  ran 
to  Sharon  Springs,  Schoharie  county,  New  York.  In  1874  he  began 
working  for  the  National  Express  Company  and  remained  in  their 
employ  for  thirty-three  years,  principally  as  messenger.  On  Novem- 
ber 10,  1907,  he  was  retired  by  the  express  company  on  a  pension. 
He  moved  in  1880  to  Binghamton,  New  York,  where  he  and  his  wife 
still  reside. 




AUGUST  4  TO  SEPTEMBER  21,  1 864 


On  the  morning  of  the  4th  of  August,  1864,  our  regiment  with  others 
was  ordered  to  advance  the  Union  lines  in  front  of  Atlanta,  Georgia.  We 
had  come  here  a  few  days  before,  driving  the  rebels  all  the  way  from  Chatta- 
nooga. Our  regiment  was  put  on  the  skirmish  line,  after  piling  all  of  our 
knapsacks  together,  each  company's  by  itself. 

We  started  from  a  deployed  line  about  nine  in  the  morning,  and  went 
over  fences  and  ditches  into  a  dense  underbrush.  The  rebel  infantry  was 
firing  into  this  brush,  and  the  batteries  in  the  rebel  forts  were  covering  them 
with  the  big  guns  as  fast  as  they  could  be  loaded  and  discharged.  The 
bullets  were  coming  thick  and  fast,  and  I  stepped  behind  a  tree,  which  was 
so  small  I  had  to  stand  sidewise  to  get  under  cover.  I  continued  to  fire 
my  gun  as  rapidly  as  possible  in  the  direction  of  the  enemy,  who  were  con- 
cealed in  the  thick  underbrush  directly  ahead.  Suddenly  a  rebel  appeared  at 
my  left,  closely  followed  by  others.  I  had  become  separated  from  the  rest 
of  the  company  in  the  rush  which  followed  our  advance,  and  only  Barney 
Keyes  and  one  other  member  of  my  company  were  in  sight.  They  turned 
and  ran,  but  Keyes  stubbed  his  toe  and  fell.  I  thought  he  had  been  shot. 
Realizing  that  I  was  surrounded,  my  first  impulse  was  to  break  my  gun 
against  the  tree,  and  as  I  raised  it  to  do  so,  a  reb  ordered  me  to  halt  at  the 
point  of  his  gun,  and  I  was  compelled  to  hand  my  Enfield  over  to  him. 
"Come  on,  you  Yank,"  he  said,  and  I  was  marched  back  through  the  rebel 



forts  to  Atlanta,  which  was  just  east  of  their  lines.    As  I  remember  it,  At- 
lanta was  a  very  small  place,  not  much  over  a  thousand  population. 

The  guard  took  me  with  a  few  others  they  had  captured,  into  an  old 
barn,  where  we  were  kept  under  guard  for  the  night.  The  next  morning  we 
were  marched  about  si.x  miles  south,  to  a  station  called  Eastport,  and  in  the 
evening  were  put  on  a  train  and  started  for  Andersonville,  where  we  arrived 
about  ten  o'clock  the  following  morning.  As  we  got  ofif  the  train  we  could 
see  the  prison,  which  was  not  far  from  the  station.  It  was  a  stockade, 
built  of  pine  logs  set  on  end  in  the  ground,  each  log  touching  the  other.  It 
was  about  fifteen  feet  high.  This  ran  all  the  way  on  four  sides,  enclosing 
about  thirty  acres  of  ground.  The  rebel  guards  were  stationed  on  top  of  thi: 
stockade,  at  intervals  of  about  fifty  feet,  where  a  small  guardhouse  was 
built,  reached  by  stairs  from  the  outside. 

It  did  not  take  us  long  to  reach  the  pen,  into  which  we  were  driven  like 
cattle.  There  were  three  from  my  company  —  John  H.  Rogers,  James  B. 
Bowen,  and  myself  — all  of  us  young,  stout  and  healthy.  The  first  night 
we  went  to  the  north  side  of  the  prison  and  with  my  blouse  for  a  blanket 
and  my  shoes  for  a  pillow,  began  my  service  in  Andersonville,  the  stars  for 
consolation  and  the  rebel  guards  for  protection.  When  I  shook  my  blouse 
in  the  morning,  a  multitude  of  maggots  dropped  to  the  ground,  which 
awakened  me  to  the  real  conditions  under  which  we  were  placed. 

The  site  of  Andersonville  was  a  solid  pine  forest  before  the  war,  and  when 
the  first  prisoners  were  brought  there  they  had  built  some  small  shanties  or 
huts  with  some  of  the  trees  which  were  left  after  the  stockade  and  other 
rebel  buildings  had  been  constructed.  These  shanties  were  all  occupied 
by  prisoners,  and  some  others  had  dug-outs  in  the  ground  covered  with  split 
timbers;  but  those  who  came  in  the  summer  of  1864  had  the  sky  only  for 
their  covering. 

There  was  a  low  piece  of  ground  toward  the  south  end  of  the  en- 
closure where  the  water  from  the  rebel  soldiers'  camp  came  down  through 
the  prison.  This  stream  was  bridged  with  a  plank  covering  at  one  place, 
to  convey  prisoners  from  one  side  of  the  prison  to  the  other.  This  stream 
was  filled  with  filth  which  came  from  the  rebel  camp  above,  but  it  was  the 
only  source  of  water  supply  for  the  new  recruits.  The  older  prisoners  had 
dug  wells,  but  they  were  insufficient  to  supply  more  than  their  own  needs, 
and  the  spirit  of  the  prison  was  "every  man  for  himself  in  the  desperate 
struggle  for  existence."  There  was  a  market  street  where  Union  soldiers 
had  dried  roots  to  sell ;  also  biscuits,  which  they  had  made  from  flour  pur- 
chased from  the  rebels.  They  got  the  roots  by  rolling  up  their  breeches 
and  sleeves  and  digging  in  the  swale  filled  with  the  refuse  of  the  prison. 
Once  a  day  the  rebs  would  send  a  wagon  through  the  prison  with  corn 


bread  or  baked  beans  which  was  distributed  to  the  prisoners.  When  we  got 
bread  we  got  no  beans,  and  when  we  got  beans  we  got  no  bread.  Food ! 
food !  was  the  great  cry  of  the  prison,  and  the  only  thing  talked  about  was 
something  to  eat.  I  have  seen  stout,  robust  men  look  over  the  situation 
when  they  arrived  as  prisoners  of  war,  lie  down  in  the  hot  sand  and  in  a  day 
or  two  were  so  weak  they  could  not  stand  up.  They  would  simply  root 
their  heads  in  the  sand  and  in  a  short  period  of  time,  die.  It  was  such  a 
common  occurrence  that  no  one  paid  any  attention  to  such  a  thing.  To  live 
through  such  an  ordeal  required  steel  courage  and  not  a  thought  of  despair. 
While  it  looked  hopeless,  some  of  us  had  a  ray  of  hope  that  Sherman  would 
make  it  so  warm  for  the  rebels  that  they  would  be  compelled  to  transfer  us 
to  a  safer  place. 

While  I  was  there,  the  Providence  spring  broke  out.  During  the  night 
a  very  heavy  thunder  storm  came  down  on  the  camp,  and  it  rained  torrents. 
Some  of  the  stockade  was  washed  down.  In  the  morning  there  was  a 
spring  with  running  water  —  nice  and  cool  —  between  the  dead  line  and  the 
stockade.  They  run  this  water  over  the  dead  line  so  we  could  get  it. 
Each  man  t(X)k  his  turn  to  drink  or  take  a  canteen  of  water  away  with 
him,  and  there  was  a  continuous  line  of  men  from  daybreak  in  the  morning 
until  dark.  This  was  the  best  water  I  ever  drank,  and  the  spring  was 
rightly  named  "Providence." 

The  dead  line  was  constructed  of  a  narrow  piece  of  board  nailed  on 
stakes  about  fifteen  feet  from  the  stockade  all  around  the  prison.  If  a 
prisoner  touched  or  fell  on  the  line  —  even  though  from  weakness — -the 
guards  killed  him.  Commencing  at  dark  and  lasting  until  daylight,  on  the 
hour  the  guards  would  pass  along  the  call,  "Eight  o'clock  and  all's  well," 
"Nine  o'clock  and  all's  well,"  and  so  on  through  the  dismal  night. 

Well  time  passed  on,  even  though  it  did  seem  to  stop  sometimes,  and  we 
learned  that  Sherman  had  captured  Atlanta.  Rumors  came  that  we  were 
to  be  moved  to  Charleston,  South  Carolina,  and  at  last  the  tidings  came 
true  and  the  start  was  made.  September  nth  it  came  my  turn  to  march 
•  to  the  depot,  and  about  eight  o'clock  in  the  morning  we  were  put  in  box 
cars  and  started  for  Charleston.  At  Macon  we  changed  engines  and  were 
allowed  to  be  around  some,  under  guard.  After  leaving  Macon  one  pris- 
oner said  to  me  that  he  would  have  gotten  away  there  if  someone  had  gone 
with  him.  I  told  him  that  I  would  have  done  so,  and  then  told  him  of  a 
plan  which  had  come  to  me  during  our  journey  to  Macon.  We  agreed 
that  we  would  work  over  near  the  door  of  the  car,  and  when  the  train  was 
running  slowly  I  would  get  off,  and  he  would  follow  as  soon  as  possible. 
We  were  then  to  walk  toward  each  other,  and  make  for  the  Union  lines 
together.     Soon  the  train  began  to  slacken  its  speed,  and  he  took  hold  of  my 


hand  and  let  me  down  until  my  feet  touched  the  ground,  and  let  go.  I 
rolled  over  and  over  to  a  ditch  beside  the  track,  and  lay  quiet  until  the  train 
had  passed.  The  guards  in  the  cars  and  on  top  failed  to  see  me,  and  I  was  a 
free  man  again  for  the  moment  at  least.  In  getting  me  down  from  the  car 
my  left  leg  struck  against  a  tie,  and  when  I  got  up  after  a  few  minutes 
found  that  I  was  quite  badly  hurt,  although  I  could  walk.  I  then  started 
in  the  direction  the  train  was  moving  to  meet  my  comrade.  I  went  some 
little  way  and  saw  a  cabin  by  the  side  of  the  track.  A  negro  was  living 
there  and  he  got  me  some  cold  water  with  which  to  bathe  my  leg,  and  I  also 
bartered  my  blouse  for  his  gray  coat.  He  gave  me  some  corn  bread  and  I 
went  on  down  the  track. 

After  going  a  little  further  I  heard  some  one  whistle,  which  was  cur  pre- 
arranged signal,  and  my  comrade  in  the  escape,  who  I  later  learned  was 
George  H.  Wagerley  of  Chillicothe,  Ohio,  came  up  the  bank  and  we  shook 
hands.  I  tell  you  we  were  glad  to  see  each  other.  We  went  back  the  way 
we  had  come  and  stopped  at  the  negro  shanty.  The  darky  told  us  to  go 
back  the  railroad  track  about  three  miles,  until  we  came  to  a  road  crossing, 
then  to  turn  to  the  right  and  follow  the  road.  We  were  now  in  the  en- 
emy's territory  and  had  to  use  every  precaution  in  our  movements.  When 
we  reached  the  road  crossing  we  saw  a  fire  and  found  it  was  a  rebel  picket 
with  three  men  around  the  fire.  We  went  back  a  hundred  paces  or  more 
and  removed  our  shoes  and  then  slowly  and  quietly  got  by  them. 

We  deemed  it  wise  not  to  go  in  the  road  but  to  keep  in  the  woods  and 
oj)en  fields.  We  turned  into  a  path  in  the  underbrush  and  followed  it 
until  daylight,  when  we  camped  near  an  open  field  in  some  low  bushes.  We 
slept  some  during  the  day.  Some  negroes  passed  close  by,  but  we  lay  low 
waiting  for  night  to  come.  Then  we  went  to  the  nearest  plantation  and 
made  friends  with  a  negro,  who  got  some  johnny-cake  for  us  which  we  rel- 
ished very  much.  We  then  struck  out,  taking  the  moon  and  stars  for  a 
guide,  traveling  through  corn  fields,  swamps,  wet  grass,  sometimes  eating 
sweet  corn,  and  now  and  then  some  raw  sweet  potatoes.  We  kept  clear  of 
the  road  although  progress  was  very  slow  otherwise.  We  got  wet  through 
and  before  morning  were  hardly  able  to  walk,  but  our  only  thought  was  of 
escape  and  return  to  the  Union  lines.  At  the  break  of  day  we  would  find 
some  low  bushes  and  camp  for  the  day.  This  we  kept  up  for  seven  or 
eight  days  and  nights,  depending  upon  the  negroes  at  the  plantations  for 
most  of  our  food. 

The  eighth  night,  when  we  got  our  corn  bread  from  the  darkey  at  a  plan- 
tation, he  said:  "Massa,  there  is  no  rebs  in  these  parts;  why  doan  you  all 
take  the  road."  So  that  night  we  took  the  road  and  went  as  directed,  but 
about  nine  o'clock  here  came  a  man  on  horseback  at  full  gallop  right  toward 


us,  before  we  could  get  out  of  sight.  We  were  pretty  well  scared  thinking 
he  was  a  reb,  but  he  asked  where  some  doctor  lived,  and  we  quickly  told 
him  there  was  one  three  miles  straight  ahead.  He  whipped  up  his  horse 
and  away  he  went  while  we  drew  a  long  breath  of  relief. 

Toward  morning  we  came  to  an  outpost  of  rebels.  We  went  around 
them  and  soon  came  to  a  railroad  that  had  been  torn  up  by  Sherman's 
army  before  he  took  Atlanta.  A  burned  bridge  impeded  our  progress,  and 
we  had  considerable  difficulty  getting  over  the  river.  That  day  was  Sun- 
day and  we  camped  in  the  woods.  We  did  not  think  anyone  would  be  walk- 
ing there,  but  about  three  o'clock  saw  some  women  and  children  coming 
toward  us.  We  went  over  the  hill  on  a  jump  and  into  a  big  swamp,  where 
we  remained  until  darkness  came.  We  could  hear  the  bark  of  bloodhounds 
in  the  far  distance  and  thought  they  might  be  on  our  trail,  but  the  sounds 
gradually  died  out.  It  would  have  meant  the  end  of  our  hopes  had  the 
hounds  been  on  our  trail,  for  we  had  no  means  of  defense  and  our  strength 
was  on  the  wane. 

Progress  in  the  swamp  was  very  difficult.  Every  step  we  would  go  down 
in  the  mud  and  water,  then  get  up  again  only  to  fall  headlong  the  next 
step.  When  we  finally  did  get  to  dry  ground  again  we  were  a  dilapidated 
.  "  ■  looking  sight.  We  moved  at  a  slow  pace  but  were  not  disheartened.  In 
a  little  while  we  began  to  smell  the  camp  fires,  and  soon  after  midnight  we 
could  see  our  pickets  a  short  distance  ahead.  It  was  necessary  at  this 
point  to  use  great  precaution  in  advancing  for  fear  we  would  be  mistaken 
■  for  rebels.  At  four  in  the  morning  we  were  halted  by  our  guards  and  we 
told  them  we  were  escaped  prisoners.  We  were  escorted  to  the  picket  post 
and  every  one  greeted  us  with  open  arms.  It  was  the  happiest  time  of  my 
life.  Once  more  back  to  real  freedom!  When  our  thoughts  reverted  to 
the  prison  pen,  where  thirty-two  thousand  were  huddled  together  in  about 
thirty  acres,  and  where  they  died  at  the  rate  of  ninety  a  day  during  our 
confinement  there,  it  made  us  thankful  beyond  expression  for  our  deliver- 

After  being  fed  and  given  some  clothing,  we  were  taken  by  wagon  to 
Atlanta,  Georgia,  four  miles  south.  Brother  Oscar  came  to  see  me  before 
we  started.  For  him,  it  was  almost  like  the  dead  coming  to  life,  for  they 
had  all  believed  that  I  was  killed  instead  of  being  captured.  At  Atlanta 
we  were  taken  to  the  Soldiers'  Home,  where  we  had  plenty  to  eat.  It  was 
at  this  place  that  my  comrade  in  the  escape,  George  H.  Wagerley  of  ChiUi- 
cothe,  Ohio,  and  I  became  separated,  and  I  have  never  seen  him  since.  It 
has  only  been  recently  that  I  have  been  able  to  get  into  communication  with 
him,  as  the  correspondence  in  the  following  pages  indicates. 

I  found  some  of  the  boys  from  my  company,  and  went  with  them  to 




where  our  regiment  was  camped.  They  gave  me  a  great  reception.  Barney 
Keyes  was  one  of  the  first  boys  I  met.  In  a  few  days  I  was  granted  a  fur- 
lough and  went  home.  When  my  furlough  of  thirty  days  had  expired  I 
went  back  to  Atlanta  and  arrived  just  in  time  to  go  with  Sherman  on  his 
march  to  the  sea. 

•  ■   ■    ■■     '    '■  ■     ■  ■■  REMINISCENCES 

One  night  during  the  escape  we  lay  by  a  picket  garden  fence  waiting  to 
see  some  negro,  when  a  lady  in  the  house  began  playing  on  the  piano  some 
beautiful  melodies.  It  was  the  first  piano  music  I  had  heard  in  years  and  it 
brought  the  tears  to  my  eyes.  After  a  while  we  found  a  negro  in  a  shed 
feeding  mules.  We  went  up  to  him  and  touched  him  on  the  shoulder.  He 
was  so  scared  he  jumped  at  least  fifteen  feet  away  and  it  was  some  time 
before  we  could  get  him  to  come  near  us.  After  telling  him  who  we  were 
and  assuring  him  of  our  friendliness,  he  said  he  would  send  us  something 
to  eat.  Soon  an  old  negro  came  out  with  a  pail  on  his  arm  filled  with  food. 
He  directed  us  to  a  spring  near  by  and  there  we  ate  our  lunch.  There  was 
plenty  of  the  inevitable  hoe  cake,  but  we  were  very  thankful  for  even  that. 
On  the  march  with  Sherman  to  the  sea,  we  passed  by  this  same  plantation, 
but  this  time  we  did  not  hear  any  Southern  melodies.  The  occupants  had 
deserted  the  place  and  gone  within  the  Confederate  lines. 

I  have  often  seen  General  Wirz  ride  around  the  prison  between  the 
stockade  and  dead  line,  with  his  orderly  behind  him,  and  it  was  difficult 
to  realize  that  a  man  of  the  same  blood  as  we  were  could  look  at  such  a 
terrible  condition  and  let  it  pass  without  an  eiTort  to  improve  it  He  was 
hung  after  the  war,  but  that  was  sweet  punishment  compared  with  what  he 
caused  the  thousands  of  prisoners  placed  in  his  charge  at  Andersonville,  to 

We  never  lived  so  well  as  during  the  march  to  the  sea.  We  were 
dependent  upon  the  country  for  ail  of  our  provisions  and  we  necessarily  cut 
a  wide  swath.  Waste  and  ruin  were  left  behind  us,  but  it  was  one  of  the 
emergencies  and  necessities  of  war.  From  Savannah  we  took  transports  to 
Beaufort,  South  Carolina,  and  there  disembarked  and  marched  to  Charles- 
ton, South  Carolina.  Then  we  marched  to  Raleigh.  Just  beyond  Raleigh 
we  learned  that  Richmond  had  been  taken,  and  soon  after,  peace  v\  as  declared. 

After  peace  was  declared  we  slackened  pace  and  strode  leisurely  north, 
for  we  were  a  very  tired  and  tattered  army.  We  passed  through  Rich- 
mond and  by  the  famous  Libby  Prison.     On  the  march  we  walked   two 


abreast.  We  arrived  in  Washington  and  joined  with  the  Army  of  the 
Potomac  in  the  Grand  Review.  At  this  time  we  marched  four  abreast. 
The  Army  of  the  Potomac,  which  had  a  direct  line  of  communication  with 
the  North  during  the  siege  of  Richmond,  presented  a  handsome  appearance 
at  the  Review,  but  Sherman's  army,  in  direct  contrast,  showed  the  stains 
of  months  of  hardship  and  lack  of  commissary  replenishment  as  a  result  of 
the  detachment  from  the  lines  of  supply.  The  march  of  Sherman  to  the 
sea  has  gone  down  in  history  as  one  of  the  greatest  military  accomplishments 
ever  known,  and  it  will  undoubtedly  be  recognized  with  greater  renown  as 
time  passes  on. 


Binghamton,  N.  Y.,  June  30,  1909. 
War  Department, 

Washington,  D.  C. 
Sir:  I  have  been  endeavoring  for  several  years  to  locate  a  Union  soldier  by 
the  name  of  George  H.  Wagerley,  who  joined  me  in  a  successful  escape 
while  being  transferred  from  Andersonville  to  another  rebel  prison. 
He  belonged  to  an  Ohio  regiment,  but  further  than  that  fact  and  his  name 
I  have  no  knowledge,  as  we  were  separated  when  we  reached  the  Union 
lines  and  I  have  never  been  able  to  locate  him  since. 

Any  information  your  department  can   furnish  me  will  be  greatly  ap- 

Very  respectfully, 

(Signed)      Calvin  D.  French. 


Department  of  War, 
Washington,  D.  C,  July  2,  igog. 
Mr.  C.  D.  French, 

13  Robinson  St.,  Binghamton,  N.  Y. 
Sir:  Replying  to  your  inquiry  of  the  30th  ultimo,  the  records  show  that 
one  George  H.  Wagerley  was  a  Sergeant  in  Company  I,  26th  Ohio  Infan- 
try, and  that  he  escaped  from  Confederate  prison  September  20,  1864.  If 
he  is  living,  his  address  can  probably  be  obtained  from  the  Commissioner 
of  Pensions,  Washington,  D.  C. 

Very  respectfully, 

(Signed)      J.  M.  Dickinson 

Secretary  of  War 



Department  of  the  Interior,  Bureau  of  Pensions 

Washington,  D.  C,  July  24,  1909. 
Western  Division, 
Cert.  No.  938,319. 
George  H.  Wagerley, 
Co.  I,  26  Ohio  Inf. 
Mr.  C.  D.  French, 

Binghamton,  N.  Y. 
Sir:      In  response  to  your  request,  received  the  19th  instant,  you  are  in- 
formed that  the  last  known  postoffice  address  of  the  above  named  soldier  is 
Bucyrus,  Crawford  County,  Ohio. 

Very  respectfully, 

(Signed)      J.  L.  Davenport, 

Acting  Commissioner. 


G.  H.  Wagerley 
Board  Soldiers'  Relief  Commission 
Crawford  County 

Bucyrus,  Ohio,  July  30,  '09. 
Mr.  C.  D.  French, 

Binghamton,  N.  Y. 
Dear  Comrade :  I  received  your  welcome  letter  a  few  days  ago,  and  am 
glad  that  you  are  still  among  the  living.  I  see  by  your  letter  that  you 
think  that  I  was  with  you  on  the  night  of  September  10,  '64,  which  I  think 
was  Saturday,  and  about  fifteen  miles  east  of  Macon,  Georgia.  I  think  it 
was  between  eight  and  nine  o'clock  that  night.  I  think  I  jumped  of?  first. 
I  thought  that  one  of  the  guards  shot  at  you.  Then  we  took  the  back  track. 
We  went  about  a  mile  and  we  came  to  some  negro  shanties,  and  we  made  a 
noise  and  one  negro  came  to  us  and  we  told  the  negro  who  we  were  —  that 
we  were  Yankees  and  that  we  wanted  him  to  tell  us  the  direction  to  Atlanta 
from  there.  He  gave  us  the  direction,  and  then  we  asked  if  he  could  give  us 
some  corn  bread,  and  he  said  he  would  go  and  get  it.  He  came  back  with 
four  loaves  of  corn  bread  and  four  large  onions.  I  think  it  was  the  best 
corn  bread  I  ever  ate.  He  told  us  to  go  up  the  track  about  a  mile,  then 
cross  the  railroad  crossing  and  take  to  the  right,  and  that  would  take  us  to 
Atlanta.  We  got  to  the  road  and  went  along  about  a  hundred  yards  when 
we  came  to  a  house,  and  as  we  were  going  by  the  man  in  the  house  hollered 
to  us  that  w-e  needn't  try  to  slip  by,  as  he  heard  us.  I  then  thought  we  were 
caught,  but  we  made  fast  time  till  we  came  to  a  river  and  bridge.  We  saw 
a  light  on  the  other  side  and  some  persons  at  the  fire,  and  so  we  took  a  sneak 


in  the  brush  till  they  left,  and  then  we  crossed  the  bridge  and  went  on  our 
march.  The  next  day  I  think  was  Sunday,  and  as  we  lay  in  the  brush 
trembling,  we  could  hear  the  bloodhounds  bellow.  I  thought  that  the  long- 
est Sunday  of  my  life.  How  does  this  correspond  with  your  recollections? 
If  you  told  me  your  name  I  had  forgotten  it. 

I  will  close  for  this  time,  hoping  to  hear  from  you  by  return  mail. 

Yours  truly, 

(Signed)     G.  H.  Wagerley.^ 
P.  S.      My  company  was  Company  I,  26th  O.  V.  I. 

From  the  Morrow  County  Sentinel,  published  at  Mt.  Gilead,  Ohio, 
under  date  of  May  18,  191 1,  is  taken  the  following: 

Calvin  D.  French,  of  Binghamton,  N.  Y.,  and  George  H.  Wagerley,  of 
Bucyrus,  met  on  Saturday  for  the  first  time  in  forty-five  years.  Mr.  French 
is  a  former  Morrow  County  man,  and  served  as  a  member  of  Company  B, 
Forty-third  Ohio  Volunteer  Infantry,  enlisting  when  nineteen  years  of  age 
and  serving  until  the  close  of  the  war.  He  is  a  brother  of  Alva  C.  French, 
of  near  Iberia,  and  of  former  County  Surveyor  Oscar  L.  R.  French,  de- 
ceased. Mr.  French  and  Mr.  Wagerley  were  prisoners  in  AndersonviUe 
during  the  war,  and  made  their  escape  together. 

Extracts  from  diary  of  Calvin  French  kept  during  the  Civil  War: 

Forty-third  Regiment  Ohio  Volunteer  Infantry, 
Camped  at  Bethel,  Tenn. 
Monday,  May  11,  1863. 
We  were  ordered  to  report  at  6  a.  m.  at  the  station,  ready  to  move.     5 
p.  m.    We  have  not  gone  yet,  but  expect  to  leave  in  the  morning  at  7  o'clock. 
The  cars  are  here  ready  to  load  the  rest  of  our  baggage,  and  I  am  detailed 
to  help  load  them.    We  bid  good  bye  to  the  noble  Seventh  of  Iowa,  which 
came  here  when  we  did.    May  13th,  we  arrived  at  Memphis,  Tenn.,  where 
we  are  camped. 

Tuesday,  May  26,  1863. 
Good  news  from  Vicksburg,  if  true.    P.  M.     News  from  Vicksburg  still 
good  tonight. 

Friday,  May  29. 
We  are  just  ordered  to  go  with  Company  A,  of  our  regiment,  to  the 
river,  with  three  days'  rations  to  guard  prisoners.  We  get  to  the  landing 
about  4  p.  m. ;  get  aboard  a  boat  and  go  out,  and  change  guards  with  the 
boys  that  came  from  Vicksburg.  There  are  about  five  thousand  rebs.  We 
are  soon  detailed  for  guard. 
'  George  H.  Wagerley  died  in  May,  1912. 


Saturday,  May  30th. 
We  are  still  anchored  at  Memphis.    3  p.  m.,  we  have  just  started  up  the 
river.    The  lines  run  smooth.    We  are  on  the  packet  Omaha. 

Sunday,  May  51st. 
We  are  still  moving  up  the  river.     We  passed  Ft.  Pillow  last  right. 
Passed  Point  Pleasant  a  little  before  dark,  and  New  Madrid  at  7  p.  m. 
Got  to  Island  No.  10  about  10  o'clock. 

Monday,  June  ist. 
We  pass  Columbus,  Ky.,  at  daylight;  arrive  at  Cairo  9  a.  m.,  and  anchor 
about  the  middle  of  the  river. 

Tuesday,  June  ad. 
Got  off  the  boat  this  morning  and  get  aboard  the  cars,  and  at  7  a.  m.  we 
start,  over  the  Illinois  Central.     When  we  reach  Indianapolis  are  relieved 
of  the  prisoners,  and  march  to  the  Soldiers'   Home;  stack  arms,  and  are 
furnished  a  good  dinner. 

Friday,  June  5th. 
The  Thirty-ninth  regiment  go  with  the  prisoners  to  Sandusky  tonight, 
and   will  meet  us   at  Crestline   tomorrow  night.      We   leave  at  4   p.    m. 
When  we  got  to  Union  City,  I  met  my  brothers,  Alva  and  Oscar. 

Monday,  June  8th. 
We  get  to  Pittsburg  at  4  p.  m.,  and  have  to  change  cars  here.     We  pass 
through  the  tunnel  of  the  Alleghany  Mountains.     I  am  to  be  on  guard  to- 
night.    Get  to  Harrisburg  at  10  a.  m. ;  run  our  train  on  wharf,  and  com- 
menced unloading.     I  ate  supper  at  the  Soldiers'  Home.     Everything  is  nice. 

Wednesday,  June  nth. 
We  are  at  Fort  Delaware;  the  prisoners  are  getting  off  the  boat  now. 
We  get  ofif  the  boat,  and  march  up  to  the  fort,  and  at  12  m.  get  dinner. 
Got  tents  for  our  company,  and  I  have  one  to  sleep  in. 

Friday,  June  12th. 
We  leave  the  Island  at  7  a.  m. ;  get  to  Philadelphia;  take  the  train  for 
Pittsburg.      Go  to  Columbus;  get  a  furlough  from  there  and  go  to  Gallon; 
visit  my  brother  Oscar  and  family,  and  sister  Lucy,  and  Alva's  family. 

Saturday,  June  20th. 
Leave  on  the  night  express  from  Galion;  go  to  Columbus;  visit  friends 

Monday,  June  22d. 
Leave  for  Cincinnati.     The  next  day  I  leave  for  Memphis,  and  again 
take  up  my  work  as  a  soldier. 


They  camped  at  Memphis,  Tennessee,  from  Tuesday,  May  12, 
1 863,  until  October  1 8,  1 863,  this  being  the  longest  time  they  remained 
in  one  place  during  the  war.    Again  we  quote  from  the  diary : 

October  13,   1863. 

We  are  not  relieved  until  afternoon,  on  account  of  the  election.  The 
sixty-third  was  to  vote  before  coming  out.  We  got  to  camp  about  2  p.  m. ; 
find  the  election  is  going  off  very  quietly.  All  of  our  Company  go  for 
Brough,  and  the  regiment  give  but  fifty  votes  for  Vallandingham,  and  three 
hundred  thirty-five  votes  for  Brough. 

Wednesday,  Oct.  14th. 

We  learn  that  Vallandingham  got  but  ninety-two  votes  in  our  brigade, 
consisting  of  the  Fort>'-third,  Sixty-third,  Thirty-ninth  and  Twenty-seventh 


.  -wM 





^            1 











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'^''-''  w^l 

^       -  'K^MctjlfgHM 





^                   "'F 


THE  Ingalls  family  ^  was  one  of  the  earliest  in  this  country,  com- 
ing only  eight  years  after  the  landing  of  the  Pilgrims  at  Ply- 
mouth, and  have  as  a  whole  maintained  an  honorable  place  in  history, 
the  majority  of  them  being  tillers  of  the  soil. 

The  name  is  supposed  to  be  Scandinavian,  and  derived  from  In- 
gialld.  During  the  ninth  century  the  Scandinavian  pirates  often  de- 
scended upon  the  east  coast  of  Great  Britain,  and  in  after  years  many 
of  this  nationality  made  settlements  in  Lincolnshire.  These  people 
were  a  hardy  seafaring  race,  owing  to  the  nature  of  their  country,  but 
under  changed  conditions  of  environment  settled  down  to  tilling  the 
soil.  The  name  of  Ingalls  is  still  common  in  England,  its  etymology 
being  "By  the  power  of  Thor." 

The  earliest  document  on  record,  is  the  will  of  Henry  Ingalls,  made 
in  1555,  he  probably  having  been  born  about  1480. 

First  Generation 

Will  of  Henry  Ingalls  of  Skirbeck  found  in  the  Probate  Court 
attached  to  Lincoln  Cathedral,  June  i,  1555:  Gives  to  his  wife  Jo- 
han:  He  wills  that  his  youngest  children  shall  have  every  one  £10 
which  was  left  to  them.  If  any  should  die  before  coming  of  lawful 
age  that  share  to  be  divided  amongst  the  rest;  gives  to  the  mainte- 
nance of  the  high  alter  lad;  the  balance  of  his  effects  to  be  divided 
amongst  his  six  children,  Johan,  wife,  executrix;  names  a  sonne  James 
and  broinlaw  Thos.  Wytton. 

Second  Generation 

The  next  record  is  that  of  ROBERT,  descendant  of  Henry  Ingalls, 
the  will  which  follows,  being  the  only  document  on  file: 

'■  Up  to  the  seventh  generation  taken  largely  from  the  Genealogy  and  History  of  the  In- 
galls Family  in  America,  by  Charles  Burleigh,  M.  D.,  of  Maiden,   Massachusetts. 



In  ye  name  of  God  Amen.  Robert  Ingalls  of  Skirbeck  quarter  of  Skir- 
beck  in  the  Co.  of  Lincoln,  yeomen,  being  sick  in  body  but  of  good  &  perfect 
memorie  &c  I  give  Elizabeth  my  wife  during  her  natural  life.  After  her 
decease  to  Edmund  my  eldest  Sonne  who  was  lawfully  begotten  and  for 
want  of  issue  after  Edmunds  death  to  ffrancis  my  youngest  Sonne  and  fail- 
ing issue  to  the  natural  heirs  of  me  Robert  Ingalls  forever;  Gives  Robert 
Ingalls  £20  Gives  fifrancis  £30  both  one  year  after  his  decease.  Gives  his 
maid  servant  Anne  Cleasbie  £5  &  to  all  of  Henry  Cleasbies  children  one  ewe 
lamb,  Gives  his  brother  Henry  a  black  fleeced  cow,  Gives  to  the  poor  of 
Skirbeck  los  ^4  at  once.  Wife  and  Edmund  Executors,  Wm  Shinfold  & 
Robert  Harrison  supervisors  of  the  will.  Gives  them  2s  6d  for  their  pains. 

The  will  is  signed  with  his  mark. 

Third  Generation 

Edmund  '  Ingalls  (Robert,'  Henry  ')  was  born  in  Skirbeck,  Lin- 
colnshire, England,  about  1598;  came  to  Salem,  Massachusetts,  in 
Governor  Endicott's  company  in  1628.  With  his  brother  Francis 
and  four  others  he  commenced  the  settlement  of  Lynn  in  1629.  He 
was  a  man  of  good  character,  even  though  the  following  court  record 
is  found,  in  1646:  "Edmund  Ingalls  was  fined  for  bringing  home 
sticks  in  both  his  arms  on  the  Sabbath  day  from  Mr.  Holyoke's 
rails  —  Witnesses  Joseph  fflood,  Obadya  fflood,  Jane  fflood."  These 
were  probably  jealous  neighbors,  and  it  shows  the  strict  observance  of 
the  Sabbath  in  those  days.  His  name  is  often  found  in  the  town  rec- 
ords, showing  him  to  have  been  one  of  the  prominent  citizens.  In 
March,  1648,  while  traveling  to  Boston  on  horseback,  owing  to  a  de- 
fective bridge  he  was  drowned  in  the  Saugus  River.  His  heirs 
recovered  damages  from  the  town.  His  will  was  probated  September 
16,  1648. 


I,  Edmund  Ingalls  of  Lynn,  being  of  perfect  memory  commit  my  soul 
unto  God,  my  body  to  the  grave  and  dispose  of  my  earthly  goods  in  this 

Firstly,  I  make  my  wife  Ann  Ingalls,  sole  executor,  leaving  my  house  and 
houselot,  togather  with  my  stock  of  cattle  and  corn,  to  her.  Likewise  I  leave 
Katherine  Shipper  with  my  wife. 


Item,  I  bequeath  to  Robert  my  sonne  &  heir  four  pound  to  be  payd  in  two 
years  time  by  my  wife,  either  in  cattle  or  corn.  Likewise  I  bequeath  to  him 
or  to  his  heirs,  my  house  &  houselot  after  the  decease  of  my  wife. 

Likewise  I  bequeath  to  Elizabeth  my  daughter,  twenty  shillings  to  be 
payd  by  my  wife  in  a  Heifer  calf  in  two  years  time  after  my  decease. 

Likewise  to  my  daughter  Faith,  wife  to  Andrew  Allen,  I  bequeath  two 
yearling  calves,  and  inform  my  wife  to  pay  him  forty  shillings  debt  in  a  years 
time  after  my  decease. 

Likewise  to  my  sonne  John,  I  bequeath  the  house  &  groimd  that  was 
Jeremy  fitts,  lying  by  the  meeting  house,  only  out  of  it  the  sd  John  is  to  pay 
within  four  years,  four  pounds  to  my  sonne  Samuel,  and  the  ground  to  be 
his  security,  further  I  leave  with  said  John,  that  three  Acres  of  land  he  had 
in  England  fully  to  possess  and  enjoy. 

Likewise,  I  give  to  Sarah  my  daughter,  wife  of  William  Bitnar  my  two 

Likewise,  to  Henry  my  sonne,  I  give  the  House  that  I  bought  of  Good- 
man West,  and  six  Acres  of  ground,  lying  by  it,  and  three  Acres  of  Marsh 
ground  lying  at  Rumley  March,  and  this  the  sd  Henry  shall  possess  in 
t\vo  years  after  my  decease.  Only  out  of  this  the  sd  Henry  shall  pay  to  my 
Sonne  Samuel,  four  pounds  within  two  years  after  he  enters  upon  it. 

Likewise  I  bequeath  to  Samuel  my  sonne,  eight  pounds  to  be  discharged 
as  above,  in  the  premises. 

Lastly,  I  leave  with  Mary  the  Heifer  calf  that  she  enjoyed  and  leave  her 
to  my  wife  for  future  dowry. 

Finally,  I  appoint  Francis  Ingalls,  my  brother  &  Francis  Dane,  my  sonne 
in  law,  overseers  of  my  will,  and  order  that  those  things  that  have  no  par- 
ticular exemption  in  the  will  mentioned,  to  be  taken  away  after  my  decease 
and  entreat  my  overseers  to  be  helpful  to  my  wife  in  ordering  her  matters. 

Edmund  X  Ingalls 

Robert,  born  about  162 1 ;  married  Sarah  Harker. 
Elizabeth,  born  1622;  married  Rev.  Francis  Dane;  died  June  9, 

Faith,  born  1623;  married  Andrew  Allen. 
John,  born  1625;  married  Elizabeth  Barrett. 
Sarah,  born  1626;  married  William  Bitnar. 

Henry,   born    1627;   married    Mary  Osgood;   married    (second) 
Sarah  Farnum. 


Samuel,  born  1634;  married  Ruth  Eaton. 

Mary,  born ;  married  John  Eaton. 

Joseph ;  died  young. 

Fourth  Generation 

John'  Ingalls  (Edmund,'  Robert,'  Henry')  son  of  Edmund  and 
Ann  Ingalls,  was  born  in  Skirbeck,  England,  in  1625;  married 
Elizabeth  Barrett  of  Salem  May  26,  1667.  He  settled  at  Rehoboth, 
Massachusetts,  and  it  is  recorded:  "Old  John  Ingalls  died  Dec.  31, 


In  the  name  of  God  Amen,  the  sixteenth  day  of  April)  on  thousand  seven 
hundred  and  eighteen,  I,  John  Ingols  of  the  town  of  Rehoboth  in  the  County 
of  Bristoll  in  the  Province  of  the  Masachusets  Bay  in  New  England,  yeo- 
man, being  weak  of  body  but  of  sound  and  perfect  memory  praised  be  the 
Almighty  God  for  the  same;  I  calling  to  mind  the  onsertaine  and  transitory 
estate  of  this  life,  that  all  flesh  must  dy  and  yeild  to  death  when  it  shall 
please  God  to  call,  doe  make  and  ordaine,  constitute  and  declare  this  to  be 
my  last  will  and  testament  in  manor  and  forme  following  (that  is  to  say) 
revoaking  and  annulling  and  by  these  presents,  all  and  every  testament  and 
testaments  and  will  and  wills  heartofore  by  me  made  and  declared  either  by 
word  or  writing;  and  this  is  to  be  taken  for  my  last  will  &  testament  and 
non  other.  And  first  of  all  I  give  and  recomend  my  soule  in  to  the  hands  of 
God  that  gave  it,  and  as  for  my  body  I  commend  it  to  the  earth  to  be 
buried  in  a  Christian  like  and  decent  maner  at  the  discretion  of  my  executor; 
nothing  doubting  but  at  the  general  resurection  I  shall  receive  the  same 
againe  by  the  mighty  power  of  God,  and  as  touching  such  worldly  estate  as 
the  Lord  hath  lent  me,  my  will  and  meaning  is  in  maner  and  forme  follow- 

Impr.  I  will  that  all  my  just  and  lawfull  debts  which  T  justly  owe  to 
any  person  or  persons  whomesoever  be  well  and  truly  paid  in  convenient 
time  after  my  decease. 

Itim.  I  give  to  my  son  John  Ingols  twenty  shillings  and  the  reason  why 
I  give  him  no  more  is  because  he  hath  bene  a  disobedent  and  ondutyfull 
son  to  me. 

Itiun.  I  give  to  my  two  daughters  Elizabeth  Crabtrc  the  wife  of  Benja- 
min Crabtre  and  Sarah  Hayward  wife  of  William  Hayward  all  my  movable 
estate  within  dores  that  is  to  say,  my  uttensels,  household  stuff  in  what  maner 
or  kind  they  mav  be  found  and  that  my  two  daughters  shall  devide  between 


them  theire  mothers  cloathes;  and  if  my  two  daughters  cannot  agree  in  the 
deviding  of  the  movables  that  then  they  chuse  two  indifferent  men  to  mak 
an  equall  devition  between  them. 

Itim.  I  doe  make,  constitute  and  ordaine  my  well  beloved  son  Edmund 
Ingols  to  be  my  only  and  sole  executor  of  this  my  last  will  and  testament, 
ratifying  and  confirming  this  and  no  other  to  be  my  last  will  and  testament.' 

In  witness  whearof  I  have  hereunto  sett  to  my  hand  and  scale  the  day 
and  yeare  first  above  written  &c.  &c.  &c. 

Signum  ["' ' '"I 

1    Seal     I 
John  X  Ingols      [.  .1 

Signed,  sealed,  published  and  pronounced  by  the  sd  John  Ingols  to  be  his 
last  will  and  testament,  in  presence  of  us  the  subscribers. 

John  West 
Approved  Feb.  5,  1721/22  Henry  West 

Fifth  Generation 
Edmund  =  Ingalls  (John,^  Edmund,^  Robert^  Henry  ^)   son  of 
John  and  Elizabeth  Ingalls,  was  probably  born  at  Bristol  or  Cumber- 
land, Rhode  Island;  married  Eunice  Luddin  of  Braintree  November 
29,  1705.    He  moved  to  Rehoboth,  Massachusetts,  where  he  died. 

Sixth  Generation 
Ebenezer"  Ingalls  (Edmund,^  John,^  Edmund,^  Robert,^  Hen- 
ry') son  of  Edmund  and  Eunice  (Luddin)   Ingalls,  was  born  luly 
14,  171 1 ;  married  Elizabeth  Wheeler  June  5,  1735.    To  them  were 
born  ten  children: 

I.     Elizabeth,  born  May  5,  1736. 
II.     Henry,  born  October  12,  1738;  married  Sybil  Carpenter. 
III.     Frederick,  born  December  7,  1740. 

IV.     Alithea,  born  November  18,  1741  ;  married  Samuel  Fuller 

Jr.  December 3,  1762. 
V.     Ebenezer,  born  June  30,  1744;  married  Rachel  Wheeler. 
VI.     Mehitable,  born  January  3,  1746  or  1747. 
VII.     Lois,  born  February  16,  1750;  married  James  Kelton  (born 
February   16,    1750)   June   13,   1773.     To  them  were  born 
seven  children. 



;  married  John  Turner  December  23, 

;  married  James  Campbell  No- 

VIII.     Hannah,  born  - 

IX.     Benjamin,  born . 

X.     Sabia  (or  Sabina),  born- 

vember  25,  1778. 

Seventh  Generation 

Henry  '  Ingalls  (Ebenezer,"  Edmund,"  John,*  Edmund,^  Robert," 
Henry')  son  of  Ebenezer  and  Elizabeth  Ingalls,  was  born  at  Cum- 
berland, Rhode  Island,  October  12,  1739;  married  Sybil  Carpenter 
(born  February  26,  1739)  at  Rehoboth,  Massachusetts,  November 
21,  1761.    To  them  were  born  ten  children: 

I.     Elizabeth,  born  1762;  married  James  Cook. 
II.     Mehitable,  second  child  of  Henry  and  Sybil   (Carpenter) 

Ingalls,  was  born  ,   1764;  married  James  Ballou  Jr. 

at  Richmond,  New  Hampshire,  the  ceremony  being  per- 
formed by  the  bride's  father,  who  was  justice  of  the  peace. 
For  a  complete  history  of  Mehitable  Ingalls  Ballou  and  her 
descendants  see  close  of  the  Ingalls  genealogy. 
III.     Ruth,  third  child  of  Henry  and  Sybil  Ingalls,  was  born  in 

1767;  married  Benjamin  Ellis. 
IV.     Rufus,  fourth  child  of  Henry  and  Sibyl  Ingalls,  was  born 

in  1769;  married  Mary  Cole. 
V.     Ebenezer,  fifth  child  of  Henry  and  Sybil  Ingalls,  was  born  in 
1771  ;  married  Mary  Mann.    To  them  were  born: 
I.     Abram;  married  Mehitable  Ballou    (born   March    15, 
1799)  in  Perry,  Muskingum  county,  Ohio,  in  1815. 

Isaac;  married  Portia  Howard  March  ar,  1851. 




10.  Eliza. 
VI.  Sybil,  sixth  child  of  Henry  and  Sybil  Ingalls,  was  born  in 
1774;  married  — — -  Skinner. 
VII.  Lucy,  seventh  child  of  Henry  and  Sybil  Ingalls,  was  born 
June  24,  1777;  married  Stephen  Seaward  (born  June 
13,  1772)  February  19,  1795,  at  Decatur,  Otsego  county, 
New  York.  To  them  were  born  nine  children.  (See  Sea- 
ward genealogy.) 

Lucy  lived  with  her  parents  on  "Ingalls  Hill"  until  her 
marriage,  and  was  early  taught  the  art  of  housewifery,  es- 
■.-••■._  pecially  as  pertaining  to  the  needlework  done  in  that  day, 
and  before  her  marriage  she  netted  her  wedding  veil  out  of 
white  silk  thread,  a  portion  of  which  is  in  possession  of  the 
VIII.     Alpha  Ingalls,  eighth  child  of  Henry  and  Sybil  Ingalls,  was 
born  in  1780;  married  James  Stone. 
IX.     Henry,  ninth  child  of  Henry  and  Sybil  Ingalls,  was  born  in 
1783 ;  died  at  the  age  of  fourteen  years. 
X.     Sebra,  tenth  child  of  Henry  and  Sybil  Ingalls,  was  born  in 
1785;  married  Alva  Clark.    To  them  were  born: 

1.  Eunice;  married — -Bliss.    To  them  were  born : 

a.  Luna;  married Lucas. 

b.  Jesse  Chandler. 

c.  Edwin  Ruthwin. 

d.  Eliza  Prudence;  married Holcomb. 

e.  Sarah  Louisa;  married  Thomas  Needles,  who  was 
auditor  of  state  (Illinois)  for  two  terms;  afterwards 
state  senator. 

2.  Stephen,  son  of  Sebra  and  Alva  Clark.     His  children 

a.  James  Stone ;  last  known  address,  Yarn  Hill,  Oregon. 

b.  Alva;  married  Caroline  Gregory;  lived  at  one  time 
at  Osage  Mission,  Neosha  county,  Kansas. 

c.  Harvey  Cunning. 

d.  Eliza  Cram. 


e.  Angeline. 

f.  Elizabeth. 

3.  Eliza,  daughter  of  Sebra  and  Alva  Clark,  was  born  in 
Otsego  county.  New  York,  December  28,  1806;  married 
Joseph  Crane  (born  January  12,  1802,  White  Creek, 
Pennsylvania)  March  9,  1826.    To  them  was  born. 

a.     Evan  Joseph  Crane,  born  April  26,  1827;  married 
Casander  Gier,  in   Muskingum  county,  Ohio.     In 
April,  1864,  they  moved  to  Iberia,  Morrow  county, 
where  Evan  kept  a  general  store,  and  was  for  many 
years  postmaster.    To  them  were  born : 
aa.      Marion. 
bb.     Rosetta. 
cc.      Florence, 
dd.     George, 
ee.      Delia. 
Evan  Joseph  Crane  and  his  wife  died  at  Iberia,  Ohio. 

Eliza,  wife  of  Joseph  Crane,  died  January  i,  1830. 

4.  Alva. 

5.  James  Stone. 

Henry  Ingalls  moved  from  Rehoboth,  Massachusetts,  to  Rich- 
mond, New  Hampshire,  and  his  record  as  a  soldier  is  found  in  the 
Revolutionary  Rolls  of  Massachusetts  and  New  Hampshire^  from 
which  the  following  is  taken: 

Henry  Ingalls  —  Richmond  —  Captain  Oliver  Capron's  Co.  Col.  Eph- 
raim  Doolittle's  (24th)  Regiment  —  Receipt  for  advanced  pay  signed  by 
said  Ingalls  and  others.  Detail  camp  at  Cambridge  June  24th  1775.  Also 
Sergeant  in  same  Co.  and  Reg.  Muster  roll  dated  Aug.  11,  1775-  Enlisted 
May  5,  1775,  service  three  months  four  days.  Also  company  returned 
(probably  Oct.  1775). 
Also  order  for  bounty  coat  or  its  equivalent  in  money. 

Henry  Ingalls  Sergeant — Richmond  —  Capt  Oliver  Caprons  Com- 
pany Col.  Ephraim  Doolittle's  Regiment  at  Winter  Hill  Oct.  6,  1775. 
Lieutenant,  Capt.  Oliver  Capron's  Co.  Col.  Samuel  Ashley's  Regiment; 
marched  to  relief  of  Ticonderoga,  June  1 8th  to  Sep  27th  1777. 


In  Vol.  13,  p.  315,  of  the  State  Papers  of  New  Hampshire,  is  found 
the  following  record: 

A  Return  of  A  Leagal  Town  meeting  Held  in  Richmond  in  the  Colony 
of  New  Hampshire  on  the  15th  Day  of  July  Last  —  firstly  Chose  A 
moderator  to  govern  said  meeting  then  Voted  and  made  Choice  of  Lieut 
Henry  Ingalls  for  a  justice  of  the  peace 

Attest      Henry  Ingalls  Town  Clerk 
August  ye  2nd  A  D  1776 

Daniel  Read)  _  , 

^  ^  >  Selectmen 

JOHN  Daulyj 

State  of  New  Hampshire 

To  the  Honnarable   Councel   and  house   of  Representatives  Convened  at 

Exeter  in  said  state  the  prayer  of  your  Humble  petitioners  sheweth  that  at 

our  Last  annual  march  meeting  the  town  of  Richmond  voted  pettion  your 

Honors  would  take  it  unto  your  wise  Consideration  and  grant  us  the  privi- 

ledge  to  Hold  our  anual  meeting  on  the  first  munday  of  march  annually  as 

the  Last  Wednesday  in  march  is  the  season  of  the  year  that  wee  make  shuger 

as  your  Humble  petitioners  in  Duty  Bound  shall  Ever  pray  in  Behalf  of 

the  town. 

Richmond  October  ye  20th  1779 

Henry  Ingalls  Town  Clerk 

On  page  318: 

(Petition  for  Henry  Ingalls  1785) 

The  Petition  of  the  Inhabitants  of  Richmond  in  the  County  of  Cheshire, 

Humbly   Sheweth,   that  when   the  Late   Constitution   took   Place   Henrey 

Ingalls  Esqr  was  not  Reappointed  we  your  Petitioners  humbly  Pray  that  the 

Said  Henrey  Ingalls  may  be  Reappointed  and  duely  ortherrised  to  act  as  A 

Justice  of  the  Peace  for  the  County  aforSaid,  for  that  wee  your  Petitioners 

Humbly  conseive  that  he  is  a  man  agreably  Qualified  for  that  Important 

Service  and  Lives  near  the  Senter  of  Publick  Bisness  for  the  town,  and  also 

Sutes  the  maners  and  Costumes  of  the  People,  and  your  Petitioners  Humbly 

Submits  this  Petition  to  your  Excelancies  Grace  Beleving  your  Excelancey  in 

your  Grate  wisdom  will  do  the  thing  that  is  Right  as  wee  in  duty  Bound 

will  ever  Pray  — 

Richmond  October  loth  A  D:  1785: 

Daniel  Read  John  Bools 

Abraham  Man  Levi  Morey  Cadis  Boyce 

Moses  Read  Darius  Taft  Allen  Grant 

David  Barney  Silas  Taft  Jonathan  Sweet 


WiHiam  Barney  Edmund  Ingalls  John  Boyce 

John  Garnsey  Paul  Boyce  Nathan  Boyce 

Henry  Ingalls  moved  with  his  family  and  a  company  of  neighbors 
to  Otsego  county,  New  York,  in  an  early  day,  and  settled  on  what  was 
called  "Ingalls  Hill,"  near  Worcester.  He  lived  highly  respected  by 
all  who  knew  him,  and  died  in  June,  1813,  at  the  age  of  seventy-five 

The  date  of  the  death  of  Sybil  (Carpenter)  Ingalls,  wife  of  Henry 
Ingalls,  is  not  known,  but  she  died  on  Ingalls  Hill,  at  Decatur,  New 

James  Ballou  Jr.,  husband  of  Mehitable  Ingalls,  when  a  young  man 
was  a  teacher  and  for  years  was  successful  in  that  vocation.  Astrology 
being  a  favorite  study,  he  became  noted  the  country  around  as  a 
diviner  of  future  events.  One  of  his  descendants  relates  the  following 
story  in  the  Ballou  genealogy. 

"One  day,"  said  he,  "a  queer  looking  maiden  rode  into  our  open  door- 
yard  on  a  little  dapple  mare.  On  dismounting,  she  delivered  her  pony  for 
stable  care.  She  told  me  she  had  come  forty  miles  to  consult  the  great  for- 
tune teller  on  an  important  matter,  but  that  her  story  must  be  short,  and  she 
must  return  as  soon  as  possible.  She  therefore  wished  an  immediate  private 
consultation.  I  inferred  from  the  urgency  of  her  manner  that  some  murder, 
robbery,  or  theft  had  been  committed  at  her  home,  or  that  some  valuable 
articles  of  property  had  been  lost.  On  seating  her  in  my  reception  room,  she 
looked  furtively  around,  and  inquired  if  that  was  my  most  private  apartment. 
I  took  her  into  one  more  retired  and  less  exposed  to  intrusion  or  overhear- 
ing, and  now  came  out,  in  an  anxious,  half  suppressed  tone,  her  momentous 
errand  —  'Shall  I  ever  be  married?'  I  concealed  my  astonishment,  glanced 
inoffensively  at  her  uncouth  physiognomy,  and  felt  that  it  was  a  hard  case, 
for  nature  had  knocked  her  forehead  one  way,  her  chin  the  other,  set  her 
blear  eyes  askew,  t^visted  her  sharp  nose  badly,  and  given  her  lank  face  a  skin 
as  brown  as  a  dried  shad.  Well,  what  was  to  be  done?  I  went  through  my 
customary  formula  and  ciphered  out  her  destiny  as  quickly  as  possible.  I 
gave  her  as  hopeful  a  forecast  as  the  nature  of  the  case  permitted,  and  sent 
her  off  with  the  most  comfortable  assurance  my  ingenuity  could  deduce.  I 
never  heard  of  the  fair  maiden  again."  This  was  told  with  such  sarcastic 
gravity,  such  lurking  twinkles  of  fun,  and  such  ineffable  airs  of  drollery,  that 
all  present  were  convulsed  with  laughter. 

James  Ballou  Jr.  later  formed  a  mercantile  partnership  with  his 


cousin,  under  the  firm  name  of  Cook  &  Ballou,  near  Richmond  Cen- 
ter, New  Hampshire.  Trade  was  not  in  the  line  of  his  mission,  for 
they  failed  in  business  about  the  year  1804.  He  did  his  utmost  to 
settle  honorably  with  his  creditors,  but  could  not  overcome  the  entail 
of  embarrassments.  He  died  April  30,  1808,  and  his  widow,  who 
settled  his  estate,  was  able  to  pay  only  about  twenty  per  cent  of  the 
indebtedness  against  the  same.  No  one  breathed  a  word  of  reproach, 
however,  or  had  aught  but  respect  for  his  memory  and  sympathy  for 
his  family. 

In  1 8 10  Stephen  Seaward,  the  brother-in-law  of  Mehitable  Ballou, 
went  from  Decatur,  New  York,  to  Richmond,  New  Hampshire,  and 
moved  the  Ballou  family  (mother  and  five  children)  to  a  farm  owned 
by  him  in  Decatur,  where  she  lived  until  after  the  death  of  her  father, 
when  she  removed  to  "Ingalls  Hill."  In  the  autumn  of  18 14  she  loaded 
her  family  and  household  effects  into  heavy  carts  and  with  others  in 
the  party  started  to  find  a  new  home  in  the  west.  After  a  journey  of 
six  weeks,  they  finally  located  at  Perry,  Muskingum  county,  Ohio. 
Only  seven  years  of  life  were  her  portion  in  this  new  home,  for  she 
died  December  4,  1821.  Mehitable  (Ingalls)  Ballou  was  a  woman 
of  strong  personality,  bearing  without  a  murmur  the  cares  and  re- 
sponsibilities incident  to  the  life  of  one  left  to  fight  its  battles  single- 
handed  and  alone. 

To  James  Ballou  Jr.  and  Mehitable  (Ingalls)  Ballou  were  born 
six  children: 

1.  James,  son  of  James  and  Mehitable  Ballou,  was  born  October 
15,  1794.  After  his  father's  death  he  moved  to  New  York 
state  with  his  mother  and  when  the  War  of  1812  broke  out, 
enlisted,  serving  until  its  close.  Shortly  after  his  return  he 
moved  with  his  mother  to  Ohio,  where  he  married  Rebecca 
Ellis  in  October,  1815. 

2.  Henry,  second  son  of  James  and  Mehitable  Ballou,  was  born 
September  6,  1796;  married  Phebe  Tanner  of  Perry,  Mus- 
kingum county,  Ohio,  March  20,  1823.  She  was  the  daughter 
of  Jacob  and  Lydia  (Passmore)  Tanner,  formerly  of  Chester 
county,  Pennsylvania,  and  was  born  November  25,  1803.  They 


settled  on  a  farm  one  mile  west  of  Muskingum  and  fourteen 
miles  below  Zanesville.  Henry  Ballou  was  a  man  of  ability, 
and  filled  to  public  satisfaction,  several  township  and  county 
offices.  He  died  in  1857.  His  wife,  Phebe  (Tanner)  Ballou, 
lived  for  many  years,  and  was  beloved  by  every  one  who  knew 
her.  She  was  gifted  as  a  letter  writer,  which  is  evidenced  by 
the  many  interesting  epistles  received  by  the  author,  some  of 
them  written  after  her  eightieth  birthday.  To  Henry  and 
Phebe  Ballou  were  born  three  children: 

a.  Jacob  T.,  born  March  4,   1824;  married  Emily  Evans 
December  25,  1845. 

b.  Ellis,  born  July  9,  1828;  married  Laura  Clark. 

c.  Orrin,   born    September   21,    1831;    married    Matilda   J. 
Price.     Orrin  died  April,  1895. 

The  above  mentioned  children  were  born  and  married  near 
Zanesville,  Muskingum  county,  Ohio.  The  mother,  Phebe 
(Tanner)  Ballou,  survived  her  son  Orrin  but  a  few  months, 
dying  in  September,  1895,  at  the  home  of  her  granddaughter, 
Mrs.  Rufus  Dutro,  at  Canalsville,  Ohio,  aged  ninety-two  years. 
She  was  laid  to  rest  beside  her  husband,  in  Virginia  Ridge  cem- 
etery, Muskingum  county,  Ohio. 

3.  Mehitable,  daughter  of  James  and  Mehitable  Ballou,  was  born 
April  15,  1798;  married  Abram  Ingalls  in  1815.  To  them 
were  born  four  children.  After  the  death  of  Mehitable,  which 
occurred  near  Cincinnati,  Ohio   (date  not  obtained),  Abram 

Ingalls  married  (second) .     To  them  were  born  two 

children  —  a  son  and  daughter. 

4.  Rufus,  born  in  1799;  died  at  the  age  of  one  month. 

5.  Eliza,  daughter  of  James  and  Mehitable  Ballou,  was  born  Sep- 
tember 21,  1 801,  at  Richmond,  New  Hampshire;  married 
Abram  Garfield  (born  in  Worcester,  Otsego  county.  New  York, 
1799)   February  3,  1820.     To  them  were  born : 

a.  Mehitable,  born  January  28,  1821 ;  married  Stephen  Trow- 

b.  Thomas,  born  October  16,  1822;  married  Jane  Harper. 


Eliza  Ballou  Garfield 


c.  Mary,  born  October  19,  1824;  married  Marenas  G.  Lara- 

d.  James  Ballou,  born ,  1827;  died  1829. 

e.  James  Abram,  born  November  19,  183 1 ;  married  Lucretia 

The  above  named  children  were  born  in  Newburg,  Cuyahoga 
county,  with  the  exception  of  James  Abram,  born  in  Orange 
(same  county),  Ohio. 

When  two  years  of  age,  Abram  Garfield  lost  his  father,  who 
died  with  small-pox,  and  the  boy  was  left  in  charge  of  his  uncle, 
James  Stone.  When  Eliza  Ballou  went  west  with  her  mother, 
she  carried  with  her  the  heart  of  young  Garfield,  and  it  was  not 
long  until  he  followed  where  his  heart  prompted,  for  in  the 
autumn  of  1819  he  journeyed  westward  to  claim  his  bride. 
They  were  married  in  Perry  township,  Muskingum  county, 
Ohio,  February  3,  1820.  Before  the  birth  of  their  son  James 
Abram,  they  moved  to  Orange,  Cuyahoga  county,  Ohio,  buy- 
ing fifty  acres  of  land  in  what  was  practically  a  wilderness, 
there  being  but  one  house  within  seven  miles  of  their  log  cabin. 
He  managed  the  farm,  clearing  an  acre  or  two  each  year,  while 
his  wife  attended  to  the  affairs  of  the  home.  In  the  summer 
of  1833,  while  fighting  a  forest  fire  which  threatened  his  fields 
of  wheat  ripening  for  the  harvest,  Abram  Garfield  caught  a 
severe  cold  from  the  effects  of  which  he  died  after  a  two  days' 
illness,  leaving  his  wife,  four  children,  and  many  friends  to 
mourn  his  loss. 

Alpha,  sixth  child  of  James  and  Mehitable  Ballou,  was  born 
May  19,  1806,  at  Richmond,  New  Hampshire;  married  Amos 
Boynton,  near  Cleveland,  Ohio,  in  1826.    To  them  were  born: 

a.  William,  born ;  died,  aged  twenty-nine  years. 

b.  Henry  Ballou;  married  Susanna  Smith. 

c.  Harriet;  married  Daniel  Clark. 

d.  Phebe;  married  John  Clapp. 

e.  Silas;  married  Ann  Thorne.     He  was  a  doctor  of  consid- 
erable note;  they  lived  in  Cleveland,  Ohio. 


Alpha  Ballou  Boynton  died  at  Hiram,  Ohio,  April  22,  1882. 
There  is  so  much  of  historic  interest  connected  with  the  later  years 
of  Eliza  (daughter  of  James  and  Mehitable  Ballou),  wife  of  Abram 
Garfield  and  mother  of  the  martyred  president,  James  Abram  Gar- 
field, that  a  more  extended  mention  of  her  life  seems  fitting  in  this 
place.  The  sorrows,  trials,  and  hardships  she  endured,  the  brave 
struggle  that  she  made  to  properly  care  for  and  rear  her  little  family, 
can  only  be  fully  understood  by  those  who  have  had  the  experience 
incident  to  such  a  life;  but  that  the  results  were  commensurate  with 
the  cfYort  made,  can  be  realized  from  a  study  of  the  life  of  the  young- 
est of  the  four  children  left  to  her  care  — James  Abram  Garfield. 
The  mother  was  spared  for  many  years  to  enjoy  the  fruits  of  her  labor, 
being  the  honored  member  of  the  family  circle  during  their  residence 
in  the  capital  city,  and  later  on,  in  the  executive  mansion.  She  sur- 
vived her  illustrious  son  for  seven  years,  dying  January  21,  1888,  at 
the  age  of  eighty-seven. 

The  following  is  a  copy  of  a  letter  written  by  Eliza  Garfield  to  her 
cousin,  Mary  Flint,  at  Peoria,  Illinois: 

Mentor,  Ohio,  Sep.  17th,  1880.  . 
My  dear  Cousin :  With  much  pleasure  I  received  your  very  welcome  let- 
ter; having  got  your  letter  I  resolved  to  answer  it  without  delay.  In  the 
first  place  we  are  all  well,  for  which  I  am  truly  thankful.  I  hardly  know 
where  to  begin.  It  will  be  seventeen  years  in  December  since  James  first 
went  to  Congress.  He  has  been  there  ever  since,  winters,  I  mean.  I  have 
been  in  Washington  thirteen  winters.  We  always  come  to  Ohio  summers. 
Four  years  ago  James  bought  a  farm  near  Mentor,  in  Lake  co\mty,  of  one 
hundred  and  fifty-six  acres.  It  is  a  splendid  farm.  We  have  horses  and 
cows  and  sheep  and  hogs  and  turkeys  and  hens.  We  enjoy  living  on  the 
farm  very  much ;  it  is  only  sixteen  miles  from  Orange,  where  James  was 
born.  My  children  are  living  near  me,  all  but  my  oldest  son ;  he  lives  in 
Michigan,  is  a  farmer,  has  two  children,  a  son  and  a  daughter,  both  mar- 
ried. The  girls  both  live  where  they  did  when  you  were  here.  James  has 
five  children,  four  sons  and  one  daughter.  The  two  oldest  boys  are  in 
school  at  Concord,  New  Hampshire.  They  have  been  there  one  year  and  are 
going  another  year.  Henry  will  be  seventeen  next  month  and  James  will 
be  fifteen.  How  I  wish  I  could  see  you,  and  what  a  good  time  we  would 
have,  but  my  sands  of  life  are  nearly  run  out;  I  shall  be  sevend,'-nine  next 
Tuesday,  but  my  health  has  been  good  for  four  or  five  years.    The  last  few 


weeks  I  have  not  felt  well ;  we  have  had  such  a  rush  of  company  since  the 
nomination  that  I  get  real  tired.  I  expect  to  be,  till  after  the  election.  If 
James  is  elected,  as  I  hope  he  will  be,  I  pray  he  may  have  judgment  and 
wisdom  and  strength  to  steer  the  ship  of  State  to  safe  moorings.  If  I  do 
say  it,  he  is  a  very  smart  man.  Our  friends  are  dropping  to  the  right  and  to 
the  left;  it  will  soon  be  our  turn.  Let  us  be  prepared  for  the  change  that 
when  we  are  done  with  earth  we  may  meet  in  heaven.  Give  my  kind  re- 
gards to  all  your  children,  and  with  much  love  I  remain,    Your  Cousin, 

Eliza  Garfield. 

Another  letter,  written  just  after  the  inauguration  of  President  Gar- 
field, follows: 

White  House,  March  7th,  1881. 
My  dear  Cousin :  —  I  received  your  good  letter  and  your  picture  also,  and 
would  have  answered  sooner,  but  waited  to  get  my  picture.  I  have  some 
and  will  send  you  one,  though  they  are  not  good.  I  am  happy  to  tell  you 
that  we  are  all  pretty  well,  but  a  good  deal  tired  out.  We  have  passed 
through  the  greatest  rush  of  people  for  the  last  six  months  that  I  ever  saw. 
Since  the  inauguration  it  is  one  steady  stream  of  old  friends  calling.  It  takes 
pretty  much  all  the  time  to  entertain  them ;  they  want  to  see  the  President's 
mother.  I  am  the  first  mother  that  occupied  the  White  House  and  her  son 
President,  but  I  feel  very  thankful  for  such  a  son.  I  don't  like  the  word 
proud,  but  if  I  must  use  it,  I  think  in  this  case  it  is  quite  appropriate.  How 
many  times  my  mind  goes  back  to  our  girlhood  school  days,  but  changes  take 
place.  I  have  seen  sorrowful  days  and  have  seen  happy  days.  "I  was  once 
young  but  now  am  old  but  I  have  never  seen  the  righteous  forsaken  or  his 
seed  begging  his  bread."  I  have  a  very  pleasant  room,  nicely  furnished,  and 
am  waited  on  in  the  very  best  manner  possible.  Now  I  want  you  to  write  to 
me.  Our  folks  all  send  love  to  you.  With  very  much  love  I  remain  your 
aged  Cousin,  Eliza  Garfield  — to  Mary  Flint. 

The  following  is  copied  from  a  Washington  special  to  the  Cincin- 
nati Commercial,  under  date  of  March  5,  1881 : 

The  aged  mother  of  the  President  was  taken  directly  to  the  White 
House  by  Mr.  Webb  Hayes,  and  installed  at  once  in  the  apartment  pre- 
viously arranged  for  her.  It  is  a  large  square  room  on  the  south  side  of  the 
mansion,  about  midway  in  the  wide  hall  that  serves  as  a  sort  of  sitting 
and  reception  room  for  the  President's  family.  The  room  is  a  sunny  one, 
made  more  cheerful  by  a  bright  axminster  carpet  and  window  drapings  to 
correspond,  and  a  wood  fire  in  a  wide  old  fashioned  grate  with  .glittering 
brass  andirons  and  fenders.    To  have  her  home  in  the  White  House,  the  most 


honored  figure  within  its  walls  is  certainly  a  great  change  froin  other  days 
within  her  remembrance  when,  left  a  widow  in  straightened  circumstances, 
she  washed,  and  cooked,  and  toiled,  and  saved,  that  her  children  might  be 
educated.  Her  stalwart  son  who,  over  thirty  years  ago,  grew  so  tall  that 
she  could  walk  under  his  outstretched  arm  without  stooping,  still  defers  to 
her  slightest  wish  with  the  same  obedience  that  he  rendered  when  a  boy. 
Hers  has  always  been  a  post  of  honor  at  the  General's  table,  and  no  matter 
what  distinguished  guests  are  present,  she  is  invariably  served  first. 

A  sweeter  picture  has  seldom  been  seen  than  this  little  white  haired 
matron  made,  whose  head  barely  reaches  her  son's  elbow,  when  she  came 
proudly  forward  with  tears  in  her  eyes,  to  be  the  first  to  receive  him  as  he 
entered  the  Executive  Mansion,  President  of  the  United  States,  escorted 
thither  by  the  grandest  civil  and  military  display  that  Washington  has  ever 

President  Garfield  died  as  Wasliington  died,  mourned  by  a  nation 
of  freemen,  loved  by  his  countrymen  for  all  the  qualities  that  con- 
stitute a  great  man,  even  among  the  great  men  of  the  earth.  He  died 
as  Lincoln  died,  the  grief  of  his  countrymen  intensified  by  the  horri- 
ble circumstances  of  his  murder.  His  whole  public  record  was  a 
succession  of  intellectual  convictions  of  right  and  a  courage  to  assert 
them.  At  the  very  moment  he  was  stricken  to  the  earth,  he  was  con- 
spicuous as  the  most  acceptable  of  all  the  rulers  of  nations.  He  died 
September  19,  1881,  at  Long  Branch,  surrounded  by  his  loved  ones. 


THE  Seawards  are  of  Scotch-English  descent,  a  tradition  in  the 
family  giving  the  name  originally  as  Ward.  Some  of  the  family 
living  near  the  sea  were  designated  as  Sea  Wards,  and  thus  they  final- 
ly came  to  be  known  as  Seaward  or  Seward. 

First  Generation 

William  '  Seaward,  born  in  England,  1627;  married  Grace  Nor- 
ton of  Guilford,  Connecticut,  April  2,  1651.     To  them  were  born: 
I.     Mary,  born  February  28,  165 1  or  1652,  at  New  Haven;  mar- 
ried March  12,  1673,  John  Scranton  Jr.  of  Guilford.     He 
died  September  2,  1703.     She  died  in  1688. 
II.     John,  born  February  14,  1653  or  1654;  <^i^^  December  6, 
-       1748. 

III.     Joseph,  born ;  died  February  14,  1731-2. 

IV.     Samuel,  born  August  20,  1659;  died  young. 
V.     Caleb,  born  March  14,  1662  or  1663;  died  August  2,  1728. 
VI.     Stephen,  born  August  6,  1664;  never  married. 
VII.     Samuel,  born  February  8,  1666  or  1667;  died  April  8,  1689. 
VIII.     Hannah,  born  February  8,   1669  or  1670;  married  Joseph 
Hand ;  married  (second)  John  Tustin,  by  whom  she  had  one 
son  —  John  Jr. 
IX.     Ebenezer,  born  December  13,  1672;  died  October  19,  1701. 
William  Seaward  was  born  in  England  in  1627.     He  came  from 
Bristol  to  New  England  and  is  said  to  have  been  in  Taunton,  Massa- 
chusetts, in  1643.     He  settled  in  New  Haven  shortly  after  arriving 
in  America,  and  while  residing  there  married  Grace  Norton  of  Guil- 
ford, to  which  place  he  removed  shortly  after.     He  took  the  oath  of 
fidelity  there.  May  4,  1654. 


He  was  a  tanner,  a  man  of  considerable  property  and  eminence  in 
the  town,  and  was  for  a  long  time  commander  of  the  train  band.  He 
frequently  represented  the  town  in  the  General  Assembly.  He  died 
March  29,  1689.  His  will  was  dated  the  day  of  his  death,  and  was 
proved  June  7,  1689.  He  left  his  wife  the  use  of  one-half  the  dwell- 
ing house  for  her  life,  and  an  annuity  of  forty  shillings  per  annum 
from  each  of  her  six  sons.  One-half  of  the  moveable  estate,  except 
the  stock  of  the  tan  house,  was  left  to  her  absolutely.  His  son  Stephen 
seems  not  to  have  been  capable  of  caring  for  himself  and  a  life  estate 
in  the  dwelling  and  thirty  acres  were  given  him  under  the  trusteeship 
of  John,  who  was  to  inherit  the  property  absolutely  after  Stephen's 
death.  Samuel,  Caleb,  and  Ebenezer  are  confirmed  in  the  possession 
of  lands  already  given  to  them.  Each  of  the  children  of  his  daughter 
Mary  was  given  a  cow,  and  the  other  half  of  the  moveable  estate  was 
given  to  his  daughter  Hannah.  The  tan-yard  and  meadow  land  were 
directed  to  be  equally  divided  among  the  sons. 

Second  Generation 

Caleb  ^  Seaward  (William  ')  born  March  14,  1662  or  1663  ;  mar- 
ried July  14,  1686,  Lydia  Bushnell  of  Saybrook,  Massachusetts.  She 
died  August  24,  1753.     To  them  were  born: 

I.     Daniel,  born  in  Guilford,  Connecticut,  October  16,   1687; 
died  April  28,  1688. 
II.     Lydia,  born  in  Guilford,  May  22,  1689 ;  married  John  Howe 
Aprils,  1714. 
III.     Caleb,  born  in  Guilford,  January  12,  1692. 
IV.     Thomas,  born  in  Guilford,  December  19,  1694. 

v.     Noadiah,  born  in  Guilford,  August  22,  1697;  "^i^^  '"  ^744- 
VI.     Ephraim,  born  in  Durham  August  6,  1700,  first  white  child 
born  in  the  town;  died  1780. 
VII.     Ebenezer,  born  in  Durham  June  7,  1703,  second  white  child 

born  in  the  town. 
Caleb  Seaward  was  a  tanner,  and  the  first  settler  of  Durham,  Con- 
necticut, whither  he  removed  May  4,  1699.     He  died  August  2,  1728. 


Third  Generation  ^ 

Ebenezer'  Seaward  (Caleb,'  William  '),  seventh  child  of  Caleb 
and  Lydia  Bushnell  Seaward,  was  born  in  Durham,  June  7,  1703; 
married  Sarah  Wells  October  19,  1730.  To  them  was  born  one  child, 
Chloe,  born  November  20,  1731.  She  married  January  i,  1753,  Jo- 
seph Talmage.  Sarah  Wells  Seaward  died  December  22,  173 1. 
Ebenezer  Seaward  married  (second)  Dorothy  Rose  November  22, 
1732.     To  them  were  born: 

II.  Joel,  born  November  25,  1733 ;  married  Laurana  Seaward,  a 

III.     Sarah,  born ;  married Coe. 

IV.     Ebenezer,  baptized  March  18,  1738  or  1739;  died  young. 
V.     Damaris,  baptized  July  20,  1740. 
VI.     Noadiah,  born  February  14,  1742. 
VII.     Ebenezer,  baptized  September  23,  1744. 
Dr.  Ebenezer  Seaward  removed  from  Durham  to  New  Bedford, 
Massachusetts,  in  1737. 

Fourth  Generation 
Noadiah'  Seward  (Ebenezer,'  Caleb,'  William'),  born  Febru- 
ary 14,  1742;  married  October  30,  1765,  Sarah  Swain  (born  October 
13,  1746,  Philadelphia,  Pennsylvania),  at  Granville,  Massachusetts. 
To  them  were  born  twelve  children : 

I.  Noadiah  Jr.,  born  October  11,  1766;  married  at  Granville, 
Massachusetts  (name  of  wife  not  known).  To  them  were 
born  two  children: 

1.     ;  married Fenner. 

2.     ;  married Morey. 

II.     John,  born  April  10,  1768;  married  Betsey  Flint,     To  them 
was  born : 

1.  Porter;  married  Martha  Barney. 

2.  John;  died  September  29,  1796. 

III.  Eliphalet,  born  April  7,  1770;  married .      Two 


iThe    first    three    generations    are    taken    from   Ne<w   England   Historical   and    Genealogical 
Register,  Vol.  52. 








■;  married  Pomeroy  Wright. 

2.     Orpha;  married  Nathaniel  Brown. 

Stephen,  born  June  13,  1772;  married  Lucy  Tngalls. 

Sarah,  born  September  9,  1774;  died  September  24,  1777. 

Swain,  born  March  9,  1777;  married  Sarah .     To  them 

were  born  seven  children: 

Laura;  married  Fowler. 

Dolly;  married  Thomas  W.  Treat. 
Sarah;  married  Loren  Benton. 
Sabina;  married  Hezekiah  Bell. 
Rachel ;  married Tedman. 

John;  married  Rhoda  Kelley. 
7.     Seneca;  married  Caroline  Parmalee. 
Sarah,  wife  of  Swain  Seaward,  died  January  16,  1848. 
Dorothy,  born  October  9,  1779;  married  Jacob  Flint.     Dor- 
othy died  October  10,  1836. 
William,  born  February  23,  1782. 
Jesse,  born  April  26,  1784;  married  Sophia  Peake. 
The  aforenamed  nine  children  of  Noadiah  and  Sarah  Sea- 
ward were  born  at  Granville,  Massachusetts. 
To  Jesse  and  Sophia  Peake  Seaward  were  born  six  children: 
I.     Calvin  ;  married Vanduzen. 

Olive;  married Washburn. 


Charles;  married  Julia  Moon. 


Emmeline;  married  Cyrus  Lewis. 
Jesse  Seaward  moved  to  Kankakee,  Illinois,  where  he  died. 
His  wife,  Sophia  Peake  Seaward,  died  December  26,  1847. 
X.     Calvin,  born  October  5,  1786,  at  Chester,  Maryland;  died 
April  29,  1796. 
XI.     Catherine,  born  December  26,  1788,  at  Chester,  Maryland; 
married  Solomon  Hoag.     To  them  were  born  two  children. 
XII.     Sarah,  born  February  12,  1793,  at  Cherry  Valley,  Otsego 
county.  New  York;  married  March  16,  1834,  Calvin  Day. 

Alpha  Seaward  Arnold  Mary  Si:\\vard  Flint 

James  Seaward 
SiBBEL  Seaward  McNall  Delilah  Seaward  Paul 

C'liililren  of  Stephen  and  Liic\-  Ingalls  Seaward 

-Lucy  Fri;nch  Qukal  ■  M ar^   (Jl  kal  Be^er 

'   F'j.IZABKTH    SkA\\\RI)    FrI-NCH 

*  Lucy  ]Jeyer  Kncelbeck  "'  Km/abhth  Lngelbeck 

Direct  Desceiulants  of   Henry   anil   Sybil   Ingalls 


Noadiah  Seaward  died  March  29,  1825,  at  the  home  of  his  son, 
Stephen  Seaward,  in  the  eighty-fifth  year  of  his  age.  Sarah  Swain, 
wife  of  Noadiah  Seaward,  died  July  29,  1820,  at  Decatur,  New  York, 
aged  seventy-six  years. 

Fifth  Generation 

Stephen'  Seaward  (Noadiah,'  Ebenezer,"  Caleb,'  William'), 
born  June  13,  1772,  at  Durham,  Massachusetts;  married  Lucy  In- 
galls  (born  June  24,  1777,  at  Rohoboth,  Massachusetts)  at  Decatur, 
New  York,  February  19,  1795.     To  them  were  born: 

I.     Alpha,  born  February  18,  1796;  married  David  Arnold. 
II.     Elizabeth,  born  February  7,  1798;  married  Samson  French. 
See  tenth  generation  of  French  family  for  history  of  Eliza- 
III.     Mary,  born  December  26,  1799;  married  Nathan  Tripp. 
IV.     James,  born  January  19,  1802;  married  Clarissa  Barnes. 
V.     Stephen,  born  January  28,  1804;  died  November  7,  1824. 
VI.     Lucy,  born  January  28,  1806;  married  Asa  Palmerlee. 

VII.  Mehitable,  born  July  27,  1808;  married  Daniel  Flint. 

VIII.  Sibbel,'  born  April  15,  181 1;  married  William  McNall. 
IX.     Babe,  born  May  I,  1 813  ;  died  when  a  few  hours  old. 

Lucy  Ingalls  Seaward  died  May  i,  1813,  at  the  birth  of  her  ninth 
child.  She  was  possessed  of  a  sweet  disposition,  quick  to  see  a  need 
and  ready  to  relieve  distress  whenever  found.  She  was  a  faithful 
consistent  member  of  the  Methodist  church,  and  died  beloved  by  all 
who  knew  her.  She  was  laid  to  rest  in  the  cemetery  at  Decatur, 
Otsego  county.  New  York.  Her  father,  Henry  Ingalls,  attended 
the  funeral  services  of  his  daughter,  and  died  seven  weeks  later. 

Stephen  Seaward  married  (second)  Sally  Parker  August  16,  1814, 

at  Decatur,  New  York.     To  them  were  born: 

X.     John,  born  August  8,  1818. 

XI.     David,    \,  .         ,  n 

^rxT      T^  ,-,       (born  August  21,  1821. 
XII.     Dehlah,)  ^  ' 

David  married  Lucinda  .     To  them  were  born  seven 

1  Name  is  always  spelled  "Sibbel"  in  this  family. 


children —  five  girls  and  two  boys.  In  1861  this  family  re- 
moved from  Cattaraugus  county,  New  York,  to  Columbus, 
Ohio.  On  August  24,  1862,  while  riding  on  a  load  of  lum- 
ber, an  accident  occurred  in  which  David  and  his  son  Or- 
lando were  both  killed,  and  two  weeks  later,  his  baby  daugh- 
ter died.  Hettie,  the  oldest  daughter  of  David  Seaward, 
married  Frank  Gilmore  of  Iberia,  and  later  moved  to  Col- 
umbus, Ohio,  where  they  still  reside. 

Delilah   (twin  sister  of  David)   married    David    Paul    at 
Franklinville,  Cattaraugus  county,  New  York.     They  lived 
later  at  Williamsville,  a  suburb  of  Bufifalo,  New  York. 
XIII.     Emily,  born  July  25,  1823. 
XIV.     Electa,  born  December  31,  1825. 
Stephen  Seaward  went  when  but  a  lad  with  his  parents  from  Massa- 
chusetts to  Decatur,  Otsego  county,  New  York,  where  he  grew  to 
manhood  on  the  farm  owned  by  his  father.     Before  his  marriage  he 
bought  a  farm  in  Decatur,  on  one  corner  of  which  he  built  a  small 
mill,  where  he  carded  wool,  making  it  into  rolls  ready  for  spinning. 
The  farmers'  wives  and  daughters  in  the  neighborhood  spun  the  yarn, 
and  it  was  woven  into  cloth.     Home  spun  and  home  cut  garments 
were  in  vogue  in  those  days,  and  "linsey  woolsey,"  a  mixture  of  flax 
and  wool,  was  used  for  dresses  in  winter.     The  family  linen  was 
made  of  flax  raised  on  the  farm,  and  each  girl  had  her  "stent";  that 
is,  she  must  spin  so  much  flax  on  a  "little  wheel"  each  day.     The 
value  of  a  girl's  services  was  often  rated  by  the  number  of  knots  of 
flax  or  wool  she  could  spin  in  a  given  length  of  time.     Stephen  Sea- 
ward's  older  daughters  assisted  in  the  carding  mill  during  the  busy 
season,  when  they  could  be  spared  from  household  duties. 

In  the  spring  of  181 2  Stephen  sold  the  piece  of  land  upon  which 
the  mill  stood,  to  Thomas  French,  by  whom  the  mill  was  enlarged, 
and  dyeing,  fulling,  and  dressing  of  cloth  were  added  to  the  establish- 
ment.    The  sum  paid  for  this  piece  of  land  was  fifty  dollars. 

Stephen  Seaward  lived  on  the  direct  road  to  Albany,  and  as  there 
were  no  railroads  in  those  days  and  travel  was  entirely  by  team  or 
on   horse-back,   taverns  were   to  be   found   every   few   miles   along 


the  main  roads,  one  of  which  was  kept  by  him  and  well  patronized 
by  the  traveling  public.  Operating  his  mill  until  181 2,  looking  after 
his  farm  and  this  public  house,  were  his  occupations  during  the  years 
he  lived  in  Decatur. 

The  following  incident  has  been  handed  down  by  the  descendants 
of  Stephen  Seaward,  who  was  at  one  time  the  owner  of  a  valuable 
iron  gray  horse  of  which  he  was  very  proud.  One  night  it  was  stolen 
from  his  stable,  and  while  he  made  diligent  search  throughout  that 
part  of  the  country,  no  trace  of  the  missing  animal  could  be  found. 
A  year  or  so  afterward,  a  neighbor  who  had  been  to  Albany,  told  him 
of  having  seen  in  a  stable  in  that  city  a  horse  which  he  believed  to 
be  the  one  he  had  lost.  Stephen  immediately  went  to  that  city,  where 
he  explained  the  situation  to  the  man  who  had  the  horse  in  his  pos- 
session, to  which  explanation  the  man  replied:  "If  you  can  prove 
your  statement,  the  horse  is  yours."  "I  will  prove  it  by  the  horse  him- 
self," returned  Stephen  Seaward.  He  stepped  into  the  barn  and  the 
horse  neighed,  as  had  been  his  habit  upon  the  approach  of  his  master. 
He  then  went  up  to  the  horse  and  patting  him,  said:  "Prince,  ad- 
dress yourself!"  and  he  immediately  stretched  himself  upon  his  hind 
legs,  and  then  on  his  fore  legs.  Then  his  owner  said:  "Take  my 
hat,"  which  the  horse  immediately  did;  then  he  requested  him  to 
make  a  bow,  which  the  animal  proceeded  to  do.  "The  horse  is 
yours,"  said  the  man,  and  Stephen  returned  home,  happy  to  again  be 
the  possessor  of  this  much  prized  animal. 

In  1828  he  moved  with  his  son  James  and  the  younger  members 
of  his  family,  to  what  was  then  known  as  the  far  west — ■  Cattaraugus 
county.  New  York.  There  his  children  who  were  in  the  home,  mar- 
ried and  settled  around  him.  For  a  number  of  years  before  his  death 
he  and  his  wife  occupied  a  part  of  the  home  of  his  daughter,  Sibbel 
McNall,  where  he  died  January  22,  1852,  aged  eighty  years.  His 
wife,  who  survived  him  some  years,  spent  her  last  days  at  the  home  of 
her  daughter,  Delilah  Paul. 

Sixth  Generation 
Alpha  °  Seaward,  daughter  of  Stephen  and  Lucy  (Ingalls)  Sea- 


ward,  born  February  18,  1776,  Decatur,  Otsego  count}',  New  York; 
married  David  Arnold  of  Herivimer  county,  New  York,  September 
15,  1815.  To  them  were  born  nine  children,  the  names  of  only  seven 
being  known  to  the  author: 

I.     Lucy,  born  1816;  married Parker;  was  living  in  Oma- 
ha, Nebraska,  in  1909,  aged  ninety-three  years. 

II.     Lovina;  married Comstock. 

III.     Samuel. 
IV.     Mary. 
V.     David. 
VI.     Edward. 
VII.     Stephen,  born  April  25,  1830,  New  Concord,  Muskingum 
county,  Ohio;  married  August  24,  1854,  Elizabeth  Gill,  at 
New  Concord.    To  them  were  born  four  children : 

1.  Mrs.  Alice  Russell,  Kalamazoo,  Michigan. 

2.  Rose  Shannon,  Chicago,  Illinois. 

3.  Minnie  Crocker,  Minneapolis,  Minnesota. 

4.  Harry  Arnold,  Pecos,  New  Mexico. 

Stephen  finished  his  college  education,  and  after  his  mar- 
riage, went  with  his  bride  to  Galesburg,  Illinois,  where  he 
engaged  in  the  milling  business.     Soon  after,  he  heard  the 
call  of  his  country  and  in    1861   enlisted  in  Company  G, 
Fortieth   regiment,   Iowa   Volunteer  Infantry,    and  served 
during  the  entire  war.    In  188 1  he  moved  to  Chariton,  Iowa, 
where  he  died  January  27,  1909. 
Alpha  Seaward  was  born  in  her  father's  tavern,  and  in  her  girl- 
hood days  was  accustomed  to  meet  people  from  different  parts  of  the 
world,  as  her  father's  house  was  a  favorite  stopping  place.     As  she 
grew  older,  she  was  fearless  and  strong,  which  served  her  well  in  her 
undertakings  in  future  life.    When  quite  a  young  girl,  a  peddler  who 
was  stopping  for  the  night  at  her  father's  house,  heard  some  of  the 
other  guests  laughing  at  Alpha  because  of  some  feat  she  had  per- 
formed, and  asked  her  what  she  could  do,  to  which  she  answered  that 
she  could  do  anything  she  undertook.     Lying  out  in  the  back  yard 
was  a  good  sized  log,  which  he  bantered  her  to  chop  in  two.    Reply- 


ing  that  she  thought  she  could,  he  told  her  that  if  she  completed  the 
task  before  breakfast  the  next  morning,  he  would  present  her  with 
a  pair  of  slippers.  About  sunrise  the  ring  of  an  axe  was  heard,  and 
before  breakfast  Alpha  had  finished  her  task.  She  received  the  slip- 
pers amid  shouts  of  laughter,  and  that  night  she  danced  in  them  until 
their  soles  were  worn  off,  feeling  that  she  had  not  been  overpaid  for 
the  work  of  the  morning. 

She  and  her  husband  moved  to  Ohio  two  years  after  their  marriage, 
living  there  until  1855,  when  they  removed  to  Lucas  county,  Iowa. 
At  that  time  Ohio  was  a  wilderness,  while  Iowa  comprised  part  of 
that  vast  region  known  as  the  great  Northwest. 

Alpha  (Seaward)  Arnold  was  of  that  splendid  Puritan  ancestry 
who  were  pioneers,  not  only  in  the  early  settlement  of  the  country, 
but  the  advance  guard  in  that  n^ighty  column  of  civilization  which 
has  converted  the  then  unknown  West  into  a  magnificent  galaxy  of 
free  states.  Her  life  embraced  nearly  the  entire  history  of  the  re- 
public. She  witnessed  the  most  wonderful  and  rapid  development  of 
wealth,  science,  art,  and  mechanical  invention.  '  She  lived  to  see  the 
greatest  war  of  modern  times,  and  sent  her  sons  forth  to  battle  in  the 
mighty  conflict  for  freedom.  Through  all  the  vicissitudes  of  the 
passing  years,  she  lived  a  quiet,  exemplary  life.  After  the  death  of 
her  husband  in  1880  she  made  her  home  with  her  two  sons  —  Ed- 
ward, who  lived  on  a  farm,  and  Stephen,  who  resided  in  Chariton, 
Iowa,  where  she  died  October  5,  1891,  being  in  the  ninety-fifth  year 
of  her  age.  She  retained  her  mental  faculties  until  the  end,  and 
greatly  enjoyed  living  over  with  her  friends,  the  events  of  a  long  and 
useful  life. 

Mary'  Seaward  (commonly  called  Polly),  third  child  of  Stephen 
and  Lucy  (Ingalls)  Seaward,  was  born  at  Decatur,  New  York,  De- 
cember 26,  1799;  married  Nathan  Tripp  (born  May  22,  1776)  Janu- 
ary 26,  1826.    To  them  were  born  five  children: 

I.     Robert  Edwin,  born  January  27,  1827;  married  Almaretta 
Adams  (born  1830).    To  them  were  born  six  children: 



1.  Mary. 

2.  Emma. 

3.  Ella. 

4.  Stephen. 

5.  Edwin. 

6.  Minnie. 

Almaretta  Adams  Tripp  died  March  6,  1869. 
II.     David  Henry,  second  child  of  Mary  and  Nathan  Tripp,  was 
born  November  24,   1828;  married  Mary  B.  Tripp,  Sep- 
tember 29,  1853,  at  Peoria,  Illinois.    To  them  were  born  six 

1.  Stephen  H.,  born  September  19,  1854;  married  Callie 
Minor;  two  children.    Lives  at  Peoria,  Illinois. 

2.  Mary  E.,  born  May  12,  1857;  died  in  childhood. 

3.  Delia  C,  born  September  18,  1859;  married  Otis  M. 
Easton;  two  children.    Resides  at  Peoria,  Illinois. 

4.  Jennie  V.,  born  April   28,    1862;  married  George  H. 
Gibbs;  two  children.    Living  at  Peoria,  Illinois. 

5.  Charles  H.,  born  March  17,  1865;  married  Jennie ; 

one  child.     Lives  in  Fresno,  California. 

6.  Sidney  C,  born  January  12,  1869;  married ; 

no  children. 

David  Henry  Tripp  removed  from  Ohio  in  1857,  and  settled 
in  Peoria,  Illinois,  where  he  opened  a  book  store,  which  he 
owned  at  the  time  of  his  death,  the  store  now  being  con- 
ducted by  his  son,  Stephen  H.  Tripp.     Mary  B.  Tripp  died 
August,  1912. 
III.     Lucy  Helen,  third  child  of  Mary  and  Nathan  Tripp,  was 
born  February  11,  1832  ;  married  John  Kirk,  at  Iberia,  Ohio, 
in  June,  1852.    To  them  were  born  three  children: 
I.     Stephen  Efner,  born  at  Iberia,  Ohio.     At  two  years  of 
age  he  removed  with  his  parents  to  Fort  Madison,  Iowa, 
where  they  made  their  home  until  1866,  moving  thence 
to  Havana,  Illinois.     In  1877  Stephen  was  married  to 
Miss  Ella  Covington.     He  was  then  commercial  agent 


for  the  Cincinnati  Railroad  Company,  at  Muslcegon, 
Michigan.  After  some  years  he  was  transferred  to  De- 
troit, Michigan,  where  he  died  October  13,  1909. 

2.  Mary  Edna,  second  child  of  John  and  Lucy  (Tripp) 
Kirk,  was  born  at  Fort  Madison,  Iowa,  and  married  B. 
F.  Yates.    They  are  living  (191 2)  in  Beaumont,  Texas. 

3.  John,  third  child  of  John  and  Lucy  (Tripp)  Kirk,  died 
in  infancy. 

IV.  Stephen  Seward,  fourth  child  of  Mary  and  Nathan  Tripp, 
was  born  November  14,  1835,  at  Decatur,  Otsego  county, 
New  York;  married  Amelia  Snyder  October  27,  1868,  at 
Havana,  Illinois.    To  them  were  born  seven  children: 

1.  William  Kirk,  born  July  14,  1869. 

2.  Anna  Pearl,  born  February  10,  1871  ;  married  October 
21,  1891,  Guy  T.  Mowat.  To  them  were  born  twin 
daughters,  June  28,  1894.  They  are  living  in  New  Or- 
leans, Louisiana. 

3.  1  Ida. 

4.  ^  Maud.     Triplets  —  born  January  19,  1874;  died  March 

5.  J   Minnie.      24,    1874,   of   spinal    meningitis,   and   were 

buried  in  one  casket. 

6.  Jennie  May,  born  April  20,  1875;  "^i^d  August,  1875. 

7.  Virginia  Mabel,  born  December  25,  1876;  married  June 
4,  1902,  Dee  Robinson,  l^hey  reside  (191 2)  at  422 
Si.xth  avenue,  Peoria,  Illinois. 

Stephen  Seward  Tripp,  father  of  these  children,  when  seven- 
teen years  of  age,  went  to  Peoria,  Illinois,  where  lived  his 
brother,  David  Henry  Tripp,  and  later  became  a  partner  in 
the  firm  of  D.  H.  Tripp  &  Company,  in  the  book  and  sta- 
tionery business.  About  1900  he  disposed  of  his  interest  in 
the  store,  and  devoted  his  time  to  an  experimental  farm  in 
Peoria  county,  Illinois,  where  he  raised  pure  blooded  Jersey 
stock.  In  the  early  days  of  the  Civil  War  Stephen  enlisted 
in  the  Eleventh  Illinois  Cavalry  and  gained  recognition  for 
his  bravery  and  skill  as  an  officer.     A  matter  of  pride  to 


Captain  Tripp  was  the  fact  that  his  was  the  only  company 
of  cavalry  for  which  a  memorial  was  erected  in  the  cemetery 
at  Vicksburg.  He  also  claimed  the  distinction  of  having  led 
his  company  by  the  side  of  General  Sherman  on  his  march 
to  the  sea,  and  was  personal  escort  to  General  Blair  during 
that  famous  march.  Stephen  Seward  Tripp  died  suddenly 
at  his  home,  422  Sixth  street,  Peoria,  Illinois,  May  4,  1912. 
V.  Mary  Elida,  youngest  child  of  Mary  (Seaward)  and  Na- 
than Tripp,  was  born  April  2,  1838;  married  at  Peoria,  Illi- 
nois, to  William  O.  Hoover,  of  Fort  Madison,  Iowa,  No- 
vember 13,  1872.    To  them  were  born: 

1.  William  Henry,  born  September  16,  1873. 

2.  Stephen  Delbert,  born  September  25,  1875. 

Mary  and  William  Hoover  reside  in  Fort  Madison,  Iowa; 

their  sons  are  living  at  Prescott,  Arizona. 
Mary  (Seaward)  Tripp  early  imbibed  habits  of  industry  and 
cheerfully  performed  her  part  in  the  home  duties,  attending  school 
in  a  building  near  where  now  stands  the  old  "French"  schoolhouse. 
Even  with  the  Hmited  advantages  of  those  days  she  obtained  a  good 
education,  which  enabled  her  to  teach,  and  this  occupation  she  pur- 
sued for  seven  summers.  She  had  been  taught  to  sew  and  spin,  and 
when  a  little  girl  assisted  her  father  in  the  carding  mill,  as  well  as 
running  errands,  her  bright,  happy  face  carrying  sunshine  wherever 
she  went.  She  was  a  delicate,  refined  girl,  and  a  general  favorite  with 
all  who  knew  her. 

Mary  was  married  to  Nathan  Tripp,  son  of  David  and  Mary 
(Dickinson)  Tripp,  who  was  born  and  reared  in  Rhode  Island,  and 
who,  in  early  manhood,  moved  to  Otsego  county,  New  York,  being  the 
first  supervisor  of  Decatur  township  ;  also  being  twice  sent  to  the  New 
York  Assembly.  Nathan  Tripp  owned  a  small  farm  about  three 
miles  from  the  home  of  Mary  s  father.  On  this  farm  was  a  living 
spring,  soft  and  cool,  a  short  distance  from  the  house,  which  supplied 
all  the  water  for  family  needs.  There  was  a  fine  orchard;  also  a 
"sugar  bush"  where  they  made  their  own  sugar  and  syrup  each  spring 
for  the  year's  supply.     He  was  a  turner  by  trade  and  with  his  lathe 


made  wooden  bowls  and  many  other  needful  articles  for  home  use. 
Wool  from  the  sheep  which  they  raised  was  made  into  garments  for 
the  family,  they  selling  what  was  not  needed  for  their  own  supply. 
In  those  days  the  wool  was  "picked"  by  hand;  that  is,  pulled  apart, 
and  burrs  or  other  foreign  substance  removed,  after  which  it  was  sent 
to  the  mill,  carded  and  made  into  rolls.  Mary  spun  the  yarn  and  Na- 
than's sister  Polly  wove  the  cloth,  which  was  then  taken  to  French's 
fulling  mill,  where  it  was  dyed,  fulled  and  pressed,  after  which 
Hannah  Tripp,  another  sister,  came  each  fall  and  made  up  the  goods 
into  clothing  for  the  family.  After  the  death  of  her  husband  in  1841, 
Mary  Tripp  carried  on  the  work  of  the  farm  with  the  assistance  of 
her  children.  As  showing  the  advantage  taken  at  this  time  of  unto- 
ward conditions,  there  was  a  ravine  back  of  their  home,  and  one 
winter  the  snow  blew  into  this  gully  until  it  was  filled  level  with  the 
ground,  and  as  many  crusts  had  formed  while  it  was  filling,  it  became 
at  length  almost  as  solid  as  the  earth  itself.  The  son,  Robert  Edwin, 
dug  out  a  room  in  this  snow-filled  ravine,  about  eight  feet  wide,  ten 
feet  long,  and  seven  feet  high;  placed  poles  across,  securing  them  in 
the  drifts  until  they  were  solid,  then  fixed  a  door  in  front,  and  there 
they  hung  their  supply  of  meat,  making  a  smoke  under  it.  The  meat 
is  said  to  have  had  a  fine  flavor,  after  having  been  smoked  in  a  snow- 

In  the  spring  of  1847  Mary  Tripp  rented  her  farm  and  taking  her 
children  (with  the  exception  of  Robert  Edwin,  the  oldest  son,  who 
was  living  with  an  uncle,  in  order  that  he  might  learn  the  blacksmith 
trade  —  which  occupation  he  followed  as  long  as  he  lived  —  and  who 
preferred  to  remain  where  he  was,  because  of  the  business) ,  went  with 
her  brother-in-law,  Samson  French,  and  family  to  Ohio.  The  year 
following,  her  farm  in  New  York  state  was  sold.  Upon  their  arrival 
at  the  new  location  they  moved  into  a  log  cabin  with  Daniel  Flint, 
whose  wife  Mehitable  was  Mary  Tripp's  sister.  During  the  summer 
Daniel  Flint  built  a  frame  house,  into  which  he  moved  with  his  fam- 
ily in  September,  Mary  Tripp  and  her  children  going  with  them,  as 
her  sister  was  ill  and  needed  her  care.  Soon  after  moving  into  the 
new  home,  Mrs.  Flint  died,  leaving  four  children,  the  youngest  but 


two  years  of  age,  and  thus  the  care  of  the  two  families  fell  upon 
Mary's  shoulders.  In  November,  1848,  she  was  married  to  Daniel 
Flint,  who  in  the  spring  of  1850  went  to  California,  where  he  spent 
three  years  seeking  his  fortune  in  the  gold  fields,  leaving  his  wife  to 
manage  the  farm  and  look  after  the  family,  which  duties  she  bravely 
performed.  In  1 855  their  home  was  burned,  but  was  replaced  the  fol- 
lowing year  by  a  brick  house,  which  is  still  standing  on  the  "Flint 
farm"  in  Morrow  county,  Ohio. 

The  railroad  was  but  a  short  distance  from  the  Flint  home,  and 
during  the  early  days  of  the  Civil  War  trains  loaded  with  soldiers 
were  almost  daily  to  be  seen  on  their  way  to  the  South,  and  quite  fre- 
quently carried  the  prisoners  northward  en  route  to  Johnson's  Island, 
where  they  were  to  be  kept  in  confinement,  all  of  which  added  interest 
to  those  stirring  times  of  war. 

In  the  spring  of  1862  Mary  Flint  visited  her  children  in  Peoria, 
Illinois,  also  her  daughter,  Mrs.  Kirk,  whose  home  was  in  Fort 
Madison,  Iowa.  The  following  is  taken  from  her  diary,  under  date 
of  Monday,  June  i6th:  "Between  sundown  and  dark  a  cry  of  fire 
was  heard.  The  penitentiary  was  on  fire.  The  shops  on  the  north 
side  were  all  burned  down.  Loss  said  to  be  $20,000."  Her  son-in- 
law,  John  Kirk,  was  a  guard  at  the  penitentiary.  On  Monday,  the 
23d,  she  writes:  "We  went  up  to  the  prison  to  see  what  havoc  the 
fire  has  made  with  the  work  shop.  The  governor  is  expected  soon, 
and  then  they  will  decide  what  will  be  done."  Thursday,  June  26th  : 
"He  came  and  another  man  with  him,  to  see  what  will  be  done.  They 
have  not  determined  yet.  The  governor's  name  is  Kirkwood;  he  was 
formerly  from  Mansfield,  Ohio." 

In  1867  Daniel  Flint  died  after  a  brief  illness  and  was  laid  to  rest 
in  the  Ebenezer  burying  ground  by  the  side  of  his  first  wife,  Mehit- 
able  (Seaward)  Flint.  After  her  husband's  death,  Mary  went  to 
Peoria,  Illinois,  where  for  twenty  years  she  made  her  home  with  her 
son,  Stephen  Tripp,  often  spending  months  with  her  daughter,  Mrs. 
Hoover,  in  Fort  Madison,  Iowa.  In  December,  1889,  she  wrote  in 
her  diary,  as  follows:  "My  boys  have  presented  me  with  another 
diary.    I  am  too  old  to  write  very  good,  but  it  helps  to  pass  the  time. 


I  make  a  good  many  mistakes,  but  I  write  without  glasses,  and  am 
eighty-nine  years  old."  At  ninety-two  she  pieced  a  silk  quilt  for  one 
of  her  grandchildren,  which  is  a  much  prized  possession. 

The  seven  closing  years  of  Mary  (Seaward)  Flint's  life  were  spent 
with  her  daughter,  Mrs.  Hoover,  at  whose  home  she  died  in  1895, 
one  month  before  her  ninety-si.vth  birthday.  The  body  was  taken  to 
Peoria,  Illinois,  for  burial. 

James"  Seaward  (Stephen,'  Noadiah,*  Ebenezer,'  Caleb,=  Wil- 
liam ') ,  oldest  son  of  Stephen  and  Lucy  (Ingalls)  Seaward,  born  De- 
catur, New  York,    January  19,   1802;  married  Clarissa  Barnes,  in 
1825,  at  Decatur.    To  them  were  born  five  children: 
I.     Lucy. 
II.     Mariah. 

III.  Lucy  (second). 

IV.  Stephen. 
V.     Delia. 

In  1828  this  family  removed  from  Otsego  county  to  Franklinville, 
Cattaraugus  county,  New  York,  and  settled  on  a  farm.  In  an  early 
day  this  section  of  the  country  was  a  vast  wilderness.  With  true  pio- 
neer spirit  that  knew  no  defeat  nor  yielded  to  any  discouragement, 
James  succeeded  in  clearing  a  large  farm  and  in  later  years  enjoyed 
the  fruit  of  his  labors.  In  1832  he  with  his  companion  united  with 
the  Methodist  Episcopal  church,  of  which  he  remained  a  member  for 
many  years  until  the  church  troubles  in  western  New  York,  when  he 
identified  himself  with  the  Free  Methodists.  In  1876  he  took  an 
active  part  in  the  erection  of  the  new  church  at  Franklinville,  and  by 
untiring  zeal  and  liberal  contributions  on  his  part,  the  church  was 
completed.  With  the  exxeption  of  a  short  time  he  was  steward  in  the 
Methodist  church  for  forty-six  years. 

In  February,  1875,  he  and  his  wife  celebrated  their  golden  wed- 
ding and  shortly  after  this  event  occurred  the  death  of  the  wife.  But 
not  long  was  he  left  to  journey  alone,  for  just  three  years  from  the 
time  of  her  going,  he  followed,  his  death  taking  place  March  10,  1 878. 


He  was  an  active  man,  never  having  yielded  to  the  infirmities  of  old 
age  until  a  few  days  before  his  death. 

Stephen*  Seaward  Jr.  (Stephen/ Noadiah,*  Ebenezer,'  Caleb/ 
William  '),  fifth  child  of  Stephen  and  Lucy  (Ingalls)  Seaward,  born 
January  24,  1804;  died  November  7,  1824.  He  was  never  rugged, 
his  frail  condition  of  health  rendering  him  unable  to  cope  with  the 
sterner  realities  of  life.  He  loved  books  and  spent  much  of  his  time 
in  the  fields  and  woods  studying  nature.  When  about  eighteen  years 
of  age  he  went  to  work  for  Ezra  Williams,  a  brother-in-law  of  Sam- 
son French,  but  was  unable  to  continue  in  his  employment,  as  con- 
sumption had  fastened  itself  upon  him,  and  in  a  few  months  he  was 
obliged  to  give  up  his  position  and  return  home.  He  wrote  in  his 

July  28,  1823.  This  day  attended  the  funeral  of  Mrs.  Everton,  her  son 
and  daughter,  and  Miss  Betsey  Childs,  who  were  killed  on  the  27th  instant, 
by  the  wind  blowing  down  the  house  which  contained  them.  The  Rev.  Mr. 
Campbell  delivered  the  funeral  sermon  from  the  following  words:  "And 
behold  there  came  a  great  wind  from  the  wilderness  and  smote  the  four 
corners  of  the  house  and  it  fell  upon  the  young  men  and  they  are  dead, 
and  I  only  am  escaped  alone  to  tell  thee."    Job  I,  19th  verse. 

About  a  month  before  his  death  he  made  the  last  entry  in  his  diary. 
A  short  time  before  his  going,  he  composed  an  acrostic,  which  his 
friend,  Lester  Houghton,  printed,  a  copy  of  which  was  given  to  each 
of  his  sisters. 

How  much  he  was  beloved  by  his  family  can  be  judged  from  the 
fact,  that  each  of  his  brothers  and  sisters  named  a  son  Stephen  Sea- 
ward, in  memory  of  this  young  brother,  whose  death  occurred  No- 
vember 7,  1824,  and  who  was  laid  to  rest  in  the  Decatur  burying 
ground  by  the  side  of  the  mother  whom  he  loved  so  well. 

Lucy"  Seaward,  daughter  of  Stephen  and  Lucy  (Ingalls)   Sea- 
ward, born  January  24,  1806,  at  Decatur,  New  York;  married  Asa 

Asa  Palmerlee 

Lucy  Seaward  Palmerlee 



Falmerlee  (born  Litchfield,  Connecticut,  1803)  in  1824  at  Decatur, 
New  York.     To  them  were  born  eleven  children. 

I.     Elizabeth ;  married Going.    To  them  were  born  three 


1.  Mary;  married Gray. 

2.  Villa;  married   Samuel   Snover.     Lives  at  Metamora, 

3.  Sarah;  married  Arthur  Chapman. 
All  living  in  Lapeer  county,  Michigan. 

II.     Henry;  went  to  Minnesota,  where  he  married  Helen  Kos- 
sulman.    To  them  were  born  five  children : 

1.  Franklin  D.,  now  of  Spangle,  Spokane  county,  Wash- 

2.  Lucy  Lillian;  married  Elmer  E.  Abbott,  of  Dodge  Cen- 
ter, Minnesota. 

3.  Efner;  died  in  1906. 

4.  Mary  Lodema;  married Gillies,  a  Methodist  min- 
ister, in  Minnesota. 

5.  Seward.    Lives  in  Dodge  Center,  Minnesota. 

III.     Mary  Jane;  married  Willis  Collins  Thrall.    To  them  were 
born  nine  children: 
I.     Hiram  Elvin;  one  child. 

Lua  Elizabeth;  two  children. 

Lucy  Mehitable;  two  children. 

Mina  Olive;  no  children. 

William  Ernest;  four  children. 

Lois;  died  when  an  infant. 

Henry  Porteus;  died  aged  fifteen. 

Stephen  Asa;  three  children. 

Mary  Effie;  two  children. 
Four  of  the  above  named  children  of  Mary  Jane  and  Willis 
Collins  Thrall  are  living: 
Lua  Elizabeth  Evarts,  Mantorville,  Minnesota. 
Mina  Olive  Linderman,  Hinsdale,  New  York. 
William  Ernest  Thrall,  Dodge  Center,  Minnesota. 









Mary  Effie  Alsworth,  Arcade,  New  York. 
Heman;  three  children: 

1.  Charles;  lives  in  northern  Michigan. 

2.  Mark;  Detroit,  Michigan.    Is  mail  clerk  on  railroad  be- 
tween Saginaw  and  Detroit. 

3.  Mary. 

Hoel;  lived  in  Michigan.    Two  sons: 

1.  Efner;  address.  Hunters'  Creek,  Michigan. 

2.  Fred;  address,  Hunters'  Creek,  Michigan. 

Stephen;  went  to  Minnesota;  married  Eunice  Kossulman. 
They  were  the  parents  of  two  children : 

1.  Myrtle. 

2.  Joseph. 

Roseltha;  married  Ralph  W.  Gamsby,  in  Minnesota;  died 
at  Dodge  Center,  Minnesota.  To  them  were  born  five  chil- 

[•  Twin  boys,  who  died  when  young. 
2. ) 

3.     Caroline;  lives  with  her  father. 


Marion;  married  David  L.  Printup;  lives  at  Britton, 

South  Dakota. 
5.     Lucy;  teacher  at  Clermont,  Minnesota. 
Clymena;  married  Robert  Hutton.    To  them  were  born  si.x 
I.     Lucy;  married  Heminway. 



Leah;  married  Kirk  White,  Lapeer,  Michigan. 



Albert,  born  Dodge  Center,  Minnesota;  married  — 
To  them  were  born  four  children: 

1.  Earl. 

2.  Herbert. 

3.  James. 


4.     Helen. 

X.     Lois  Permelia;  married Kingsbury;  one  son,  who  died 

in  infancy. 
The  first  five  children  were  born  at  Decatur,  the  others  at  Ichsua, 
Cattaraugus  county.  New  York.  Asa  Palmerlee  and  wife,  Lucy 
(Seaward)  Palmerlee,  moved  to  Michigan  in  i860.  Here  the  hus- 
band suffered  a  stroke  of  paralysis  and  died  November  7,  1869,  the 
wife  living  until  1885. 

Mehitable  °  Seaward,  seventh  child  of  Stephen  and  Lucy  Ingalls 
Seaward,  born  Decatur,  New  York,  July  27,  1808;  married  Daniel 
Flint  January  13,  1825.    To  them  were  born  four  children: 

I.     Lucy  Sharille;  married  Carp  Smith  at  Iberia,  Ohio,  in  1848. 
To  them  was  born  one  son,  Edgar,  living  in  Oskaloosa,  Iowa. 
Sharille  Flint  Smith  died  in  February,  1861. 
II.     Stephen  S.;  married  Mary  J.  Brownlee  at  Iberia,  Ohio,  in 

III.  Henry;  married  Jennie .    Lives  in  Minneapolis,  Min- 

IV.  Sibbel  E.;  married  Allan  Coe  at  Mt.  Gilead,  Ohio.    To  them 
were  born  four  children.    Sibbel  died  about  1902. 

In  the  spring  of  1827  Daniel  and  Mehitable  Seaward  Flint  moved 
from  Otsego  county,  New  York,  to  Bloomfield,  Washington  county, 
Ohio,  where  they  lived  until  in  the  spring  of  the  year  1847,  when  they 
moved  to  Iberia,  Ohio,  where  Mehitable  died  in  October,  1847. 

Sibbel^  Sew.ard,  eighth  child  of  Stephen  and  Lucy  Ingalls  Sea- 
ward, born  at  Decatur,  Otsego  county,  New  York,  April  15,  181 1; 
married  William  McNall,  March  17,  1829,  at  Franklinville,  Catta- 
raugus county.  New  York.     To  them  were  born: 

I.     Lucy,  born  February  2,  1831;  married  Aaron  Skinner  Oc- 
tober 28,  1849.     Two  children :  Delia  and  Nillie. 


II.  Almira,  born  September  12,  1832  ;  married  Benjamin  Hotch- 
kiss  January  8,  1854.  She  was  married  three  times  and  was 
the  mother  of  five  children:  Vista,  Lettie,  William,  Nellie, 
and  Efner.  Almira  died  in  Wisconsin  in  1873. 
III.  Nathan,  born  June  16,  1834;  died  March  5,  1857. 
IV.  Stephen,  born  February  12,  1836;  married  Clara  Riggs  Oc- 
tober 12,  1859.    To  them  were  born: 

1.  Elmer  Ellsworth;  two  children. 

2.  Effie  Mae;  four  children. 

3.  Luella  Eliza;  married  C.  W.  Hogue;  lives  at  Franklin- 
ville,  New  York.  To  them  have  been  born  six  chil- 
dren —  four  boys  and  two  girls. 

V.  Mary,  born  September  8,  1839;  married  James  Swift  De- 
cember 25,  1 861.  She  was  the  mother  of  two  children  who 
died  in  infancy;  now  living  with  an  adopted  daughter  at 
Franklinville,  New  York. 
VI.  S.  Efner,  born  February  7,  1841 ;  killed  in  the  Civil  War  in 
VII.     Lois,  born  February  8,  1844;  married  Merritt  Porter  July 

4.  1866.     To  them  were  born  Efner,  Ethel,  Mabel,  Effie, 

VIII.  Charles,  born  March  22,  1847;  died  February  23,  1848. 
IX.  William,  born  January  19,  1852;  died  March  15,  1854. 
William  and  Sibbel  McNall  lived  on  a  farm  near  Franklinville, 
New  York.  Stephen  Seaward,  father  of  Sibbel,  lived  in  part  of  the 
house  until  the  time  of  his  death.  The  old  farm  is  still  in  the  McNall 
family,  being  the  home  of  Stephen  McNall,  after  the  death  of  his 
father  William,  which  occurred  March  20,  1870,  and  now  being  in 
the  possession  of  William  McNall.  In  1881  Sibbel  McNall  visited 
her  sister,  Lucy  Palmerlee,  in  Michigan,  who  at  that  time  was  seventy- 
five  years  of  age;  spent  some  time  in  the  home  of  the  author  at  Shel- 
dahl,  Iowa,  going  from  this  place  to  Chariton,  Iowa,  where  she  vis- 
ited another  sister.  Alpha  Seaward  Arnold,  who  was  eighty-six  years 
of  age.  Turning  her  face  homeward,  she  stopped  at  Peoria,  Illinois, 
where   Mary   Seaward   Flint,   eighty-one  years   old,    resided.      She 


reached  her  home  at  Franklinville  April  15,  1882,  it  being  her  sev- 
enty-first birthday.  Elmer  McNall,  a  grandson,  met  her  at  the  train 
and  took  her  to  the  old  home  where  her  whole  family  (nventy-four  in 
number)  had  gathered  in  honor  of  the  occasion. 

She  continued  to  live  in  the  old  home  for  some  years,  dying  April 
2,  1 89 1 ,  when  eighty  years  of  age. 


First  Generation 

William  '  Queal  of  Wales  married  Margaret  Atchison  of  Ire- 
land.    To   them  were  born  seven  children  —  four  sons  and  three 
daughters,  the  names  of  three  of  the  sons  being  known  to  the  author: 
I.     Michael. 
II.     John. 
III.     Robert. 

Second  Generation 

Michael  =  Queal  (William'),  son  of  William  and  Margaret 
(Atchison)  Queal,  emigrated  to  America  some  time  before  1776  and 
settled  with  his  family  in  Oswego  county,  near  Rome,  New  York. 
He  was  a  Methodist  minister,  his  license  to  preach  having  been 
^  signed  by  Charles  Wesley,  brother  of  John  Wesley,  the  founder  of 


There  is  a  tradition  in  the  family  that  he  was  a  chaplain  in  the 
Revolutionary  War,  but  owing  to  the  fact  that  the  chaplains  were  non- 
commissioned, there  is  no  record  of  his  service. 

A  resolution  of  Congress  July  5,  1776,  provided  for  the  appoint- 
ment of  a  chaplain  to  each  regiment  in  the  Continental  army,  and  an 
order  (published  in  American  State  Papers,  Volume  I,  page  226), 
dated  at  New  York,  July  9,  1776,  directed  that  the  commanding  of- 
ficer of  each  regiment  should  procure  a  chaplain  accordingly.  A 
resolution  of  Congress  of  May  27,  1777,  provided  for  the  appoint- 
ment thereafter  of  one  chaplain  only  to  each  brigade,  and  that  such 
chaplains  be  appointed  by  Congress  after  having  been  recommended 
by  the  brigade  commander  and  nominated.  Nothing  has  been  found 
of  record  to  show  whether  or  not  commissions  were  issued  to  any  of 
the  chaplains  so  appointed. 

Michael  Queal  was  by  occupation  a  miller,  owning  a  mill  near 





Rome,  New  York.    Of  his  immediate  family  but  little  is  known  to 
the  author.    He  had  one  son,  Michael. 

Third  Generation 

Michael  '  Queal  (Michael,^  William  ') ,  born  in  Oswego  county. 
New  York,  in  1800.  Married  Louisa  Moore  (born  in  1803)  in  1822. 
To  them  were  born  seven  children : 

I.     Araminta;  married  Otho  Williams.     To  them  were  born 
two  children: 

1.  Ida. 

2.  Willard. 

William  Henry;  married  Mary  Moore.    To  them  was  born 
one  daughter: 

I.     Araminta;  married  Samuel  Baker;  tAvo  children. 
Albert  Franklin;  married  Martha  Barber.    To  them  were 
born  eight  children: 
r.     William;  died  young. 

Michael;  died  young. 
Frank;  died  young. 

Louisa;  married  Lewis  Tudor,  Boulder,  Colorado. 
Philip  G.;  married  Fanny  Mickrals,  Cincinnati,  Ohio; 
no  children;  living  at  Fort  Mitchell,  Kentucky.     He  is 
with  Gibson  &  Perin  Company,  stationers,  printers,  ac- 
count book  makers,  Cincinnati,  Ohio. 

6.  Selina ;  married  William  Magee ;  living  at  Terrace  Park, 

7.  E.  Barber;  never  married;  is  a  physician  in  Boulder, 
Colorado,  and  a  member  of  the  faculty  of  the  State  Uni- 
Anna,  born  at  Boulder,  Colorado. 

Martha  Barber  Queal,  mother  of  the  above  named  children, 
is  still  living;  her  home  is  at  Boulder,  Colorado. 
IV.     John  Oscar;   married  Jennie   Buckingham,   at  Cincinnati, 
Ohio.    To  them  were  born  two  sons : 
I.     Smith  B.;  married  Emma  Coddington    (musician)    at 



Cincinnati,  Oliio.     He  is  with  the  Woman's  Home  Com- 
panion Publishing  Company. 

2.     William ;  married Davis,  Camp  Denison,  Ohio. 

V.     Jane;  married  Dr.  Malon  Connett.     To  them  were  born 

three  children: 

1.  Albert. 

2.  Nellie. 

3.  Ida. 

VI.     George  W. ;  married  Flora  Mounts.    To  them  was  born  one 
son.     George  married  (second)    Katie  Jones.     They  reside 
at  Long  Beach,  California. 
VII.     Maria;  married  Albert  Connett.    To  them  were  born  five 

children.  Their  home  is  at  Long  Beach,  California. 
Michael  Queal  Jr.,  when  eighteen  years  of  age  made  the  journey 
from  Utica,  New  York,  to  Cincinnati,  Ohio,  on  horseback.  That  he 
was  a  trustworthy  youth  is  evidenced  by  the  fact  that  h?  carried  in  his 
saddle  bags  a  large  sum  of  money  to  friends  who  had  settled  in 
Ohio  previous  to  his  coming.  He  located  near  Milford,  six  miles 
outside  the  corporation  of  Cincinnati,  where  he  followed  the  business 
of  a  distiller  for  many  years.  In  1840  his  distillery  was  destroyed  by 
fire,  and  about  a  year  later  he  removed  from  Milford  to  a  tract  of  land 
which  he  had  purchased  in  Hamilton  county,  sixteen  miles  east  of 
Cincinnati,  Ohio,  of  which  tract  his  son  John  is  the  present  owner. 

When  Michael  Queal  Jr.  married,  his  wife  (Louisa  Moore)  was 
the  possessor  of  a  number  of  slaves,  who  remained  with  her  as  long  as 
they  lived.  He  (Michael)  was  a  member  of  the  Methodist  church 
when  he  removed  to  Ohio  and  held  in  his  possession  for  many  years 
a  letter  of  membership,  but  never  united  with  any  church  organiza- 
tion in  his  western  home.  He  was  for  years  a  member  of  the  Masonic 
fraternity.  His  sons  have  been  successful  in  business,  honorable  and 
upright  in  their  transactions. 

Michael  Queal  Jr.  died  in  1877,  his  wife  surviving  him  for  more 
than  ten  years. 

Smith   B.  Queal 
Nephew  of  Geo.  W.  Queal 

Cottage  of  Gko.  \V.  Queal 

Long  Beach,  California 


Second  Generation 

John  '  Queal  (William  ') ,  son  of  William  and  Margaret  Atchi- 
son Queal,  married  McLean.     The  names  of  three  of  their 

children  are  known  to  the  author: 
I.     Catherine. 
II.     Mary;  married  Gilbert  Albert  of  Worcester,  New  York. 
III.     William  M.,  born  about  1788;  came  to  America  with  an 
aunt  when  about  nine  years  of  age  and  lived  with  her  on 
South  Hill  in  the  town  of  Worcester.     Three  years  later 

the  parents  of  William  M.,  John,  and McLean  Queal, 

emigrated  to  America  and  located  on  a  farm  on  South  Hill, 
where  the  children  were  reared. 

Third  Generation 

William  M.'  Queal  {John,=  William'),  married  Abbie  Smith. 
To  them  were  born  four  children : 
I.     William  S. 
II.     Catherine;  died  young. 

III.  Jane. 

IV.  Alexander. 

William  M.  Queal  and  his  wife  lived  on  South  Hill,  owning  a 
large  farm  on  which  they  spent  their  married  life.  He  died  March 
21,  1857,  his  wife  surviving  him  for  some  years. 

Fourth  Generation 

William  S.'  Queal  (William,^'  John,'  William  '),  son  of  William 
M.  and  Abbie  Smith  Queal,  born  July  28,  1821  ;  married  Sally  Es- 
ther Waterman  (born  December  23,  1824)  April,  1844.  To  them 
were  born  seven  children: 

I.  Mary  Estelle,  born  February  24,  1846;  married  Charles 
Cooley  of  Worcester,  Otsego  county,  New  York,  January  i, 
1865.  To  them  was  born  one  son,  James  B.,  born  June  18, 
1868;  died  October  28,  1883.  Charles  Cooley  died  in  1877 
and  his  widow  married  (second)   David  Shelland  of  Wor- 


cester  in  1879,  who  died  in  1909.  Mrs.  Shelland  died  in 
Worcester  July  6,  191 2. 
II.  John,  born  April  14,  1848;  married  Emma  Rhodes,  who 
died  a  few  years  later.  He  married  a  second  time  and  has 
one  daughter,  Lena.  Lives  near  Schenevus,  New  York. 
III.  Alexander,  born  at  Worcester,  New  York,  in  1850;  married 
Rose  DeMars  (born  in  Oswego  July  16,  1854)  February  9, 
1875,  in  Oswego,  New  York.  They  moved  to  Merced,  Cali- 
fornia, soon  after  their  marriage.  To  them  were  born  three 

1.  Alexander,  born  November  9,  1875;  married  and  lives 
in  Alexandria  Bay,  New  York;  five  children,  two  boys 
and  three  girls. 

2.  Rose  Ella,  born  August  13,  i88t;;  married  T.  C.  Russell 
in  1910.  They  have  one  son,  and  live  in  Syracuse,  New 

3.  William  N.,  born  August  9,  1 887,  in  Merced,  California. 
His  mother  died  when  he  was  but  two  years  of  age,  leav- 
ing him  to  the  care  of  her  sister,  Mrs.  C.  E.  Fields,  now 
living  at  Alexandria  Bay,  New  York.  In  1902  William 
N.  left  California  and  went  to  Beloit,  Wisconsin,  where 
he  lived  for  three  years,  at  the  expiration  of  which  time 
he  went  to  Alexandria  Bay. 

William  N.  Queal  is  an  athlete  and  noted  as  one  of  the  world's 
greatest  runners.  In  1908  he  went  into  a  race  to  fill  out  a  card  and 
won,  which  good  fortune  continued  to  be  his  for  two  years,  then  losing 
two  —  through  accidents.  In  191 1  he  won  a  fifteen  mile  champion- 
ship race,  but  the  next  year  lost  two  fifteen  mile  races,  the  distance 
being  too  great;  but  for  a  distance  of  five,  ten,  or  twelve  miles,  has  not 
lost  a  match  race  in  the  four  years  he  has  been  running.  He  holds 
the  world's  record  with  Swanberg  for  fifteen  and  twenty  mile  outdoor 
relay  race;  twenty  and  twenty-six  mile,  384  yards,  indoor  relay  race 
(with  Holmes)  v^'orld's  record;  also  one  hour  running,  defeating  the 
best  men;  as  Meadows,  Simpson,  Longboat,  Shrubb,  A.  Wood,  Ted 
Woods,  Swanberg,  Hayes,  and  St.  Ives.  June  22,  19 12,  he  defeated 
Woods  and  Longboat  (the  Indian)  in  a  five  mile  race,  making  a  new 

William  N.  Queal 

AxxA  QuEAi.  Stark\vr\thi:r 


professional  world's  record  —  24  minutes,  39  2/3  seconds.  He  makes 
his  home  in  New  York.  City.  During  the  indoor  season  he  is  coach  of 
the  Eighth  regiment,  and  in  the  spring  and  fall  meets,  trainer  for 
Fordham  University. 

IV.     Dudley,  fourth  child  of  William  S.  and  Sally  (Waterman) 
Queal,  born  in  January,    1852;  married  Alice  Waterman 
August   12,   1877.     To  them  were  born  three  children  — 
George,  Fred,  and  John.    Dudley  Queal  died  October,  T904. 
His  widow  and  children  are  living  in  Beaudette,  IVIinnesota. 
V.     Henry,  born  1854;  died  1863. 
VI.     William  McLean,  born  1856;  unmarried. 
VII.     Sarah  Anna,  born  November  6,  1861 ;  married  Asher  Stark- 
weather  (born  at  Worcester,  New  York,  June  20,   1838) 
April  21,  1 88 1.     He  graduated  from  the  Madison  Univer- 
sity  (now  Colgate)   in  the  class  of  '62.     Taught  for  many 
years,  and  for  over  twenty  years  has  been  school  attendance 
officer  in   Pittsfield,   Massachusetts.     To   them  were  born 
three  children: 

1.  Essa,  born  August  17,  1886.  After  graduating  from  high 
school  attended  Pratt  Institute,  Brooklyn,  New  York, 
where  she  graduated  in  1907.  She  taught  normal  art 
and  manual  training  in  the  schools  of  Roselle  Park,  New 
Jersey,  for  one  year.  Married  the  Rev.  James  Bruce 
Oilman  July  21,  1908.  They  reside  at  Nashua,  New 
Hampshire,  where  he  is  pastor  of  the  First  Baptist 

2.  Morrell  A.,  born  July  i,  1888;  married  Ruth  Esmay  in 
April,  1910.  To  them  has  been  born  one  child,  Helen 
E.,  born  May  18,  191 1.  Morrell  Starkweather  is  in  the 
employ  of  the  Oeneral  Electric  Company  of  Pittsfield, 
Massachusetts,  as  die  maker. 

3.  Davis  Viney,  born  June  17,  1900. 

S.  Anna  Starkweather  is  prominent  in  the  Daughters  of  the 
American  Revolution,  her  great-grandfather,  John  Water- 
man Sr.,  having  served  in  the  Revolutionary  War.  She  is 
also  identified  with  the  work  of  the  Relief  Corps,  being  wife 


as  well  as  daughter  of  a  veteran.  She  was  president  of  Berk- 
shire W.  R.  C.  in  1904  and  has  been  its  chaplain  for  many- 
years.  In  November,  191 1,  she  was  made  chaplain  of  the 
Department  of  Massachusetts,  W.  R.  C,  auxiliary  to  the 
Grand  Army  of  the  Republic,  with  headquarters  at  Boston. 
William  S.  Queal  enlisted  in  the  Civil  War  and  served  his  country 

faithfully.    His  wife,  Sally  Waterman  Queal,  died  May  6,  1868.    He 

died  in  April,  1890,  at  Worcester,  New  York. 

Jane  '  Queal,  third  child  of  William  M.  and  Abbie  Smith  Queal, 
married  James  Wade  at  Worcester,  New  York.  To  them  were  born 
three  children: 

I.     Warren;  married  and  has  children. 
II.     Willis;  married  Abbie  Hanor;  two  children. 
III.     Ardelia;  married  Orville  Gaylord;  one  daughter. 
The  descendants  of  James  and  Jane  (Queal)  Wade  are  still  living 
in  Worcester,  New  York. 

Alexander  *  Queal,  son  of  William  M.  and  Abbie  Smith)  Queal, 
married  Betsey  Fox.  To  them  were  born  one  daughter,  Celicia,  who 
married  Stanley  Lewis  of  Richmondville.  They  have  three  sons  — 
Burdette,  Herbert,  and  Dr.  A.  Lewis  of  Albany,  New  York. 

Alevander  Queal  died  at  Richmondville.  His  wife  survived  him 
many  years,  dying  in  March,  191 2,  aged  eighty  years. 

Second  Generation 

Robert  '  Queal  (William  ')  was  born  in  Ireland  in  1758  and  mar- 
ried Elizabeth  Conroy  in  1777,  she  having  been  born  in  Ireland  in 
1753.     She  was  the  daughter  of  Luke  Conroy,  born  in  Ireland,  and 
Mary  Richison,  born  in  England.    To  Robert  and  Elizabeth  Queal 
were  born  six  children,  two  of  whom  died  in  infancy. 
I.     George  C,  born  in  Ireland  in  1786. 
II.     William  C,  born  August  14,  1788. 
III.     Mary,  born  in  1793. 
IV.     Margaret,  born  in  1795;  died  in  New  York  (^ity  in  1798. 








The  home  of  Robert  and  Elizabeth  Queal  in  Ireland  was  near  the 
village  of  Drumsnoh,  parish  of  Anadufif  and  county  of  Latrim,  from 
which  place  they  emigrated  to  America  in  1797,  sailing  from  Port 
Sligo.  In  Ireland  the  name  was  pronounced  as  though  spelled 
"Quail,"  to  which  pronunciation  the  descendants  of  Michael  still  ad- 
here, although  the  spelling  of  the  name  has  not  been  changed  from 
the  original  —  Queal. 

Robert  Queal  and  his  little  family  landed  in  New  York  City,  after 
their  journey  of  six  weeks  across  the  water,  and  there  they  resided  for 
two  or  three  years,  attending  John  Street  Methodist  Episcopal  Church 
and  Sunday  school.  Margaret,  their  youngest  child,  died  in  that  city 
and  was  buried  in  the  yard  of  the  old  John  Street  Church.  From  New 
York  City  Robert  Queal  and  family  moved  to  Otsego  county.  New 
York,  and  settled  on  a  farm  on  what  is  known  as  South  Hill,  in  Wor- 
cester township,  located  about  three  miles  south  of  Worcester.  The 
land  on  which  they  located  was  part  of  a  patent  granted  to  Alexander 
McKee  and  others,  but  it  is  not  known  how  many  acres  were  in  the 
tract,  nor  the  price  paid  per  acre.  The  first  record  found  is  where 
Robert  and  Elizabeth  Conroy  Queal  conveyed  under  date  of  August 
17,  1 8 19,  to  their  son-in-law,  Artemas  Babcock,  and  his  wife,  Mary 
Queal  Babcock,  for  a  certain  sum,  land  on  South  Hill.  On  April  20, 
1 82 1,  Robert  Queal  and  William  C.  Queal  —  his  son  —  bought  of 
James  Shelland  of  Decatur,  Otsego  county.  New  York,  seventy-six 
and  one-half  acres  of  land,  for  six  hundred  forty  dollars,  "money  ac- 
count of  the  United  States,"  and  Robert  Queal  moved  from  South 
Hill  to  this  farm. 

On  January  16,  1840,  he  entered  into  an  agreement  with  his  son- 
in-law,  Artemas  Babcock  of  Davenport,  Delaware  county.  New  York, 
by  which 

The  said  Artemas  Babcock  shall  and  may  have  the  use,  occupation  and 
enjoyment  of  the  farm  now  owned  and  occupied  by  the  said  Robert  Queal, 
situate  in  the  town  of  Worcester,  during  the  natural  lives  of  the  said  Robert 
Queal  and  Elizabeth  his  wife  —  on  the  following  conditions:  that  is  to  say, 
that  the  said  Artemas  Babcock  shall  move  on  the  said  farm  and  occupy  and 
cultivate  the  same  in  a  farmer-like  manner  and  provide  for,  support  and 
maintain,  the  said  Robert  and  Elizabeth  his  wife  during  their  natural  lives, 
and  during  the  life  of  the  longest  liver  of  them,  and  to  furnish  and  provide 


for  them  from  time  to  time  all  such  necessaries  as  shall  be  suitable  and 
proper,  both  in  sickness  and  in  health,  for  their  convenience  and  comfort. 
The  said  Robert  Queal  also  reserves  the  right  to  keep  on  said  farm  seven 
ewes  and  their  increase,  which  increase  however  is  not  to  be  kept  on  said 
farm  only  while  they  are  lambs.  The  said  Artemas  Babcock  agrees  to  move 
onto  said  farm  at  a  suitable  time  next  spring,  to  commence  the  spring's  work 
thereon,  and  he  also  agrees  to  make  necessary  repairs  to  the  dwelling  house 
on  said  farm,  as  soon  as  the  same  can  conveniently  be  done,  in  such  manner 
as  shall  make  said  house  convenient  and  comfortable  for  a  dwelling  house 
for  himself  and  family,  and  for  the  said  Robert  Queal  and  his  wife.  And 
the  said  Robert  Queal  on  his  part  agrees,  when  said  repairs  are  made  to  said 
dwelling  house,  to  give  his  promisory  note  to  said  Artemas  Babcock,  for  the 
amount  of  such  repairs,  which  note  Is  not  to  be  paid  during  the  life  of  said 
Robert  Queal,  but  it  is  to  be  a  debt  against  his  estate  after  his  death,  and 
shall  not  be  considered  on  interest;  and  whereas,  the  said  Robert  Queal  has 
this  day  made  his  last  will  and  testament,  and  thereby  devised  to  his  daugh- 
ter, Mary  Babcock  and  her  heirs,  the  sum  of  five  hundred  dollars  as  and 
for  her  portion  of  the  estate  of  said  Robert  Queal ;  now  therefore.  In  order 
to  secure  that  sum  to  the  said  Mary  Babcock  and  her  heirs,  the  said  Robert 
Queal  promises  and  agrees  to  and  with  the  said  Artemas  Babcock  that  if  he, 
the  said  Robert  Queal,  shall  at  any  time  hereafter  revoke,  destroy  or  alter 
his  said  last  will  and  testament  so  as  to  deprive  said  Mary  Babcock  and  her 
heirs  of  the  said  sum  of  five  hundred  dollars  specified  in  said  will,  that  then 
and  in  that  case  he,  the  said  Robert  Queal,  hereby  agrees  to  pay  the  said 
Mary  Babcock,  her  heirs,  executors  and  administrators  the  said  sum  of  five 
hundred  dollars,  and  to  be  a  charge  upon  his  estate  In  lieu  of  said  sum 
maintained  in  said  last  will  and  testament  aforesaid.  In  witness  whereof  we 
have  hereunto  set  our  hands  and  seals  the  day  and  year  written. 

("Artemas  Babcock 
[Robert  Queal 
Sealed  and  delivered  in 
presence  of  Schuyler  Crippen. 

The  following  shows  that  everything  was  satisfactorily  settled: 

Received  of  Wm  C.  Queal  six  hundred  dollars  in  full  of  all  demands 
against  the  estate  of  Robert  Queal  deceased,  being  the  amount  of  five  hun- 
dred dollars  secured  to  my  wife  Mary  Babcock,  by  will,  and  all  the  de- 
mands I  hold  against  the  estate  of  said  Robert  Queal  deceased  of  every  name 
and  nature.  (Signed)      Artemas  Babcock 

Worcester,  March  2d,  1846. 

Robert  Queal  and  his  wife  Elizabeth  died  in  1840.     They  were 

Signedj  ^ 

\VlLLIAM   C.   Qur.AL 


buried  in  the  Presbyterian  churchyard  in  Worcester,  and  years  after- 
ward were  removed  to  the  Queal  lot  in  the  Maple  Grove  cemetery, 
where  repose  the  bodies  of  sixteen  of  the  Queal  family. 

George  C.  Queal,  oldest  son  of  Robert  and  Elizabeth  Queal,  was 
born  in  Ireland  in  1786,  and  came  with  his  parents  to  America  in 
1797 ;  he  never  married.  He  was  a  quiet  man,  possessed  of  a  wonder- 
ful memory,  it  having  been  said  of  him  that  he  could  repeat  chapter 
after  chapter  of  the  New  Testament,  and,  upon  hearing  a  passage  of 
scripture  quoted,  could  tell  in  what  part  of  the  Bible  it  would  be 
found.  He  was  an  alien  until  1840,  at  which  time  he  became  very 
much  interested  in  politics,  and  as  he  could  not  vote  for  the  man  he 
greatly  wished  to  see  elected,  went  to  Cooperstown,  New  York,  and 
took  out  naturalization  papers,  from  that  time  going  regularly  to  the 
polls,  voting  with  the  Whig  party.  After  the  death  of  his  father  he 
entered  into  an  agreement  with  his  brother,  William  C.  Queal,  in 
which  he  assigned  to  him  all  his  right,  title,  and  interest  in  and  to  the 
real  and  personal  estate  of  their  father,  Robert  Queal,  deceased,  in 
consideration  of  which  his  brother  was  to  support  and  maintain  him 
during  the  remaining  years  of  his  life.  The  date  of  his  death,  which 
occurred  after  months  of  helplessness  and  suffering,  is  unknown. 

Third  Generation 

William  C  Queal  (Robert,'  William  '),  second  child  of  Robert 
and  Elizabeth  Queal,  was  born  in  Drumsnoh,  Ireland;  married 
Mary  Graves  February  3,  1814,  she  having  been  born  in  Windham 
county,  Vermont,  February  3,  1794,  thus  becoming  a  bride  on  her 
twentieth  birthday.    To  them  were  born  nine  sons  and  two  daughters : 

I.     Richison,  born  February  27,  1815;  married  Harriet  Mallory 
November  3,  1846. 

II.     Atchison,  born  April  6,  1817;  married  Lucy  Oletha  French 
April  9,  1845. 

III.     John,  born  November  22,  1818;  died  April  24,  1822. 
IV.     Martha,  born  August  28,  1820;  married  Horatio  Flint  Feb- 
ruary 19,  1845. 


V.     William   G.,  born  December   14,   1822;   married   Lorinda 
Booth  July  3,  1850. 
VI.     Robert  F.,  born  July  i,  1825;  married  Sarah  A.  Houghton 
in  March,  1853;  married  (second)  Kate  E.  Gillespie  Decem- 
ber 29,  1870. 
VII.     Luke  C,  born  April  2,  1827;  married  Catherine  Klock  Sep- 
tember 19,  1849;  died  May  3,  1857.    Luke  married  (second) 
Sara  M.  Dean  April,  1858;  died  October  18,  1863;  Luke 
married  (third)  Sarah  J.  Hall,  June  30,  1864;  died  Febru- 
ary 25,  1910. 
VIII.     James,  born  November  21,  1828;  died  June  13,  1853. 
IX.     Mary,  born  August  21,  1830;  died  June  22,  1850. 

X.     Paul  A.,  born  February  4,  1833;  died  September  19,  1864. 
XI.     Orin  H.,  born  April  6,   1837;  married  Elma  A.  Gillespie 

September  28,  1875. 
Reuben  Graves,  father  of  Mary  Graves  Queal,  was  born  in  Con- 
necticut in  1776.     He  was  the  son  of  Samuel  and  Mary   (Wolsey) 
Graves,   the  family  consisting  of  three  children  —  two  sons  and  a 
daughter.      Reuben    Graves   married    Catherine   Nourse    (born    in 

1767)    in  Connecticut,  her  parents  being  Nourse  and  Sarah 

Walker,  of  New  England.  She  had  five  brothers  and  four  sisters,  her 
father  dying  in  Illinois  in  1839.  To  the  union  of  Reuben  and  Cather- 
ine (Nourse)  Graves  were  born  seventeen  children,  six  of  whom  died 
in  infancy: 

1.  Sally  Graves,  born  in  1784  in  Vermont;  married  Charles 
Bennett  in  1806. 

2.  Reuben,  born  in  1786  in  Vermont;  married  Lucy  Nourse 
in  1813. 

3.  Samuel,  born  in  1788  in  Vermont;  married  Sally  Larra- 
bee  in  181 2;  died  18 18  in  Connecticut. 

4.  Amos,  born  in  1791  ;  married  Mary  Taggart  in  1813. 

5.  Martha,  born  in  1793  ;  married  Daniel  Babcock  in  1812 ; 
died  1831  in  New  York. 

6.  Mary,  born  in  1794;  married  William  C.  Queal  in  1814. 

7.  William,  born  in  1797;  married  Laura in  1821. 


8.  Jesse,  born  in  1799;  married,  1819,  Mary  Taylor,  who 
died  in  1835.    Jesse  married  (second)  in  1840. 

9.  Phineas,  born  in  1801 ;  married  Ann  Rendal  in  1822. 

10.  Orin,  born  in  1803  ;  married  Achsa  Farley. 

1 1.  Daniel,  born  in  1804;  married  Electa  Babcock  in  1827. 
This  is  all  the  genealogy  of  the  Graves  family  known  to  the 

William  C.  Queal  came  to  America  with  his  parents  when  but  a 
lad.  His  life  was  devoted  to  the  farm,  first  in  helping  clear  his 
father's  land,  and  subsequently  in  the  tillage  of  the  soil  for  his  own 
remuneration.  He  married  when  about  twenty-six  years  of  age. 
While  almost  destitute  of  early  educational  advantages,  he  made  the 
most  of  his  opportunities  and  was  always  well  informed  in  regard  to 
passing  events.  He  was  a  thoroughly  upright,  honest  man,  never 
practicing  deceit  or  prevarication ;  in  his  community  he  was  respected 
and  honored;  for  some  he  was  a  counselor,  for  others  a  peace  maker, 
and  always  a  helper  to  the  destitute  and  distressed. 

William  Queal  lived  on  a  farm  on  South  Hill  where  all  his  chil- 
dren were  born,  their  early  education  being  obtained  in  the  old  log 
school  house  which  was  years  ago  replaced  by  a  new  and  modern 
structure.  When  about  twenty-eight  years  of  age  he  became  a  citizen 
of  the  United  States  and  thus  entitled  to  all  the  rights  and  privileges 
of  such  citizenship.  A  copy  of  the  certificate  of  naturalization  which 
he  received  at  that  time  follows: 


The  people  of  the  State  of  New  York  by  the  Grace  of  God  free  and  inde- 
pendent: To  all  to  whom  these  presents  may  come  or  in  any  wise  concern  — 

Whereas  William  C.  Queal  of  the  town  of  Worcester  in  the  County  of 
Otsego  on  this  twent^'-third  day  of  February,  in  the  term  of  February,  in  the 
year  of  our  Lord  one  thousand  ci^ht  hundred  and  sixteen,  in  our  court  of 
common  pleas,  in  and  for  our  County  of  Otsego,  before  the  Judges  and 
assistant  Justices  of  the  same  court,  at  the  court  house  in  Cooperstown,  in 
conformity  to  the  requisitions  of  the  several  acts  of  the  Congress  of  the 
United  States  regulating  Naturalization,  was  in  due  form  of  law  admitted 
a  citizen  of  the  United  States  of  America,  and   therefore  took  and  sub- 


scribed  in  open  court  the  oath  by  law  prescribed ;  Now  know  ye  therefore  that 
the  said  William  C.  Queal  is  and  of  right  ought  to  be  entitled  to  all  the 
immunities,  powers  and  privileges  of  a  citizen  of  the  United  States  of  Amer- 
ica. In  faith  whereof  we  have  caused  the  seal  of  said  court  of  rommon  pleas 
to  be  hereunto  affixed. 

Witness  Joseph  White  Esquire,  first  Judge  of  our  said  court  at  Coopers- 
town,  the  twenty-third  day  of  February  in  the  year  of  our  Lord  one 
thousand  eight  hundred  and  sixteen  and  in  the  fortieth  year  of  our  inde- 
pendence. Per  Curiam 

S.  W.  MoRELL  Clic  of  Otsego. 

William  C.  Queal  was  a  man  of  business  affairs.  As  one  of  the 
school  trustees  for  years,  it  was  his  duty  to  examine  applicants  for  the 
position  of  teacher,  and  if  found  to  have  the  requisite  qualifications 
they  were  given  a  certificate.  That  Betsey  Bentley  taught  school  in 
District  No.  12,  is  shown  by  a  receipt  given  to  Ephraim  Dunham, 
William  C.  Queal,  and  Levi  Chase,  trustees,  for  "fifteen  dollars  in 
full  against  all  demands  of  said  district."  And  on  February  24,  1827, 
Laura  Bentley  received  of  William  Queal  and  John  Essex,  trustees 
for  School  District  No.  12,  "nine  dollars  in  full  for  my  wages  for 
keeping  summer  school  in  1826."  The  following  bond  was  given  at 
Worcester  January  17,  1827: 

We,  John  Essex  and  William  C.  Queal,  do  agree  to  pay  Jacob  Stever  or 
bearer  the  sum  of  twenty  dollars  on  the  twentieth  day  of  June  next,  in  money 
or  grain  or  both,  on  condition  that  Moses  Pette,  our  school  te;icher, 
teaches  our  school  till  the  first  of  March  next,  we  being  trustees  of  said 
school  in  School  District  No.  12;  otherwise  this  bond  is  null  and  void,  to  be 
delivered  at  the  house  of  William  C.  Queal. 
Witness  our  hands.     .     . 

On  March  24,  1831,  Stephen  Jones  received  of  William  C.  Queal 
fourteen  dollars  and  eighty-five  cents  toward  his  wages  for  teaching 

There  was  made  out  a  rate  bill  for  persons  liable  for  teachers'  wages 
in  the  town  of  Worcester  for  the  school  term  ending  in  February, 
1834;  tax  voted  to  be  raised  on  real  and  personal  estate.  The  number 
of  days  William  C.  Queal  had  sent  children  to  school  was  three  hun- 
dred eighty-nine ;  he  was  assessed  four  dollars  and  twenty  cents.    Only 


one  man  in  the  district  —  Barnabas  Fuller — paid  more,  as  his  chil- 
dren had  attended  school  three  hundred  ninety-five  days,  he  being 
assessed  four  dollars  and  twenty-seven  cents.  David  Stevers'  family 
only  attending  three  days,  the  sum  assessed  against  him  vs'as  three 
cents.  The  entire  amount  realized  from  the  tax  list  was  twenty-three 
dollars  and  fifty-nine  cents.  In  addition  to  his  work  as  school  trustee, 
he  transacted  the  business  incident  to  the  oflice  of  town  supervisor, 
during  the  years  1835  to  1837  inclusive. 

William  C.  Queal  was  a  member  of  the  Twelfth  regiment  of  Artil- 
lery (New  York),  Third  brigade,  of  which  Nicholas  Chesbro  was 
captain  and  John  Woodbury,  colonel.  On  March  25,  1820,  he  was 
appointed  first  sergeant  of  said  company,  of  which  he  remained  an 
active  member  for  fifteen  years,  at  the  expiration  of  which  time  he  re- 
ceived an  honorable  discharge: 

This  may  certify  that  William  C.  Queal  has  been  attached  to  the  Com- 
pany of  Artillery  which  is  now  under  my  command  for  fifteen  years  past, 
and  that  he  has  ben  in  uniform  and  equiped  according  to  the  law  and  is 
honorably  Discharged  from  the  same.  Orva  Ferris 

Capt  loth  R  Artillery 
Dated  at  Worcester  ist  of  Sept.  1828 

William  C.  Queal  was  a  member  of  the  Whig  party,  and  a  great 
admirer  of  Horace  Greeley;  was  a  subscriber  to  the  New  York  Tri- 
bune from  the  days  of  its  earliest  publication,  and  every  copy  which 
reached  his  home,  was  diligently  read  by  his  sons  and  himself.    This, 
and  the  Northern  Christian  Advocate  were  the  papers  which  helped 
to  shape  the  lives  of  his  family. 

New  York-17-Mch  1845 
Mr.  W.  C.  Queal 

To  Greeley  &  McElrath  Dr 
For   I    subscription    to  Weekly  Tribune   from    No    182   to   233   inclusive 
(Terms  $2.00  a  year  in  advance.    Your  subscription  expires  with  No  233. 
All  papers  discontinued  at  the  expiration  of  the  time  paid  for  unless  pre- 
viously renewed)        .  .......  $2 

Received  payment 

Greeley  &  McElrath 

per  J.  S.  Sinclair  Jr. 


The  following  letter  is  given  as  an  indication  of  his  prominence  as 
a  politician  in  the  community  where  he  lived: 

Cooperstown,  Oct.  .^o,  1846. 

Mr.  Wm  C.  Queal  — 

Dr  Sir:  Again  are  we  called  upon  as  Whigs  to  exert  ourselves  in  the 
coming  campaign.  Our  state  and  Congress  ticket  can  be  elected  with  proper 
exertions,  and  if  the  Whig  strength  can  be  rallied  we  feel  sure  of  electing 
Shafard  and  the  rest  of  the  Bogey  ticket.  By  all  means  call  out  our  whole 
Whig  strength.  Good  faith  should  prompt  us  to  sustain  Shafard  and  the 
remainder  of  the  Bogey  ticket.  The  convention  yesterday  done  much  for  our 
cause  in  making  the  Bogey  men  more  energetic.  We  request  you  therefore 
to  take  upon  yourself  the  duty  of  getting  our  Whig  friends  out  that  we  may 
secure  to  ourselves  a  glorious  victory. 

Respectfully  yours,  &c. 

Wm  Nichols 
G.  W.  Ernst 
A.  M.  Barber 
Isaac  K.  Williams 
Jno.  L.  McNamer 
Central  Co.  Committee. 

The  postal  regulations  were  very  different  in  those  days  from  the 
present  time,  as  the  following  receipted  bill  shows: 

Wm  C.  Queal  for  postage  at  P.  O.  at  Worcester. 

Wm  C.  Queal  to  H.  P.  Waterman  Dr  for  postage  on  letters  and 


I  letter  Sep  8,  1849  •°5 

I  letter  for  James  Nov  13,  1849  -05 

I      "        "        Paul  Jan.  2,  1850  -OS 

I  pamphlet  for  Paul  March  26,  1850  -023/^ 

I  letter  for  Luke  Oct  9,  1850  -05 

I       "       "    Paul     "     9,   1850  -05 

1  letter  for  Luke's  wife  Oct.  13  -05 

2  "       "    Paul   Nov  22,  -lo 
I  letter                Nov  24,  1850  -05 

'Northern  Christian  Advocate 

from  June  20,  1 849  to  Dec  3 1 ,  1 849  —  28  papers  •  28 

The  same  from  Jan.  i,  1850  to  Jan  I,  1 851,  52  papers  -52 



' '^                       -  Rm!i           ^wHBH^BHnMnBwl 

House  built  bv  William  C.  Queal  ix  1847  -^t  Worcester,  New  "\'ork 

Showing  Rose  Bush  planted  by  Mary 

House  where  Atchison  Queal  died  ix   1859 

Morrow  Coiintv,  Ohio 


New  York  Tribune  from  June  20,  1849, 

to  Dec  22,  1849,  26  papers  .26 

for  papers  i  .06 
letters      ■■ijy. 

Reed  payment 
H.  P.  Waterman  P.  M. 
Jan  7,  1851 

Postmasters  were  surely  not  rushed  with  business  in  those  days, 
when  they  could  keep  track  of  all  letters  mailed,  and  to  whom  they 
were  sent. 

During  this  period  shoemakers  were  in  the  habit  of  going  from 
house  to  house,  in  manner  similar  to  the  seamstresses  of  the  present 
day,  carrying  their  tools,  and  remaining  in  each  home  until  the  fam- 
ily needs  in  their  line  were  supplied.  The  bill  which  is  here  given 
was  evidently  on  account  of  such  services  rendered : 

October,  1839. 
To  making  five  pairs  of  shoes  at  36  cts  per  pair  $1 .80 

to  making  one  pair  of  shoes  at  .43 

making  a  total  of  2.23 

In  March  1846,  Dr  to  making  one  pair  of  women's  shoes  .63 

Shoemaking  was  surely  not  a  very  lucrative  business. 

In  1839  William  C.  Queal  sold  his  land  on  South  Hill  and  bought 
a  farm  one  and  one-half  miles  north  of  the  village  of  Worcester.  This 
land  was  hilly  and  full  of  stones,  not  being  easy  to  cultivate,  but  by 
perseverance  he  was  able  to  make  a  comfortable  living.  One  of  the 
staple  products  of  that  country  was  hops,  but  William  Queal  having 
strong  convictions  along  temperance  lines,  would  not  allow  the  land 
to  be  used  for  this  purpose. 

Educational  advantages  were  somewhat  limited  in  this  early  day  in 
New  York  state,  yet  he  gave  his  children  all  the  opportunities  the 
country  afforded,  and  during  the  winter  evenings  his  boys  would 
choose  sides  and  debate  the  different  questions  of  the  hour,  while  he 


acted  as  judge.  Thus  they  learned  to  give  expression  to  their  thoughts 
and  ideas,  while  they  criticised  each  other  without  stint,  and  although 
these  debates  became  heated  at  times,  they  always  ended  with  every 
one  in  good  humor. 

That  he  was  a  man  of  strong  religious  principles  is  shown  from  the 
following  extract  from  a  letter  written  to  his  son,  Atchison  Queal, 
under  date  of  October  4,  1836: 

We  received  your  letter  of  July  29th,  which  gave  us  great  satisfaction  to 
hear  that  you  were  still  well,  and  also  created  a  feeling  wliich  none  but 
parents  can  feel  in  the  absence  of  a  child,  when  you  state  your  want  of  a 
mother's  care  and  assistance.  But  we  hope  the  time  is  drawing  near  when 
we  shall  be  once  more  blessed  with  your  company,  the  absence  of  which  has 
caused  a  blank  in  the  family.  .  .  Your  grandfather  Queal's  folks  are 
as  well  as  usual.  Old  Mr.  Babcock  was  buried  last  week.  Your  grand- 
father and  grandmother  Graves  have  gone  to  the  state  of  Illinois.  They 
went  by  land  and  sent  their  goods  by  water,  which  were  all  lost  or  damaged 
so  much  that  what  they  received  was  not  worth  the  cost  of  transportation. 

My  dear  son,  let  my  advice  to  you  at  this  time,  as  I  know  not  but  it  may 
be  the  last  I  shall  ever  give  you,  sink  with  deep  weight  upon  your  mind,  for 
was  I  possessed  of  riches,  and  able  to  bestow  thousands  upon  you,  my  ex- 
perience in  life  has  taught  me  that  my  advice  to  you  at  this  time,  if  you  will 
be  wise  and  take  it,  will  be  worth  more  to  you  than  all  the  riches  I  could 
bestow  without  it.  I  hope  that  my  prayer  to  the  Almighty  to  enable  you  to 
receive  it,  may  be  answered.  Be  wise  and  virtuous,  and  remember  your 
Creator  in  the  days  of  your  youth.  Be  not  discouraged  in  your  situation, 
for  God,  who  is  able  to  make  all  things  work  together  for  good  to  them 
that  love  and  keep  his  commandments,  will  spread  his  mantle  of  love  over 
you.  .  .  .  Are  your  clothes  comfortable  for  the  cold  weather  which  is 
approaching?    We  are  making  cloth  for  you  sufficient  for  a  greatcoat  and 

pantaloons.     .     .     . 

Your  affectionate  father 

Wm.  C.  Queal. 

In  early  life  William  C.  Queal  and  his  wife  united  with  the  Meth- 
odist Episcopal  church  on  the  Charlotteville  circuit,  in  the  New  York 
conference,  and  among  the  preachers  of  those  days  who  from  time  to 
time  were  entertained  at  his  home,  are  the  names  of  John  Bangs, 
Elbert  Osborne,  Porter  Hedstrom,  Mathew  Van  Dusen,  A.  C.  Fuller, 
and  others.    William  C.  and  Mary  Queal  trained  their  children  for 


God  and  Methodism,  and  so  well  did  they  succeed,  that  of  the  eleven 
children  who  came  to  adult  years,  nine  were  members  of  the  Metho- 
dist church,  and  of  the  nine,  four  were  ministers  of  the  gospel. 

Mary  Queal  died  October  10,  1855,  after  an  illness  covering  many 

On  the  2ist  of  October,  1856,  William  Queal  married  Mary  Ann 
Judd,  who  died  January  6,  1869.  After  her  death,  he  went  to  live 
with  his  son  William,  and  died  at  Milford,  Otsego  county,  New  York, 
March  29,  1872. 

Mary  Queal,  daughter  of  Robert  and  Elizabeth  Queal,  married 
Artemas  Babcock  in  Otsego  county,  New  York,  in  1818.  To  them 
were  born  five  children: 

I.     Elizabeth  ;  married Adkins.    One  of  their  sons  became 

a  physician  and  was  possessed  of  considerable  literary  ability, 
publishing,  among  other  things,  a  volume  of  poems. 
II.     Polly;  never  married.    She  was  the  helper  and  home-keeper 
of  the  family. 
III.     Ellinor;  never  married.    She  was  a  helpful  woman  and  pos- 
sessed of  great  executive  ability.     During  the  epidemic  of 
yellow  fever  which  visited  the  South  in  1883,  she  was  untir- 
ing in  her  efforts  to  relieve  the  distress  consequent  upon  this 
visitation,  and  when  her  friends,  anxious  for  her  safety,  be- 
sought her  to  go  north,  she  replied  that  she  would  do  so  when 
those  under  her  care  were  convalescent.     Before  this  time 
arrived,  she  too  became  a  victim  of  the  disease  and  died  at 
Pensacola,  Florida. 
IV.     Robert;  married  and  had  one  daughter. 
V.     Electa;  married  and  lives  at  Utica,  New  York. 

Fourth  Generation 

RiCHlSON  *  QUE.^L  (William,'  Robert,'  William  ') ,  was  born  Feb- 
ruary 27,  1815,  at  Worcester,  Otsego  county.  New  York;  married 


Harriet  Mallory  November  3,   1846,  at  Windham,  Greene  county, 
New  York.    To  them  were  born  six  children : 

I.     Rosalie,  born ,  1847;  died  in  infancy. 

II.     Mary  F.,  born  May  22,  1848;  married  Charles  Newton  Sep- 
tember 28,  1868.     Mary  died  June  26,  1869. 
III.     Isabel,  born  December  4,  1849;  married  Allen  Keltner,  at 
Ames,  Iowa,  April  25,  1874.    To  them  were  born  four  chil- 
dren; are  living  at  Ames,  Iowa. 
IV.     Charles  P.,  born   March  27,   1851  ;  married  Charlotte  L. 
Davy  October  15,  1870,  who  died  September  3,  1904.     To 
them   were   born    seven    children,    two    dying    in    infancy. 
Charles  P.  Queal  and  family  reside  in  Ames,  Iowa. 
V.     William  N.,  born  February  8,  1853  ;  died  February  1 1,  1884. 
VI.     Ellen  M.,  born  March  23,  1856;  died  June  2,  1864. 
Richison  Queal  worked  with  his  father  on  the  farm  until  he  was 
seventeen  years  of  age,  when,  becoming  discontented  with  his  work 
and  home  restraint,  he  started  out  for  himself,  trying  various  occu- 
pations.   For  some  years  he  drove  stage  from  Prattsville  to  Catskill, 
New  York.     In   1848  he  went  with  his  wife  and  baby  daughter  to 
Windham,  Greene  county,  New  York,  where  he  worked  for  a  com- 
pany engaged  in  the  manufacture  of  paper,  remaining  in  their  em- 
ploy for  five  years.    During  their  residence  in  Windham  he  and  his 
wife  united  with  the  Methodist  Episcopal  church,  which  fact  was  a 
great  comfort  to  his  father  and  mother.     Finally,  his  health  failing, 
he  moved  his  family  to  Worcester,  occupying  part  of  his  father's 
house  on  the  old  farm.    After  some  months  of  suffering  he  died  Au- 
gust 3,  1856. 

Atchison  '  Queal  (William,'  Robert,'  William  '),  born  Worces- 
ter, Otsego  county.  New  York,  April  6,  1817;  married  Lucy  Oletha 
French  at  Decatur,  New  York,  March  9,  1845.  To  them  were  born 
three  children: 

I.     Hedding  H.,  born  January  6,  1847. 


II.     Mary  Elizabeth,  born  January  22,  1849. 

III.     John  Henry,  born  August  24,  1851. 

Atchison  Queal's  early  life  was  spent  in  agricultural  pursuits. 
When  nineteen  years  of  age  he  went  to  Harlem,  New  York,  to  teach 
his  first  term  of  school,  and  after  that  time  spent  several  years  attend- 
ing school  and  teaching,  in  order  to  have  satisfactory  equipment  for 
his  life  work. 

On  July  4,  1835,  he  received  the  following  certificate: 

This  may  certify  that  Mr.  Atchison  Queal  has  this  day  enrolled  himself 
in  a  company  of  Artillery  which  is  now  under  my  command,  belonging  to 
the  Twelfth  Regiment,  Third  Brigade,  Second  Division,  of  New  York 
State  Artillery,  according  to  law.  Joshua  Champion  Capt. 

Dated  Worcester,  July  4,  1835. 
This  was  the  year  before  he  went  to  Harlem  to  teach  and  it  is  not 
known  how  long  he  remained  a  member  of  this  artillery  company. 

In  1840  Atchison  Queal  taught  in  Worcester,  receiving  ten  dollars 
per  month  for  his  services,  and  attended  school  at  Homer,  New^  York, 
in  the  summer.  In  September  of  that  year  he  went  to  Waterloo,  New 
York,  where  he  taught  four  months,  receiving  sixteen  dollars  per 
month.  Not  being  in  the  best  of  health,  he  thought  the  western  cli- 
mate might  prove  beneficial,  and  accordingly,  in  August,  1843,  went 
to  St.  Charles,  Illinois,  where  he  taught  a  three  months'  term  of 
school,  at  the  conclusion  of  which  he  returned  to  Mt.  Vernon,  In- 
diana, where  he  taught  a  select  school.  At  this  place,  on  March  4, 
1844,  he  was  given  license  by  the  Methodist  church  to  exhort.  He 
wrote  to  his  intended  wife,  telling  her  that  he  felt  the  Lord  of  the 
harvest  was  calling  him  to  labor  for  souls,  and  asking  if  she  thought 
she  could  become  the  wife  of  a  minister.    She  replied,  as  follows: 

This  is  not  as  I  had  made  my  calculations,  but  it  has  occupied  the  most 
of  my  thoughts  since  hearing  from  you  and  has  been  to  me  a  subject  of  some 
prayers  and  some  tears.  I  feel  that  it  is  a  hard  life,  but  if  you  think  it  is  your 
duty  to  be  a  minister  of  the  Gospel,  do  it  in  the  fear  of  God,  and  you  shall 
have  my  prayers  for  your  success.  I  would  say  to  you,  act  as  you  feel  it  your 
duty  to,  and  I  will  try  and  do  my  part.  Be  faithful,  and  let  your  example 
be  as  becometh  a  minister  of  Christ. 

Atchison  Queal  returned  home  in  May  of  that  year,  giving  up  the 


idea  of  settling  in  the  West,  as  had  been  his  expectation  when  going  to 
Illinois.  The  same  fall  he  went  back  to  Waterloo,  New  York,  and 
taught  four  months  of  school  at  eighteen  dollars  per  month.  In  the 
spring  of  1845  he  returned  to  Worcester  and  on  April  9th  married 
Lucy  Oletha  French,  at  the  home  of  her  father,  in  Decatur,  New 
York.  At  the  following  session  of  the  Oneida  conference,  he  was  re- 
ceived into  its  ranks.  Methodist  ministers  at  that  time  never  remained 
longer  than  two  years  on  a  charge,  and  often  were  moved  every  year. 
He  preached  at  Bainbridge,  Otsego  county,  one  year;  Mt.  Upton, 
Chenango  county,  one  year;  Fly  Creek,  two  years;  Exeter,  two  years; 
Westford,  one  year;  Otego,  two  years,  and  Plymouth,  one  year.  It 
was  in  the  last  mentioned  place  that  his  health  failed,  and  he  was 
obliged  to  give  up  his  work  in  the  ministry.  In  1853,  the  first  year  he 
preached  at  Otego,  he  received  three  hundred  fifty  dollars  as  salary, 
and  sixty  dollars  for  house  rent.  The  same  year,  the  missionary  col- 
lection on  this  charge  was  thirty-two  dollars  and  four  cents,  three  dol- 
lars and  fifty  cents  of  this  amount  being  given  by  Atchison  Queal  and 

From  his  father  he  inherited  some  inventive  genius,  and  while  in 
Plymouth  completed  a  waterwheel  on  which  he  obtained  a  patent. 

In  the  spring  of  1856  Atchison  Queal  removed  with  his  family  to 
Morrow  courtty,  Ohio,  where  he  left  them  in  the  care  of  his  wife's 
father  and  went  to  Kansas  to  seek  a  home.  The  border  ruffians  were 
the  terror  of  that  country  at  the  time,  and  as  he  felt  unwilling  to 
have  his  family  surrounded  by  such  conditions,  returned  to  Ohio, 
where  he  moved  them  into  a  one-room  log  cabin,  on  a  farm  which  he 
purchased,  where  they  lived  for  more  than  two  years. 

In  the  winter  of  1856-57  he  taught  school  about  one  mile  from  his 
home,  and  two  of  his  children  —  Hedding  and  Mary  — were  among 
his  pupils.  Until  about  one  year  before  his  death,  he  hoped  that  he 
might  again  take  up  his  chosen  work  —  the  ministry  —  but  such  was 
not  God's  plan.  He  died  July  6,  1859,  leaving  a  wife  and  three  chil- 
dren. He  was  buried  in  the  Ebenezer  burying  ground,  in  Morrow 
county,  Ohio,  but  some  years  later  his  remains  were  removed  to  Des 
Moines,  Iowa,  where  they  now  rest  in  Woodland  cemetery. 


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Fac-simile  of  Letters  Patent  issued  to  Atchison  Queal 


Lucy  Oletha  French,  wife  of  Atchison  Queal,  was  born  at  Decatur, 
New  York,  February  16,  1821,  at  which  place  she  grew  to  woman- 
hood. She  was  educated  in  the  common  branches  of  learning,  as 
taught  in  the  district  schools  of  that  day,  and  was  trained  in  habits  of 
industry  and  economy  in  household  affairs,  receiving  the  discipline 
in  early  years  that  enabled  her  to  do  her  life  work  well.  Being  the 
second  child  and  eldest  daughter  in  a  family  of  thirteen  children, 
many  of  the  duties  and  responsibilities  of  the  home  fell  upon  her 
shoulders,  and  consequently  but  little  opportunity  was  given  for  play. 
At  one  time  in  her  young  girlhood  she  became  the  proud  possessor  of 
a  rag  doll,  which  a  girl  in  the  neighborhood  made  for  her,  painting 
the  cheeks  red  and  making  the  hair  and  eyes  with  ink.  However,  she 
was  not  long  permitted  to  enjoy  the  only  doll  she  ever  owned,  for  her 
brother  Thomas  in  a  spirit  of  mischief  placed  it  in  the  watering 
trough,  and  pumping  water  over  it  destroyed  all  the  beauty  it  ever 

Every  girl  in  those  days  was  taught  to  knit,  and  later  on  to  spin  the 
yarn  from  which  the  stockings  and  mittens  were  made  for  family  use. 
As  Lucy  grew  older,  she  became  an  expert  in  the  knitting  of  these 
articles,  and  every  fall  would  have  a  number  of  pairs  to  sell.  These 
her  father  took  with  him  when  he  went  to  Albany  (to  which  place  he 
journeyed  about  twice  each  year)  and  exchanged  them  for  something 
she  wished  to  possess.  One  time  he  brought  her  a  pair  of  the  glass 
candlesticks  then  in  fashion,  one  of  which  is  in  her  daughter's  posses- 
sion at  the  present  time. 

Some  time  after  her  engagement  to  Atchison  Queal  and  when 
thinking  of  her  "setting  out,"  her  father  told  her  that  a  cabinet  maker 
in  the  neighborhood  was  owing  him,  and  if  she  wished  she  might 
have  some  furniture  made  for  the  new  home  she  was  planning.  She 
immediately  embraced  the  opportunity,  and  had  made  a  number  of 
pieces  of  furniture  —  among  them  a  chest  of  drawers  or  bureau. 
In  the  meantime  some  busybody  in  the  community  wrote  to  Atchison 
Queal,  who  at  this  time  was  away  attending  school,  that  Lucy  was 
preparing  to  marry  a  young  man  in  the  neighborhood,  was  having 
her  furniture  made,  and  was  very  busy  getting  her  linen  ready  for 


housekeeping.  For  some  time  after  the  receipt  of  this  news  the  young 
man  failed  to  write  as  had  been  his  custom,  and  when  he  did  so,  she 
could  read  between  the  lines  that  something  was  wrong.  Upon  in- 
sisting that  an  explanation  was  her  due,  and  must  be  made,  the  cause 
of  the  long  silence  and  its  following  coldness  was  revealed,  and  a 
happy  termination  of  the  afifair  was  reached.  The  bureau  —  which 
was  an  innocent  party  to  the  misunderstanding  —  is  now  in  the  posses- 
sion of  her  grandson,  John  H.  Beyer,  and  is  a  highly  prized  article  of 
furniture  in  his  home. 

Lucy  French  was  known  among  the  members  of  her  own  family 
and  in  the  community  as  well,  as  a  peacemaker,  and  all  the  children 
in  the  neighborhood  counted  her  as  their  friend.  She  was  never  too 
weary  to  do  an  act  of  kindness  or  lend  a  sympathizing  ear  in  times  of 
misfortune.  In  her  early  girlhood  she  united  with  the  Methodist 
church,  of  which  her  mother  was  then  a  member,  and  amid  these 
surroundings  the  sweet  spirited  girl  grew  to  be  a  gentle,  lovely  wo- 
man, slow  to  take  ofifense;  not  given  to  disparagement  in  speaking  of 
others,  often  saying,  "If  you  can  say  no  good  of  people,  say  nothing." 

About  one  year  before  their  marriage,  Atchison  Queal  felt  that  he 
was  called  to  work  in  the  Master's  vineyard.  Lucy  had  some  doubts 
as  to  her  ability  to  fulfil  the  duties  and  responsibilities  incident  to  life 
in  a  parsonage  home,  but  as  in  every  other  undertaking  so  in  this,  she 
determined  by  God's  help  to  do  her  best  and  decided  to  keep  her 
promise  and  become  the  wife  and  helpmeet  of  the  young  Methodist 
minister.  She  was  married  to  the  Rev.  Atchison  Queal  April  9, 
1845,  at  her  father's  home  in  Decatur,  New  York,  and  took  up  the 
duties  which  fall  to  the  lot  of  a  preacher's  wife.  After  eleven  years 
of  faithful  service,  the  health  of  the  husband  failed  and  he  was 
obliged  to  give  up  the  ministry  and  seek  a  permanent  home.  Hoping 
that  he  might  be  benefited  by  the  change,  they  moved  to  Morrow 
county,  Ohio,  in  the  spring  of  1856,  whither  the  French  family  had 
gone  in  1 847.  Atchison  Queal  went  farther  west,  but  finding  no  more 
favorable  location,  decided  to  remain  in  Ohio,  where  he  bought 
forty  acres  of  land  from  his  father-in-law,  Sampson  French,  giving 
in  payment  five  hundred  dollars  in  cash,  and  securing  the  remaining 


five  hundred  dollars  by  mortgage  on  the  place.  The  first  two  years 
they  lived  in  a  log  cabin  which  was  on  the  farm,  but  in  the  summer  of 
1858  Atchison  Queal  built  a  house,  doing  much  of  the  work  himself, 
and  in  November  of  that  year  they  moved  into  what  seemed  to  them  a 
palatial  residence  as  compared  with  the  one-roomed  cabin  which 
they  vacated. 

It  is  a  matter  of  record  that,  on  the  5th  of  June,  1859,  there  came  a 
killing  frost  which  did  widespread  damage  throughout  the  whole 
country.  The  children  in  this  home  were  sent  into  the  garden  to 
cover  the  beans  so  that  they  might  be  kept  from  freezing,  and  on  com- 
pleting this  task  went  into  the  house,  their  fingers  stinging  with  pain, 
the  mother  finding  it  necessary  to  put  their  hands  in  cold  water  to 
relieve  their  sufli'ering. 

On  July  6,  1859,  Atchison  Queal  died,  after  two  weeks  of  great 
sufifering,  leaving  a  widow  and  three  children:  Hedding  H.,  aged 
twelve,  Mary  E.,  aged  ten,  and  John  H.,  aged  eight.  The  widow 
was  advised  by  some  to  find  homes  for  her  children,  and  to  give  up 
the  place,  but  her  answer  was  a  demonstration  of  her  firm,  steadfast 
character:  "Not  until  I  have  tried  to  keep  a  home  for  them,  ful- 
filling my  duty  as  a  mother,  and  failed,  shall  I  separate  my  children 
from  me,  and  with  God's  help  that  time  will  never  come." 

She  took  up  the  work  of  the  farm  where  her  husband  left  it,  and 
after  the  death  of  her  father,  in  1861,  was  able  to  pay  oflf  the  mort- 
gage, selling  the  forty  acres  two  years  later  for  fourteen  hundred 
dollars.  Purchasing  a  farm  of  ninety-six  acres,  near  Iberia,  for  three 
thousand  dollars,  the  payment  of  the  difference  became  her  great 
ambition.  On  this  farm  was  a  large  number  of  oak  trees,  which  she 
had  sawed  into  wood,  selling  the  bark  to  a  man  who  owned  a  tanyard. 
Accumulating  stock  as  rapidly  as  possible,  she  was  able,  with  the 
assistance  of  hired  help  and  what  her  boys  could  do,  to  not  only  make 
a  living  but  meet  the  payments  on  the  farm  as  they  became  due. 

In  1871  Lucy  French  Queal  sold  this  property  and  removed  to 
Ames,  Iowa,  near  which  place  she  bought  a  farm  of  one  hundred 
twenty  acres. 

In  the  spring  of  1864  her  oldest  son  enlisted  in  the  War  of  the  Re- 


bellion,  with  the  "one  hundred  day"  men,  and  the  mother  heart  was 
sorely  tried  as  this  new  experience  came  to  her.  Many  of  these  men 
never  returned,  but  her  boy,  although  broken  in  health,  was  spared 
to  the  family  circle. 

In  1879  a  great  sorrow  came  to  this  home,  in  the  death  of  Hedding 
—  the  first  born,  and  shortly  after,  the  family  removed  to  Sheldahl, 
Iowa,  then  to  Ames,  and  finally  in  the  spring  of  1884  to  Des  Moines, 
where  after  more  than  a  year's  illness,  Lucy  French  Queal  died  at  the 
home  of  her  daughter,  Mary  Queal  Beyer,  March  15,  1885.  To  her 
children  she  gave  the  best  of  her  thought  and  strength,  and  none  ever 
had  a  more  careful,  loving  mother.  She  was  a  loyal  sister,  a  devoted 
wife,  an  afifectionate  mother,  and  all  the  relations  of  life  she  well  ful- 

Fifth  Generation 

Hedding  H.'  Queal  (Atchison,'  William,'  Robert,'  William'), 
oldest  son  of  Atchison  and  Lucy  French  Queal,  was  born  January  6, 
1847,  at  Mt.  Upton,  Chenango  county.  New  York,  and  went  with 
his  parents  to  Ohio  in  the  spring  of  1856.  His  father  was  a  great 
admirer  of  Bishop  Hedding  of  the  Methodist  church,  and  it  was  in 
his  honor  that  his  first  born  son  was  named.  School  privileges  were 
constantly  being  improved,  and  Hedding  made  the  most  of  the  op- 
portunities offered,  never  failing  to  come  to  his  classes  with  lessons 
perfectly  prepared.  After  the  death  of  his  father  he  worked  on  the 
farm,  often  performing  tasks  which  he  was  physically  unfitted  to  do, 
that  his  mother  might  be  spared  the  necessity  of  hiring  help  she  could 
illy  afford. 

In  September,  1862,  when  David  Tod,  governor  of  Ohio,  called  on 
the  minute  men  of  the  state,  and  the  "Squirrel  Hunters"  —  as  they 
were  designated  —  enlisted  by  thousands  in  response  to  the  summons, 
Hedding  went  with  the  company  which  his  uncle,  Oscar  French,  or- 
ganized. After  his  return  home  he  constantly  wished  he  were  old 
enough  to  go  to  the  war  as  a  regularly  enlisted  soldier;  when  seven- 
teen years  of  age  and  the  call  was  made  for  one-hundred  day  men, 
he  enlisted  at  Iberia  in  the  One  Hundred  Thirty-sixth  regiment,  Ohio 

Hedding  Queal 





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Discharge  from  Si;r\ice  given  to  Hedding  H.  Queal 


Volunteer  Infantry,  James  McPeak,  captain.  They  were  sent  to 
Alexandria,  Virginia,  and  stationed  at  Fort  Lyon,  at  which  place 
Hedding  contracted  malarial  fever  so  that  his  health  was  impaired 
for  some  time  after  his  return  to  his  home.  The  following  year  he  at- 
tended Iberia  College,  two  miles  distant,  and  boarded  at  home.  Dur- 
ing vacation  he  worked  on  his  mother's  farm,  but  not  finding  this 
occupation  congenial,  he  went  to  Chicago  in  1866,  where  he  entered 
the  employ  of  his  uncle,  Robert  F.  Queal,  a  lumber  merchant  of  that 
city.  He  continued  in  this  position  until  1870,  when  his  health  fail- 
ing, he  went  to  Minnesota,  spending  the  winter  at  St.  Cloud,  where 
he  taught  a  three  months'  term  of  school. 

Hedding  united  with  the  Trinity  Methodist  Church  of  Chicago  in 
1875,  under  the  pastorate  of  the  Rev.  W.  F.  Crafts,  and  died  in  its 

In  the  spring  of  1871  Hedding's  mother  removed  to  Ames,  Iowa, 
where  she  had  purchased  a  farm  about  two  miles  from  the  village 
and  for  two  summers  the  son  worked  for  her  at  this  new  home,  teach- 
ing school  during  the  winter  months.  In  1873  his  health  being  some- 
what improved,  he  went  to  Chicago,  took  the  examination,  and  be- 
came a  mail  carrier.  In  1875  he  was  given  a  clerkship  in  the  post- 
office  and  at  the  time  of  his  death  was  in  charge  of  the  dead  letter 
department.  One  very  cold  night  in  February,  1879,  the  Chicago 
postoffice  building  was  destroyed  by  fire  and  while  working  in  frozen 
clothing,  Hedding  Queal  contracted  a  cold  from  which  he  never  re- 
covered. He  married  Nettie  Ross  April  9,  1879,  and  on  May  ist 
was  given  leave  of  absence  from  the  office.  He  went  to  his  mother's 
home  at  Ames,  where  he  remained  for  three  weeks,  returning  to 
Chicago  at  the  expiration  of  that  time,  but  after  two  weeks  again  re- 
turned to  his  mother's  home  with  a  six  months'  leave  of  absence.  In 
August  of  that  year  he  started  for  Colorado  overland,  accompanied 
by  his  wife,  sister,  and  her  husband.  For  a  few  days  he  seemed  to 
improve,  but  soon  grew  steadily  worse.  When  they  reached  Wacon- 
da  Springs,  near  Cawker  City,  Kansas,  they  pitched  their  tents  and 
decided  to  remain  in  this  place  until  some  change  should  occur  in  his 
condition.     His  brother,  John  H.  Queal,  came  to  assist  in  his  care, 


and  nothing  that  willing  hands  could  do  or  loving  thought  suggest, 
was  lacking  to  make  the  last  days  and  hours  as  comfortable  as  possible, 
but  the  end  came  September  6,  1879,  and  the  burial  took  place  at 
Cawker  City,  Kansas.  Years  afterward  his  remains  were  removed  to 
Des  Moines,  Iowa,  and  buried  in  the  family  lot  in  Woodland  ceme- 
tery. In  1884  his  widow  married  Frank  Kegley,  and  they  removed 
to  Princeton,  Illinois,  at  which  place  she  died  some  years  later. 

John  Henry'  Queal  (Atchison,'  William,'  Robert,'  William  ') 
was  born  at  Exeter,  Otsego  county.  New  York,  August  24,  1851.  He 
moved  with  his  mother  to  a  farm  near  Ames,  Iowa,  in  April,  1871, 
remaining  there  until  1873,  when  he  went  to  Chicago,  where  he  was 
employed  by  his  uncle,  Robert  F.  Queal,  a  lumber  merchant  of  that 
city,  of  the  firm  of  R.  F.  Queal  &  Co.,  which  firm  later  sold  their  lum- 
ber business  in  Chicago  and  removed  to  Pensacola,  Florida.  John 
H.  Queal  remained  in  Chicago  and  was  employed  by  Mcndsen  & 
Winter  and  the  T.  Wilce  Company  of  that  city  as  traveling  salesman, 
and  later  traveled  for  C.  Lamb  &  Sons  of  Clinton,  Iowa.  He  was 
married  to  Jennie  Nelson  in  1875.  She  died  in  February,  1906,  and 
he  married  (second)  April  23,  1907,  Alice  Henshaw  Nigh  of  Hunt- 
ington, West  Virginia. 

In  1879  John  H.  Queal,  with  his  brother-in-law,  Jackson  Beyer, 
bought  a  small  lumber  yard  at  Sheldahl,  Iowa,  where  the  foundation 
of  the  business  was  laid,  the  firm  name  being  J.  H.  Queal  &  Co.  They 
later  opened  yards  at  Cambridge  and  Madrid,  Iowa,  and  bought  a 
lumber  yard  from  C.  Lamb  &  Sons  located  at  Ames,  Iowa.  About 
this  time  he  gave  up  traveling  and  devoted  his  energies  to  the  business 
of  J.  H.  Queal  &  Co. 

In  1883  John  H.  Queal  moved  to  Des  Moines  and  started  a  yard  at 
East  Fourth  and  Locust  streets,  now  located  at  East  Second  street  and 
Grand  avenue.  The  lumber  merchants  at  Des  Moines,  not  wanting 
more  lumber  yards  than  were  already  there,  tried  various  methods 
to  keep  the  company  from  establishing  their  business,  finally  having 

John   H.  Queai. 


them  arrested  for  maintaining  a  lumber  yard  within  the  fire  limits; 
but  as  all  the  other  yards  in  the  city  were  maintained  under  the  same 
condition,  the  suits  were  of  no  avail  and  the  business  was  established. 
He  moved  to  Minneapolis,  Minnesota,  in  1889,  and  the  main  office 
of  the  company  was  located  in  that  city.  The  firm  of  J.  H.  Queal  & 
Co.  own  a  line  of  yards  in  Iowa,  Minnesota,  and  South  Dakota,  and 
are  also  interested  in  timber  lands  in  Oregon  and  California. 

For  the  past  seven  years  John  H.  Queal  has  divided  his  time  be- 
tween McCloud,  California,  and  Minneapolis.  At  the  present  time 
he  is  president  of  the  McCloud  River  Railroad  Company  and  the 
McCloud  National  Bank,  and  quite  heavily  interested  in  the  corpor- 
ations mentioned,  besides  being  a  director  in  other  national  banks  and 
timber  companies.     His  residence  is  at  Minneapolis,  Minnesota. 

Fourth  Generation 
Martha  Queal,  daughter  of  William  C.  and  Mary  (Graves) 
Queal,  born  August  28,  1820;  married  Horatio  Flint  February  19, 
1845.  Being  the  oldest  daughter  in  the  family  and  for  ten  years  the 
only  one,  she  early  acquired  habits  of  industry,  thus  being  of  great  as- 
sastance  to  her  mother  in  the  care  of  the  younger  children.  As  soon  as 
old  enough  she  was  taught  to  spin,  thus  relieving  her  mother  of  this 
important  labor  for  the  household.  She  spun  the  wool  from  which 
the  clothing  for  her  father  and  brothers  was  made;  she  was  also 
taught  how  to  make  butter  and  cheese.  In  those  days  there  was  not 
much  time  for  play,  either  for  boys  or  girls,  as  every  child  was  given 
some  definite  task  to  do.  During  the  winter  evenings  two  candles 
were  lighted  and  some  member  of  the  family  w^ould  read  aloud  while 
the  mother  patched  or  darned,  as  the  necessity  demanded,  while 
Martha,  with  her  knitting,  listened  and  learned.  She  united  in  early 
life  with  the  Methodist  Episcopal  church.  On  May  19,  1844,  she 
wrote  to  her  brother  William,  who  was  attending  school  at  Cazenovia, 
New  York,  and  among  other  items  of  interest,  said: 

There  is  quite  an  excitement  prevailing  in  Decatur  and  vicinity  in  the 
Methodist  church  concerning  Mr.  Turble  using  his  bass  viol  in  the  church, 
to  assist  in  singing.  Some  of  the  members  are  very  much  in  favor  of  it,  and 
some  are  decidedly  opposed  to  the  "big  fiddle"  as  they  term  it.    It  is  uncertain 


how  it  will  terminate,  but  I  fear  for  the  result.  As  for  my  own  part  I  can 
see  no  inconsistency  in  using  the  viol,  as  there  are  very  few  bass  singers,  and 
I  believe  that  if  the  heart  is  right  in  the  sight  of  God,  that  he  will  not  be 
displeased  with  the  viol  or  the  use  of  it.  Tliey  will  destroy  much  of  the 
good  feeling  which  has  existed  among  them,  if  it  does  not  amount  to  a 
division  of  the  society,  as  both  parties  are  verj'  strenuous  in  their  opinions 
concerning  it. 

Quite  a  general  dissatisfaction  resulted  from  the  use  of  the  bass 
viol  and  it  was  years  before  harmony  was  restored  in  the  church. 

Horatio  Flint  bought  fifty  acres  of  William  Queal's  farm,  upon 
which  he  built  a  house  for  his  bride,  only  a  short  distance  from  the 
home  of  her  mother,  and  on  their  wedding  day  took,  possession  of 
their  new  residence  which  they  were  not  permitted  to  long  enjoy,  as 
the  wife  became  ill  with  that  dread  disease,  consumption,  and  died 
February  13,  1847. 

William  Gmves'  Queal  (William,'  Robert,'  William'),    was 
born  in  Worcester,  Otsego  county,  New  York,  December  14,  1822; 
he  married  Lorinda  L.  Booth  (born  March  6,  1831)  July  3,  1850, 
at  Oxford,  New  York.     To  them  were  born  three  children: 
I.     Martha  Amelia,  born  July  14,  1851. 
II.     Alice,  born  September  23,  1856;  married  George  Benedict; 
died  August  23,  1905. 
III.     William  Booth,  born  January  26,  1864;  died  of  diphtheria 

in  Salem,  Pennsylvania,  December  20,  1875. 
William  Graves  Queal,  like  his  brothers,  was  reared  on  a  farm. 
As  a  child  he  was  conscientious  and  studious;  he  remained  in  the 
family  home  during  his  boyhood  days,  attending  school  when  he 
could  be  spared  from  work  and  studying  at  home  as  opportunity  of- 
fered. In  this  way  he  gained  an  education  sufficient  to  enable  him  to 
pass  an  examination,  and  before  he  was  seventeen  years  of  age  he 
commenced  teaching  during  the  winter  months  and  attending  school 
in  the  summer.  At  nineteen  he  entered  Cazenovia  Seminary,  which 
he  attended  two  or  three  terms.  While  there  he  wrote  to  his  brother, 
Atchison  Queal,  as  follows:     "I  met  a  Mr.  Moore  a  few  days  since. 


and  he  told  me  that  he  once  had  an  introduction  to  you,  although  he 
concluded  we  were  not  brothers,  as  your  name  was  Queal.  He  pro- 
nounced my  name  Quail." 

William  united  with  the  Methodist  Episcopal  church,  and  early 
felt  the  call  to  preach  the  gospel.  In  1846  he  was  received  into  the 
Oneida  conference.  He  remained  in  the  ministry  for  thirty-eight 
years,  when  he  retired  from  active  service  and  lived  at  Norwich, 
New  York,  where  he  purchased  a  home,  afterwards  moving  to  Beth- 
lehem, Pennsylvania.  His  gentle,  sympathetic  nature  endeared  him 
to  all  his  friends.  He  was  noted  for  his  simplicity  and  for  his  sin- 
cerity. In  business  afifairs  he  was  honest  and  true  —  a  man  whose 
word  was  as  good  as  his  bond.  Though  of  decided  ability,  he  never 
pushed  himself  to  the  front  to  the  crowding  out  of  others.  Ever 
ready  to  give  place,  he  never  shrank  from  duty,  nor  did  he  lack  the 
courage  of  his  convictions.  He  was  possessed  of  excellent  judgment, 
hence  his  counsel  was  often  sought.  His  strength  of  purpose,  purity 
of  life,  kind,  sympathic  heart,  and  maturity  of  judgment  distinguished 
him  as  a  rare  man,  out  of,  as  well  as  in  the  church.  He  was  honored 
by  being  twice  elected  delegate  to  the  General  Conference  of  the 
Methodist  Episcopal  church,  and  once  as  reserve  delegate.  His  ser- 
mons, essays,  and  other  writings  showed  much  thought  and  study; 
the  books  he  wrote  display  scholarship  and  ability. 

In  January,  1888,  he  went  to  visit  his  brother  Orin,  who  was  living 
in  Kansas  City,  Missouri,  and  from  that  city  went  to  San  Diego, 
California,  accompanied  by  his  nephew,  Irving  Queal  of  Kansas  City, 
and  Jackson  Beyer  of  Des  Moines,  Iowa.  The  trip  was  in  the  inter- 
est of  business  as  well  as  pleasure.  On  the  return  journey  he  was 
taken  very  ill,  and  upon  reaching  Pueblo,  Colorado,  was  removed 
from  the  train  to  a  hotel,  in  the  evening,  and  died  at  7  o'clock  the 
following  morning.  His  wife,  on  receipt  of  the  telegram  that  he 
was  seriously  ill,  took  the  first  train  to  reach  his  bedside.  Another 
message  arrived  the  following  morning,  telling  of  his  death.  Every 
efifort  possible  was  made  to  reach  her,  but  all  proved  futile  until  just 
before  she  arrived  at  a  junction  near  Kansas  City,  Missouri.  Here 
a  telegram  was  delivered  to  her  with  instructions  to  leave  the  train 


at  the  next  station,  where  she  was  met  by  friends  returning  with  the 
body  of  her  husband,  and  the  sad  and  weary  journey  was  made  back 
to  the  home  in  Norwich,  New  York. 

William  Graves  Queal  died  in  Pueblo,  Colorado,  February  26, 
1888.  After  his  death,  his  widow  resided  with  her  daughter  Martha, 
in  whose  home  in  Oneonta,  New  York,  she  died  November  6,  1908. 

Martha  Amelia  Queal,  daughter  of  William  and  Lorinda 
(Booth)  Queal,  married  Bradley  Meaker  August  17,  1881.  To  them 
was  born  one  child,  Robert  Queal  Meaker,  December  2,  1884, 
who  died  January  20,  1902.  Bradley  Meaker  was  a  teacher  in 
the  Lehigh  University,  at  Bethlehem,  Pennsylvania.  On  the  6th  of 
November,  1885,  while  in  the  university  gymnasium,  where  he  had 
gone  to  take  exercise,  he  suddenly  fell  to  the  floor  and  expired  before 
assistance  reached  him.  Following  this  sad  event,  Martha  Meaker 
and  her  son  went  to  reside  with  her  parents  at  Norwich,  New  York, 
remaining  with  them  until  after  the  death  of  her  father,  William 
Graves  Queal,  when,  accompanied  by  her  mother,  she  and  her  son 
removed  to  Carbondale,  Pennsylvania,  where  she  became  a  kinder- 
gartner,  teaching  in  this  capacity  for  some  years.  After  her  son's 
graduation  from  high  school  at  the  age  of  sixteen,  she  moved  to 
Syracuse,  New  York,  where  he  entered  the  university  the  following 
year.  At  the  age  of  eighteen  he  returned  to  Carbondale  to  visit  an 
uncle  and  attend  the  commencement  exercises  of  the  high  school. 
His  mother  and  grandmother  were  soon  to  follow.  He  and  a  com- 
panion were  sprinting  close  beside  a  switch  track  of  the  railroad, 
when  an  engine  was  seen  backing  toward  him.  The  boy  who  was  with 
him,  noting  his  imminent  danger,  tried  to  warn  him.  Robert,  hear- 
ing the  call,  sprang  aside,  but  unfortunately,  the  wrong  way,  and  the 
engine  passed  over  his  body.  His  mother  received  a  telegram  that 
Robert  was  badly  injured,  but  before  the  departure  of  the  first  train 
for  Carbondale,  the  papers  at  Syracuse  were  being  sold  on  the  streets 
telling  of  Robert  Meaker's  death.  This  was  a  terrible  blow  to  his 
mother,  from  which  she  never  fully  recovered. 

Robert  F.  Queal 
Capt.   Paul   A.  Queal 

Five  Children  of  William  C.  and  Mary  Graves  Queal 

Mary  Queal 

Rev.  James  Queal 
Orin   H.   Queal 

Rev.  Atchison  Queal 

Rev.  William  G.  Queal 

Rev.  Luke  C.  Queal 

Old   "French    School    House"   at    Decatur,    New    \ork,    where    Reverend 

Atchison  Queal,  Reverend  William  G.  Queal,  and  Reverend 

Luke  C.  Queal  each  preached  His  First  Sermon 


On  April  9,  1908,  Martha  Meaker  married  Nathan  M.  Briggs  of 
Oneonta,  New  Yorlc,  and  at  this  home  her  mother  died  the  following 
November.  In  October,  1909,  while  in  Norwich,  where  she  had 
gone  to  settle  some  business  afifairs  in  connection  with  her  mother's 
estate,  she  received  a  telegram,  stating  that  her  husband  was  danger- 
ously ill.  Taking  the  first  train,  she  arrived  at  her  home  shortly  after 
his  death,  which  was  caused  from  hemorrhage  of  the  brain.  Martha 
was  again  a  widow. 

In  January,  1912,  Martha  married  Frank  Ives,  an  old  time  friend, 
whose  home  was  in  Los  Angeles,  California.  At  the  beginning  of 
their  journey  to  that  city,  she  was  suddenly  stricken  with  paralysis, 
and  was  removed  from  the  train  at  Binghamton,  New  York,  a  few 
days  later  being  taken  to  her  home  in  Oneonta,  where  she  still  lives, 
though  a  sufferer  from  the  stroke. 

Alice,  daughter  of  William  Graves  and  Lorinda  (Booth)  Queal, 
was  born  September  23,  1856;  married  the  Rev.  George  Benedict  of 
Plymouth,  New  York,  August  17,  188 1.  To  them  were  born  three 

1.  Mabel ;  married  Wendel  Morgan,  July,  1910,  at  Oneonta,  New 
York;  one  child,  born  in  May,  191 1. 

2.  Fannie  H.;  a  teacher  in  Porto  Rico. 

3.  George  Barnard;  lives  with  his  father  in  Porto  Rico. 
George  and  Alice  Benedict  in  1892  went  as  missionaries  to  South 

America,  where  they  remained  six  years,  at  the  expiration  of  which 
time  they  returned  to  the  United  States.  In  1900  they  were  sent  to 
the  mission  field  in  Porto  Rico.  Owing  to  ill  health,  Alice  returned 
on  July  9,  1905,  and  five  weeks  later  died  very  suddenly  while  visiting 
in  the  home  of  her  husband's  brother  at  South  Plymouth,  New  York. 
George  Benedict  married  a  second  time,  and  died  in  September,  191 2, 
while  a  missionary  in  Porto  Rico. 

Robert  F.^  Queal  (William,^  Robert,^  William  ') ,  was  born  July 
I,   1825,  in  Worcester,  Otsego  county.  New  York;  married  Sarah 


Cook.  Houghton  in  March,  1853.  To  them  was  born  one  son,  Irving 
Queal.  Sarah  Houghton  Queal  died  in  1856.  Robert  F.  Queal 
married  (second)  Kate  Gillespie,  of  Schenectady,  New  York,  De- 
cember 29,  1870.     Kate  Gillespie  Queal  died  in  1889. 

Robert  F.  Queal  received  his  education  in  the  common  schools, 
supplemented  by  a  course  of  reading  in  a  law  office.  In  his  youth  he 
was  teacher,  clerk,  and  merchant.  Though  disliking  the  first  named 
occupation,  he  nevertheless  taught  a  number  of  terms  of  school.  When 
nineteen  years  of  age,  while  clerking  in  a  store  in  Worcester,  he  wrote 
to  his  brother  who  was  attending  school  in  Cazenovia,  as  follows : 

My  time  has  been  uninterruptedly  given  to  the  concerns  of  profit  making 
for  my  employers,  which  I  think  is  not  exactly  adapted  to  the  development 
of  man's  moral  and  intellectual  nature,  but  one  after  all  that  furnishes  a 
diversified  field  fit  for  a  Shakesperean;  and  let  me  say,  as  the  result  of  my 
observations,  I  believe  although  men  may  be  cold  and  selfish  and  their  ex- 
terior frigid  as  the  chain  which  girds  the  ice-bound  pole,  yet  within  the 
human  heart  worlds  of  feeling  live,  and  far  beneath  the  reach  of  human  ken, 
in  human  souls  exist  principles  which  prove  man's  author  a  living  God, 
stamping  him  a  living  candidate  for  immortality. 

The  world  I  find  very  different  from  what  my  boyish  imaginings  had 
fancied  it.  In  my  leisure  I  have  studied  politics,  and  have  had  many  sharp 
conflicts  with  the  opposition,  together  with  some  squibbings  in  the  papers,  but 
I  find  there  is  little  confidence  to  be  placed  in  political  leaders ;  still  there  are 
great  questions  which  involve  the  destiny  of  our  Republic,  to  be  decided 
upon  in  the  coming  election,  prominent  among  which  are  the  tariff,  and  an- 
nexation of  Texas.  My  motto  is,  Annexation  never.  And  I  am  sorry  to 
find  that  I  fear  Mr.  Clay  (trembling  lest  he  should  lose  votes  in  the  South) 
has  abandoned  the  ground  for  the  party,  in  a  recent  letter  published  in 
Alabama,  and  come  out  for  ultimate  annexation,  slavery  and  all,  when  the 
consent  of  Mexico  and  the  several  United  States  is  obtained.  Still,  the  war 
must  go  on,  for  on  one  side  is  arrayed  those  who  say,  "Texas  immediately," 
on  the  other,  those  who  mainly  say,  "Texas  never,"  whose  candidate  says, 
"Texas  when  certain  things  are  secured,"  which  I  believe  never  can  be.  .  . 
You  refer  in  your  letter  to  Abolition  movements.  I  think  their  efforts 
should  be  more  rational,  if  they  would  oppose  the  extension  of  slavery  in  an 
available  way  instead  of  wasting  their  influence  and  votes  on  a  condition 
morally  certain  of  defeat. 

In  the  spring  of  1857  Robert  Queal  went  to  Chicago  where  he  built 
up  an  extensive  lumber  business.     He  was  a  representative  man  in 


the  Methodism  of  that  city.  To  him  the  marvelous  reconstruction  of 
that  church's  institutions  after  the  great  fire  gave  large  opportunity 
for  relaying  its  foundations.  He  was  fitted  to  the  demands  of  the 
hour,  and  by  his  liberal  contributions  and  wise  counsels  did  a  great 
work.  With  suggestions  that  commanded  the  approval  of  the  wisest 
men,  he  could  easily  secure  the  concurrence  of  the  young  men  in  the 
churches  by  his  strong  sympathies  with  them.  His  own  large  con- 
tributions to  the  relief  fund  at  the  very  start  gave  it  the  weight  of  his 
convictions,  and  secured  success  for  it  in  the  end. 

Robert  Queal  was  for  years  a  trustee  of  the  First  Methodist  Church 
of  Chicago  and  of  the  Northwestern  University,  where  his  influence 
was  much  felt.  He  was  a  member  of  the  board  of  education  for  the 
city,  and  one  of  the  first  trustees  of  the  Chicago  Public  Library,  in  all 
of  these  places  being  preeminently  a  working  member.  His  church 
also  selected  him  as  an  honored  member  of  the  General  Conference 
of  1876. 

Robert  Queal  had  rare  literary  taste  and  marked  ability.  He  read 
with  delight  the  best  authors  and  kept  abreast  of  the  literary  world. 
He  was  familiar  w^th  the  atmosphere  and  traditions  of  the  worthy 
authors,  both  at  home  and  abroad,  and  was  especially  fond  of  the 
writings  of  Robert  Burns.  In  spite  of  his  heavy  burdens  in  business 
life,  he  was  the  author  of  some  sweet  and  stirring  poems;  was  also  a 
good  critic,  giving  his  literary  instincts  the  mastery  over  his  personal 
friendships.  He  was  a  liberal  man  and  bore  the  burdens  of  many, 
caring  for  and  giving  a  loving  Christian  home  to  two  children,  whose 
mother  gave  up  her  life  in  the  work  of  the  Woman's  Foreign  Mis- 
sionary Society.  He  was  commanding  in  his  presence,  judicial  in 
his  mind,  wise  in  his  arguments,  happy  in  his  language,  faithful  in 
his  friendships,  and  unimpeachable  in  his  motives. 

After  disposing  of  his  business  interests  in  Chicago,  Robert  Queal 
went  to  Pensacola,  Florida,  and  there  started  an  extensive  business 
in  lumber  and  milling.  In  1883  he  contracted  a  malarial  disease  in 
the  South,  although  the  more  serious  symptoms  did  not  present  them- 
selves until  he  neared  his  home  in  Evanston,  Illinois,  at  which  place 
he  died  three  days  later,  November  2,  1883,  in  the  fifty-eighth  year 


of  his  age.  His  body  was  taken  to  the  home  of  his  boyhood,  and  rests 
in  Maple  Grove  cemetery  at  Worcester,  Otsego  county,  New  York. 

The  following  verse  is  from  a  poem  written  by  Robert  Queal,  and 
read  at  the  service  for  the  consecration  of  this  burial  ground  on  June 

And  why  repine?    This  tangled  skein 
Of  hope  and  joy  and  grief  and  pain 
That  we  call  life,  — •  this  unknown  state 
Of  death,  that  we  call  human  fate, 
Shall  be  made  plain  in  God's  own  time, 
Parts  of  a  plan,  complete,  sublime; 
And  through  these  realms  a  trumpet  call 
Shall  reach  these  people,  great  and  small  — 
Death's  power  shall  yield,  his  fetters  break, 
And  earth's  long  tenants  shall  awake. 

I.  Irving,  son  of  Robert  F.  and  Sarah  (Houghton)  Queal,  born 
September  23,  1855,  Worcester,  New  York;  married  Novem- 
ber 25,  1880,  Lucy  Bannister  (born  Cazenovia,  New  York, 
January  15,  1855)  ^t  Evanston,  Illinois.  To  them  were  born 
four  children : 

1.  Robert  F.,  born  July  14,  1882,  Story  City,  Iowa;  died 
March  29,  1889. 

2.  Harry  B.,  born  November  10,  1 883,  Kansas  City,  Missouri ; 
married  Nellie  Wheeler,  Beresford,  South  Dakota,  March, 
1905;  two  children;  lives  at  Kewanee,  Illinois. 

3.  Ralph  W.,  born  August  25,  1886,  Kansas  City,  Missouri, 
where  he  still  resides. 

4.  Lucy  Mary,  born  July  10,  1889,  Kansas  City,  Missouri. 
After  the  death  of  his  mother,  Irving  Queal  lived  with  an  aunt, 

Louise  Albert,  in  Worcester,  New  York;  later  he  v\'ent  to  Chicago, 
spending  part  of  his  time  with  his  father,  attending  school  in  Evans- 
ton,  Illinois.  For  some  years  he  was  in  the  employ  of  J.  H.  Queal 
&  Co.  at  Story  City,  Story  county,  Iowa,  from  which  place  he  removed 
to  Kansas  City,  Missouri,  where  he  found  employment  in  the  office 
of  his  uncle,  Orin  H.  Queal.  His  health  becoming  impaired,  he 
went  to  South  Dakota,  taking  up  a  quarter  section  of  land,  where  he 









still  resides.  The  daughter,  Lucy  Mary,  graduated  from  the  high 
school  at  Kansas  City,  in  home  economics,  and  taught  for  two  years 
in  that  city,  then  entered  Columbia  University,  New  York  City,  where 
she  is  taking  the  regular  course  in  her  chosen  work.  After  her  grad- 
uation she  expects  to  take  a  government  position  in  the  Philippine 

Luke  C  Queal  ( William,'  Robert,'  William  ') ,  was  born  at  Wor- 
cester, Otsego  county,  New  York,  April  2,  1827;  married  September 
19,   1849,  Catherine  Klock  (born  November  30,  1825),  at  Seward, 
Schoharie  county.  New  York.     To  them  were  born  two  children: 
I.     Mary  Matilda,  born  May  28,  1852,  at  Worcester,  New  York. 
Mary  has  never  married;  lives  in  Elmira,  New  York.     For 
years  she  has  devoted  herself  to  the  work  of  the  Woman's  For- 
eign Missionary  Society  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal  church ; 
has  been  conference  secretary  of  Central  New  York  conference 
for  thirteen  years;  for  four  years  was  also  field  secretary  for 
the  states  of  New  York  and  New  Jersey ;  has  been  twice  a  dele- 
gate to  the  general  executive  meeting,  and  was  a  delegate  to  the 
world's  missionary  conference  in  Edinburgh,  in  June,   1910. 
The  cause  of  missions  has  received  much  inspiration  from  this 
gifted  woman,  who  has  gone  up  and  down  this  great  land  of 
ours,  urging  upon  the  people,  with  voice  and  pen,  the  needs  of 
those  of  our  less  favored  sisters  whose  lives  are  spent  in  spirit- 
ual darkness. 
II.     Alice,  born  October  27,  1855;  died  March  8,  1857. 
Luke  C.  Queal  married  (second)  Sara  M.  Dean  of  Milford,  Otse- 
go county,  New  York,  April  22,  1858.     Two  children  were  born  of 
this  union: 

III.     Arthur  Dean,  born  August  23,  i86r,  in  West  Eaton,  Madison 
county.  New  York;   married  Alice   Hubbel,  of  Troy,  New 
York,  November  10,  1885.     To  them  was  born  one  child: 
I.     Katharine  M.,  born  December  21,  1886,  Kansas  City,  Mis- 


souri;  married  August   i,   1912,   Dr.  John  Gould  of  the 
Eleventh  Cavalry,  U.  S.  A. 

Arthur  Dean  Queal  died  in  London,  England,  in  April,  1890. 

His  widow  married   August  2,   1894,   and   is  living   in   Des 

Moines,  Iowa. 
IV.     Kittie  Sara,  born  November  6,  1862;  died  October  31,  1863. 
Luke  C.  Queal  married  (third)  Sarah  J.  Hall,  at  Cazenovia,  New 
York,  June  30,  1864.     To  them  were  born  two  sons: 
V.     James  Hall,  born  July  27,  1865,  Norwich,  New  York;  mar- 
ried Susie  Gififord  of  Scipioville,  New  York,  in  July,   1895. 

He  has  been  for  some  years  engaged  in  newspaper  work;  is 

now  living  in  New  York  City. 
VI.     Herbert  Paul,  born  at  Cazenovia,  New  York,  May  17,  1867; 

married  Minnie  E.  Davis  in  August,  1902,  at  Buffalo,  New 

York.     He  is  a  very  successful  lawyer,  handling  large  estates. 

Office,  No.  42  Broadway;  residence,  929  West  End  avenue. 

New  York. 
Luke  C.  Queal's  boyhood  life  differed  but  little  from  that  of  his 
brothers.  He  worked  on  the  farm,  attended  school  and  taught  school 
—  at  one  time  teaching  for  some  months  for  eleven  dollars  and  fifty 
cents  per  month.  He  was  coached  for  his  first  teacher's  certificate 
by  his  brother  Robert,  who,  becoming  discouraged  at  his  slow  pro- 
gress, wrote  to  his  brother  William:  "Luke,  while  bright  in  other 
ways,  seems  dull  when  it  comes  to  book  learning."  He  studied  med- 
icine and  practiced  a  short  time  before  commencing  to  preach.  He 
did  not  have  a  college  education,  but  because  of  his  natural  ability, 
his  eloquence,  his  force  of  character,  and  his  strength  as  a  debater, 
Hamilton  College  in  1870  conferred  upon  him  the  degree  of  doctor 
of  divinity.  When  he  was  twenty-seven  years  of  age  he  entered  the 
Oneida  conference  and  when  the  conferences  were  divided  became  a 
member  of  the  Central  New  York  conference,  while  membership  in 
Wyoming  conference  fell  to  the  lot  of  his  brother  William.  As  a 
pastor  Luke  C.  Queal  served  the  largest  city  churches  of  his  confer- 
ence, and  was  prominent  in  connection  with  Syracuse  University,  be- 
ing a  member  of  the  board  of  trustees  for  many  years.     For  seventeen 


years  Doctor  Queal  performed  the  duties  of  presiding  elder,  and  at 
the  time  of  his  death  was  one  of  the  trustees  of  the  Central  New  York 
conference.  He  was  seven  times  elected  to  the  general  conference, 
and  elected  to  two  ecumenical  conferences,  one  held  in  Baltimore, 
Maryland,  the  other  in  Washington,  D.  C. 

The  physical  characteristics  of  Doctor  Queal  well  expressed  his 
moral  attributes.  He  was  a  man  of  large  make  in  every  particular, 
and  his  fighting  qualities  won  for  him  no  less  his  bodily,  than  his 
mental  and  spiritual  triumphs.  Doctor  Queal  did  not  fight  for  him- 
self alone,  but  for  everyone  who  needed  his  strong  championship  in  a 
righteous  cause.  But  the  spirit  of  the  warrior  was  not  the  only  spirit 
that  animated  the  noble  heart  of  Luke  C.  Queal.  He  knew  all  the 
depths  of  devotion  of  which  a  man  is  capable.  The  sorrows  of  the 
poor,  and  the  trials  of  man's  lot  appealed  to  him  strongly,  while  the 
ties  of  blood  were  strong  as  steel.  He  feared  no  foe  and  would  sacri- 
fice himself  before  he  would  desert  a  friend.  As  a  speaker  he  had 
few  equals.  To  him  was  given  what  few  people  are  blessed  with  — 
power  to  think  faster  than  he  could  speak.  He  was  counted  one  of 
the  strongest  debaters  on  the  floor  of  the  general  conference;  a  wise 
parliamentarian  possessed  of  a  keen  legal  mind.  He  was  a  fearless 
preacher  and  a  plain-spoken  man,  in  as  well  as  out  of  the  pulpit. 
Without  egotism  but  with  authority,  he  declared  his  own  convictions, 
which  beliefs  he  also  taught  to  others. 

After  a  lingering  illness,  he  died  at  Moravia,  New  York,  on  Janu- 
ary 2,  1898,  and  was  buried  in  Maple  Grove  cemetery,  Worcester, 
New  York.  His  widow,  Sarah  Hall  Queal,  died  at  Binghamton, 
New  York,  February  26,  1910. 

James*  Queal  (William,^  Robert,'  William'),  son  of  William 
and  Mary  (Graves)  Queal,  was  born  November  21,  1828,  at  Wor- 
cester, Otsego  county.  New  York.  Being  one  of  the  younger  children 
of  the  family,  James  missed  some  of  the  hardships  which  naturally 
fell  to  his  older  brothers.  He  was  educated  in  the  common  schools, 
and  later  taught  school  to  earn  the  money  with  which  to  pay  for  a 


better  education.  At  the  age  of  thirteen  he  united  with  the  Metho- 
dist Episcopal  church,  and  when  little  more  than  a  boy  he  felt  the 
call  to  work  in  the  Master's  vineyard,  fully  deciding  this  to  be  his 
life  work  when  about  twenty-two  years  of  age.  He  joined  the  Troy 
conference,  but  was  not  long  permitted  to  engage  in  his  chosen  work. 
Although  delicate  in  health,  he  continued  to  perform  the  arduous 
duties  assigned  him  with  acceptability  until  December,  1 852,  at  which 
time  it  became  evident  that  he  was  sufifering  from  tubercular  trouble. 
Very  reluctantly  he  gave  up  his  labors  and  returned  to  his  former 
home,  where  he  hoped  to  regain  strength  to  enable  him  to  resume 
his  pastoral  duties.  All  efiforts  made  toward  the  restoration  of  his 
health  were  unavailing,  and  on  June  13,  1853,  he  died,  at  Worcester, 
Otsego  county.  New  York,  and  was  buried  in  Maple  Grove  cemetery. 

Mary,  daughter  of  William  and  Mary  Graves  Queal,  was  born 
August  21,  1830,  at  Worcester,  Otsego  county,  New  York,  where  she 
grew  to  young  womanhood  much  beloved  by  a  large  circle  of  friends 
as  well  as  the  immediate  family.  During  her  childhood,  being  of 
delicate  health,  she  was  an  object  of  solicitude  to  her  parents,  and  the 
constant  companion  of  her  mother. 

In  the  spring  of  1848,  while  visiting  her  brother  Atchison  at  Fly 
Creek,  New  York,  Mary  engaged  to  teach  a  three  months'  term  of 
school,  for  which  she  received  fourteen  dollars  per  month.  She  re- 
turned to  her  home  in  the  fall  and  was  ill  for  the  greater  part  of  the 
following  year.  In  the  spring  of  1849  she  set  out  a  rose  bush  in  the 
front  yard  of  her  home,  watching  and  nourishing  its  growth  during 
that  summer,  and  the  next  spring  was  delighted  to  see  that  it  lived 
and  grew  rapidly,  and  when  the  first  bud  burst  into  bloom,  rejoiced 
that  she  had  been  permitted  to  pick  a  blossom  from  her  own  bush. 
She  died  June  13,  1850,  in  her  twentieth  year.  As  long  as  the  family 
lived  on  the  farm,  "Mary's  rose  bush"  was  carefully  covered  in  win- 
ter and  nourished  during  the  summer.  When  the  property  was  sold 
to  a  friend  of  the  family,  the  story  of  the  bush  was  repeated  to  the 
purchaser,  and  now,  after  more  than  sixty  years,  the  rose  bush  still 

Captain  Pall  A.  QrnAL 


lives  and  blooms.  It  has  been  trimmed  back  and  carefully  looked 
after  during  this  time,  and  many  members  of  the  Queal  family  who 
were  not  born  at  the  time  of  Mary's  death,  have  gathered  roses  from 
this  historic  bush. 

Paul  A.'  Queal  (William,'  Robert,'  William  '),  son  of  William 
and  Mary  Graves  Queal,  was  born  February  4,  1833,  at  Worcester, 
Otsego  county,  New  York.  His  childhood  and  youth  were  spent  on 
his  father's  farm,  his  academic  education  being  received  at  Carlisle 
and  the  New  York  Conference  Seminaries.  When  eighteen  years 
of  age  he  engaged  in  the  manufacture  of  paper  at  Windham  Center, 
New  York.  Evidently  the  business  proved  unsatisfactory,  for  after 
a  few  months  it  was  discontinued  and  he  entered  the  seminary  at 
Charlotteville,  New  York.  In  July  of  that  year  he  wrote  his  brother 
as  follows: 

I  have  passed  through  one  of  the  ordeals  of  improvement  in  public  speak- 
ing, having  had  the  honor  of  representing  in  connection  with  two  other 
speakers,  the  Wesleyan  Association.  One  of  the  speakers  delivered  an  ora- 
tion, and  another  with  myself  debated  a  question.  I  spoke  for  about  half 
an  hour  before  nearly  one  thousand  persons  and  was  fortunate  enough  to 
gain  the  question.  If  you  were  ever  in  the  same  situation,  you  can  imagine 
about  where  my  pulse  was  when  I  came  on  the  stage. 

Being  forceful  in  argument,  Paul  Queal  concluded  to  become  a 
lawyer,  and  commenced  his  professional  reading  for  the  law  in  the 
office  of  General  Burnside,  in  Worcester,  New  York.  Before  its 
completion  in  1857  he  removed  to  the  west,  taking  up  his  residence 
at  Toledo,  Tama  county,  Iowa,  where  he  remained  one  year.  Having 
been  admitted  to  the  bar,  he  located  at  Nevada,  the  county  seat  of 
Story  county,  Iowa,  where  he  speedily  acquired  a  good  practice  and 
a  high  reputation  politically  and  professionally.  A  history  of  Story 
county  states:  "Paul  A.  Queal  was  a  brilliant  young  lawyer,  and 
bade  fair  to  take  a  leading  place  at  the  bar." 

The  legislature  of  Iowa  decided  in  March,  1858,  that  there  should 
be  established  a  State  Agricultural  College  within  its  borders;  Paul 
Queal  with  others,  convinced  that  Story  county  would  be  a  suitable 


place  to  locate  such  an  institution,  worked  toward  that  result.  The 
first  meeting  of  the  board  of  trustees,  consisting  of  eleven  members, 
took  place  in  Des  Moines,  January  lo,  1859.  Proposals  for  the  sale 
of  lands  for  the  college  farm  were  issued  at  this  meeting  and  circu- 
lated over  the  state,  to  be  acted  upon  at  the  meeting  of  the  board  the 
following  June.  At  that  time,  propositions  were  received  from  the 
counties  of  Hardin,  Polk,  Marshall,  Tama,  Jefiferson,  and  Story; 
committees  were  appointed  to  visit  the  various  sites  ofifered,  and  a 
spirited  but  good  natured  contest  ensued.  The  record  shows  that  at 
one  time  Hardin  county  had  seven  votes  and  Polk  county  four;  it  is 
said  that  a  speech  made  by  Paul  A.  Queal  decided  the  question  and 
the  location  was  awarded  to  Story  county.  On  the  20th  of  June,  1859, 
the  board  located  the  farm  in  the  western  part  of  Story  county,  buy- 
ing a  tract  of  six  hundred  forty-seven  and  one-half  acres  of  unim- 
proved land  in  one  body  for  five  thousand  three  hundred  eighty 
dollars.  On  July  4,  i8t;9,  the  citizens  of  Boone  county  turned  out  en 
masse  to  visit  the  college  grounds,  while  the  people  of  Story  county 
gladly  extended  the  hand  of  welcome  to  their  guests  on  this  auspicious 
occasion.  The  Declaration  of  Independence  was  read  by  Paul  A. 
Queal,  and  later,  while  at  dinner,  he  responded  to  the  toast  —  "The 
Heroes  of  the  American  Revolution." 

Paul  A.  Queal  was  a  delegate  to  the  Republican  state  convention 
which  met  in  Des  Moines  January  18,  i860,  and  selected  the  dele- 
gates to  the  Chicago  convention  which  nominated  Abraham  Lincoln 
for  the  presidency.  In  the  summer  of  1861  he  assisted  in  raising  a 
company  of  volunteers  for  the  Second  Iowa  Cavalry,  of  which  or- 
ganization he  was  appointed  the  original  first  lieutenant,  on  July  30th. 
The  regiment  was  organized  with  Major  Elliott  of  the  regular  army 
as  colonel,  and  mustered  into  the  service  at  Davenport,  Iowa,  August 
31,  1861.  The  regiment  after  leaving  Davenport  was  first  ordered  to 
St.  Louis,  and  was  subsequently  sent  to  the  field  under  General  Pope, 
sharing  in  the  service  of  the  army  which  captured  New  Madrid  and 
Island  Number  Ten. 

After  these  victories,  the  regiment  was  ordered  to  join  the  army  in 
west  Tennessee.     Apart  from  the  usual  duties  of  scouting  and  skirm- 


ishing,  the  first  desperate  field  service  to  which  it  was  called  was  in 
the  battle  of  Farmington,  Mississippi.  Here  they  were  ordered  to 
charge  a  consecutive  line  of  batteries,  heavily  supported  by  infantry. 
In  the  teeth  of  an  appalling  fire  (ninety  horses  being  shot  in  their 
regiment)  they  charged  to  the  muzzles  of  the  guns,  striking  down  and 
driving  the  gunners  from  their  positions  at  the  point  of  the  saber. 
Correspondents  of  the  press  and  early  historians  of  the  war  describe 
it  as  equal  in  daring  to  the  most  famous  military  exploits  of  modern 
times.  Lieutenant  Queal  received  open  mention  in  the  report  of  this 
battle,  for  his  coolness  and  bravery,  as  will  be  shown  by  the  follow- 
ing: "The  daring  of  Lieutenant  Queal,  commanding  Company  B, 
was  conspicuous,  cheering  his  men  to  the  very  muzzle  of  the  enemy's 

On  April  15,  1862,  Lieutenant  Queal  was  promoted  to  captain. 
The  Second  Iowa  Cavalry,  under  the  command  of  Colonel  Elliott, 
together  with  the  Second  Michigan  cavalry,  left  Farmington  and 
marched  rapidly  by  a  circuitous  route  for  the  purpose  of  deceiving 
the  enemy  as  to  the  object  of  the  expedition.  The  second  morning 
they  appeared  before  Boonville,  the  forces  of  the  enemy  which  had 
been  left  to  guard  the  town  falling  back  with  but  little  resistance. 
The  railroad  depot  was  filled  with  commissary  stores,  ammunition, 
etc.  Upon  entering  the  town  the  telegraph  wires  were  cut.  thus  pre- 
venting speedy  communication  with  the  enemy.  Shortly  after,  Colo- 
nel Elliott  was  promoted  to  the  rank  of  brigadier  general. 

On  the  morning  of  July  i,  1862,  the  enemy  was  discovered  in  strong 
force  approaching  the  camp  of  the  Second  Iowa,  whose  pickets  re- 
ported a  number  of  rebels  in  sight.  Colonel  Hatch  (who  succeeded 
Colonel  Elliott)  by  a  strategic  movement  overcame  the  superior 
force  by  which  he  was  opposed.  The  entire  strength  of  his  command 
was  less  than  eight  hundred  men.  From  this  small  force  he  detached 
four  companies,  two  from  each  regiment,  with  orders  to  move  rapidly 
and  gain  the  rear  of  the  approaching  foe.  He  then  posted  his  re- 
maining force  in  a  strong  position  and  awaited  the  attack  of  the 
enemy,  whose  number  was  estimated  to  be  not  less  than  four  thousand. 
The  two  cavalry  regiments  were  splendidly  armed  and  mounted,  and 


had  absolute  confidence  in  their  leaders,  which  confidence  was  not 
misplaced,  as  the  result  proved.  The  attack  of  the  enemy  was  met  by 
such  a  heavy  fire  that  they  fell  back  in  disorder,  only  to  be  charged 
upon  by  the  detachment  which  had  been  sent  to  attack  them  in  the 
rear,  resulting  in  their  being  driven  from  the  field  with  heavy  loss. 
In  his  official  report,  written  the  following  day.  Colonel  Sheridan 
describes  in  detail  the  different  movements  of  his  command  and  those 
of  the  enemy  during  the  engagement.  He  makes  special  mention  of 
the  gallantry  and  good  conduct  of  Colonel  Hatch,  Majors  Coon  and 
Hepburn,  and  Captains  Gillett  and  Queal. 

On  November  12th  the  army  began  its  march  southward,  the 
cavalry  brigade  commanded  by  Colonel  Hatch  taking  the  advance, 
the  scouts  keeping  well  out  in  front  and  on  the  flanks.  The  enemy's 
cavalry  was  alert  and  watchful,  and  skirmishing  occurred  frequently. 
At  Cofifeeville,  after  a  hard  fought  engagement,  the  Union  cavalry 
found  themselves  greatly  outnumbered  and  were  compelled  to  retreat. 
The  loss  of  the  Second  Iowa  in  this  encounter  was  twenty-two  men 
killed  and  wounded.  As  our  forces  were  gradually  being  driven 
back,  Captain  Queal's  horse  was  shot  under  him,  he  being  slightly 
scratched  by  a  shell. 

Again,  the  Second  Iowa  Cavalry  participated  in  the  expedition 
under  Grierson  in  his  great  raid,  but  was  withdrawn  after  two  days 
to  make  a  diversion  of  the  enemy's  forces.  On  February  21,  1863 
(the  engagement  in  which  the  Second  Iowa  was  most  conspicuous), 
among  those  who  distinguished  themselves  for  coolness  and  bravery, 
stands  prominent  the  name  of  Paul  A.  Queal,  captain  commanding 
the  second  battalion.  Major  Coon  was  detailed  to  take  the  Second 
Cavalry  and  a  battalion  of  the  Sixth  Illinois,  and  hold  the  enemy  in 
check  until  the  large  transportation  train  could  get  safely  under  way. 
Instead  of  falling  back.  Major  Coon  requested  the  brigade  com- 
mander. Lieutenant  Colonel  Hepburn,  to  let  him  make  a  standing 
fight.  Hepburn's  reply  was  that  the  orders  of  General  Smith  must 
be  obeyed.  There  was  nothing  left  but  for  the  rear  guard  to  con- 
tinue to  slowly  retire,  protecting  both  its  front  and  flanks  as  best  it 
could  against  the  persistent  attacks  of  the  enemy.     The  battalions, 


under  Captains  Queal  and  Horton,  dismounted  and  fought  from  be- 
hind trees  with  their  Colt's  revolving  rifles,  inflicting  heavy  loss  upon 
the  enemy. 

In  the  summer  of  1863  Captain  Queal  was  with  his  regiment  ex- 
cept for  a  few  weeks  while  reorganizing  and  in  command  of  an  Iowa 
regiment  of  cavalry.  During  that  summer  while  separated  from  his 
command  he  was  taken  prisoner,  but  was  soon  after  exchanged.  These 
are  some  of  the  leading  features  of  his  service  in  the  field,  but  they 
imperfectly  represent  the  fatiguing  marches,  privations,  exposures, 
and  wearing  service  to  which  the  cavalry  in  west  Tennessee  and  north- 
ern Mississippi  were  subjected  during  the  war,  on  a  field  and  over  a 
region  which  was  the  theater  of  continuous  raids  and  many  battles. 
In  the  fall  of  1863  Captain  Queal  was  appointed  judge  advocate  on 
the  stafif  of  General  Veitch,  commanding  the  district  of  Memphis, 
Tennessee,  where  he  remained  for  several  months,  discharging  with 
ability  the  important  and  responsible  duties  of  the  position.  General 
Veitch  being  ordered  to  the  field,  Captain  Queal  rejoined  his  regi- 
ment, participating  in  the  expedition  under  General  Smith,  early  in 
the  spring  of  1864,  to  Tallahatchie.  The  march  was  laborious,  and 
the  fighting  hard,  but  for  bravery  and  gallantry  he  received  the  warm 
commendation  of  General  Smith  in  person,  and  special  honorable 
mention  in  his  report.  This  was  his  last  field  service.  He,  with  his 
regiment  came  north  in  the  month  of  April  on  furlough,  spent  three 
happy  weeks  in  Iowa  with  his  friends,  visited  his  brothers  in  Chicago, 
and  returned  in  May  to  Tennessee.  Soon  after  he  was  detached  to 
perform  judge  advocate  duties  in  Memphis,  in  which  service  he  was 
engaged  until  his  death.  On  Friday,  September  16,  1864,  he  was 
occupied  all  day  in  court,  conducting  the  defence  of  a  friend  on  trial 
for  disobedience  of  orders.  During  the  night  following  he  was  taken 
violently  ill,  grew  rapidly  worse,  and  in  spite  of  the  best  medical 
skill  of  both  army  surgeons  and  eminent  physicians  of  the  city,  after 
two  days  of  intense  suffering,  he  died  in  the  arms  of  Lieutenant  Strat- 
ton,  sending  his  last  messages  to  his  regiment  and  his  friends.  His 
term  of  enlistment  was  about  to  expire,  and  after  three  years  of  service 
in  the  army  he  was  anticipating  a  speedy  return  to  civil  life.    He  was 


to  have  been  married  in  a  few  weeks,  and  it  was  his  intention  to  en- 
gage anew  in  his  profession. 

Paul  A.  Queal  was  possessed  of  those  excellencies  and  attractions 
of  character  which  brought  to  him  many  friends,  who  had  predicted 
for  him  a  brilliant  career.  His  death  occurred  September  19,  1864; 
his  remains  were  taken  by  his  brothers  back  to  the  old  home  in  Wor- 
cester, Otsego  county.  New  York,  and  laid  to  rest  in  Maple  Grove 

Orin  H.'  Queal  (William,'  Robert,'  William*),  youngest  child 
of  William  C.  and   Mary  Graves  Queal,  was  born  at  Worcester, 
Otsego  county.  New  York,  April  6,  1837.     He  married  Elma  Gil- 
lespie September  28,  1875.     To  them  were  born: 
I.     Sheldon  Gillespie,  born  August  28,  1877. 
II.     Irving  Wyatt,  born  October  4,  1878;  married  Francis  Grad- 
wohl  December   12,   1907,  at  Kansas  City,  Missouri.     To 
them  has  been  born  one  child: 
I.     Josephine  Elma,  born  February,  1909. 
Irving  enlisted  in  April,    1898,  in   the  Spanish-American 
War,  being  a  member  of  the  Third  Missouri  regiment;  was 
in  the  service  but  five  months  when  the  regiment  was  mus- 
tered out.     The  family  are  living  at  Fort  Worth,  Texas, 
where  he  is  engaged  in  the  lumber  business. 
The  boyhood  of  Orin,  like  that  of  his  brother,  was  spent  on  the 
farm.    At  the  age  of  sixteen  he  taught  a  three  months'  term  of  school 
and  the  following  year  attended  school  at  the  academy  at  Richmond- 
ville.  New  York,  for  four  months,  teaching  the  following  winter.    At 
the  age  of  nineteen  he  went  to  Ohio  and  taught  in  what  is  known  as 
the  Flint  district,  making  his  home  with  his  brother,  the  Rev.  Atchi- 
son Queal.     In  1857  he  went  first  to  Galesburg,  Illinois,  and  in  the 
fall  to  Young  America   (now  Kirkwood),  Warren  county,  Illinois, 
working  on  a  farm  during  the  summer  and  teaching  during  the  win- 
ter months,  receiving  for  his  services  thirty  dollars  per  month.    Two 


years  later  he  taught  the  same  school,  engaging  to  teach  ten  months 
for  thirty  dollars  per  month.  In  a  letter  to  his  brother,  he  says: 
A  good  many  of  the  settlers  here  are  from  the  South,  and  they  are  pretty 
good  examples  of  southern  life  and  character.  There  are  large  girls  attend- 
ing my  school,  of  this  stock,  and  they  read  and  write  with  difficulty.  There 
are  many  Eastern  people  here  too,  who  are  intelligent  and  enterprising.  It  is 
this  class  that  makes  this  part  of  the  world  move. 

Orin  only  taught  five  months  of  his  school  year,  as  he  was  seized 
with  the  Pike's  Peak  fever,  and  the  first  of  April,  i860,  in  company 
with  ten  others,  started  on  a  journey  to  the  gold  regions  of  Colorado. 
They  crossed  Iowa,  stopping  at  Nebraska  City,  where  they  purchased 
their  provisions,  and  the  izd  of  April  started  on  the  journey  across 
the  plains.  They  were  outfitted  with  ox  teams  and  one  pony  team, 
and  about  five  weeks  later  reached  Denver,  Colorado.  On  the  night 
of  May  7th  while  on  the  plains  they  experienced  a  very  severe  storm, 
ten  inches  of  snow  falling  before  morning;  it  became  exceedingly 
cold,  and  a  cloth  tent  proved  a  very  insufficient  shelter.  Some  cattle, 
belonging  to  parties  camping  near,  strayed  away.  Their  owners 
started  out  in  the  morning  in  search  of  them,  and  four  men  were  frozen 
to  death  within  a  mile  of  camp.  They  were  buried  without  coffins, 
and  men  unused  to  weeping,  stood  around  their  graves  in  tears. 

Orin  Queal  and  his  companions  reached  their  destination  about 
the  first  of  June.  They  stopped  near  the  head  waters  of  the  Platte 
River  and  went  to  prospecting,  spending  six  weeks  in  traveling  about 
on  the  Blue,  Arkansas  and  Platte  rivers,  searching  for  gold  but  with- 
out success.    In  a  letter  written  home,  he  says: 

Before  leaving  civilization,  I  was  dreaming  of  gold  —  gold  —  gold. 
With  prophetic  vision  I  then  looked  into  the  future  and  saw  myself  the 
possessor  of  houses  and  lands,  of  horses  and  carriages,  of  dogs  and  guns,  etc., 
etc.    But  alas  for  my  prophecy,  these  things  have  not  come  to  pass. 

In  July  Orin  and  his  companions  turned  their  faces  homeward,  just 
as  the  rainy  season  was  beginning.  It  rained  every  day;  the  bolts  of 
lightning  fell  thick  and  fast  about  them,  and  the  road  across  the 
plains  was  lined  with  the  graves  of  men  who  had  met  death  in  this 
violent  manner.  They  returned  to  Illinois  about  the  first  of  Septem- 
ber, and  soon  afterward  Orin  went  to  Iowa  and  later  to  Wisconsin, 


transacting  business  for  his  brother,  Robert  F.  Queal.  Returning  to 
Chicago,  he  attended  the  "Seward  meeting,"  where,  as  he  remarked 
afterward,  "I  heard  Republicanism  explained  and  justified." 

During  the  following  year  Orin  Queal  was  employed  by  his  brother 
Robert  in  the  lumber  business  in  Chicago.  In  1862  he  enlisted  in  the 
Chicago  Mercantile  battery.  Volunteer  Light  Artillery,  which  left 
that  city  about  the  6th  of  November,  their  destination  being  Mem- 
phis, Tennessee.  Leaving  the  latter  city  thirty  thousand  strong,  they 
started  south  to  cooperate  with  General  Grant  in  "clearing  out"  Gen- 
eral Price.  But  the  old  general  burned  his  army  stores  and  left  with 
most  of  his  army  for  Grenada  before  the  northern  forces  arrived. 
The  enemy  destroyed  the  ferry  at  Wyatt,  so  the  Union  army  was 
obliged  to  construct  a  bridge  before  it  could  proceed. 

In  August,  1863,  Orin  Queal  was  taken  ill  while  in  camp  in  Vicks- 
burg,  and  was  sent  to  St.  Louis  where  he  was  in  the  hospital  for  some 
time;  he  was  later  transferred  to  Chicago  and  remained  several  weeks 
in  the  hospital  in  that  city.  He  was  unable  to  reenter  the  service  and 
for  years  was  much  impaired  in  health.  The  battery  to  which  he  be- 
longed was  not  engaged  in  the  siege  of  Vicksburg,  although  it  was  on 
the  field  and  in  line  of  battle  for  five  days. 

In  later  years  Orin  Queal  became  prominently  engaged  in  lumber 
interests,  first  in  Chicago  and  later  in  Pensacola,  Florida.  In  1885 
he  removed  with  his  family  to  Kansas  City,  Missouri,  and  engaged 
in  the  real  estate  business.  In  1895  he  was  elected  county  recorder  of 
Jackson  county,  Missouri,  which  position  he  held  for  four  years, 
being  the  first  Republican  ever  elected  to  that  office  in  the  county. 
His  health  failed  and  for  two  years  he  was  unable  to  attend  to  the  af- 
fairs of  a  business  life.  About  two  months  before  his  death,  longing 
to  be  near  his  old  home,  and  hoping  for  beneficial  effects  from  the 
pure  spring  water  to  be  found  there,  Orin  returned  with  his  wife  and 
son  Sheldon,  to  Worcester,  New  York,  at  which  place  he  died  on 
December  7,  1906  —  the  last  of  the  family  of  eleven  children  born 
to  William  C.  and  Mary  (Graves)  Queal.  He  was  laid  to  rest  in  the 
family  lot  in  Maple  Grove  cemetery,  where  lie  the  other  members  of 
a  family  known  at  home  and  abroad  for  real  worth,  and  who  lived  for 
what  is  worth  while. 


THE  Schwenkfelders  —  so  called  —  received  their  name  from 
Caspar  Schvvenkfeld,  a  Silesian  nobleman,  born  in  1490.  He 
was  educated  at  Cologne,  but  spent  several  years  at  other  univer- 
sities, where  theology  attracted  his  attention,  and  the  writings  of 
the  church  fathers  were  his  favorite  study.  Despite  the  fact  of  his 
inclination  to  study  along  these  lines,  he  carried  out  his  original  inten- 
tion and  fitted  himself  for  knighthood.  While  a  young  man,  he  en- 
tered the  service  of  the  Hussite  king  of  Bohemia,  and  the  doctrines  as 
received  in  that  court  made  a  deep  and  lasting  impression  upon  his 
mind,  and  no  doubt  gave  direction  to  his  future  life  and  labor.  He 
met  many  theologians  who  were  drifting  in  the  way  of  reformation. 
Luther  had  now  withdrawn  from  the  Church  of  Rome,  and  his 
preaching  engaged  the  attention  of  Schwenkfeld  and  inspired  him 
with  a  more  intense  zeal  for  the  service  of  the  divine  Master.  He 
renounced  the  Roman  Catholic  Church  to  become  an  evangelist,  and 
for  thirty-six  years  with  voice  and  pen,  exhorted  men  to  repentance 
and  godliness.  His  followers  were  called  Schwenkfelders  in  derision 
(a  name  which  they  accepted) ,  and  were  stigmatized  by  almost  every 
appellation  that  was  supposed  to  convey  a  reproach. 

The  persecution  continued  until  it  became  unbearable  and  the 
Schwenkfelders  resolved  to  escape  from  the  country  at  all  hazards. 
The  exodus  began  in  February,  1726,  when  they  went  to  Holland, 
where  they  lived  for  eight  years  in  a  state  of  uncertainty  as  to  their 
future.  About  this  time  they  found  that  application  had  been  made 
to  the  proper  authorities  for  their  enforced  return  to  Silesia,  they 
being  permitted  to  remain  in  Holland  until  spring.  Two  families, 
however,  determined  to  seek  a  new  home  in  a  new  land,  and  accord- 
ingly emigrated  to  America,  arriving  in  Philadelphia,  Pennsylvania, 
September  18,  1733.  Their  report  of  the  country  was  so  favorable 
that  about  forty  families  determined  to  follow  them,  one  hundred 


eighty-four  persons  settling  in  Pennsylvania  in  1734.  Many  others 
came  in  1736,  among  them  Abraham  Beyer  and  wife,  Rosina  Yeakcl, 
who  with  their  children,  Abraham,  Andrew,  Anna  Rosina,  and  Anna 
Maria,  arrived  on  October  19,  1736  (old  style),  and  settled  in  Wor- 
cester, Montgomery  (then  Philadelphia)  county. 

First  Generation 

AbmhaM  '  Beyer  was  born  in  Silesia,  Germany,  July  28,  1690; 
married  Rosina  Yeakel  (born  June  1 1,  1699).    To  them  were  born: 
I.     Abraham,   born  October   4,    1721 ;   married  November   8, 
1750;  died  March  6,  1796. 
II.     Andrew,  born  in  1733  ;  married  Philipina  Weyand. 

III.     Anna  Rosina;  married  David  Schultz  October  29,  1745. 

IV.     Anna  Maria;  married  Abraham  Yeakel  October  19,  1748. 
V.     George,  born  July  13,  1739;  died  September  19,  1744. 

VI.     Susanna;  married  Durk  Casselberger  November  i,  1762. 

Abraham  Beyer  lived  in  Worcester,  Montgomery  (then  Phila- 
delphia) county,  Pennsylvania,  where  in  March,  1737,  he  bought 
ninety-four  acres  of  land  near  the  present  Worcester  meeting  house. 
He  died  October  30,  1754,  aged  sixty- four  years,  two  months  and  two 
days.  His  widow,  Rosina,  died  July  31,  1770,  aged  seventy- one  years, 
one  month  and  twenty  days. 

Anna  Rosina,  third  child  of  Abraham  and  Rosina  (Yeakel)  Beyer, 
was  born  in  Germany,  coming  with  her  parents  to  this  country  in 
1736.  She  married  David  Schultz  October  29,  1745,  and  they  estab- 
lished their  home  in  Goshenhoppen,  Upper  Hanover.  While  away 
from  home  performing  the  duties  of  his  office  as  surveyor,  he  left  his 
wife  with  a  German  servant  whom  he  employed  to  carry  on  the  work 
of  the  farm.  This  servant  was  a  "Redemptioner" ;  that  is,  one  who 
had  to  reimburse  the  shipping  company  or  private  individual  (as  the 
case  might  be)  who  had  paid  his  passage  from  the  old  country.  This 
servant  had  been  brought  over  by  Abraham  Beyer,  father  of  Anna 
Rosina,  and  given  to  his  daughter  for  whom  he  was  to  work  out  his 
obligation.  On  June  13,  1750,  while  David  Schultz  was  absent  from 
home  on  a  surveying  expedition,  his  wife  was  murdered  b}-  this  "Re- 


demptioner,"  who  was  apprehended,  convicted  for  the  crime  on  Oc- 
tober 22,  1750,  and  hung  the  14th  of  the  following  November  —  the 
first  murderer  to  be  sentenced  and  hung  in  this  community. 

Second  Generation\Y  ^  Beyer  (Abraham  ^) ,  second  son  of  Abraham  and  Rosina 
(Yeakel) )  Beyer,  was  born  in  1733  ;  married  Philipina  Wevand  No- 
vember 7,  1758.    To  them  were  born. 

I.     Susanna,  born  August  2,  1759;  died  June  4,  1764. 
11.     Abraham,  born  October  8,   1760;  married  Catherine  Rick- 
erd;  died  Augusts,  1832. 

III.  Jacob,  born  February  14,  1762;  married  Rachel  Metz  (born 
July  26.  1763).  Jacob  Beyer  died  August  23,  1846;  Rachel 
Beyer  died  July  5,  1855. 

IV.  Wendel,  born  December  9,  1763;  died  December  17,  1779. 
V.     Daniel,  born  November  6,  1765;  married  Rebekah . 

VI.     Rosanna,  born  April  27,  1769. 
VII.     Andrew. 
VIII.     David. 

IX.     Anna  Maria. 

Andrew  Beyer  died  April  19,  1773,  aged  nearly  forty  years. 

Third  Generation 

Jacob  '  Beyer  (Andrew,^  Abraham  ^),  third  child  of  Andrew  and 
Philipma  Beyer,  was  born  February  14,  1762;  married  Rachel  Metz 
(born  July  26,  1763).    To  them  were  born: 

I.     Catharine,  born  September  14,  1783 ;  married  Jacob  Bean. 
11.     Andrew,  born  July  24,  1785;  married  Catharine  Bean. 

III.  Christiana,  born  October  20,  1787;  married  Michael  Van 

IV.  Joseph,  born  November  17,  1789;  married  Hannah  Bean. 

V.  Margaret,  born  April  13,  1794;  married  Samuel  Kline  in 
February,  1813. 

VL     Rachel,  born   February  12,   1796;  married  Daniel  Ritten- 
house  September  10,  1820. 



VII.     Jacob,  born  April  19,  1798;  married  Magdalena  Boorse  in 
VIII.     Mary,  born  July  4,  1800;  married  Joseph  Metz  September 
1 1,  1821. 
IX.     Elizabeth,  born  January  5,  1806;  married  John  Metz  Janu- 
ary 6,  1828. 
Jacob  Beyer  died  August  23,  1846;  Rachel,  wife,  died  July  5,  1855. 

Fourth  Generation 

Jacob'  Beyer  (Jacob,'  Andrew,-'  Abraham'),  seventh  child  of 
Jacob  and  Rachel  (Metz)  Beyer,  was  born  April  19,  1798;  married 
Magdalena  Boorse  in  1822.    To  them  were  born: 

I.     Samuel,  born  February  13,  1823;  married  Hannah  Brunner 
in  1844.    To  them  were  born: 

1.  Mary  Ann,  born  January  I,  1846;  married  Geo.  Pennick. 

2.  Martha  Jane,  born  June  i,  1847. 

3.  Emily,  born  January  18,  1849;  married  John  Baker. 

4.  Elizabeth,  born  September  15,  1850;  died  November  13, 

5.  Franklin,  born  March  23,  1852. 

6.  Cyrus,  born  April  7,   1855;  married  Susan   Miller  in 


7.  Lydia,  born  January  29,  1857. 

8.  Amanda,  born  December  10,  1862. 

9.  Eva,  born  April  7,  1866. 
Samuel  Beyer  died  March  29,  1867. 

II.     John,  born  April  8,  1824;  married  Sarah  Schwenk  in  1850. 
To  them  were  born : 

1.  Theodore,  born  April  14,  1852;  died  June  22,  1852. 

2.  Margaret  Schwenk,  born  October  20,  t8(;3. 

3.  Sarah  Jane,  born  December  31,  1854;  married  Edwin 
Bean  November  24,  1878. 

4.  Sophia  H.,  born  June  9,  i8i;6. 

q.     Elizabeth,  born  October  16,  i860. 
John  Beyer  died  August  22,  1898. 

Adam  Ui-'ilr 

Jacob  Beyer   Homestead 


III.     Jesse,  born  September  13,  1825;  married  Hannah  Dettra  in 
1 85 1.    To  them  were  born: 

1.  Louise  Ann,  born  November  19,  1853. 

2.  Mary  Magdalene,  born  May  20,  1855. 

3.  William,  born  June  4,  1858. 

IV.     Adam,  born  August  24,  1827;  died  November  18,  191 1. 
V.     Elizabeth,  born  October  31,  1828;  married  David  Kook  Sep- 
tember 10,  1853.    To  them  were  born: 

1.  Franklin,  born  June  3,  1854. 

2.  Angeline,  born  August  31,  1857. 

3.  Jacob,  born  November  24,  1859. 

4.  Sarah  Elizabeth,  born  July  15,  1863. 

5.  Catherine  Ann,  born  May  15,  1867. 

VI.     Daniel,  born  June  27,  1830;  married  Catharine  Oberholtzer 
in  1853.    To  them  were  born  : 

1.  Ellen  J.,  born  December  21,  1856. 

2.  Elizabeth,  born  March  4,  i860;  died  February  20,  1861. 

3.  William  N.,  born  December  20,   1862;  married  Mary 

4.  Emma  K.,  born  July  8,  1868. 

5.  Alvin  D.,  born  November  8,  1872;  married  Mary  Yost. 
Daniel  Beyer  died  December  26,  1883. 

VII.     Albert,  born  January  8,  1832;  died  January  5,  1851. 
VIII.     Jacob,  born  June  21,  1834;  married  Carolina  Haas  in  1855. 
To  them  were  born  : 

1.  Amelia,  born  October  8,  1856;  died  July  23,  1859. 

2.  Abraham,  born  November  5,  1858;  died  in  1904. 

3.  John,  born  July  26,  i860;  died  March  1 1,  1878. 

4.  Elizabeth,    born    September    23,    1862;    married   John 

5.  Mary  Ann,  born  July  15,  1865 ;  died  December  28,  1865. 
Jacob  Beyer  died  in  July,  1910. 

IX.     Benjamin,  born  March  4,  1836;  died  April  23,  1849. 
X.     James,  born  October  29,  1838;  married  Elizabeth  Dettra  in 
1864.    To  them  were  born. 


1.  James  Irwin,  born  November  28,  1869. 

2.  May  Ella,  born  January  3,  1872. 

3.  Vernon,  born  July  29,  1874. 
James  Beyer  died  May  8,  1906. 

XI.     Franklin,  born  June  28,  1840;  died  April  16,  1852. 
XII.     Charles,  born  April  30,  1842;  died  January  18,  1848. 
XIII.     Sarah,  born  April  13,  1844;  married  James  U.  Bean  Janu- 
ary 28,  1865.    To  them  were  born  : 

1.  Ida  Jane,  born  November  26,  1865  ;  married  John  Groff. 

2.  James  Wilson,  born  October  16,  1867. 

3.  Mary  Catharine,  born  April  24,   1870;  married  John 

4.  Sarah   Elizabeth,   born    September    14,    1872;   married 
Henry  Brunner. 

James  Bean  died  July  14,  1912. 
Magdalena,  wife  of  Jacob  Beyer,  died  March  30,  1848.     He  mar- 
ried (second)  Elizabeth  Oberholtzer  in  1855. 
Jacob  Beyer  died  in  1886. 

Fifth  Generation 

Adam  "  Beyer  (Jacob,*  Jacob,^  Andrew,'  Abraham  '),  fourth  child 
of  Jacob  and  Magdalena  (Boorse)  Beyer,  was  born  in  Montgomery 
county,  Pennsylvania,  August  24,  1827.    He  married  Mary,  daughter 
of  Frederick  and  Lydia   (Umstead)   Brunner   (born  September  25, 
1828)  in  1852.     To  them  were  born  five  children: 
I.     Amelia,  born  in  1852;  died  August  10,  1853. 
II.     Jackson,  born  in  Montgomery  county,  Pennsylvania,    De- 
cember 28,  1853;  married  Mary  Elizabeth  Queal,  at  Ames, 
Iowa,  November  30,  1876. 
III.     JefTerson,  born  in  Montgomery  count}^  Pennsylvania,  Au- 
gust 2,  1855;  married  Ida  H.  Detwiler  (born  July  17,  1859) 
January  23,  1883. 
IV.     Wesley  B.,  born  April  4,    i8i;7,   in   Montgomery  county, 
Pennsylvania;  married  Addie  Thomas  (born  September  1 1, 
i8i;5)  at  Norristown,  Pennsylvania,  April  6,  1881. 

Jackson  Beyer 

jVIar'i'  Qlieal  BiaER 





V.  Harry  Brunner,  born  in  Montgomery  county,  Pennsylvania, 
August  27,  1858;  married  Jennie  Elizabeth  McElyea  (born 
in  Lee  county,  Illinois,  November  5,  1861)  April  19,  1882, 
at  Ames,  Iowa. 

Mary  (Brunner)  Beyer  died  December  19,  1866. 
Adam    Beyer   married    (second)    Elizabeth,    daughter    of 
Charles  Hendricks,  in  1870.    To  them  was  born  one  son: 
VI.     Irwin,  born  February  20,  1871.    He  was  a  soldier  during  the 
Spanish-American  War;  is  living  (1912)   in  Philadelphia, 
Adam  Beyer  was  a  carpenter  by  trade,  and  lived  in  Norristown, 
Pennsylvania,  for  many  years.     He  was  one  of  the  charter  members 
of  the  Reformed  Church  in  that  city,  of  which  church  he  remained  a 
communicant  during  his  life.    After  the  death  of  his  second  wife,  he 
made  his  home  with  his  son,  Jefferson  Beyer,  where  he  died  Novem- 
ber 18,  1910. 

Sixth  Generation 

Jackson'  Beyer  (Adam,'  Jacob,"  Jacob,'  Andrew,'  Abraham'), 
second  child  of  Adam  and  Mary  (Brunner)  Beyer,  was  born  in  Mont- 
gomery county,  Pennsylvania,  December  28,  1853;  married  Mary 
Elizabeth  Queal  November  30,  1876.  To  them  were  born  t\vo  chil- 

I.     Lucy  J.,  born  in  Ames,  Iowa,  April  1 1,  1878 ;  married  Ellis 

R.  Engelbeck  September  8,  1898. 

II.     John  Hedding,  born  in  Sheldahl,  Iowa,  March   18,   1883; 

married  Lila  Elizabeth  Beard  December  24,  1906. 

After  the  death  of  his  mother  in  1866  Jackson  Beyer  lived  on  a 

farm  with  his  grandfather,  Frederick  Brunner,  for  three  years,  at 

the  expiration  of  which  time  he  went  west,  arriving  at  Nevada,  Story 

county,  Iowa,  August  7,  1869,  where  he  remained  until  the  following 

spring,  going  from  that  place  to  Ames,  Iowa,  where  he  worked  on  a 

farm.    In  1876  he  rented  the  Queal  farm,  which  he  worked  for  three 

years;  then  entered  into  partnership  with  his  brother-in-law,  John  H. 

Queal,  in  the  lumber  business  at  Sheldahl,  Iowa.     In  the  spring  of 

1884  he  moved  with  his  family  to  Des  Moines,  Iowa,  where  J.  H. 


Queal  &  Company  had  opened  a  lumber  yard.  Jackson  Beyer  is  a 
member  of  the  Masonic  fraternity,  being  a  thirty-second  degree  Ma- 
son ;  he  is  also  a  member  of  the  order  of  Knights  of  Pythias.  He  has 
now  been  a  resident  of  Des  Moines  for  more  than  twenty-eight  years, 
where  he  is  still  looking  after  the  business  affairs  of  J.  H.  Queal  &  Co. 

Mary  Elizabeth,  second  child  of  Atchison  and  Lucy  Oletha  Queal, 
was  born  at  Fly  Creek,  Otsego  county,  New  York,  January  22,  1849; 
married  Jackson  Beyer  at  Ames,  Iowa,  November  30,  1876. 

Fly  Creek,  the  birthplace  of  Mary  Queal  Beyer,  is  a  beautiful  vil- 
lage, four  miles  from  Cooperstown,  New  York.  Here  is  standing  to- 
day the  parsonage  home  in  which  she  was  born,  the  only  change  being 
in  the  addition  of  a  porch  across  the  front  and  a  kitchen  in  the  rear  of 
the  building.  The  house  was  sold  some  years  since,  and  is  now  occu- 
pied by  a  Mr.  Simons  and  his  family.  A  new  parsonage  has  been 
built  by  the  side  of  the  church,  but  the  church  stands  today  as  it  was  in 
1849,  with  the  exception  of  new  windows  which  have  replaced  the  old 
ones,  and  the  removal  of  the  gallery. 

Mary  went  with  her  parents  to  Morrow  count}'^,  Ohio,  in  1856.  Her 
education  was  gained  in  the  district  school  of  the  neighbrohood,  with 
the  exception  of  one  year,  which  was  spent  in  attending  the  school  at 
Iberia.  Three  terms  of  school  were  taught  by  her  before  removing 
with  her  mother  to  Ames,  Iowa,  in  1871.  Here  she  taught  five  con- 
secutive terms  in  the  same  school,  living  at  home. 

After  the  marriage  of  Mary  Queal  and  Jackson  Beyer,  they  re- 
mained on  the  farm  for  three  years,  removing  in  the  fall  of  1879  to 
Sheldahl,  Iowa,  where  her  brother,  John  H.  Queal,  and  Jackson 
Beyer  entered  into  a  partnership  in  the  lumber  business,  which  is 
known  as  J.  H.  Queal  &  Company.  In  the  spring  of  1883  the  family 
went  to  Ames,  where  they  remained  one  year,  removing  to  Des 
Moines,  Iowa,  in  1884,  in  which  city  they  still  reside,  at  1027  Des 
Moines  street,  in  the  home  built  by  them  in  1893. 

Jefferson"  Beyer  (Adam,' Jacob,'  Jacob,'  Andrew,'  Abraham  '), 
third  child  of  Adam  and  Mary  (Brunner)  Beyer,  was  born  in  Mont- 

Parson. ACE  xv  V\a  Crukk,  New  \Drk,  whkrr  Author  was  born- 

Church  AT  Fi.v  Creek,  Ostego  County,  New  ^'ork,  where 
Atchison  Queal  preached,  1848-50 

Mrs.  Jennie  McElyea  Beyer 


gomery  county,  Pennsylvania,  August  2,   1855;  married   Ida  Det- 
wiler  (born  July  17,  1859)  January  23,  1883.    To  them  was  born  : 
I.     Hiram  Weldon,  born  November  22,   1884;  married  Anna 
Haas  December  26,  1905.    To  them  has  been  born  one  child : 
I.     Lester  Haas,  born  October  4,  1908. 
Jefferson  Beyer  was  for  many  years  a  farmer,  then  moved  to  Nor- 
ristovvn,  Pennsylvania,  where  he  engaged  in  the  grocery  business,  the 
son,  Hiram  Weldon,  remaining  with  his  father  until  1910,  when  he 
engaged  in  the  same  line  of  business  for  himself. 

Wesley  B.'  Beyer  (Adam,'  Jacob,'  Jacob,'  Andrew,^  Abraham  '), 
fourth  child  of  Adam  and  Mary  (Brunner)  Beyer,  was  born  in 
Montgomery  county,  Pennsylvania,  April  4,  1857;  married  Addie 
Thomas  July  6,  1881.    To  them  were  born  two  children: 

I.     Charles,  born  June  11,  1884;  is  a  civil  engineer  at  Norris- 
town,  Pennsylvania. 
II.     Etelka,  born  December  14,  1889;  living  with  her  parents  in 
Norristown,  Pennsylvania. 
Wesley  B.  Beyer  has  been  for  years  and  is  at  the  present  time  secre- 
tary for  the  corporation  of  R.  S.  Newbold  &  Son  Company,  founders, 
machinists,  and  boilermakers,  at  Norristown,  Pennsylvania. 

Harry  Brunner  "  Beyer  (Adam,'  Jacob,'  Jacob,'  Andrew,'  Abra- 
ham'), fifth  child  of  Adam  and  Mary  (Brunner)  Beyer,  was  born 
August  27,  1858;  married  Jennie  Elizabeth  McElyea  April  19,  1882, 
at  Ames,  Iowa.    To  them  were  born  three  children : 

I.  Harriet  Newell,  born  March  28,  1886,  at  Rock  Valley, 
Iowa ;  married  Dr.  Charles  H.  Stange,  dean  of  the  veterinary 
division,  Iowa  State  College,  at  Ames,  Iowa,  October  20, 
II.  Genevieve  Brunner,  born  November  10,  1887,  ^f  Rock  Val- 
ley, Iowa;  died  October  21;,  1902. 


III.  Winifred  Belle,  born  September  12,  1890,  at  Rock  Valley, 
Iowa;  died  June  10,  1908. 

Harry  Brunner  Beyer  removed  to  Iowa  from  Pennsylvania  in 
1877,  and  worked  for  his  brother  Jackson  on  the  farm.  He  was  later 
employed  by  the  firm  of  J.  H.  Queal  &  Co.  and  went  to  Rock  Valley 
in  December,  1885,  where  he  died  February  28,  1892.  His  widow, 
Jennie  McElyea  Beyer,  resides  in  Ames,  Iowa. 

Seventh  Generation 

John  Hedding'  Beyer  (Jackson,"  Adam,'  Jacob,'  Jacob,'  An- 
drew,' Abraham'),  second  child  of  Jackson  and  Mary  (Queal) 
Beyer,  was  born  at  Sheldahl,  Story  county,  Iowa,  March  18,  1883; 
married  Lila  Elizabeth  Beard,  daughter  of  Joseph  and  Alice  (Briar) 
Beard,  December  24,  1906.  To  them  have  been  born: 
I.  Jean,  born  October  16,  1909. 
II.     Jack,  born  September  8,  191 2. 

John  Hedding  Beyer  holds  a  responsible  position  in  the  office  of 
J.  H.  Queal  &  Co.,  at  East  Second  street  and  Grand  avenue,  Des 
Moines,  Iowa. 

JoHX  Hkdding  Beyer 


WILLIAM  and  SARAH  Cooper  lived  in  Boughton,  Kent,  Eng- 
land. Here  Sarah  Cooper  died,  and  in  1841  her  husband  emi- 
grated with  his  family  of  four  sons  and  two  daughters  to  America, 
finding  a  home  in  Monroeville,  Ohio,  where  the  last  years  of  his  life 
were  spent  in  the  home  of  his  daughter,  Maria  Day,  where  he  died  at 
the  age  of  eighty-four  years. 

Caleb,  son  of  William  and  Sarah  Cooper,  was  born  in  England 
August  17,  1820,  and  came  with  his  father  to  America,  also  locating 
in  Monroeville.  At  the  breaking  out  of  the  Mexican  War  he  enlisted 
as  a  soldier,  serving  his  country  with  credit,  and  at  its  close  located  at 
Plaster  Bed,  Ohio,  on  the  north  shore  of  Sandusky  Bay.  Here  he 
followed  the  cooper's  trade. 

At  Banff,  Scotland,  on  January  15,  1829,  Jeannette  McDonald  first 
saw  the  light  of  day,  and  when  but  four  years  of  age  this  little  Scotch 
lassie  came  to  America  with  her  parents,  where  she  grew  to  woman- 
hood, met  and  married  Caleb  Cooper  November  17,  1849.  Of  this 
union  were  born  four  children: 

I.  Sarah  Elizabeth,  born  October  13,  1851 ;  married  George  P. 
Engelbeck  January  4,  1870. 
II.  William  A.,  born  June  22,  1853;  married  Eliza  Howard. 
To  them  were  born  four  children.  William  A.  Cooper  and 
wife  live  in  Riverside,  California,  where  they  own  a  fine 
orange  grove. 
III.     Ranald,  born  July  10,   1857;  married  Addie  LaBour;  two 

sons.    They  are  living  in  Salina,  Kansas. 
IV.     Margaret  M.,  born  January  10,  1859;  married  John  Light- 
ner;  lives  in  Danbury,  Ohio. 


In  the  early  part  of  the  year  1851  Caleb  Cooper  bought  a  farm 
near  Gypsum,  Ohio,  to  which  they  removed  when  their  first  child  was 
but  six  months  old,  and  where  the  wife,  Jeannette  (McDonald) 
Cooper,  died  March  16,  1888,  the  husband  surviving  his  wife  nine 
years  —  dying  January  14,  1897. 

Harmon  Engelbeck  was  born  in  Ompt,  Saven,  Germany,  king- 
dom of  Hanover,  June  15,  1801.  He  married  Caroline  Fitchther 
(born  Pathen  Bone,  Middle  States,  Prussia,  January  15,  1811).  To 
them  were  born  nine  children: 

I.     William,  born  August  12,  1835. 
II.     Hermon  W.,  born  December  23,  1837;  married  Nancy  Wor- 
nell  of  Gypsum,  Ohio. 
III.     John  R.,  born  September  9,  1839. 
IV.     Henry  J.,  born  October  10,  1841. 

V.     Kathlyn  C,  born  August  10,  1843;  married  William  Slack- 
ford  of  Gypsum,  Ohio. 
VI.     Joseph  W.,  born  July  10,  1845. 
VII.     George  P.,  born  February  20,  1849. 
VIII.  )  Antoinetta,  born  February  20,  1850;  died  September  11,  185 1. 
IX.  )  Margaret,  born  February  20,  1850;  died  September  18,  1851. 
Harmon  Engelbeck  came  with  his  wife  to  America  from  Germany, 
arriving  in  this  country  March  10,  1833,  and  making  his  home  in 
New  York  until  November,  1835,  when  they  removed  to  Ohio  and 
located  on  a  farm  in  Ottawa  county,  near  Port  Clinton,  when  that 
section  of  the  country  was  new  and  the  land  unimproved.    Here  they 
spent  the  remainder  of  their  days,  Caroline  the  wife,  dying  January 
29,  1874,  her  husband  surviving  her  less  than  three  months,  his  death 
occurring  April  26,  1874. 

George  P.,  seventh  child  of  Harmon  and  Caroline  Engelbeck,  was 
born  February  20,  1849;  married  Sarah  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Caleb 

Harm(in  Exgei.beck,  RdRx  1801;  Ent.i:i.bhck,  horn  i8ii 


and  Jeannette   (McDonald)    Cooper,  at  Gypsum,  Ohio,  January  4, 
1870.    To  them  were  born  four  sons: 

I.     George,  born  April  7,  1872;  died  October  18,  1873. 
II.     Ellis  Ranald,  born  April  5,  1874;  married  Lucy  J.  Beyer,  at 
Des  Moines,  Iowa,  September  8,  1898.    To  them  have  been 
born  two  children: 

1.  Elizabeth,  born  October  3,  1899. 

2.  Ranald  Beyer,  born  August  6,  1904. 

Ellis  R.  Engelbeck  is  employed  by  J.  H.  Queal  &  Co.  as 
manager  of  one  of  the  lumber  yards  owned  by  the  firm  in 
the  city  of  Des  Moines,  Iowa. 

III.  Arthur  C,  born  July  18,  1876;  married  Bessie  Thomas  in 
1895.    To  them  has  been  born  one  child: 

I.     Ruth,  born  February  4,  1898. 

IV.  Claude  E.,  born  September  20,  1 878 ;  married  Clara  Hahnen 
September  20,  1907.    To  them  has  been  born  one  child: 

I.  Katherine,  born  February,  1909. 
The  older  sons  of  Harmon  and  Caroline  Engelbeck  served  as  sol- 
diers in  the  War  of  the  Rebellion,  but  because  of  his  youth  George  P. 
Engelbeck  was  obliged  to  remain  at  home,  where  he  assisted  his  father 
in  carrying  on  the  work  of  the  farm.  After  his  marriage  in  1870,  he 
removed  to  Victor,  Iowa,  where  the  family  resided  until  1889,  when 
they  made  their  home  in  Des  Moines.  George  P.  Engelbeck  died 
September  5,  1910;  his  widow  resides  in  Des  Moines,  Iowa. 


JOHN  ARMITAGE,  bom  July  24,  1798;  married  Elizabeth  Har- 
rold,  daughter  of  Christopher  Harrold  and  Martha  Cable  (born 
March  2,  1802)  January  21,  1819.  To  them  were  born  eleven  chil- 

I.     John  Harrold,  born  December  21,  1819;  died  March  16, 
II.     Washington,  born  April  2,  1821 ;  died  October  21,  1833. 

III.  Elizabeth,  born  November  23,  1822;  died  March  30,  1898. 

IV.  Christopher,  born  August  14,  1825  ;  died  January  25,  1855. 
V.     Theodore,  born  October  29,  1827. 

VI.     Hiram,  born  February  6,  1830;  died  1907. 
VII.     Evans,  born  January  31,  1832;  died  November  2,  1892. 
VIII.     Henry,  born  January  25,  1834. 

IX.     Susannah,  born  January  26,  1836;  died  June  12,  1888. 
X.     Harrison,  born  July  9,  1840;  died  during  Warof  Rebellion. 
XI.     Joseph,  born  January  31,  1842;  died  October  18,  1849. 

Elizabeth,  third  child  of  John  and  Elizabeth  Armitage, 
married  Edward  Barnett  Beard  (born  September  10,  1819) 
March  26,  1845,  near  Athens,  Ohio.     To  them  were  born: 

1.  Mary  Elizabeth,  born  at  Athens,  Ohio,  January  19, 
1846;  died  April  20,  1900. 

2.  Emily  Jane,  born  October  4,  1848,  Athens,  Ohio. 

3.  Christopher  Armitage,  born  October  15,  1854,  at  El- 
wood,  Iowa. 

4.  Joseph  Harrold,  born  October  15,   1854,  at  Elwood, 

5.  David  Moore,  born  October  7,  1858,  at  Elwood,  Iowa. 

6.  Abraham  Lincoln,  born  January  21,  1861,  at  Elwood, 


Schuyler  Colfax,  born  April  i,  1867,  at  Elwood,  Iowa. 
Joseph  Harrold  Beard,  born  October  15,  1854,  married 
Alma  Mae  Briar,  daughter  of  John  and  Elizabeth 
Eicher  Briar  (born  March  28,  1857)  March  28,  1882, 
at  Sigourney,  Iowa.     To  them  were  born : 

1.  Lila  Elizabeth,  born  April  26,  1883. 

2.  Clarke  Briar,  born  November  29,  1884. 




Abbott,  Elmer  E.,  259 
Abbott,  Joshua,  46 
Abbott,  Lucy  Lillian,  259 
Abbott,  Thomas,  23 
Adams,  Almaretta,  249 
Adkins,   Elizabeth,  291 
Albert,  Gilbert,   269 
Albert,  Louise,  316 
Albert,  Mary,  269 
Alderman,  Etta,  147 
Alderman,  Helen   French,    147 
Alderman,  Judson,   147 
Alderman,  Newell,    147 
Allen,  Andrew,  221 
Almy,   Georgianna,   187 
Alsworth,  Mary  Effie,  260 
Amherst,  Jeffry,  103 
Anderson,  Anna,   66 
Anderson,  Kenneth  French,  66 
Appleseed,  Johnny,  102,  163 
Appleton,  Lieut.   Francis  H.,  37 
Armitage,  Christopher,  358 
Arraitage,  Elizabeth,   358 
Armitage,  Evans,  358 
Armitage,  Harrison,   358 
Armitage,  Henry,   358 
Arraitage,  Hiram,   358 
Armitage,  John,    358 
Armitage,  John    Harrold,    354 
Armitage,  Joseph,   358 
Armitage,  Susanna,   358 
Armitage,  Washington,    358 
Arnold,  Alpha,  245,  249,  262 
Arnold,  David,  245,  248 
Arnold,  Edward,  249 
Arnold,  Harn,-,   248 
Arnold,  Mari,',  249 
Arnold,  Samuel,   248 
Arnold,  Stephen,  248,  249 
Ashley,  Samuel,  228 

Atchison,  Margaret,  264 
Atherton,  John,  77 
Atkinson,  Theodore,    100 
Auger,  Edmund,  34 

Babcock,  Artemas,  277,  278,  291 

Babcock,  Daniel,  282 

Babcock,  Eleanor,  291 

Babcock,  Electa,  29,  283 

Babcock,  Mary,   277,  278 

Babcock,  Polly,  291 

Babcock,  Robert,  291 

Baker,  Araminta,    265 

Baker,  Emma,   181 

Baker,  John,  336 

Baker,  Samuel,  265 

Baldwin,  John,  46 

Baldwin,  Jonathan,  26 

Baldwin,  Thomas,  27 

Ballard,  Samuel,  52 

Ballou,  Alpha,   235 

Ballou,  Eliza,  232,  235 

Ballou,  Ellis,    232 

Ballou,  Henry,   232 

Ballou,  Jacob  T.,  232 

Ballou,  James,  224,  230,  231,  236 

Ballou,  Mehitable,  231 

Ballou,  Orrin,  232 

Ballou,  Phoebe   Tanner,    232 

Ballou,  Thomas,  230 

Bancroft,   Roger,   84 

Bangs,  John,  290 

Bannister,   Lucy,    316 

Barber,  A.  M.,  286 

Barber,  Martha,  265 

Barfoot,  Susan,  157,  177 

Barnard,  David,   65 

Barnard,  Joseph,   66 

Barnard,  Louisa   M.,  65 

Barnard,  Sarah   F.,   65 

Barney,   Martha,   241 

Barnes,  Clarissa,  245 

Barrett,  Elizabeth,  221,  222 

Barrett,  William,  29,  30 

Barron,  Elizabeth,  26 

Bates,  Andrew,  66 

Bates,  Eleanor  French,  79,  83,  84 

Beale,  Samuel,  68 

Beale,  William,  68 

Bean,  Catharine,  335 

Bean,  Edwin,  336 

Bean,  Hannah,  335 

Bean,  Jacob,   335 

Bean,  James  U.,   340 

Bean,  Joseph,  97 

Bean,  Mary  Catharine,  340 

Bean,  Sarah,    340 

Bean,  Sarah  Elizabeth,  340 

Beard,  Abraham  Lincoln,  358 

Beard,  Christopher,  Armitage, 358 

Beard,  Clarke  Briar,   359 

Beard,  David   Moore,   358 

Beard,  Edward  Barnett,  358 

Beard,  Emily  Jane,  358 

Beard,  Joseph   Harrold,   358 

Beard,  Lila    Elizabeth,    345,    350, 

Belcher,   Gov.,  34 
Bell,  Hezekiah,  242 
Bell,  Sabina,   242 
Benedict,  Fannie    H.,    313 
Benedict,  George,   308,   313 
Benedict,  George   Barnard,    313 
Benedict,  Mabel,    313 
Bennett,  Charles,  282 
Bentley,  Betsey,  284 
Bentley,  Laura,  284 
Benton,  Loren,  242 
Benton,  Sarah,  242 
Bird,  Rev.  Samuel,  98,  99,  100 



Bisemore,   Nettie,   66 
Bishop,  Catherine,   147 
Bishop,  Jane,   143,   155 
Bishop,  Samuel,  143 
Bitnar,   William,   221 
Blanchard,  Elizabeth,   87 
Blanchard,  Grace,    87 
Blanchard,  James,  75 
Blanchard,  John,   68,  74 
Blanchard,  Joseph,  98,  99 
Bloggeft,   Thomas,    34 
Bonnell,  Lydia,  22 
Boorse,    Magdalena,    336 
Booth,   Lorinda,  282,   308 
Bordman,    William,    29 
Bostacke,  Thomas,  28 
Bowen,  James  B.,  205 
Boynton,  Alpha,    172,   236 
Boynton,  Amos,   235 
Boynton,  Harriet,  235 
Boynton,  Henry   Ballou,   235 
Boynton,  Phoebe,   235 
Boynton,  Silas,    235 
Brackett,  John,  27,  53 
Brackett,  Mary,  53 
Briar,  Alma  Mae,  359 
Briar,  John,   359 
Briggs,   Nathan,   313 
Brockway,   Reed,    157 
Brooks,  Delia,  109 
Brooks,  Dr.  P.   B.,   114 
Brown,  Nathaniel,   242 
Brown,  Orpha,  242 
Brown,  Sarah,  25 
Browne,   Will,    51 
Brownlee,  Mary  J.,  261 
Brunner,  Frederick,  340,  345 
Brunner,  Hannah,   336 
Brunner,  Henry,    340 
Brunner,  Lydia  Umstead,   340 
Brunner,  Sarah   E.,   340 
Buckingham,  Jennie,  265 
Bulson,  Ichabod,   157 
Burrage,  Hannah,   22 
Burrage,  John,  22 
Bushnell,   I.ydia,   240,   241 
Butterfield,  Catherine,  85 
Butterfield,  Esther,   86 
Butterfield,  John,  85,  86,  89 

Butterfield,  Jonas,  85,  86 
Butterfield,  Leonard,   85 
Butterfield,  Olive,   85 
Butterfield,  Rebecca,   86 
Butterfield,  Sarah,    85 
Beyer,  Abraham,  334,  335,  339 

Adam,  339,  340,  345,  349 

Albert,   339 

Alvin  D.,  339 

Amanda,   336 

Amelia,    339,    340 

Anna  Maria,  335 

Anna  Rosina,    334 

Andrew,   334,   335 

Benjamin,   339 

Charles,    340 

Cyrus,   336 

Daniel,  335,  339 

David,   335 

Elizabeth,   336,  339 

Ellen,    339 

Emma   K,   339 

Emily,  336 

Etelka,  340 

Eva,  336 

Franklin,    336,    340 

Genevieve   Brunner,   349 

Harriet  Newell,   349 

Harry  Brunner,   345,   349, 

Beye  r 




Hiram  Weldon,  349 

Irwin,    345 

Jack,    350 

Jackson,  304,  309,  340,  345, 


Jacob,  335,  336,  339,  340 
James,   339,   340 
James    Irwin,    340 
James  Wilson,  340 
Jefferson,    340,    346,    349, 

Jennie   McElyea,   350 

Jesse,  339 

John,  336,  339 

John    Hedding,    298,    345, 

Joseph,  335 
Lester  Haas,  349 
Lila  Elizabeth,  350 

Beyer,  Louise   Ann,   339 

Beyer,  Lucy  J.,  345,  357 

Beyer,  Lydia,  336 

Beyer,  Margaret  Schwenk,  336 

Beyer,  Martha  Jane,  336 

Beyer,   Mary,   349 

Beyer,  Mary  Ann,  336,  339 

Beyer,  Mary   Brunner,   345 

Beyer,   Mary  Magdalene,   339 

Beyer,  Mary    Queal,     300,     340, 

346,   350 
Beyer,  May  Ella,  340 
Beyer,  Rachel,  335,  336 
Beyer,  Rosanna,  335 
Beyer,  Samuel,  336 
Beyer,  Sarah  Jane,   336 
Beyer,  Sophie   H.,   339 
Beyer,  Susanna,   335 
Beyer,  Theodore,   336 
Beyer,  Vernon,  340 
Beyer,  Wesley  B.,  340,  349 
Beyer,  William,  339 
Beyer,  William   N.,   339 
Beyer,  Winifred  Belle,  350 
Burnside,  Gen.,  325 

C.\LDWEI,L,  Harriet  N.,   65 
Caldwell,  Jefferson,  65 
Caldwell,  Myra   A.,   65 
Campbell,  James,  224 
Cane,  Christopher,  34 
Capron,  Capt.  Oliver,  228 
Carmer,  Jessie,  20 
Carpenter,  Sybil,  223,  224 
Cary,  Walter,  155 
Casselburger,  Durk,   334 
Casselburger,  Susanna,   334 
Chawick,  John,   52 
Chamberlain,  Belle,    158,    197 
Chamberlain,  Wm.,  40,  46,   59 
Chamm,   Sam'l,  46 
Champion,   Joshua,   293 
Champney,  Daniel,  59,  60 
Champney,  Mary,  25,  27 
Champney,  Richard,   25 
Chapman,  Arthur,   259 
Chapman,  Jonathan,   163 
Chapman,  Sarah,  259 
Chase,   Levi,   284 



Cheavers,  Thomas,  52 
Cheseboro,  Edwin,   157 
Chesbro,   Nicholas,  285 
Childs,  John,  28 
Childs,  Hannah,    60 
Cipperly,  David,  157 
Clapp,  John,   235 
Clark,  Alva,   227,   228 
Clark,  Angeline,  228 
Clark,  Daniel,   235 
Clark,  Edwin,  227 
Clark,  Eliza,  228 
Clark,  Eliza  Cram,  227 
Clark,  Elizabeth,  228 
Clark,  Eunice,  228 
Clark,  Harvey   Cunning,   227 
Clark,  James  Stone,  227,  228 
Clark,  Jesse,   227 
Clark,  Laura,  232 
Clark,  Luna,  227 
Clark,  Sarah  Louisa,  227 
Clark,  Sebra,   227 
Clark,  Stephen,   227 
Clement,  Sarah,  96,  98 
Clevenger,  Mary,  158,  184 
Clogston,    Paul,    104 
Coddington,  Emma,  265 
Coggan,  Abigail,  22 
Coe,  Allan,  261 
Coe,  Sibbel,  261 
Cole,  Bell,    147 
Cole,  Mary,  224 
Collin,   John,  21 
Combs,  Jonathan,  88 
Comstock,  Lovina,  248 
Connett,  Albert,   268 
Connett,  Edward,  268 
Connett,  Ida,  268 
Connett,  Malon,  268 
Connett,  Maria,   268 
Conroy,  Elizabeth,  274 
Conroy,  Luke,   274 
Convers,  Mary,  27 
Converse,  Josiah,  53,  55,  56 
Covington,  Ella,  250 
Cook,  Ellen,  no 
Cook,  James,  224 
Cooke,  Captaine,  34 
Cooke,  Colonel  Geo.,  37 

Cooke,  Joseph,  37 

Cooley,  Charles,  269 

Cooley,  James  B.,  269 

Cooley,  Mary  Estelle,   269 

Cooper,  Caleb,  353 

Cooper,  Eliza,  353 

Cooper,  Sarah,    353 

Cooper,  Sarah  E.,  354 

Cooper,  William,  353 

Covvles,  William,  147 

Crafts,  E.  G.,  152 

Crafts,  Rev.  W.  F.,   303 

Crane,  Delia,   228 

Crane,  Eliza,  228 

Crane,  Evan  Joseph,  228 

Crane,  Florence,  228 

Crane,  George,  228 

Crane,  Marion,  228 

Crane,  Rosetta,  228 

Crocker,  Minnie,  248 

Crockett,   Moses,   65 

Croe,   John,   41 

Crosby,  Joseph,   28 

Crosby,  Josiah,  25 

Crosby,  Sarah,  60 

Crosby,  Simon,  51,  52,  55 

Cummings,  Addie,  66 

Cummings,  Easter,  85 

Cummings,  Elizabeth,  78,   84,   87 

Cummings,  Elizabeth  French,  85 

Cummings,  Isaac,  68 

Cummings,  James,    86 

Cummings,  John,   62,   68,   71,   74, 

78,  84,  85,  86,  87,  88 
Cummings,  Jonathan,  88 
Cummings,  Katy,  86 
Cummings,  Lucy,  86 
Cummings,   Molly,    86 
Cummings,   Nathaniel,  88 
Cummings,  Olive,   85 
Cummings,  Rebecca,   85 
Cummings,  Sarah,   27,   62,   68 
Cummings,  Thomas,  68 
Curtis,  Mrs.  Mary,  25 

Dane,  Francis,  221 
Danforth,  Jacob,  46 
Danforth,  Jonathan,    40,    43,    46, 
48,   5i>   53,   56 

Danforth,  Rhoda,  84 
Danforth,  Sarah,   25 
Danforth,  Samuel,  97 
Danforth,  Thomas,  30 
Davis,  Elizabeth,    85 
Davis,  Jefferson    T.,    181 
Davis,  Minnie,   320 
Davy,    Charlotte,    292 
Day,  Calvin,   242 
Day,  Maria,  353 
Day,  Sarah,  242 
Day,  Steeven,    29 
Dean,  Sarah  M.,  2S2,  319 
De   Mars,  Rose,   270 
Deltra,  Elizabeth,    339 
Deltra,  Hannah,    339 
Detwiler,  Ida  H.,  340,  349 
Devanpeck,  Charles,   157 
Dickinson,  Castor,  104 
Doolittle,  Col.   Ephriam,  228 
Dovvne,  William,  97 
Dudley,  Thomas,   34 
Dunham,  Ephriam,   284 
Dunklin,  Mary,  60 
Dunklin,  Nathaniel,  28 
Dustin,   Hannah,   78 
Dutro,  Mrs.  Rufus,  232 

Easton,  Delia  C,  250 
Easton,  Otis   M.,   250 
Eaton,  John,  222 
Eaton,  Ruth,    222 
Eicher,   Elizabeth,   359 
Elder,  Lydia,   158,   197 
Eliot,  John,    39 
Eliot,  Robert,   22 
Elliott,  Major,  327,  328 
Ellis,  Benjamin,  224 
Ellis,  Elizabeth,  53 
Ellis,  Rebecca,   231 
Ellis,  Richard,   53 
Engelbeck,  Antoinnetta,  354 
Eiigelbeck,  Arthur  C,  357 
Engelbeck,  Bessie  Thomas,   357 
Engelbeck,  Caroline,   357 
Engelbeck,  Claude  E.,  357 
Engelbeck,   Elizabeth,    357 
Engelbeck,  Ellis  R.,   357 
Engelbeck,  George,   354 



Engelbeck,  George   P.,    353,    354, 

Engelbeck,  Harmon,   354,   357 
Engelbeck,  Henrj-  J.,  354 
Engelbeck,   Hermon,    354 
Engelbeck,  John  R.,  354 
Engelbeck,  Joseph  W.,   354 
Engelbeck,  Katharine,    357 
Engelbeck,  Margaret,    354 
Engelbeck,  Ranald,  353,  357 
Engelbeck,  Ruth,    357 
Engelbeck,  Sarah   Elizabeth,    353 
Engelbeck,  William,  354 
Ernst,   G.  VV.,  286 
Esmay,  Ruth,  273 
Essex,  John,  284 
Estabrook,  Mary,  83,  84 
Estabrook,  Sarah,   65 
Evans,  Emily,  232 
Evarts,  Lua  Elizabeth,  259 

Farley,  Achsa,  283 
Farley,  George,  40,  43,  44,  46,  48 
Farnum,   Sarah,  221 
Farwell,  Henry,  67,  68,  91 
Ferris,  Eliza,    143 
Ferris,  George,  143,   155 
Ferris,  Hannah,  143,  155 
Ferris,  Lucy  Jane,  143,  155 
Ferris,  Marah,   144,   156 
Ferris,  Nancy,  143,   151,   156 
Ferris,  Orva,   285 
Ferris,  Philo,  144,  156 
Ferris,  Phoebe,  144,  156 
Ferris,  Polly  Lodema,  144,  156 
Ferris,  Watson,  144,  156 
Ferris,  Wesley,   143,  155 
Fitchther,   Caroline,   354 
Fields,  Mrs.  C.  E.,  270 
Fletcher,  Catherine,   86 
Fletcher,  Elizabeth,   86 
Fletcher,  Isaac,  86 
Fletcher,  James,  25 
Fletcher,  Joseph,   86 
Fletcher,  Lucinda,   86 
Fletcher,   Molly,   86 
Flint,  Betsey,  241 
Flint,  Daniel,   161,  197,  245,  253, 
254,  261 

Flint,  Henry,  261 

Flint,  Horatio,   281,   307,    308 

Flint,  Jacob,   242 

Flint,  Mary,  236,  237,  255,  262 

Flint,  Mehitable,  245,  253 

Flint,  Sharilie,    178 

Flint,  Stephen  S.,  178,  161 

Foster,  Thomas,  48,  55 

Fowler,  Jane  A.,  67 

Fowler,  Laura,    242 

Fox,  Betsey,  279 

Foxcroft,    Ira,    73 

French,  Aaron,  96,  106,  125,  155, 

French,  Abbie,   197 
French,  Abigail,  23,  27,  28 
French,  Alice   (Octave  Thanet), 

28,  67 
French,  Alice  Gertrude,  202 
French,  Alta,  144 
French,  Alva,  155,  158,  168,  197, 

198,  201,   203,   214 
French,  Amanda,   144 
French,  Anna  E.,  66 
French,  Augusta  E.,  113 
French,  Augustus,   86 
French,  Bayard  Taylor,   184 
French,  Benjamin,   24,   66,   86   93 
French,  Belle,    i88 
French,  Betsey,  24,  86,  no 
French,  Bridget,  84,  87 
French,  Calvin  D.,  158,  168,  201, 

202,  203,  204,  216 
French,  Carson,   113 
French,  Charles  E.,   109 
French,  Charles  Jefferson,   65 
French,  Charlotte,   62,   86,   119 
French,   Chauncey,  147,  151,  152, 

155,  201 
French,  Cidney  E.,  187 
French,  Clara,  n6,  119,  131,  135 
French,  Clare  Vernon,  158 
French,   Clarence  Walters,   187 
French,  Clement,    106,    114,    115, 

116,  123,  131,  134,  135,  136 
French,   Cordelia  J.,  67 
French,  Dallas   A.,    147 
French,  David,  24,  26,  87,  96 

French,  Dewitt  Clinton, 
French,  Dwight,   io6,   115 
French,  Ebenezer,  25,  62,  65,  67, 

71,  80,   81,   87 
French,  Ebenezer     Smead,      no, 

113,  116 
French,  Edward,  22 
French,  Edward  Beecher,  65 
French,  Eleazer,  62,  82 
French,  Elizabeth,  21,  22,  23,  24, 

25.  27,  30,  33,  47,  62,  84,  85,  93, 

94.   96.   97.   "6.   156.   168,   175, 

179,  184,  187,  245 
French,  Ellen,   109 
French,  Ellen  W.,  66 
French,  Emma,  109 
French,  Ephraim,  24 
French,  Estella  J.,  67 
French,  Esther,  26,  86 
French,  Francis,  22,  109 
French,  Franklin,   106 
French,  Frederick,   87 
French,  Garfield,   187 
French,  George  M.,   65 
French,  Gilbert,    178 
French,  Gilbert  Edward,  177 
French,  Gordon  R.,  187 
French,  Hannah,   23,   24,   27,   28, 

33.  47.   56,   59.  62 
French,  Harriet,  147,  187 
French,  Harry  G.,  176 
French,  Harriet  Gilberta,  178 
French,  Harry  Seward,  177 
French,  Hebzibeth,    no 
French,  Helen  Beatrice,  187 
French,  Helen  Melissa,  147 
French,  Henry,  135 
French,  Henry  S.,  65 
French,  Herbert   George,    187 
French,  Hiram,   144,  151,   155 
French,  Howard  A.,  187 
French,  Ira,  105,  106,  109,  115 
French,  Jabez,  26 
French,  Jacob,  24,  25,  27,  33,  52, 

French,  James  M.,  67,   147 
French,  James  Thomas,  157,  158, 

168,  176,  177 
French,  Jane,  109 



French,  Jared  A.,   144 

French,  Jefferson,  65 

French,  J.  Fred,  178 

French,  Jerrymya,  22 

French,  Joel,  24 

French,  John,  21,  22,  23,  24,  26, 

33t  53i  62,  65,  66,  67,  71,  81,  88, 

155,  168,   178 
French,  John  M.,  Dr.,  68 
French,  Jonathan,  24,  25,  26,  67, 

96.  133 
French,  John  Seward,  157,  177 
French,  John  William,  65 
French,  Joseph,  22,  24,  25,  26,  62, 

84,  85,  87,  88,  91,  93,  96,  97,  99 
French,  Josiah,   84,   86,   105,   123, 

125,  126 
French,  Julia,  119,  144 
French,  Katherine,  86 
French,  Katherine  May,  202 
French,  Laura  Alfaretta,  184 
French,  Leslie  Ray,  187 
French,  Leslie  Russell,   i68,   176, 

French,  Lewis  M.,  201 
French,  Lucius,   110 
French,  Lucy,  26,  87,  106,  109,  130 
French,  Lucy   May,   187 
French,  Lucy    Olettra,    157,    161, 

293,  294,  297,  298 
French,  Lusannah,  119,  124,  143 
French,  Lydia,  26 
French,  Malinda   Keech,   187 
French,  Marcena,  147 
French,   Marietta,   143 
French,  Marshall,    155 
French,  Martin  M.,  194,  197 
French,  Martin  V.,  147,  155 
French,  Marvin,   158,    194 
French,  Mary,  21,  22,  26,  28,  33, 

47,   56,   66,   109,   113,   147,   153, 

176,  179,  180 
French,   Mary  Clevenger,  184 
French,  Mary  Suzanne,  178 
French,  Mehitable,  24 
French,  Molly,  84 
French,  Nancy  Almeda,  147,  155, 

French,  Nancy  M.,  147 

French,  Nathaniel,  24 

French,  Neheraiah,  24 

French,  Nellie,  no,  177 

French,  Nettra,  187 

French,  Nicholas,  26 

French,  Olive,  no 

French,  Oliver,  26 

French,  Orin,  113 

French,  Orva  Martin,  201 

French,  Oscar  L.  R.,  155,  158,  184, 

188,  189,  193,  203,  214,  300 
French,  Polly,  157 
French,  Priscilla,   26 
French,  Rebecca,  85,  105,   147 
French,  Rhoda,  65 
French,  Richard,  67 
French,  Richard   Calvin,   20i 
French,  Root,   109,   115 
French,  Rose,  no 
French,  Sadie,  67 
French,  Salphronius,  68,  106,  113, 

114,  115,  Ii6,  120 
French,  Sampson,  86,  93,  96,  97, 

98,  99,  100,  103,   119 
French,  Samson,    105,    113,    116, 

119,  120,  123,  124,  125,  128,  134, 

135.  136,  143.  151,  155.  156.  157. 
158,  161,  162,  163,  164,  165,  166, 
167,  168,  171,  175,  179,  184,  201, 

245.  253,  298 
French,  Samson  Babb,  187 
French,  Samuel,  26,  27,  62,  67,  68, 

71,  72,  73.  74.  75.  77,  7^.  80,  81, 

84,  87,  88,  93 
French  Sarah,  23,  24,  26,  27,  28, 

33.  47.  56.  59.  62,  65,  66,  67,  84, 

105,  126 
French,  Sarah  Elizabeth,  65 
French,  Seldon,  178 
French,  Seward  H.,  201,  202 
French,  Sherman  Queal,  187 
French,  Silas,  26 
French,  Stephen,  24 
French,  Stephen  Henry,   157 
French,  Submit,  105,  106,  130 
French,  Susan,  65,  66,  178,  179 
French,  Susannah,   84 
French,  Sydney  J.,  147 
French,  Tabitha,  24 

French,  Thelismar,  144,  155 

French,  Theodore,   84 

French,  Thomas,   21,   22,   84,   86, 

87,  105,  123,  128,  129,  133,  143, 

144,  146,  148,  151,  152,  155,  156, 

157,  161,  246 
French,  Timothy,  26 
French,  Walter  H.  M.,  67 
French,  Wendell  P^,  187 
French,  William,  22,  23,   24,   25, 

29,  30,  53,  66,  71,  72 
French,  Lieut.    William,    22,    27, 

28,  32,  34.  37.  38.  39,  40.  43.  44. 

45,  46.  47.  48.  51,  52,  60,  62,  7J 
Frost,  Benjamin,  2i 
Frost,  Edmond,   34 
Frost,  Elizabeth,  24 
Frost,  Joseph,   23 
Fuller,  A.  C,  290 
Fuller,  Barnabus,  285 
Fuller,  John,  52 
Fuller,  Jonathan,   62 
Fuller,  Joshua,  52 
Fuller,  Samuel,  223 

Gainsby,  Caroline,  260 
Gainsby,  Ralph  W.,  260 
Gainsby,  Roseltha,  260 
Cjarfield,  Abram,  232,  235 
Garfield,  Eliza,  172,  232,  236,  237 
Garfield,  James,  172 
Garfield,  James  Abram,  235,  236, 

237.  238 
Garfield,  Mary,  235 
Garfield,  Mehitable,  232 
Garfield,  Thomas,  232 
Gaylord,  Orville,   274 
Gibbs,  George   H.,   250 
Gibbs,  Jennie  V.,  250 
Gier,  Casander,  228 
Gifford,  Susie,  320 
Gill,  Elizabeth,  248 
Gillespie,  Edna  A.,  282,  330 
Gillespie,  Kate  E.,  282 
Gillies,  Mary  Lodema,  259 
Gilman,  James  Bruce,  273 
Gilmore,  Frank,  246 
Gloner,  Mrs.,  34 
Going,  Elizabeth,  259 



Goodenough,  Giles,  157 
Gookinge,   Capt.,  47,  61 
Goold,  John,  68 
Goold,  Samuel,  68,  78 
Gould,  John,  Dr.,  320 
Graves,  Amos,  282 
Graves,  Catherine,  282 
Graves,  Daniel,  283 
Graves,  Jesse,  283 
Graves,  Martha,  282 
Graves,  Marj',  281,  282 
Graves,  Orin,  283 
Graves,  Phineas,  283 
Graves,  Reuben,  282 
Graves,  Sally,  282 
Graves,  Samuel,    282 
Graves,  William,  282 
Gray,  Mary,  259 
Green,  Hen.,  52 
Gregory,  Caroline,  227 
Groff,  Ann,  176 
Groff,  Ida  Jane,  340 
GrofJ,  John,  340 

Haas,  Anna,  349 
Haas,  Caroline,  339 
Hadden,  Katherine,  34 
Hahnen,  Clara,  357 
Hall,  Samuel,  366 
Hall,  Sarah  J.,  282,   320 
Halley,  Mary  Littell,  201 
Hallock,  Mrs.,  157 
Hamblet,  Susanna,  62 
Hand,  Joseph,  239 
Hanor,  Abbie,  274 
Harper,  Jane,  232 
Harrington,  Cynthia,  113 
Harrington,  Sally,  io6,  109 
Harvard,  Rev.  John,  38 
Hassell,  Joseph,  68 
Hatch,  Col.,  327,  338 
Hawks,  Dr.,   114 
Hawks,  Elizabeth,  106 
Hawley,  Martin,  136 
Hedges,  Col.  Sidney  M.,  338 
Hedstrom,  Porter,  290 
Hellinger,  George,   184 
Heminway,  George,  260 
Heminway,  Lucy,  260 

Heminway,  Mar\',  260 

Heminway,   Millie,  260 

Heminway,  Nannie,  260 

Hill,  Elizabeth,  25 

Hill,  Joanna,  25 

Hill,  Ralph,  Jr.,  40,  44,  46 

Hill,  Ralph,   Sr.,  40,  43,  46,  48, 

Hill,  Patrick,    56 
Hendricks,  Charles,   345 
Hendricks,  Elizabeth,  345 
Hepburn,  Major,  328 
Hiscock,  Polly,  105,  143,  148 
Hoag,  Solomon,  242 
Hogue,  C.  W.,  262 
Hogue,  Luella  Eliza,  262 
Holmes,  Sarah  E.,  66 
Hooker,  Rev.,  33 
Hoover,  Mary    Elida,    252,    254, 

Hoover,  Stephen  Delbert,  250 
Hoover,  William   H.,  252 
Hoover,  William  O.,  252 
Hosmer,  Susan,  65 
Hotchkiss,  Almira,    262 
Hotchkiss,  Benjamin,    262 
Houghton,   Sarah,   282,   314 
Howard,  Portia,  224 
Howe,  John,  240 
Howland,  Frank,   113 
Howland,  Isaac,  113 
Howland,  Nellie,  113 
Howland,  William,  113 
Huber,  Mary,  339 
Hudson,  J.   S.,   147 
Hudson,  Rebecca,  155 
Hutton,  Clymena,  260 
Hutton,  Robert,   260 
Hurd,  Jacob,    52 
Hurd,  Mary  A.,   109 
Hutchinson,  John,  98 
Hyde,  Jonathan,  22,  53 

Ingalls,  Abram,  224,  232 
Ingalls,  Alithea,    223 
Ingalls,  Alpha,   227 
Ingalls,  Ann,  220,  222 
Ingalls,  Candace,  224 
Ingalls,  Ebenezer,  223,  224 

Ingalls,  Edmund,  220,  223 

Ingalls,  Eliza,  227 

Ingalls,  Elizabeth,  221,  223,  224 

Ingalls,  Faith,  221 

Ingalls,  Francis,   220 

Ingalls,  Frederick,    223 

Ingalls,  Hannah,   224 

Ingalls,  Henry,     219,     221,     223, 

224,  228,  229,  230,  245 
Ingalls,  Hiram,  224 
Ingalls,  Isaac,   224 
Ingalls,  James,   232 
Ingalls,  John,   221,   222 
Ingalls,  Lois,  223 
Ingalls,  Lucy,  227,  242,  245 
Ingalls,  Mark',   222,   224 
Ingalls,  Mehitable,  223,  224,  230, 

Ingalls,  Olive,    224 
Ingalls,  Robert,   219,   221 
Ingalls,  Roxey,  224 
Ingalls,  Rufus,  224 
Ingalls,  Ruth,  224 
Ingalls,  Sabia,   224 
Ingalls,  Samuel,    222 
Ingalls,  Sarah,  221 
Ingalls,  Sebra,  227 
Ingalls,  Sybil,   227,   230 
Ives,  Frank,   313 
Ivory,  William  A.,  177 

Jackman,  Luthera,  65 

Jeffrey,   James,   81 

Jeifts,   Henry,  40,  46,   59 

Jewett,  David,   85 

Jewett,  Elizabeth,   85 

JeweH,  Jacob,  85 

Jewett,  James,  85 

Jewett,  John,  85 

Jewett,  Leonard,  85 

Jewett,  Lucy,    85 

Jewett,  Ralph  Winslow,  85 

Johnson,  Dolly   French,    143,   155 

Johnson,  George,    148 

Johnson,  Sally,    106 

Jones,  Katie,   268 

Jones,  Libbie,    158,    201 

Jones,  Margaret,  76 

Judd,  Mary  Ann,  291 



Keayne,  Robert,  37 

Keech,  Cidney  Ellen,  158,  184 

Keeler,  Mina,  113 

Kegley,  Frank,  304 

Kelley,  Carmi,   184 

Kelley,  Lucy  May,   184 

Kelley,  Rhoda,  242 

Keltuer,  Allen,   292 

Keltner,  Isabelle,  292 

Kelton,  James,  223 

Kelton,  Daniel,  29 

Keyes,  Barney,    204 

Kidder,  Epiiraim,   24 

Kidder,  Thomas,    46 

Kingsbury,  Lois  Permelia,  260 

Kirk,  John,   250,   251,   254 

Kirk,  Lucy   Helen,   250,   251 

Kirk,  Stephen    Efner,   250 

Kittredge,  Dr.  John,  23 

Kline,  Margaret,   335 

Kline,  Samuel,  335 

Klock,  Catherine,  282,  319 

Knapp,  Theodore,   176 

Kook,  Angeline,  339 

Kook,  Catherine  Ann,  339 

Kook,  David,  339 

Kook,  Franklin,  339 

Kook,  Jacob,   339 

Kook,  Sarah  Elizabeth,  339 

Kossulman,   Helen,  259 

Kresinger,   Frank,  202 

La   Bour,   Addie,   353 

La   Moree,  Phoebe,   106 

Landers,  Capt.  Frank,  115 

Larrabee,  Marenas,   235 

Larrabee,  Sarah,   282 

Lathrop,   Thomas,   28 

Lee,  Alamanson,    147 

Lee,  Charles,   155 

Lee,  Daniel,   155 

Lee,   Edwin,    147 

Lee,  Harriet,   152,   155 

Lee,  Morris,  150,  155,  156 

Lee,  Nathaniel,  105,  126 

Lee,  Parley,  133,  136 

Lee,  Polly,   135,   136,   155,   156 

Lee,  Polly  Jane,   148 

Lee,  Roland,   135 
Lee,  Sarah,    136 
Leppere,  A.  Hamilton,  65 
Lewis,  Benj.,    47 
Lewis,  Cyrus,   342 
Lewis,  Dr.   A.,   274 
Lewis,  Burdette,    274 
Lewis,   Herbert,  274 
Lightner,  John,    353 
Lightner,  Margaret,  35 
Linderman,   Mina  Olive,  259 
Littlefield,  Francis,  23 
Littlefield,  Mary,   23 
Lolendine,  John,  68 
Loomis,  B.   N.,   152 
Loomis,  Frank,   152 
Loomis,  Ida,    147 
Lovejoy,  W.  Luzerne,  66 
Lovewell,  Caty   (Honey),  84 
Lovewell,  John,  Jr.,  68,  78,  88 
Lovewell,  Jonathan,  100 
Lovewell,  Joseph,   68 
Lovewell,  Mollie,    86 
Luddin,    Eunice,    223 
Lund,  Thomas,  68,  80 
Lyon,   Hepsibah,   106 

McDonald,  Jeannette,  353,  354, 

McElyea,    Jennie    Elizabeth,    345 

McKenzie,  Alexander,  33 
Mclntyre,  Chauncey,   144,   155 
Mclntyre,  Ebenezer,  144,  155 
Mclntyre,  Franklin,   144,   155 
Mclntyre,  Marcena,  144 
Mclntyre,  Polly,   144,   155 
Mclntyre,  Thomas,    144,    155 
McNall,  Charles,   262 
McNall,  Effie  Mae,  262 
McNall,  Elmer,  262 
McNall,  Elmer  E.,  263 
McNall,  Nathan,  262 
McNall,  S.  Efner,  262 
McNall,  Sibbel,  245,  262 
McNall,  Stephen,   262 
McNall,  William,   245,   261,   262 
McNamer,  John  L.,  286 

McPeak,  Henry,  303 

Mace,  Priscilla,  24 

Magee,  Selina,  265 

Magee,  William,   265 

Mallory,  Harriet,  281,  292 

Man,   William,   34 

Mann,  Mary,  224 

Manning,  Benjamin,  26 

Manning,  William,  27 

Marshall,  John,  46 

Mason,  John,  98 

Meade,  John,  21 

Meaker,  Bradley,  310 

Meaker,  Martha    (Queal),    310, 

Meaker,  Robert  Queal,  310 
Merchant,  Phineas,   106 
Merchant,  Submit   (Mrs.),  136 
Metz,  Elizabeth,   336 
Metz,  John,  336 
Metz,  Joseph,  336 
Metz,  Mary,  336 
Metz,  Rachel,  335 
Mickrals,   Fannie,   265 
Miller,  Grace,    201 
Miller,  Susan,  336 
Minor,   Callie,  250 
Mitchell,  Jonathan,  33 
Mooar,  Mrs.    Mehitable,    25 
Mooar,  Priscilla,  26 
Mooers,   Edmund,   103 
Moon,  Julia,  242 
Moore,  Louisa,   265,   268 
Moore,  Mary,  265 
Morgan,  Festus,    105 
Morgan,  Wendel,    313 
Morrell,  S.  W.,  284 
Morrill,  Abraham,  29 
Morton,  Adelgetha,  66 
Morton,  Chandler,    66 
Morton,  Charles  Frank,   66 
Morton,  Eudora,   66 
Morton,  Henry,   66 
Morton,  Howell,   66 
Morton,  Naamah,   66 
Mounts,   Flora,   268 
Mounts,    Karah,    197 
Mowat,  Anna,  251 


Mowat,  Guy,  251 

Needles,  Thomas,  227 
Neff,    Mary,   78 
Nelson,  Jennie,   304 
Newton,  Charles,   292 
Newton,  Mary,   292 
Nichols,  Ferd,   197 
Nichols,  John  D.,  37 
Nichols,  William,   286 
Nigh,  Alice  Henshaw,  304 
Norton,    Grace,   239 
Norval,   Agnes,    no 
Nourse,  Catherine,   282 
Nourse,  Lucy,  282 

Oberhoi.tzer,  Catherine,  339 
Oberholtzer,  Elizabeth,  340 
Orcutt,  Ina  M.,  178 
Osborne,  Elbert,  290 
Osgood,  Christopher,  47 
Osgood,  John,  Jr.,   103 
Osgood,  Mary,  221 

Page,  Julius,   136 
Palmerlee,  Albert,   260 
Palmerlee,  Asa,  245,  259,  260 
Palmerlee,  Charles,  260 
Palmerlee,  Earl,  260 
Palmerlee,  Efner,   259,   260 
Palmerlee,  Franklin  D.,   259 
Palmerlee,  Fred,  260 
Palmerlee,  Helen,   260 
Palmerlee,  Heman,   260 
Palmerlee,  Henry,   259 
Palmerlee,  Herbert,  260 
Palmerlee,  Hoel,  260 
Palmerlee,  James,  260 
Palmerlee,  Joseph,  260 
Palmerlee,  Lucy,  245,  260,  262 
Palmerlee,  Mark,    260 
Palmerlee,  Mary,   260 
Palmerlee,  Myrtle,   260 
Palmerlee,  Seward,   259 
Palmerlee,  Stephen,   260 
Parker,  Benjamin,   23 
Parker,  James,    40,    46 
Parker,  John,  40,  43,  44,  46,  48 


Parker,  Lucinda,    105 


Parker,  Lucy,   248 


Parker,  Robert,   40 


Parker,  Sally,  245 


Parks,   Mary  E.,   67 


Parmalee,   Caroline,  242 


Parris,  Robert,   68 


Passmore,  Jacob,   231 


Passmore,  Lydia,   231 


Patterson,    James,   46 


Patten,   Mehitable,   23 


Pattin,  William,  40,  46 


Paul,  David,  246 


Paul,  Delilah,  247 


Peabody,   Wallace,  66 


Peake,  Jonathan,    24,    53 


Peake,  Sophia,   242 


Pfleiger,   John,   339 


Pendell,  Frank,    113 


Pendell,  Nellie,  96  124 


Pennick,  George,  336 


Perrin,   30 


Perry,  Obadiah,  68,  74 


Pette,    Moses,    282 


Phillips,  Julia,   155 


Phillips,  Levi,    144 


Pierce,  D.,    99 


Pierce,  Eliza,  65 


Pike,  Rosella,  65 


Pope,  General,   326 


Pope,  Olive,   106 


Porter,  Lois,  262 


Porter,  Merritt,   262 


Prentice,  Jno.,    52 


Prentice,  Thomas,   Jr.,   62 


Prentice,  Thomas,    Sr.,    52 


Price,  Matilda  J.,  232 


Printup,  David,   260 


Printup,  Lucy,   260 


Printup,   Marion,  260 


Proctor,  Robert,   68 


Proctor,  Sarah,    62 



QuEAL,  Abbie  Smith,  269,  274 


Queal,  Albert  F.,  265 


Queal,  Alice,  308,  313,  319 


Queal,  Alice  Hubbel,  319 


Anna,  265 
Arthur,   319 

Atchison,    157,    162,    184, 
290,    292,    293,    294,    297, 
299,  300,  308,  330,  346 
Catherine,   269 
Charles   P.,   292 
Dudley,   273 
E.   Barber,   265 
Elizabeth,   274,   281 
Ellen   M.,  292 
Frank,    265 

Frances    Gradwohl,    330 
Fred,   273 
George,   273 
George   C,   274,   281 
George  W.,  268 
Harry  B.,   316,   320 
Hedding  H.,  292,  294 
Herbert  Paul,   320 
Iri'ing,  309,  314,  316 
Irving  Wyatt,   330 
James,  282,  321 
James   Hall,    320 
Jane,  268,  269,  274 
John,  264,  269,  270,  273 
John     Henry,     293,    299, 

304.   307,  3i«,  345 
John   Oscar,  265 
Josephine   Elma,    330 
Kate   Gillespie,   314 
Katherine   M.,   319 
Kittle  Sara,  320 
Lena,  270 

Lucy    French,    155,    281, 
299,   300,  346 
Lucy  Mary,  316,  319 
Luke  C,  282,  319,  320,  321 
Margaret,  274,  275 
Margaret  Atchison,   269 
Martha,  281,  307 
Martha  Amelia,  308,  310 
Martha   Barber,    265 
Mary,  274,  281,  290,  291, 
298,  321,  322,  323,  332 
Mary  Elizabeth,  293,  345, 

Queal,  Alexander,  269,  270,   274    Queal,  Mary  Graves,  281,  308 

Queal,  Mary   Matilda,   319 
Queal,  Michael,  264,  265,  268 
Queal,  McLean,  269 
Queal,  Orin    H.,    282,    309,    316, 

330.  331.  332 
Queal,  Paul    A.,    282,    320,    325, 

326,  327,  329,  330 
Queal,  Philip  G.,  265 
Queal,  Ralph   W.,    316 
Queal,  Richison,   281,   291 
Queal,  Robert,  264,  27+,  277,  278, 

Queal,  Robert  F.,  282,  303,  304, 

313.   314.   315.   316.   332 
Queal,  Sally  Waterman,   274 
Queal,  Sarah   Anna,   273 
Queal,  Sarah    Hall,    321 
Queal,  Sarah  Houghton,  314 
Queal,  Sheldon   Gillespie,   330 
Queal,  Smith    B.,   265 
Queal,  William,    264,    265,    268, 

Queal,  William   Booth,    308 
Queal,  William  S.,  269,  274 
Queal,  William     G.,     282,     307, 

308,  309,  310,  320 
Queal,  William   Henry,   265 
Queal,  William  McLean,  269,  273 
Queal,  William  N.,  270,  274,  292 
Queal,  William  C,  269,  274,  277, 

278,   281,   282,    283,   284,    285, 

286,   289,   290,   291,    307,    308, 

321,   322,  323,  332 

Reed,   Christopher,   68 
Remington,   Jonathan,   93,   96 
Rendall,   Ann,  283 
Riggs,  Clara,  262 
Richardson,  Jonathan,    24 
Richardson,  Sibil,  84 
Richison,   Mary,  274 
Rickerd,  Catherine,  335 
Rittenhouse,  Daniel,   335 
Rittenhouse,  Rachel,   335 
Rhodes,  Emma,  270 
Robinson,  Dee,  251 
Robinson,   Virginia,   251 
Rogers,  John,   23 
Rogers,  John  H.,  205 


Rogers,  John,  Sr.,  46,  48,   55 

Rogers,  Mary,   23 

Rogers,  Priscilla,   55 

Root,  Lusannah,  105,  120,  255 

Rose,  Dorothy,  241 

Ross,  Nettie,  303 

Rudolph,  Lucretia,  235 

Rule,  Frank,  184 

Rule,  Harry  Hamilton,   1S4 

Rummel,  Albert  C,  188 

Rummel,  Robert   French,    188 

Russ,   Samuel,   157 

Russell,  Alice,   248 

Russell,  John,  65 

Russell,  Rose  Ella,  270 

Russell,  T.  C,  270 

Sanders,   Amanda,   155 
Schwenk,   Sarah,  336 
Schwenkfeld,   Casper,   333 
Schultz,  David,  334 
Scranton,  John,  239 
Seaward,  Alpha,  247,  248 
Seaward,  Caleb,   239,   240 
Seaward,  Catherine,  242 
Seaward,  Daraaris,   241 
Seaward,   Daniel,  240 
Seaward,  David,  245,  246 
Seaward,  Delia,  255 
Seaward,  Delilah,  245,  246 
Seaward,  Ebenezer,  239,  240,  241 

Seaward,  Electa,  246 

Seaward,  Eliphalet,  241 

Seaward,  Elizabeth,  143,  157,  158, 
'71,  175 

Seaward,  Emily,   246 

Seaward,  Ephraim,   240 

Seaward,  Hannah,  239 

Seaward,  James,  255 

Seaward,  Joel,    241 

Seaward,  John,  239,  241,  242 

Seaward,  Joseph,  239 

Seaward,  Lucy,  245,  249,  255,  256 

Seaward,  Lucy  Ingalls,  261 

Seaward,  Lydia,  240 

Seaward,  Mariah,   255 

Seaward,  Mary,   249 

Seaward,  Mehitable,  161,  261 

Seaward,  Noadiah,  240,  241,  245 

Seaward,  Porter,   241 
Seaward,  Samuel,   239 
Seaward,  Sarah,   241,   242 
Seaward,  Sarah  Swain,  241,  245 
Seaward,  Sibbel,  261 
Seaward,  Stephen,  148,  227,  231, 
239,    242,   245,    246,   247,    249, 
255,  256,  261,  262 
Seaward,  Swain,    242 
Seaward,  Thomas,   240 
Seaward,  William,  239 
Sell,  Adam,  164 
Seward,   Anna,    no 
Shannon,  Rose,  248 
Sharp,   Mary,   56 
Shed,  Daniel,    23 
Shed,  Nathan,   23 
Shed,  Zachariah,  55 
Shelland,  David,  269 
Shelland,  James,  277 
Shelland,  John,  157 
Sheppard,  Thomas,  52 
Shildon,  John,   46 
Skinner,  Aaron,  261 
Skinner,  Delia,  261 
Skinner,  Lucy,  261 
Skiimer,  Nillie,   261 
Slackford,  Kathlyn,   354 
Slackford,  William,    354 
Smith,  Abbie,  269 
Smith,  Ada   S.,   iSi 
Smith,  Carp.,   261 
Smith,  Edgar  Frank,  261 
Smith,  Elroy,   187 
Smith,  Joseph   (Capt.),   103 
Smith,  Lafayette,    i8i 
Smith,  Louis  N.,  181 
Smith,  Lucy   Sharille,   261 
Smith,  Man,-,  168,  181,  182,  183, 

184,   197 
Smith,  Nathan    (Dr.),    158,    180, 

181,  182,   183,  1S4 
Smith,  Pelatiah,    52 
Smith,  Polly,    155 
Smith,  Stella,   181 
Smith,  Susanna,   235 
Smith,  Viola,    iSi 
Smith,  William  L.,  i8i 
Snover,  Samuel,  259 



Snover,  Villa,  259 

Snow,  Joseph,  97 

Snyder,  Amelia,  251 

Snyder,  Edna,    187 

Snyder,  Edward,    187 

Snyder,  Helen,  187 

Stanford,  Henry   Martin,   no 

Stanford,  Rosa  Olivia,  113 

Stange,  Charles  Henry,  349 

Stange,  Harriet  Beyer,  349 

Starkweather,  Asher,    273 

Starkweather,  Davis  Viney,  273 

Starkweather,  Essa,  273 

Starkweather,  Morrell,   273 

Starkweather,  Sarah  Anna,  273 

Stearns,  Mary,  28,  47 

Steedman,   John,    30 

Sternes,  John,   40,   46 

Sternes,  Isaac,  55 

Sternes,  Samuel,   55 

Stevenson,  Andrew,  34 

Stever,  Calvin,  242 

Stever,  Charles,  242 

Stever,  David,  143,  285 

Stever,  Dorothy,  242 

Stever,  Emmeline,  242 

Stever,  Jacob,  284,  285 

Stever,  Jesse,   242 

Stever,  Marietta,  143,  152,  155 

Stever,  Olive,   242 

Stever,  Robert,  242 

Stever,  Seneca,    242 

Stever,  William,  143,  155,  242 

Sparrowhawk,    Nathaniel,    34 

Spaulding,   Elizabeth,   65 

Spencer,  Allen,    no 

Spencer,  Amanda,   109 

Squire,   James,    113 

Stickney,  Daniel,   46 

Stickney,  William,   46 

Stone,  Gregory,  34 

Stone,  James,  227,  235 

Stone,  John,    33 

Stoner,  Clarence  Birch,   187,   18S 

Stoner,  Helen  Constance,   188 

Stoner,  Lowell   French,   187 

Stoner,  Lucy   (French),  187 

Swain,   Sarah,   241 

Swift,  James,  262 

Swift,  Mary,   262 

Taggart,    Mary,    282 

Talmage,  Chloe,    241 

Talmage,  Joseph,   241 

Tanner,  Phoebe,   231 

Tarboll,  John,   47 

Tay,  Will,  44,  46 

Taye,  Nathaniel,  55 

Taylor,  Mary,  283 

Tedman,   Rachel,  242 

Temple,  Alenda,   144 

Temple,  Christopher,  68 

Temple,  James,    144 

Temple,  Polly,  144 

Thomas,  Addie,   340,   349 

Thomas,  Anna,    177 

Thomas,  Bessie,    357 

Thompson,  Annie,   65 

Thompson,  Deacon,  62 

Thompson,  Joseph,    53,    56 

Thorne,   Ann,   235 

Thrall,  Henry    Portens,    259 

Thrall,  Hiram   Elvin,    259 

Thrall,  Lois,  259 

Thrall,  Lucy    Mehitable,   259 

Thrall,  Stephen  Asa,  259 

Thrall,  Willis  Collins,  259 

Thrall,  William  Ernest,  259 

Tod,  David,   300 

Treat,  Calphurna,    157,   176,   177 

Treat,  Dolly,   242 

Treat,  Thomas  W.,  242 

Tripp,  Almaretta  Adams,  250 

Tripp,  Amelia,  259 

Tripp,  Charles,  250 

Tripp,  David  Henry,  250,  251 

Tripp,  Edwin,   250 

Tripp,  Ella,  250 

Tripp,  Emma,  250 

Tripp,  Hannah,  253 

Tripp,   Henry,   178 

Tripp,  Jennie,  251 

Tripp,  Lucy,  253 

Tripp,  Mary,  252,  253 

Tripp,  Mary   B.,   250 

Tripp,  Minnie,    250 

Tripp,  Nathan,  245,  249,  250,  252 

Tripp,  Polly,  253 

Tripp,  Robert  Edwin,  249,  253 

Tripp,   Sidney,  25c 

Tripp,  Stephen  H.,  250,  254 

Tripp,  Stephen  Seaward,  251,  252 

Tripp,  William  K.,  257 

Trowbridge,    Stephen,    232 

Trull,   John,  46 

Tudor,  Lewis,  265 

Tudor,  Louisa,   265 

Tuffs,  Heniy,  59 

Turner,  John,  224 

Tustin,  John,  239 

Tuttle,   Harry,  119 

Tuttle,  Michael,  106,  119 

Tyng,  Eleazer,  73 

Tyng,  Jonathan,  68,  74,  78 

Tyng,  Mary,   68 

Underwood,  Emily,  65 
Usher,  Robert,  68 

Van  Alstine,  Marietta,  155 
Van  Dusen,  Matthew,  290 
Van  Fossen,  Christianna,  335 
Van  Fossen,  Michael,  335 
Venner,   Mary  Jane,   65 

Wade,  Ardelia,  274 
Wade,  James,   274 
Wade,  Jane,   274 
Wade,  Warren,   274 
Wade,  Willis,  274 
Wagerley,    George   H.,   207,    214 
Wagner,  John,   340 
Wagner,   Mary   C,   340 
Waldo,  Cornelius,  68,  74 
Waldo,  Daniel,  68 
Walker,  Joseph,   55 
Walker,  Sarah,  282 
Walker,  William,  76 
Walters,  Lue  Lincoln,  184  187 
Warner,  Samuel,  68 
Washburn,  Olive,  242 
Waterman,  Alice,  273 
Waterman,  Amanda,    144 
Waterman,  H.  P.,  286,  289 
Waterman,  John,   Sr.,  273 
Waterman,  Sally  Esther,  269 
Watters,    Carrie,    187 



Weld,  Thomas,  68,  74,  75,  78,  91 

Wells,  Sarah,  241 

Wentworth,    Gov.    Benning,    99, 

Weyand,  Philipina,  334,  335 
Wheeler,  Elizabeth,    223 
Wheeler,  Joseph,    68 
Wheeler,  Nellie,   316 
Wheeler,  Rachel,  223 
Whitaker,  John  H.,  no 
White,  John,    24 
White,  Joseph,   84 
White,  Kirk,   260 
White,  Leah,  260 
Whiting,  Rev.  Samuel,  43,  44,  45, 

46-   53,   55.  78 
Whittemore,   Nathaniel,   25 
Williams,  Araminta,   265 

Williams,  Arthur,   119 
Williams,  Charlotte   French, 
Williams,  Daniel,  119 
Williams,  David,    119 
Williams,  Ezra,    115,    256 
Williams,  Ida,  265 
Williams,  Isaac,   286 
Williams,  Otho,    265 
Williams,  Willard,  265 
Winnie,   Fred,   157 
Winship,  Edward,  38 
Winthrop,  Gov.,  37,  38 
Wiswall,  Ebenezer,  52 
Wolsey,  Mary,  282 
Woodbury,  John,  285 
Woodruff,  Lena,  201 
Wood,  Carrie,   197 
Wood,  Charles,  no,  197 

Wood,  Chauncey,  197 
119    Wood,  Ellsworth,    197 
Woods,  Isaac,  62 
Woods,  Nathaniel,  67 
Woods,  Oliver,  67 
Wornell,  Nancy,  354 
Wright,  Abijah,  86 
Wright,  Asahel,  85 
Wright,  Eliza,  66 
Wright,  Pomeroy,   242 

Yates,  B.  F.,  251 
Yates,  Edward,  156 
Yates,  Joseph  C,   156 
Yates,  Mary  Edna,  251 
Yeakel,  Abraham,   334 
Yeakel,  Rosina,  334 
Yost,  Mar\-,  339 



ffl ;.